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IMPORTS OF IRON INTO THE PORT OF NEW YORK IN 1851.
A STATEMENT OF THE IMPORT OF VARIOUS KINDS OF IRON INTO TIE PORT OF NEW YORK IN EACH MONTH DURING YEAR ENDING DECEMBER 31, 1851.
Sheets and plates. Hoops and rods. Barg.

Railroad iron.

Pig iron. Rux, Sw. & Nor, iron. Total each month,
Tons.* cwt. qr. Ibs. Tons, cwt. gr. lbs. Tons. cwt. qr. Ibe. Tons.cwt qr. Ibs. Tong.cwt. qr. Ibs. Tons, cwt.gr. Ibe. Tons. cwl.qr.lby,
January...........

511 2 3 10 354 00 21 2,278 602 772 01 18 3,247 10 00 1,495 02 14 8,658 00 9

650 17 2 1 422 715 2,555 12 1 4 1,133 19 1 1 883 000 118 13 1 18 5,764 9 3 1
March.

612 19 1 14 919 1 0 13 5,279 616 3,922 11 14 3,815 000 1,191 8 3 24 15,639 17 0 14

February.....nin

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Second quarter.....
First 6 inonths .....

3,484 21 22 3,299 9 3 26
5,159 2 0 19 5,094 18 2 9

16,588 1 3 13 34,180 14 1 8 17,401 527 2,293 13 0 19
26,701 61 2440,008 15 1 13 25,346 15 2 7 5,098 16 0 19

77,861 71 11
107,209 14 1 7

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61

THE CHEESE TRADE OF THE UNITED STATES. The Cincinnati Price Current, in accordance with its custom, gives a brief review of the cheese trade for the season of 1851-52, from which we derive the subjoined statements. The following table shows the monthly average price for good merchantable Western Reserve Cheese in the months of each year, from 1848 to 1852 :°48-9. 249.50. '50-1. '51-2.

'48-9. '49-50. '50-1. '51.2. April ....cts. 87 66 67 68 November... 64 64 64 63 May........ 61 61 54 61 December.... 67 6 6 1 61 June ....

6 January.....

6 Suly .... 64 6 6 6 February .... 6 68

64 August..

6% 6 67 March ...... 63 74 75 7 September ..

61 Yearly av... 67 October.....

6 6 6 61 It is seen the average prices for the past season are better than for either of the three preceding years.

The receipts at the port of Cincinnati during the last five years ending March 31, were, in boxes, as follows:

1817--8. 1818-9. 1848–50. 1850–1. 1851-2.

139,878 152,373 124,755 189,494 253,844 Estimating the average weight of boxes at 35 pounds, and the amount received would be as follows in pounds :

1847-8. 1848–9. 1849–50. 1850-1. 1851–2. 4,895,730 5,333,055 4,466,425 6,682,180 8,884,540 Thus, it is seen, the receipts since 1847-8 have increased very nearly 100 per cent.

With regard to the future of this trade, we may say there is every prospect that the increase for years to come will be even more rapid than heretofore, and it is very safe, we think, to predict that in ten years, i. e., in 1861-2, the receipts at this port will be 30,000,000 pounds, which amount is 13,000,000 less than the present yearly receipts at the port of New York.

Cincinnati is the distributing point for a vast extent of territory, where the consumption of cheese is rapidly increasing. The following States are now supplied, in a great measure, from this point; namely, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Indiana, Mlinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Tennessee, and Texas, besides a portion of Ohio. The free population of these States, according to the last census, was about eight millions, leaving twelve millions for the remainder of the United States. Now let us see by whom the cheese is produced. The amount of cheese produced by each State during the year ending June 30, 1850, was as follows: Maine...............lbs. 2,201,195 Alabama.....

30,423 New Hampshire.......... 3,196,568 Mississippi........

20,314 Vermont..... 6,755,006 Louisiana ....

1,148 Massachusetts..... 7,124,461 Texas.....

92,018 Rhode Island .. 296,748 Arkansas.......

28,440 Connecticut. 4,513,019 Tennessee......

179,577 New York.. 49,785,905 Kentucky.

228,744 New Jersey. ... 500,819 Michigan.

1,042,551 Pennsylvania... 2,395,279 Ohio.........

21,850,478 Delaware............ 3,187 Indiana. ..

666,986 Maryland............... 3,925 Illinois..

1,283,858 District of Columbia...... none. Missouri ..

201,597 Virginia. 434,850 Iowa..

198,444 North Carolina .......... 95,043 Wisconsin.... ...

440,961 South Carolina ..........

4,810 Florida ................. 18,324 Total.........

35,765,539 Georgia ..

46,391 Total...

