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hereby superseded, as likewise any other regulations or instructions conflicting with the foregoing.

It is to be remarked that these instructions are not designed to interfere with the right of withdrawing from warehouse for transportation and re-warehousing at another port, at any time within two years from the date of importation, any merchandise upon which the duties shall not have been paid.

It becomes proper, also, to add, that in pursuance of the provisions of the Chihuahua act of 3d March, 1845, and those of the act of the 3d March, 1849, creating the collection districts of Brazos de Santiago, that upon entry for withdrawal from public warehouse of any goods, wares, or merchandise, intended for exportation to Mexico by the routes indicated in said laws, the import duties and charges must be duly paid before withdrawal and exportation as aforesaid. THOS. CORWIN, Secretary of the Treasury.

COMMERCE TREATY BETWEEN AUSTRIA AND SARDINIA, We publish below the most important articles of a treaty recently entered into between Austria and Sardinia. The Eco d'Italia, from which the treaty is translated says, “ that in the short space of a few months, through the administration of the distinguished Count Cavour, Minister of Finances and Commerce, Sardinia has concluded treaties of free Commerce with the following nations, viz:France, Belgium, England, Greece, Switzerland, Zollverein Confederacy, Holland, Austria, Chili, and also a postal treaty with Spain." MUTUAL CONVENTION TO REPRESS CONTRABAND ON THE LAGO MAGGIORE AND ON THE RIVER


Art. 1. There shall be reciprocal liberty of Commerce and navigation between the Austrian empire and the kingdom of Sardinia. The subjects of each of the contracting parties will reciprocally enjoy the full liberty of traveling, residing, buying, and selling throughout the full extent of the other's territory; they will also have advantages in matters of Commerce and industry, submitting themselves to the laws and orders there existing ; will have the same protection, rights, privileges, liberties, favors of which the natives themselves enjoy or shall enjoy; nor shall the same be obliged under any pretext whatsoever to pay other or bigher taxes or duties than those to which the people themselves are subject.

Art. 2. The subjects of each of the contracting parties, who, according to the laws of the State to which they belong, having paid the duties and taxes agreed on, have thereby the right of frequenting fairs and markets, to purchase the requisites for their trade and industry, or to travel throughout the country to receive orders therefrom, taking with them samples or not, and will enjoy the same rights in the territory of the other without paying duties or taxes for their industrial exercise, and without being subject to other restrictions than those to which the inhabitants of the country, busied in the same employment, on condition, however, that they be not allowed to carry with them any merchandise destined or fit for sale.

Art. 7. Austrian vessels on arriving in ports under Sardinian dominion, and likewise Sardiniar vessels reaching ports in the Austrian Empire, shall be received on their arrival, during their stay and at their departure, in the same way as national vessels, for everything that concerns rights of freight, pilotage, port dues, light-houses, quarantine, docking, patents, and other charges that attend the ship's shell, whatever they be, whether the rights above mentioned are paid in favor of the State, the local authorities, or any other corporation or establishment.

Art. 12. The navigation of the Po, Ticino, and their tributaries, which are under the Austro-Sardinian dominion, shall be free, exempt from any duty, and the necessary rules for this purpose, as also for the observance and progress of navigation, will be agreed on in a special convention to which the other contracting parties mutually consent to sanction immediately.

Art. 13. The two contracting parties take upon themselves to effect the union of their respective railroads, in order that Genoa, Turin, and Milan, may be connected in a manner that will be deemed most convenient to the welfare of both countries and to the wants of Commerce. All details concerning the union and ways of proceeding will be established in a special convention.

Art. 16. The contracting parties have agreed on the following concessions and duty reductions:

Ist On Austria’s part:

1. The entry duty for the common Piedmontese wines imported through one of the Custom House offices of the Austrian frontier bordering with the Sardinian States, which is now at the rate of Austrian livres 10, 70, the barrel, will be reduced to Austrian livres 7 per barrel.

2d. The entry duty for rough rice, which is now at Austrian livres 41 the barrel, will be reduced to Austrialivres 11.

3d. The entry duty for calves from one to two years old, which is now at Austrian Livres 6 for each calf, will be reduced to Austrian livres 17.

