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September 27, 1851. December 20, 1851. March 27, 1852. Loans and discounts..

$106,765,340 $103,590,00 $111,476,008 Stocks...

15,333,571 15,093,733 14,918,189 Specie.....

7,021,620 8,306,829 10,730.634 Cash items

12,018.249 10,272,860 12.235,862 Bank notes..

2,889.000 2,887,0137 2,614,170 Due from banks..

8,837,071 10,525,200 11,147,870 Capital....

57.572,025 58,621,422 59,026,740 Circulation

27,254,478 26.228,553 27.312.054 Deposits .

48,901.809 46,836,682 50,211,585 Due to banks

15,997,936 16,498,666 19,083,264 It will be seen from this comparison that the expansion up to the last date given had a specie basis, and that the banks in the aggregate are in a very safe position.

We have spoken of the ease in the money-market in its influence upon the banks themselves, and through them upon the community. It has also a direct influence, which is more palpable. The facility with which capital can be obtained encourages speculation in stocks, always to be deprecated when with borrowed funds, because this foundation is sure to fail when most needed. It also encourages overtrading, and imprudent enterprises are undertaken by the over-sanguine, who need the restraints of greater scarcity to keep them within proper bounds.

There have been a very large amount of new bonds, principally in aid of various railroad enterprises, sold throughout the country since the first of the year, but the market does not appear glutted, and fresh supplies are daily offered. The Legislature of Wisconsin have resolved to submit to the vote of the people of that State a New Banking Law, making such bonds, under certain restrictions, a basis for banking. This is a departure from the policy pursued in most other States, which have enacted General Banking Laws, and is regarded by many as a dangerous experiment; still the privilege seems to be carefully guarded, and may prove beneficial. Wisconsin has been deficient in enterprise, and the industry of the people has hitherto been confined within narrow channels. Of late, however, the evils of such a restrictive policy have become apparent, and some efforts are now making to promote a spirit of enterprise which shall take a wider range. The State is rich in soil, and its natural resources, when fully developed, will make it one of the richest in the galaxy of Western lusters,

The cheapness of breadstuffs is becoming more and more felt in the increased demand for our great Southern staple. Notwithstanding the increased exports of cotton, prices abroad seem steadily increasing, and there are no indications of an overstock, even with the large crop now going forward. This stability has relieved the South of many embarrassments, anticipated toward the close of last year, and if continued until next fall, must give us a very prosperous trade throughout the whole of next season.

The cotton spinners throughout our country are realizing the improved state of things we pointed out in our December review. Prices of cotton fabrics are firm, and for most staple goods stendily tending upward, wbile the stock is not too large to be easily managed under a prosperous trade. The woolen interest remains depressed, but with more encouraging prospects. Some of the old schemes have been abandoned, and new projects of greater promise substituted.

The increased supply of gold from California and Australia bas alarmed the

timid, lest our currency should become depreciated, and writers upon political economy are again busy, each recommending his sovereign remedy. If Congress would interrupt the present course of political discussion, and pass Hunter's bill, establishing gold as the sole standard of value, and accommodating the publie with silver change, we would be willing to allow the harmless fulminations of writers upon the currency to pass for what they are worth. The increased business of the country will absorb all of the capital which can be supplied, especially if offered at a low rate of interest.

The surplus produce of the West will soon be largely drawn upon if the general prosperity of the world continues; the comparatively low rates at which breadstuffs have ruled for the last year, have given an impulse to all other productions, and must ultimately react favorably upon the market for cereals.

We annex a statement of the deposits and coinage at the Philadelphia and New Orleans Mints for the month of April :

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Total coinage......

77,250 $405,000 2,976,826 $3,537,939 The total deposits of the precious metals at both mints from January 1st to May 1st amount to a little over $16,000,000 ; the receipts for May will swell the amount to $20,000,000; and about the 1st of June a large increase may be expected, if the advices from California are to be credited.

The imports into the country from foreign ports for April are about the same in amount as for the corresponding period of last year. At New York they show a falling off in dutiable, and an increase in free goods—principally tea and coffee. IMPORTS ENTERED AT NEW YORK FROM FOREIGN PORTS DURING THE MONTH OF APRIL. Entered direct. Entd wareh'se. Free goods. Specie.

Total. 1852..

$8,410,448 $732,422 $1,496,449 $327,400 $10,966,719 1851..... 8,546,184 1,238,213 655,386 621,665 10,861,548 1850...

