Imágenes de páginas
[blocks in formation]

Average for the season.... 4 701 4 001 2 91 It is seen that the average for the season is seventy-five cents per 100 lbs. higher than in 1850-51, and $1 89 above the average of 1819-50.

COMMERCE OF TAMPICO, MEXICO. We are indebted to FRANKLIN Chase, Esq., United States Consul at Tampico, for the subjoined statemgnt of the Commerce of Tampico for the year 1851 :



[blocks in formation]

DEPARTED. American

37 3,571 242 $307,858 British steam packets


3,068,358 Mexican

38 2,231


29,870 Spanish.


61 113,243 English..


2,830 French ..

15 1,997 132

9,269 Oldenburg.


1,500 Hamburg


159 American men-of-war

1 Total ...

119 9,352 740 $3,532,423 REMARKS.—The British steam packets, Mexican, Spanish, English, French, and Oldenburg vessels exported specie.—1 American, 1, Mexican, 1 French, and 1 Oldenburg vessel were lost on the bar.

NOTE.— Imports per British steam packets were 1,590 flasks of quicksilver, for mining purposes.

BRITISH TRADE WITH THE EAST. The East India and China Association have published their usual comparative statement of the number of British ships, with the aggregate tonnage, entered inwards and cleared outwards from and to places within the limits of the East India Company's charter, in the years 1850 and 1851. According to the statement of the vessels entered inwards, the increase in favor of the latter period is 17 vessels, with 24,278 tonnage the difference between 926 vessels, with 442,793 tonnage, in 1850, and 943 vessels, with 467,071 tonnage, in 1851. The port of London figures for an increase of 12 vessels, with 15,563 tonnage, the number of vessels entered inwards being 597, with 288,849 tonnage, for 1850; and 609 vessels, with 304,412 tonnage, for 1851. In the case of Liverpool there is also an increase of 18 vessels, with 12,651 tonnage—the difference between 249 vessels, with 123,843 tonnage, and 266 vessels, with 136,494 tonnage. Bristol and Hull show a decrease of not less than 14 vessels, with 4,931 tonnage ; 22 vessels, with 8,461 tonnage, having entered inwards in 1850, while for the latter year the return does not exceed 8 vessels, with 3,530 tonnage. Clyde and the other ports exhibit a very slight alteration, the increase being one vessel, with 995 tonnage, or the difference between 59 vessels, with 21,640 tonnage, and 60 vessels, with 22,635 tonnage. Reviewing the whole of the statistics connected with vessels entered inwards, it appears the chief increase has been in arrivals from Madras, China, New South Wales, and Calcutta, and the decrease in arrivals from Mauritius, Bombay, Singapore, and Penang. The statement of vessels cleared outwards shows a decrease of 222 vessels, with 78,346 tonnage—the difference between 1,173 vessels, with 562,495 tonnage, and 951 vessels, with 484,149 tonnage. In no instance has there been an increase compared with the former year. Taking the figures in the order presented, London is returned for a decrease of 36 vessels, with 15,511 tonnage--the difference between 584 vessels, with 291,741 tonnage, and 58 vessels, with 276,930 tonnage. The decline at Liverpool is represented by 21 vessels, with 2,095 tonnage-the difference between 331 vessels, with 167,937 tonnage, and 310 vessels, with 165,842 tonnage. Bristol and Hull are returned for a decrease of 7 vessels, with 2,889 tonnage; the clearances in 1850 being 13 vessels, with 6,148 tonnage, and in 1851, 6 vessels, with 3,259 tonnnage. In connection with Clyde and the other ports, the large decrease is shown of 158 vessels, with 57,851 tonnage-the difference between 245 vessels, with 96,667 tonnage, and 87 vessels, with 38,818 tonnage. The chief instances of decrease have occurred in connection with departures for Mauritius, Bombay, China, Calcutta, Madras, Ceylon, Arabia, Singapore, Penang, and New South Wales.