REDUCTION OF SPANISH TONNAGE DUES. We learn from a letter, dated Barcelona, February 8th, 1852, that the tonnage dues of Spain on foreign ships have been considerably reduced; formerly they were 10 reals (20 per dollar) per ton, and from the beginning of February they will only be 2 reals per ton. A ship of 100 British tons was formerly charged about 90 Spanish dollars, including pilot money, lights, quarantine charges, &c.; but with this new order it will only be about 45 Spanish dollars.

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THE NEW AUSTRIAN TARIFF, The following is a list of some of the most important articles of the Tariff recently promulgated by the Government of Austria. Fl. Krs.

Fl. Krs On Cotton........

5 Hammered tin.....

7 80 Cotton Yarn, unbleached 7 Brass and Quicksilver...

7 30 bleached...

10 Machines and parts of machines colored

15 of iron, or iron in connection Goods, common raw, un

with other base metals . p'r c't. 4 bleached....per cwt.

50 Austrian manufacturers are alMiddle fine, such as stockings.. 75 lowed for two years, to imFine printed.....

100 port machines for their own Extra fine-muslins....

150 use, at a duty of fl. 2.30.p'r c't. Finest, as shawls....... per lb. • 2 Mathematical Instruments..... 15 Leather, India Rubber, & Gutta


15 Percha wares, com... per cwt. 25 Musical

15 Middle fine......

50 Coloring materials from 5 to 45 Fine.


krs. per cwt Iron, raw.

30 Common Hides........

25 Cast Iron ware. 2 Skins and Furs

30 Rails and Tires.

3 30 Do. when partly or wholly workBlack sheet Iron

ed on the flesh side.

Plated with tin or zinc..
5 Coffee

10 Steel .... 4 Cocoa..

3 30 Iron and unpolished steel wire. 5 Tea..

15 Do. polished... 7 30 Lump sugar.

14 Copper, raw. 45 Common sugar..

11 in sheets and wire... 7 20 Syrup or Molasses..

5 5 Pitch, Tar, Turpentine, and Rosins in general, are put in the new tariff at the merely nominal duty of from 5 to 45 kreutzers per cwt. Turpentine was 2 forins per cwt. by the old tariff, and certain gums and rosins fi

. 6.30. Rice, husked, is 45 krs. per cwt.; with the husks on, 15 krs. By the old tariff it was 54 krs. The duty on raw Tobacco is fl. 10 per cwt., and on manufactured fl. 25, but it cannot be introduced without special license, and the payment of an extra duty of fl. 2 per pound on raw Tobacco, and A. 24 on manufactured; this is, of course, about equivalent to prohibition ; by the old tariff

, the duty was fl. 16 per cwt. on raw, and fl. 40 on manufactured Tobacco, besides the license duty of fl. 2.30 per pound.

The new tariff goes into operation on the 1st of February, 1852, and is to continue in force till the end of October, 1854. It applies to all parts of the Austrian dominions, except the free ports of Trieste and Venice, and the town of Brody, in Gallicia. Cotton pays during the first year a duty of fl. 1 per cwt., instead of 5 krs.; and certain

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goods, formerly prohibited, principally woven and worked goods, cloths, millinery, objects in precious stones, and the base metals, and furniture, pay an extra duty of 10 per cent for the same time.

In reference to the value of the Austrian florin and kreutzer, the florin is worth 48 cents, and the kreutzer, of which there are 60 in a florin, is worth, therefore, 48-60 of a cent.



U. S. Treasury DEPARTMENT, March 6, 1852. Sir:-Satisfactory information has been given to this Department that in the practice pursued at the ports of Great Britain, packages from the United States, containing ordinary American nevspapers, not exported as merchandise, but intended for immediate distribution, are on their arrival, delivered to the agents to whom they are addressed, without being subjected (to the payment of duty or) to the delay consequent on the formalities of entering at the Custom House.

It being considered proper in view of this practice, that every facility, consistent with law, should be afforded in ports of the United States, to the prompt delivery of newspapers of similar character coming from Great Britain, you are advised that hereafter newspapers, properly so called, such, for example, as the European Times, London Times, London News, Dublin Nation, &c., whether issued daily, semi-weekly, or weekly, and if in a single sheet, in whatever mapper folded, when imported for immediate distribution to subscribers and not intended for sale as merchandise, are not liable to any charge of duty, and you are therefore authorized to direct the boarding officer at your port, after due examination of the package or packages, and there being found therein no pamphlets, periodicals, illustrated newspapers, or any other dutiable article, to deliver the same to the agents to whom they are directed without unnecessary delay. Several works or periodicals in book or pamphlet form, such as “ Household Words," " Examiner,” “ Athenæum," and illustrated papers, such as “ Illustrated News,” “ Ladies Newspaper,” “ Punch,” &c., necessarily remain subject to the rate of duty imposed by law, in Schedule G., of the existing Tariff act. (Signed.)