77,375,527 Thus, it is seen, the States containing a population of about twelve millions produce over seventy-seven million pounds of cheese annually, while the Western and Southern States, with a free population of eight millions, produce only thirty-five million pounds. Of the former, New York produces forty-nine million, and of the latter, Obio produces twenty-one million. The Southern States produce a very small quantity in proportion to tbeir population, and as it is not now, nor is not likely to become a profitable business in those States, the consumptive demand must be supplied from Ohio, and hence we may look for a steady increase in the trade at this point, Cincinnati being, as already remarked, the distributing market for the South and West, and as railroads are extended, the area of country supplied from this place will increase. Before many years elapse, North and South Carolina and Georgia will be connected by railroads with Cincinnati, and, indeed, already the merchants of that city are re. ceiving orders from Georgia, the Chattanooga Railroad having connected some portions of that State with the western rivers.

When the statistics of this trade in the United States are fully considered in connection with the facts presented, our prediction that the yearly trade at the port of Cincinnati will in ten years have increased to thirty million pounds, will not be regarded as too large an estimate. This increase would be greatly less than that experienced in New York. The receipts at that port in 1834 were 6,340,000 pounds; in 1844, 29,672,000; and in 1850, 43,097,000.

Norway............
Finland .........
Rossia........
Denmark......
Prussia ...........
Mecklenburg......

COMMERCE OF SWEDEN. The following table of the Commerce of Sweden during the year 1850, is derived from official tables just published. It will be seen from this table that Sweden imports more from Brazil than any other country, and that her exports to Great Britain and Ireland are double what they are to any other country. The trade of Sweden with the United States, in exports and imports, amounts to Rd. bko. 4,157,000.

Imported. Exported. .............Rd. bko. 2,317,000 778,000

422,000 691,000 1,698,000

272,000 1,733,000 3,673,000 * 451,000 1,374,000 51,000

452,000 Lubeck ....

4,083,000 1,313,000 Hamburg..................

647,000 111,000 Bremen ...

243,000 186,000 Hanover and Oldenburg ...

1,000

89,000 Netherlands.........

661,000

468,000 Belgium.....

74,000

266,000 Great Britain and Ireland...

3,332,000 7,741,000 France...

479,000 2,074,090 Spain....................

245,000

342,000 Portugal .....................

153,000

839,000 Gibraltar and Malta...

52,000 Italy ...................... ................. .....

152,000

248,000

82,000 Egypt ..........

11,000 Algiers ..

298,000 Rest of North Africa ..

5,000 United States...............

1,639,000 2,518,000 West Indies .......

161,000 Brazil....

4,330,000 299,000 Plata States, rest of North and South America. ....

31,000 Cape of Good Hope ............

131,000 East Indies and Australia.......................

1,215,000 211,000 Total Bho. Rd..........

23,987,000 24,505,000 The import of coffee was, in 1841, 6,300,000 lbs.; in 1850, it was about 8,000,000 Ibs. Raw sugar was imported in 1841 in the quantity of 14,500,000 lbs.; in 1850, it reached 25,000,000 lbs. Arrac, rum, and cognac, in 1846, 290,000 cans; in 1850, 390,000 cans.

The commercial fleet consisted, in 1840, of 2,171 vessels, of 175,558 tons ; in 1850, of

Austria ...........";'

Algierd

................

2,744 vessels, of 225,966 tons. The merchant fleet of Stockholm decreases annually, while that of Gothenburg and Gefle increases rapidly. In 1850, 841 vessels were engaged in foreign trade, with a burden of 141,746 tons, their crews amounted to 1,283 officers, and 8,050 men, an increase, since 1840, of 283 officers and 1,106 men.

The Navigation act was used in Sweden in 1850 by 7 English ships, of 2,522 tons ; in England, by 112 Swedish vessels, of 26,032 tons.

MARINE DISASTERS ON THE NORTHERN LAKES. John C. DODGE, Esq., agent for the New York Board of Underwriters, has sent us a tabular statement of marine disasters, losses to vessels, &c., on the Northern Lakes in 1861, and also a comparative statement for the years 1848 to 1851, inclusive, a summary of which we here subjoin :

LOSS OF LIFE, DAMAGE TO VESSELS, ETC., IN 1851.
Loss of Damage to vessels.

Damage to cargoes.
Date.
lire. English. 0. States. English. U.States,

Total, March...

$350

$350 April.......

$30,300 30,770 $1,350 $5,000 67,420 3,000 47,580

24,350 74,930 500 11,300

1,500 14,850 27,450 July ...

2,500 19,750

1,500 8,650 32,400 August ...... 400 12.570

8,200 21,170 September ... 9,000 25,650 10,000 4,350

49.000 October .....a

12,000 70,350

6,000 92,600 180,950 November ...

3,800 75,000

1,500 102,350 182,650 December.....

500 73,100
1,000

78,600 75 $62,000 $366,420 $22,850 $263,650 $714,920 Tot'l dam'e to Eng. cargoes 22,850 Tot'l dam’e to Amer. ves'ls 366,420

May ......
June.......

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4,000

$84,850

$630,070 GENERAL COMPARATIVE STATEMENT.

Grand 1848 1849. 1850. 1851.

Total. Loss of life...........

