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including planning and research, preliminary engineering, technology transfer, right-of-way, bridges, highway safety, traffic operations, environment, civil rights, design, construction and maintenance, engineering coordination, highway beautification, and management.

Maritime Administration

Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation

The Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation was established by the Saint Lawrence Seaway Act of May 13, 1954 (33 U.S.C. 981-990) and became an operating administration of the Department of Transportation in 1966.

The Corporation, working cooperatively with the Saint Lawrence Seaway Management Corporation (SLSMC) of Canada, is dedicated to operating and maintaining a safe, reliable, and efficient deep draft waterway between the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean. It ensures the safe transit of commercial and noncommercial vessels through the two U.S. locks and the navigation channels of the Saint Lawrence Seaway System. The Corporation works jointly with SLSMC on all matters related to rules and regulations, overall operations, vessel inspections, traffic control, navigation aids, safety, operating dates, and trade development programs.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

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The Environmental Protection Agency was established in the executive branch as an independent agency pursuant to Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1970 (5 U.S.C. app.). In 2001, the Environmental Protection Agency became a cabinet level position. It was created to permit coordinated and effective governmental action on behalf of the environment. The Agency is designed to serve as the public's advocate for a livable environment.

EPA's mission is to control and abate pollution in the areas of air, water, solid waste, pesticides, radiation, and toxic substances. Its mandate is to mount an integrated, coordinated attack on environmental pollution in cooperation with State and local governments. It was created to permit coordinated and effective governmental action on behalf of the environment. The Agency is designed to serve as the public's advocate for a livable environment.

Office of Water

The Office of Water (OW) is responsible for implementing the Clean Water Act and Safe Drinking Water Act, and portions of the Coastal Zone Act Reauthorization Amendments of 1990, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, Ocean Dumping Ban Act, Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act, Shore Protection Act, Marine Plastics Pollution Research and Control Act, London Dumping Convention, the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships and several other statutes. The Committee on Resources has oversight over the Office of Water on issues relating to marine and estuarine issues and regulations affecting fish and wildlife.

Office of Research and Development

The Office of Research and Development is the principal scientific and research arm of the Environmental Protection Agency. ORD conducts research and encourages the use of science and technology in fulfilling EPA's mission. The Committee on Resources has oversight over issues relating to marine and estuarine research and fish and wildlife research.

Office of Federal Activities

The Office of Federal Activities coordinates EPA's review of all federal Environmental Impact Statements (EIS) prepared by other agencies under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA); maintaining a national EIS filing system and publishing a weekly notice of EIS documents available for review, assuring that EPA's own actions comply with NEPA and other environmental requirements; providing technical assistance and capacity building for environmental compliance, enforcement and impact assessment in other countries; and working with federal and state agencies, foreign governments and international organizations in order to ensure compliance with United States environmental laws.

INTERAGENCY

Joint Pipeline Office (Trans-Alaska Pipeline)

Established in 1990, is seven State and six federal agencies sharing similar regulatory or management responsibilities related to common carrier pipelines in Alaska, most notably the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS). People from nine of the 13 agencies are co-located and coordinate oversight of oil and gas pipelines, and issue right-of-way leases and other permits needed for oil and gas projects. Cooperative agreements were developed between agencies to share staff, knowledge, equipment, and office space. This unique working environment eliminates duplication of work, is more customer oriented, and simplifies complicated and lengthy government processes.

MISCELLANEOUS BOARDS, COMMISSIONS, COMMITTEES

Advisory Council on Historic Preservation

The Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, an independent Federal agency established by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (NHPA), is the only entity with the legal responsibility to balance historic preservation concerns with Federal project requirements. The Council advises the President and Congress on historic preservation matters; administers the public review and consultation process for Federal undertakings established by Section 106 of NHPA; and works to improve Federal policies, programs, planning, and decisions when they affect the Nation's historic and cultural resources.

American Battle Monuments Commission

Established in 1923, the American Battle Monuments Commission is a small independent agency of the Executive Branch of the federal government. It is responsible since April 6, 1917 (the date of U.S. entry into World War I) through the establishment of suitable memorial shrines. The Commission designs, constructs, operates and maintains permanent American military burial grounds in foreign countries.

Arctic Research Commission

Established by the Arctic Research and Policy Act of 1984. The Arctic Research Commission was established to set national policy, goals and priorities to provide a federal program plan for basic and applied scientific and engineering research in the Arctic.

Endangered Species Committee

Consists of the Secretaries of Agriculture, Interior, and the Army, the Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisors, the heads of the Environmental Protection Agency and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and a representative from the State which has a concem about an Endangered Species listing. The committee can be convened to resolve conflicts when all other efforts have failed, and it can grant exceptions to the ESA

Fish and Wildlife Foundation

Established in 1984, the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation supports the conservation of native fish, wildlife, plants and their habitats by attracting diverse investments to conservation and encouraging locally supported stewardship on private and public lands.