T. CORWIN, Secretary of the Treasury.

OF TRADE BETWEEN CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES. The governor of Canada, through his Secretary, has furnished the Montreal Board of Trade the following information on transit regulations of the United States :

SECRETARY'S OFFICE, QUEBEC, 4th March, 1852. Sie :-In answer to your letter of 28th ult., on behalf of the Montreal Board of Trade, requesting to be informed on the subject of the regulations now in force in the United States, on the levying of duties on goods imported through Canada–I am commanded by the Governor General to acquaint you, that from communications received by this government it appears that the principles which were supposed to govern the appraisal, are applicable solely to goods imported from ports of Canada, not being the production of the province, which may have been imported here and entered into the common stock of this country, and are not designed to apply to any European goods purchased in Europe in good faith by importers residing in the United States, and brought into port therein from Canada as the transit medium of direct American importation ; the voyage being deemed continuous and unbroken from the change from one description of vessel to another, rendered necessary from unavoidable natural causes occurring on the route.

In these latter cases, the criterion is to be the true market value or wholesale price of the goods in the principal markets of the country of Europe from whence they may be exported, at the date of exportation, with all the dutiable charges added, up to the time of placing the goods on board the vessel at the port of exportation, and likewise a charge for commission at the usual rates, but in no case less than 24 per cent.

Where any goods are duly exported, with the declared intention of being transhipped at some port in Canada, and thence conveyed to an American frontier port as their destination—the Collector at the latter place will require satisfactory evidence of the identity of the goods, and good faith in the exportation for the destination alleged, and also that such goods had never become a portion of the common stock of Canada, by any previous actual importation for consumption or traffic in this province. I have the honor to be, sir, your most obedient servant,

A. N. MORIN, Secretary, To Hugh ALLEN, Esq., President of the Board of Trade, Montreal,


VESSELS WRECKED AT KEY WEST IN 1851. In the Merchants' Magazine for January, 1852, (vol. xxvi., pages 52-60,) we published, under our series of " Commercial Cities and Towns in the United States,” a carefully prepared description of Key West, bringing the statistics of the wrecking business down to the close of 1850. We now give a statement of the number of vessels wrecked on the Florida coast, and of those put into the port of Key West in distress, during the year ending 31st December, 1851; with the amount of salvage awarded, the expenses and values of vessels and cargoes:

In distress 19 vessels, wrecked 15; number wrecked and in distress, 34. Amount of salvage awarded, $75,852; amount of salvage and expenses, $165,085; value of vessels and cargoes, $941,500. 30 American, 1 Swedisti

, 1 Spanish, 2 English—34. 6 ships, 3 barks, 14 brigs, 2 steamers, 9 schooners—34.

The Superintendent of the United States Coast Survey, in a communication to the
Secretary of the Treasury, states that “the magnetic variations at Point Pinos and
San Diego, Coast of California, and Cape Hancock, or Disappointment, mouth of the
Columbia River, Oregon, and computed from the observations of George Davidson,
Esq, Assistant Coast Survey, are as follows :-

Date. No. of d's.
Point Pinog

14° 58' Feb. 1851
San Diego .

12° 29' May 1851 9 Cape Hancock, or Disappointment. 20° 45' July 1851


Var. East.


ROCKS NEAR TIGER ISLAND. Lieut. Maury, U. S. N., under date, National Observatory, Washington, February 27, 1852, transmits to the Secretary of the Navy, the following extract from the log of the ship George Brown, Higgins, of Baltimore, touching the loss of that ship on an unknown reef of rocks not far from Tiger Island:

FRIDAY, August 15, 1851. " Lat. at noon 60° 44' S. lon. 121° 30' E., wind S. E., moderate. At 71 P. M. struck on a reef of rocks lying S. E. from "Tiger Island,' about 15 miles from the Island. The Islands were just in sight from the deck. The next day the rocks went through her bottom, and she filled with water. By the means of several observations taken on the preceding day, the shoal is in lat. 6° 44' S. lon. 121° E. It had about 10 feet water on it. We left the wreck in our boats on the 17th, and landed on the Island of Salayer,' after a seven days' passage.”