46 480

75

591 Loss to American vessels ....... $230,963 $189,750 $397,580 $366,420 $1,184,713 Loss to American cargoes... 106,700 161,250 114,850 263,650 646,450 Loss to English vessels .......... 31,600 11,000 26,700 62,000 131,300 Loss to English cargoes......... 23,000 6,500 2,500 22,850 54,850

Grand totals

... $392,263 $368,500 $541,630 $714,920 $2,017,313

TIMBER TRADE OF QUEBEC. The timber forming this trade consists of white pine, red pine, oak, elm, tamarac and spruce. Wbite pine forms three-fourths of all the timber received at Quebec. The aggregate amount of all kinds, in cubic feet, exported from there to Great Britain, for two seasons, has been as follows:1850.

1851.

Increase.
22,128,203
23,961,893

1,823,195 The vast amount of commerce made by this amount of timber, with the staves, sawed lumber, and articles of produce exported from Quebec, is indicated by the arrivals at that port. The arrivals by sea at Quebec have been, for two seasons, as follows: 1850.

1851.

Increase
Shipe.
Tonnage. Ships.

Tonnage.
Ships.

Tonnage.
536,379 1,185
505,024 107

68,655

1,078

COMMERCE OF CEYLON.

Year.

1836... 1831 ....... 1838, ... 1839.......

STATEMENT SHOWING THE VALUE OF IMPORTS AND EXPORTS INTO AND FROM THE ISLAND

OF CEYLON, ALSO THE TOTAL REVENUE DERIVED THEREFROM IN THE SHAPE OF CUSTOM
DUTIES, TOGETHER WITH THE NUMBER OF VESSELS WHIOU ENTERED INWARDS AND
CLEARED OUTWARDS.

Vessels
Vessels
Total

Value of Value of
inward.
outward.
revenue.
imports.

exports, Tons.

Tons. 71,232 68,483 140,106 411,167 308,703 81,345 83,563 137,564

595,888 326,860 96,292 95,667 107,538 547,501 293,315

105,838 100,166 134,010 661,920 375,608 1840.. 103,005 104,015 116,943

733,513 409,947 109,606 109,187 110,250

679,070 368,383 130,327 124,692 192,745 794,758 463,445 140,853 139,622 125,700 1,034,531 421,083 169,128 162,953 155,096 1,867,504 582,367

196,364 189,815 148,519 1,494,824 583,100 1846.

211,946 212,424 141,771 1,372,701 679,286 228.738 228,998 150,326 1,421,737 961,119 229,155 233,842 119,365 1,235,443 1,448,901 234,135 232,836 119,192 1,367,549 1,206,149

242,264 248,398 129,457 1,486,678 1,246,956 STATEMENT SHOWING THE EXPORTS OF THE PRINCIPAL ARTICLES OF COLONIAL PRODUCE

DURING THE LAST FIFTEEN YEARS.

1841....... 1842....... 1843....... 1844.... 1845.......

1847...... 1818..... 1849....... 1850.......

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EXPORTS OF PRODUCE.

Cinnamon. Cocoa-nut Oil.
Lbs,

Gallons. Casks.
724,364 409,012 ....
558,110 630,677 8,976
398,198 242,680 284
596,592 357,543 ..
389,373 475,742
317,919 321,966
121,146 475,967
662,704 726,206
1,057,841 443,301
408,211

282,186
401,656 123,981
447,369 197,851
491,688 311,526
733,782 513,279
644,857 407,960 ....

60,320 34,164 49,541 41,863 68,206 80,584 119,805

94,847 133,957 178,603 173,892 293,221 280,010 273,593 278,473

1842 ... 1843 ... 1844 ... 1845 ... 1846 ...

Coir.

Coils & Cwts. bundles, 10,482 17,923 36,7373 24,895% 22,1954 23,441 21,6481 26,131 20,1877 25,9767 19,5404 23,197 23,6204 25,1991 28,422 39,8864 120

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NAVIGATION OF THE UNITED STATES AND THE UNITED KINGDOM,

The following table will show the amount of tonnage which entered the ports of
Great Britain and the United States for nine years:-
UNITED STATES.

GREAT BRITAIN.
American. Foreign. Total.

British. Foreign, Total 1842

1,510,111 732,755 2,242,886 1,680,838 974,769 2,655,607 1843..... 1,113,523 531,752 1,648,275 2,919,528 1,005,894 3,925,422 1844..... 1.977,438 916,992 2,894,430 3,087,437 1,143,896 4,231,333 1845..... 2,035,486 910,563 2,946,049 3,689,853 1,353,735 4,043,588 1846.....

2,221,028 969,178 3,189,206 3,022,808 1,407,963 4,430,771 2,101,858 1,120,346 3,221,704 4,238,056 1,552,096 4,790,152

2,393,402 1,406,191 3,798,593 4,020,415 1,519,046 4,539,461 1849..... 2,658,321 1,710,515 3,368,836 4,390,375 1,680,894 5,071,269 1850... 2,573,016 1,779,623 3,352,639 4,070,544 2,055,152 6,125,696 1851..... 3,054,849 1,939,091 4,993,440 4,388,245 2,599,988 6,988,243

1847..... 1848.....

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