[ocr errors]

BRITISH COMMERCIAL STATISTICS. The information collected by Mr. Braithwaite Poole, for his valuable work, certainly exhibits most surprising results. Pitt and Canning stated the yearly production of British agricultural and manufacturing pursuits at an amount equal to the National debt. Mr. Poole shows that the railways bave cost £240,000,000; the canals, £26,000,000 ; and the docks, £30,000,000. The British mercantile marine consists of 85,000 vessels, 4,300,000 tons, with 240,000 men; and one vessel is lost, on an av. erage, every tide. Her navy consists of 585 vessels, 570,000 tons, and 48,000 men. Yachts, 520, and 23,000 tons. The ancient Britons knew only six primitive ores, from which metals were produced; whereas the present scientific generation use fifty. The aggregate yield of minerals in this country is equivalent in value to about £25,000,000 annually. The agricultural produce, of milk, meat, eggs, butter, and cheese, 3,000,000 tons, and £50,000,000. The ale, wine, and spirits consumed annually exceeds 3,300,000 tons, and £54,000,000 ; whilst sugar, tea, and coffee, scarcely reach 450,000 tons, and £27,000,000. British fisheries net £6,000,000 annually. In manufactures, the cotton, woolen, linen, and silk, altogether amount to 420,000 tons, and £95,000,000; while hardwares exhibit 360,000 tous, and £20,000,000; in addition to which, 1,250 tons of pins and needles are made yearly, worth £1,100,000. Earthenware, 160,000 tons, £3,500,000 ; glass, 58,000 tons, £1,680,000. The Gazette shows an average of four bankrupts daily, throughout England and Wales.

PROGRESS OF COMMERCE IN BELGIUM. The Belgian Government has just published the returns of the external Commerce of Belgium for 1850. From these tables it appears that the Commerce of that coun. try is steadily advancing. Taking quinquennial periods as the best criterion to judge by, it will be found that from 1836 to 1839, the amount was 387,000,000; from 1840 to 1844, 500,000,000; from 1845 to 1849, 718,000,000; and in 1850, 912,500,000. This amelioration will be still more apparent, if it be considered that these 912,500,000, which represent more than the whole Commerce of France, are effected in a State which has a population pine times smaller than that of France. It nust, however, be remarked, that the whole of that sum does not belong to Belgian Commerce, properly so called; the transit and re-exportation count for 412,000,000, or nearly one-hali.


67 01



The following are the rates of commissions, charges, &c., as revised, corrected, and
adopted by the San Francisco Chamber of Commerce, December 3, 1851:-

Commission on the sale of merchandise, with or without guarantee... per cent
On purchase and shipment of merchandise, with funds in hand......
Do, without funds in hand....

10 On goods received on consignment, and afterwards withdrawn-on invoice cost For indorsing bills...

21 For purchase or sale of vessels .. For purchase or sale of specie, gold dust, or bullion.. For collecting..... For collecting general claims... For entering, clearing, and transacting ships' business on vessels with cargo from foreign ports.....

$200 Do, from United States ports..

50 Do. on vessels in ballast..

50 For collecting and remitting moneys on sums over $500

•per cent

5 For collecting and remitting delayed or litigated accounts..

10 For receiving and paying or remitting moneys from which no other commision is derived...

24 For landing and reshipping goods from vessels in distress—on invoice value, or, in its absence, on market value..

5 For receiving, entering at the Custom-house, and forwarding goods, on invoice

amount For effecting marine insurance, un amount insured


Commission on the sale of merchandise, with or without guarantee... per cent

10 Do. on purchase and shipment of goods, with funds or security in hand.... Do. without funds or security in hand....

10 Do. on purchase or sale of specie, gold dust, or bullion.. Do. on sales of bills of exchange with indorsement....

31 Do. on selling bills of exchange... Do. on sale or purchase of vessels... Do. on chartering of vessels or procuring freight.. Do. on procuring or collecting freight.... Do. on outfits of vessels or disbursements ... Do. on collecting moneys, when no other commission is earned..

5 Do. on receiving and forwarding goods......

21 Do. on bills protested, or delayed and litigated accounts...

10 Brokerage...

21 SCHEDULE III.-RATES OF STORAGE ON MERCHANDISE. Measurement goods, per month, $24 per ton of 40 cubic feet. Heavy goods, $2 per ton of 2,240 lbs. The consignee to have the option of charging by weight or measurement. A fraction of a month to be charged as a month.


When no express stipulation exists, per bill of lading, goods are to be considered as deliverable on shore.

Freight on all goods to be paid or secured to the satisfaction of the captain or consignee of the vessel, prior to the delivery of goods.

Goods must be received by the consignee, after notice being given of the ship's readiness to discharge, in ten days, when not otherwise stipulated in the bill of lading.

[ocr errors]

After the delivery to the purchaser of merchandise sold, no claims for damage, deficiency, or other cause shall be admissible, unless made within three days, and no such claims shall be admissible after goods, sold and delivered, have once left this city.


To be as allowed by custom in New York.