8,725,401 1,498,293 1,674,330 1,095,598 12,993,622 The above table includes only the goods received from foreign ports, and embraces all the arrivals at the port. A portion of the receipts are reshipped from warehouse, so that they do not enter into the consumption of the country. The

1850.....

a

amount actually passed into consumption, however, is larger than the total received, as the stock previously in warehouse has been drawn down closer. This is owing to two causes--the new construction placed upon the warehousing act by the Secretary of the Treasury, whereby merchants lose the privilege of selling their goods in this market if kept in warehouse over one year—and tho fact that more are required for consumption, the total receipts for the spring trade being much lighter than for last year. The following will show the comparative amount which entered into the channels of trade during the month. The item noticed as withdrawn from warehouse embraces only the withdrawals for consumption; those withdrawn for reshipment are given in the exports on another page: IMPORTS THROWN UPON THE MARKET AT NEW YORK DURING THE MONTH OF APRIL

Withdrawn Entered direct. from warehouse. Free goods. Specie. Total. 1852.

$8,410,448 $1,265,429 $1,496,449 $327,400 $11,489,726 1861.

8,546,184 1,144,068 655,386 521,665 10,767,303

8,725,401 586,260 1,674,330 1,095,598 12,081,589 It will be seen that while the amount thus passed into consumption during the month is larger than for last year, it is less than the total for April, 1850. This is chiefly owing to the fact that a considerable portion of the gold which crossed the isthmus in that year, was entered here as arriving from a foreign port, while since November 1st, 1850, it has all been classed as domestic produce, and has not been entered among the imports. The total receipts of foreign goods since January 1st are much behind the amount for the corresponding period of either of the last two years, as will be seen by the following comparison :TOTAL IMPORTS ENTERED AT NEW YORK FROM FOREIGN PORTS FOR FOUR MONTHS ENDING

APRIL 30.
Entered direct. Ent'd wareh'se. Free goods. Specie.

Tolal. 1852..

$33,321,735 $3,933,918 $5,492,792 $1,067,850 $43,816,295

41,847,851 5,272,414 3,683,602 1,166,656 51,470,523 1860.

33,734,904 4,180,193 4,138,775 3,018,476 45,062,348 The above exhibits a decline in the imports at New York since January 1st of $7,654,228 from the corresponding period of last year, and of $1,246,053 from the amount for the previous year. Of the decline from last year, $2,939,868 were in dry goods, which have fallen off all through the month of April, being $271,295 less than for April, 1851, and $1,607,599 less than for April, 1850, as will be seen by the following comparison:IMPORTS OF DRY GOODS AT THE PORT OF NEW YORK DURING THE MONTH OF APRIL.

ENTERED FOR CONSUMPTION.

1850. 1851. 1852, Manufactures of wool

$1,321,310 $918,580 $762,080 Manufactures of cotton..

1,148,249 698,757 768,902 Manufactures of silk....

879,996 1,281,669 999,303 Manufactures of flax ..

1,348,491 569,399 604,499 Miscellaneous dry goods

165,117 259,456 291,033 Total. ....

$4,863,153 $3,727,861 $3,425,767

WITHDRAWN FROM WAREHOUSE. Manufactures of wool ..

$53,112 $117,031 $149,562 Manufactures of cotton..

103,583 140,401 144,867 Manufactures of silk

132,750 104,735 155,249 Manufactures of flax

34,116 68,138 75,329 Miscellaneous dry goods

14,536 50,252

56,554 Total.....

$338,097 $480,557 $681,561 Add entered for consumption

4,863,153 8,727,861 3,425,767 Total thrown upon the market .. $5,201,250 $4,208,418 $4,007,328

1851.

Manufactures of wool. Manufactures of cotton.. Manufactures of silk.. Manufactures of flax.. Miscellaneous dry goods..

ENTERED FOR WAREHOUSING.

1850.
$194,628
186,796
167
107,286
23,438

1851.
$142,721
105.873
135.904
59,923
24,487

1852. $121.917

80,984 203,334 48,171 45,301

Total.....
Add entered for consumption

$669,920 4,863,153

$468.908 3,727,861

$499,707 3,425,767

Total entered at the port.......

$5,533,073 $4,196,769 $3,925,474 We also annex a comparison of the same items for the first four months of the past three years :IMPORTS OF DRY GOODS AT THE PORT OF NEW YORK FOR THE MONTHS OF JANUARY,

FEBRUARY, MARCH, AND APRIL.

ENTERED FOR CONSUMPTION.

1850. 1851. 1852. Manufactures of wool

$4.975,666 $4.926,776 $4,191,564 Manufactures of cotton..

4,975,819 6.118,089 4,017.916 Manufactures of silk..

5,994,743 9,378,107 7,638,189 Manufactures of fax., .

3,843,664 3,022,182 2,379,782 Miscellaneous dry goods

881,082 1,618,888 1,611,726 Total......