VESSELS TOUCHING AT ELSINEUR, It will be interesting to shipmasters trading to the Baltic, to know that by a recent decision of the Department of State, the masters of vessels touching at Elsineur, solely and exclusively for the purpose of paying the Sound dues, and transacting no other business, are not required to deposit their ship's papers at the American Consulate at that port, either on entering or passing out of the Baltic.

LIGHT-HOUSE ON THE ISLAND OF CURACAO. The following notice to mariners, dated "Colonial Secretary's Office, Curacao, Nov. 21, 1851," bears the signature of J. Rammelman Elsevir, Jr.

The Governor of Curacao and its dependencies, hereby gives notice to the shipping, that from and after the 20th of November, a light-house having been erected on the island of Little Curacao, will show a red light from sunset to sunrise. The light is twenty Netherland ells and four palms above the level of the sea, in lon. 68° 44' W. of Greenwich, and lat. 11° 58' N." It can be plainly seen from the deck of an ordinary vessel at the distance of 27 nautical miles, of fifteen miles to the degree.

Having the light at this distance bearing W. by S., the light of Bonaire can be observed at the same time, bearing E. by S., when at an elevation of six ells above the level of the sea.

The above light, which indicates the dangerous ieland of Little Curacao, will at the same time show the bearing of Punt Canon—the low east corner of Curacao, which point, bearing W. N, W., at a distance of one nautical mile from the light, is not less dangerous.

CARYSFORT REEF LIGHT-HOUSE. We published in the Merchants' Magazine for March, 1852, a description of this new Iron Light-House. We now give an official notice for the benefit of mariners :

Office of at:House,

KEY WEST, Feb. 141h, 1852. Notice is bereby given, that on and after the 10th of March proximo, a fixed light of 18 21-inch reflectors will be exhibited on the structure recently erected on the Carysfort Reef, Gulf of Florida. The light is elevated 106 feet above the water, and will be visible in clear weather from a deck twelve feet high, at the distance of eighteen statute miles. The structure can be approached from the eastward within a quarter of a mile, being erected on the most seaward bank or reef, distant about four miles from the light ship, as laid down upon the charts, and bearing from it E. N. E. (magnetic.

GEO, G. MEALE, Lieut. Top. Engineers..


LEGHORN, January 30, 1852. A circular, dated 230 January, has been addressed by the Tuscan government to the consular body resident in this place, informing them that, agreeably to the 37th article of the law of the 18th of July, 1851, vessels of less than eighty tons burden, having on board parcels of tobacco, manufactured or otherwise, are absolutely prohibited anchoring off the coast, even at Leghorn, unless legally proved to have been compelled to do so by stress of weather.

The necessary orders have therefore been given at the office of the port of Leghorn, in order that vessels of less than eighty tons burden, with tobacco on board, shall not be admitted to pratique, and they shall, as required by the 39th article of the above cited law, except only in cases of absolute necessity, be immediately warned off

. WM. MACBEAN & CO., Agents to Lloyd's.

BARNARD SAND, COAST OF NORFOLK. The south part of the Barnard Sand having grown up in an easterly direction, the S. W. Barnard Buoy (Red) has been moved about half a cable's length E. half N. from its former position, and now lies in six fathoms at low water spring tides, with the following marks and compass bearings, viz. :A windmill, its width open to the northward of Covehithe Wood.... W.N. W. Lowestoft Church, touching the E. side of a black tower mill at Kirkley, N. by E. & E. North Barnard Buoy..

N. by E. | E. South Inner Barnard Buoy

W.S. W.

DOLPHIN ROCK, IN THE JAVA SEA. Captain Ropes, of the bark Fenelon, from Shanghae, reports seeing Dolphin Rock, in the Java Sea. He describes it as being a coral rock, about the size of a ship's beam in diameter, being about one fathom below the surface of the water. It bears Knob Hill (Sumatra) West; the Brothers' Islands, N. 4 E.-varying seven miles from the position given on Horsburg's Chart of the Java Sea.

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