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other educational programs, including the nation's largest preservation conference and the award-winning Preservation magazine.

Navajo and Hopi Indian Relocation

The Office of Navajo and Hopi Indian Relocation (ONHIR) was established in 1974 relocation legislation P.L. 93-531, as a way to end a dispute between the Hopi and Navajo tribes involving land originally set aside by the federal government for a reservation in 1882. Pursuant to the 1974 act, lands were partitioned between the two tribes and members of one tribe who ended up on the other tribe's land were to be relocated. Most relocatees are Navajo. A large majority of the estimated 3,455 Navajo families formerly on the land partitioned to the Hopi have already relocated under the Act, but the House Appropriations Committee in 1998 estimates that 510 families (almost all Navajo) have yet to be relocated, including about 71 Navajo families still on Hopi partitioned land (many of whom refuse to relocate). Negotiations had gone forward among the two tribes, the Navajo families on Hopi partitioned land, and the federal government, especially regarding Hopi Tribe claims against the United States. The United States and the Hopi Tribe reached a proposed settlement agreement on December 14, 1995. Attached to the settlement agreement was a separate accommodation agreement between the Hopi Tribe and the Navajo families, which provided for 75-year leases for Navajo families on Hopi partitioned land. The Navajo-Hopi Land Dispute Settlement Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-301) approved the settlement agreement between the United States and the Hopi Tribe. Not all issues have been resolved by these agreements, however, and opposition to the agreements and the leases is strong among some of the Navajo families. Navajo families with homesites on Hopi partitioned land faced a March 31, 1997, deadline for signing leases. An initial Hopi report said 60 of the 80 homesites affected had signed the leases.


Northwest Power Planning Council

Established to give the citizens of Idaho, Montana, Oregon and Washington a stronger voice in determining the future of key resources common to all four states namely, the electricity generated at and fish and wildlife affected by the Columbia River Basin hydropower dams. The Council is a unique organization that helps the Pacific Northwest states make critical decisions that balance the multiple purposes of the Columbia River and its tributaries. The Council is funded by wholesale power revenues from the Bonneville Power Administration, the federal agency that markets the electricity generated at federal dams on the Columbia River. The Council was authorized in the Northwest Power Act of 1980 and approved by a vote of the legislatures of all four states. The governor of each state appoints two members to serve on the Council. The Power Act contains three principal mandates for the Council to carry out:

Small Business Administration - Office of Native American Affairs

The Office of Native American Affairs (ONAA) is dedicated to create, develop and expand small businesses held by American Indians, Native Alaskans and Native Hawaiians. The Office also provides access to the necessary business development and expansion tools available through the Agency's entrepreneurial development, lending and procurement programs. Additionally, ONAA administers the Tribal Business Information

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Native American entrepreneurs.

Presidio Trust

The Presidio Trust is an executive agency of the U.S. government. It is governed by a seven-member Board of Directors. Its activities are guided by the Presidio Trust Act P.L. 104-333 (16 U.S.C. $ 460bb) and the general objectives of the General Management Plan Amendment. The Financial Management Program outlines the Presidio Trust's program for achieving financial self-sufficiency by fiscal year 2013.

U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum

In response to President Carter's Commission on the Holocaust report of September 27, 1979. The U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum was created. Chartered by a unanimous Act of Congress in 1980 and located adjacent to the National Mall in Washington, D.C., the Museum strives to broaden public understanding of the history of the Holocaust through multifaceted programs: exhibitions; research and publication; collecting and preserving material evidence, art, and artifacts relating to the Holocaust; annual Holocaust commemorations known as the Days of Remembrance; distribution of educational materials and teacher resources; and a variety of public programming designed to enhance understanding of the Holocaust and related issues, including those of contemporary significance.



Committee on Public Lands

(1805 - 1951)
9th - 514 Congresses


History and Jurisdiction

The Committee on Public Lands was created on December 17, 1805 by a motion of Mr. William Findley, of Pennsylvania, proposing a standing committee of the House with jurisdiction “respecting the lands of the United States.” Although the Committee on Public Lands was primarily focused on the sale and settlement of public lands, by the 20th century, the jurisdiction was expanded to include the care, maintenance, and preservation of public lands. Including water, minerals, irrigation, national parks, forest reserves, land grants, and the administration of public lands. Other jurisdictional changes included the foreign ownership of land.

In 1911, the Committee on Private Land Claims was abolished and its jurisdiction was included into the Committee on Public Lands. This included matters relating to the settlement of individual claims to private lands in the States and Territories.

In 1946, as a result of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946, the Committee on Indian Affairs, the Committee on Territories, the Committee on Mines and Mining, the Committee on Irrigation and Reclamation, and the Committee on Insular Affairs were abolished and their jurisdictions were included into the Committee on Public Lands.

On February 2, 1951, the name of the Committee on Public Lands was changed to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs to reflect the expansion of the jurisdiction. (See the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs for a further description of this Committee and subsequent changes.)

Issues discussed by the Committee

From 1886 through the early 1900s, the Committee on Public Lands exercised preliminary jurisdiction over irrigation. After 1902, with the creation of the Committee on Irrigation of Arid Lands, the jurisdiction moved over to that Committee. Later, under the Legislative organization Act of 1946, the jurisdiction moved back into the Committee on Public Lands.

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U.S. Congress, Constitution, Jefferson's Manual, and the Rules of the House of

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Issues with in the jurisdiction of the Committee on Public Lands include:

The public domain, conservation thereof, and the granting or
forfeiture of lands therefrom, or easements thereon.
Subjects pertaining to the school lands of a State or Territory.
Authorizing punishments and penalties when provided for offenses
relating to the administration of the lands of the public domain.
Providing for the appraisal, sale, lease, and conveyance of public
lands and for the disposition of such lands when abandoned.
The care of waters on arid public lands.
The application of mining laws to public lands, the location of
mineral claims on such lands, and the exploration and acquisition
of mines on land claims.
The subject of irrigation.
Forest reserves created out of the public domain.
Public lands of Alaska, including grants to public service
National Parks created out of the public domain.
The preservation of prehistoric ruins and natural objects of interest
on the public lands.
Arkansas Hot Springs Reservation; together with the regulation of
the hotels and bath houses connected therewith.
Forfeiture of land grants and alien ownership of land have been
considered by the Public Lands Committee, although the Judiciary
Committee also has participated in the jurisdiction of certain land
General but not exclusive jurisdiction over the public lands in
relation to the
minerals contained therein, and has reported bills to establish
schools of mines.
Various classes of land claims, as related both to States and

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The Committee on Public Lands reported legislation concerning:



Prohibit aliens and foreigners from acquiring or owning lands within
the United States.
Petrified Forest National Park.
The Committee on the Judiciary submitted a report setting forth that the
forfeiture oflands granted to corporations was a subject belonging to the
jurisdiction of the Committee on Public Lands, and declining to take
Granting rights of way through public lands for irrigation.
Granting right of way through the public lands for irrigation purposes.
Public lands of Alaska.


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