$20,670,974 $24,064,042 $19,839,177

WITHDRAWN FROM WAREHOUSE,

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Total thrown upon the market ... $22,258,386 $26,197,745 $23,257,877
ENTERED FOR WAREHOUSING,

1850. 1851. 1852. Manufactures of wool

$343,842 $581,814 $473,699 Manufactures of cotton..

625,475 671.736 496.554 Manufactures of silk....

446,911 749,619 1,323 201 Manufactures of flax...

265,335 263.479 161.192 Miscellaneous dry goods..

45,603 180,803 168,150

Total .....

$1,727,396 $2,346,951 $2,922,796 Add entered for consumption 20,670 974 24,06 1,042 19,839,177

Total entered at the port........ $22,398,370 $26,410,993 $22,561,973 The receipts for duties continue to show a decline from last year, although larger than for the corresponding period of 1850 :

RECEIPTS FOR DUTIES AT NEW YORK.
1862.
1851.

1850. For April ..

$2,447,634 07 $2,504,640 16 $2,216,669 13 First quarter....

7,617,887 72 9,295,257 30 6,996,656 48 From January ...

$10,066,521 79 $11,799,897 46 $9,213,325 61

For, free,

1850......

Butter ....

The exports have largely increased from any former year except the last, when they were swelled by the high prices of cotton :EXPORTS FROM NEW YORK TO FOREIGN PORTS FOR THE MONTH OF APRIL. Dom. produce. For. dutiable.

Specie.

Total. 1852.

$4,244,044 $353,262 $67,719 $200,266 $4.865,291 1851.

4,561,770 320,981 59,904 3,482,182 8,424,837

3,146,151 313,845 186,126 290,407 3,936,529 Taking the whole four months together the shipments from New York show an excess over any former year, except in the item of specie :EXPORTS FROM NEW YORK TO FOREIGN PORTS FOR FOUR MONTHS ENDING APRIL 30. Dom. produce. For. dutiable. For. free. Specie.

Total. 1852..

$14,829,628 $1,391,008 $288,901 $7,232,761 $23,242,198 1851..

14,276,498 1,355,437 201,539 8,125,013 23,958,487 1850...

11,334,689 1,245,183 338,682 831,563 13,750,117 We continue from last month our table of the exports from New York to foreign ports of some of the leading articles of domestic produce, from January Ist to May 15th: 1851. 1852.

1851. 1852. 'Ashes—pots.... bbls. 7,180 4,318 Naval stores. ... bbls. 128,012 154,371 pearls ..... 962

208 Oils—whale. .. .gals. 509,266 22,465 Beeswax... .lbs. 123,306 107,530 sperm

206,531 188,826 Breadstuffs

lard

176,743 17.695 Wheat flour..bbls. 203,192 331,944 lioseed.

2,264 6,548 Rye flvur...

2,755 5,664 ProvisionsCorp meal........

14,996 18,989 Pork........bbls. 19,290 14,200 Wheat....bushels 144,261 481,120 Beef.

11.903 20,309 Rye.

212,561 Cut-meats.. ....lbs. 1,984,111 990,045 Oats.... 757 2,30

1,259,626 217,947 Barley.

347 Cheese..

2,068,403 332,589 Curn. 460,469 361,440

Lard.

1,529,845 988,169 Candless-mold.. bxs. 17,284 24,036 Rice...

.trcs. 13,378 18,623 sperm.... 1,051 867 T'allow.... .. lbs. 1,007,903 259,587 Coal..

.. tons 1,233 13,469 Tobacco, crude. pkge. 8,124 9,789 Cotton. ..bales 150,584 209,581 | Do, manufact'd... lbs. 1,388,578 1,343,743 Hay

1,180 3,719 Whalebone....... 482,254 111,162

112 438 On the whole, the exports of produce exhibit a gratifying increase, even from the large total for the four-and-a-half months of last year; but this increase is ehiefly in breadstuffs and coilon, the shipments of oils and provisions showing a marked decline. The exports of domestic cottons have also largely increased both from Boston and New York, as will be seen by the following comparison: EXPORTS OF DOMESTIC COTTONS FROM JANUARY 1st to MAY 2011.

New York, Total 1852

•packages 33,024 22,209 55,227 1851..

11,424 23,253 34.677 1850..

11,458 15,901 27.359 1819.

11,638 7,789 19,327 During the month the shipments to California have largely increased, and our trade with the Pacific has assumed a more profitable character. Freights have advanced, but a large amount of merchandise is still offering, and unless the San Francisco market should become glutted, the shipments are likely to conttnue , as orders are received by each steamer. The emigration to California from the West, which threatened for a moment to check the rapid growth of some of the new States, is still active, but the places of the goid-hunters are filling with new recruits from Europe, and the country is likely to suffer no la k of the needful bone and sinew to urge on its career of greatness.

Hops.

Boston.

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