Indian Arts and Crafts Board

Established in 1990 through the Indian Arts and Crafts Act of 1990, the Indian Arts and Crafts Board was created by to promote the economic development of American Indians and Alaska Natives through the expansion of the Indian arts and crafts market. The Indian Arts and Crafts Act provides criminal and civil penalties for marketing products as "Indian-made" when such products are not made by Indians, as defined by the Act. The Board's other activities include providing professional business advice, information on the Act and related marketing issues, fundraising assistance, and promotional opportunities to Native American artists, craftspeople, and cultural organizations. As an integral part of its mission to promote contemporary Indian arts and crafts, the Board operates three regional museums, the Sioux Indian Museum, the Museum of the Plains Indian, and the Southern Plains Indian Museum.

Marine Mammal Commission

Established in 1972 through the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 (MMPA). The MMPA found that certain species and population stocks of marine mammals are, or may be, in danger of extinction or depletion as a result of man's activities; such species and population stocks should not be permitted to diminish beyond the point at which they cease to be a significant functioning element in the ecosystem of which they are a part, and, consistent with this major objective, they should not be permitted to diminish below replenish any species or population stock which has diminished below its optimum sustainable level; there is inadequate knowledge of the ecology and population dynamics of such marine mammals and of the factors which bear upon their ability to reproduce themselves successfully; and marine mammals have proven themselves to be resources of great international significance, aesthetic and recreational as well as economic.

The MMPA established a moratorium, with certain exceptions, on the taking of marine mammals in U.S. waters and by U.S. citizens on the high seas, and on the importing of marine mammals and marine mammal products into the United States.

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Migratory Bird Conservation Commission

Established on February 18, 1929 by the passage of the Migratory Bird Conservation Act. It was created and authorized to consider and approve any areas of land and/or water recommended by the Secretary of the Interior for purchase or rental by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service under the Act, and to fix the price or prices at which such areas may be purchased or rented. In addition to approving purchase and rental prices, the Commission considers the establishment of new waterfowl refuges.

Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National Environmental Policy Foundation

Established in 1992, the Morris K. Udall Scholarship Fund was created to develop increased opportunities for young Americans to prepare for and pursue careers related to the environment and to Native Americans and Alaska Natives who intend to pursue careers in health care and tribal public policy.

National Capitol Parks Commission

Established in 1924 as the National Capital Park Commission with responsibilities to acquire lands to complete a park, parkway, and playground system for the National Capital. Two years later, Congress reestablished the Commission as the National Capital Park and Planning Commission and gave it comprehensive planning responsibilities for the National Capital and its environs. In 1952, Congress passed the National Capital Planning Act and renamed the Commission the National Capital Planning Commission and designated it as the central planning agency for the federal and District of Columbia governments. The Commission was also given the responsibility to preserve the important natural and historical features within the region. In 1973, Congress passed the District of Columbia Self Government Reorganization Act (the Home Rule Act) that gave the planning responsibility for the District of Columbia to the Mayor and continued the role of the Commission as the central planning agency for the federal government in the region. With the granting of Home Rule to the District of Columbia, comprehensive planning responsibilities for the National Capital were realigned. The Mayor and the Commission are charged with publishing a joint comprehensive plan.

National Forest Foundation

Established in 1990 by the United States Congress, pursuant to Public Law No. 101-593 to serve as the official non-profit partner of the USDA Forest Service.

the National Forest System was established; conducts educational, technical, and other activities that support the multiple use, research, and forestry programs administered by the Forest Service.

National Indian Gaming Commission

Established in 1985, is a non-profit organization of 168 Indian Nations with other non-voting associate members representing organizations, tribes and businesses engaged in tribal gaming enterprises from around the country. The common commitment and purpose of NIGA is to advance the lives of Indian peoples - economically, socially and politically. NIGA operates as a clearinghouse and educational, legislative and public policy resource for tribes, policymakers and the public on Indian gaming issues and tribal community development. The mission of NIGA is to protect and preserve the general welfare of tribes striving for self-sufficiency through gaming enterprises in Indian Country. To fulfill its mission, NIGA works with the Federal government and Congress to develop sound policies and practices and to provide technical assistance and advocacy on gaming-related issues. In addition, NIGA seeks to maintain and protect Indian sovereign governmental authority in Indian Country.

National Park Foundation

Established in 1967, the National Park Foundation was created as the successor to the National Park Trust Fund. The National Park Trust Fund was created to encourage private gifts of real and personal property or any income therefrom or other interest therein for the benefit of, or in connection with, the National Park Service, its activities, or its services, and thereby to further the conservation of natural, scenic, historic, scientific, educational, inspirational, or recreational resources for future generations of Americans, there is hereby established a charitable and nonprofit corporation to be known as the National Park Foundation to accept and administer such gifts.

National Science Foundation

Established in 1950 by the National Science Foundation Act of 1950 (42 U.S.C. 1861 et seq.). The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent agency organized to promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare; and to secure the national defense.

National Trust for Historic Preservation

Established in 1949, the National Trust for Historic Preservation operates a nationwide collection of National Trust Historic Sites. Demonstrates how preservation can revitalize historic downtowns through programs such as the National Main Street Center, and National Trust Community Partners, which uses preservation to provide affordable housing in older residential neighborhoods; Provides technical and financial assistance to state and local organizations; Promotes travel to historic destinations through its National Trust Study Tours and National Trust Historic Hotels of America, and its heritage tourism consulting program; Works on Capitol Hill and in state legislatures and city halls on issues and initiatives to encourage the adoption of laws and policies that support preservation; Goes to court to ensure that preservation laws are

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