TREASURY DEPARTMENT, Jan. 8, 1852. The Department is apprised of the actual completion in some instances, and the probable completion in others, at no distant day, of railroad routes forming unbroken and continuous lines of communication between certain ports of entry on the seaboard, in the Eastern and North-Eastern sections of the United States, and ports or places in Canada, thereby affording convenient and speedy intercommunication between the points referred to. In consideration of the circumstances mentioned, the Department deems it expedient to indicate the facilities that may be afforded, consistently with existing provisions of law, and to prescribe such regulations for the government of the officers of the customs and others interested in regard to the transportation of dutiable merchandise over any such railroad routes as may promote the facilities of trade without injury to the interests of the public revenue.

The following regulations are therefore prescribed, to wit:

First. Where merchandise may be withdrawn from public warehouse, for transportation to Canada, over either of the railroad routes herein referred to, due entry must be made, and the other requirements of the 21st section of the Warehouse regulations of the 17th February, 1849, complied with, with the exception of sealing, cording and casing of boxes, packages, &c.; in lieu of which suitable cars, appropriated exclusively for conveying such merchandise, and properly designated and marked, must be provided free of expense to the United States, either by the railroad company or by private individuals engaged in the transportation of merchandise ; said cars to be substantially constructed, having not more than two doors or openings, with suitable bars and fastenings thereto, so as to admit of being readily secured by one or more United States locks, to be placed thereon at the port of departure by the Inspector or other officer of the customs who may be designated to inspect and superintend the lading or packing of the bonded goods in the cars. The Inspector will deliver the keys to the Collector, with his return of the lading of the goods. Keys corresponding with these locks will be placed in the hands of the proper United States officer of the customs at the point on the frontier where exportation from the United States takes place; after proper examination by the last mentioned officer to see that the goods contained in the cars are identical with those described in the transportation certificate, and are in the same condition as when laden in the cars at the port of departure, he will remove the United States locks, and permit the goods to proceed to their destination in Canada.

Second. Where goods may be imported into a port on the seaboard, destined for Canada, to be conveyed to their destination immediately after being landed from the importing vessel, warehouse and transportation entries may be combined in one, with. out requiring the goods to be actually warehoused; but in such cases the regulations prescribed under the first head of these instructions must be observed.

Third. Where goods may be imported into the United States from portser places in Canada, over the railroad routes before indicated, and intended to be re-warehoused at ports of entry on the route, or on the seaboard, proper manifests and invoices of all such goods must be produced to the proper officers of the customs at the first point at, or nearest, the boundary line of the United States, where a customhouse officer of the United States may be stationed, and due inspection and entry made thereof. The warehouse transportation entries to be combined in one. The regulations hereinbefore prescribed, in regard to securing the goods in the cars, must be observed by the officer of the customs on the frontiers, before whom entry may be made. Where goods, imported as aforesaid, may be destined for any intermediate port of entry on the route, all such goods must be kept separate and distinct from those going the whole extent of the route, either by being placed in special cars provided for such goods, or, if placed in the same cars with other goods, to be separated by permanent partitions, so that no communication can take place between the different portions of the cars.

Fourth. Goods imported from Canada by the medium herein proposed, not accompanied by the owner or owners, must be consigned to some person or persons at the port or place where they first enter the territory of the United States, and where entry is required to be made, to make entry and bond the same, and comply with any other requisitions of law.

Fifth. It is contemplated by these regulations that secure storage accommodations for dutiable goods, transported over the routes indicated, shall be provided, free of expense to the United States, by the railroad companies or transportation lines, at or Dear either terminus of said roads, which stores must be constituted warehouses of class 3, in conformity with the circular instruction of the 17th of February, 1849, and the bond required in such cases must be duly executed by the railroad company, or transportation line, according to form K, annexed to said circular, with such modifications of its conditions as will embrace the goods deposited in the aforesaid stores at either terminus as well as those in transitu in the designated cars ; it being the intention of the Department to hold the railroad company or transportation line, as the case may be, to the same responsibility while the goods are in iransit, as when in store, or under examination in the warehouses of the company, at their depositor stations, All dutiable goods, transported as aforesaid, must always remain, until'duly discharged from warehouse, in the custody of an officer of the customs or under the lock of the custom house, and with that view it is proposed to appoint and qualify, as inspectors of the customs, one or more officers of the company, acting in the capacity of conductors of the train or otherwise, whose duty may require them to accompany the carş over the designated routes; such officers to receive no compensation from the United States. These officers will have the custody of the goods while in transit, and will deliver the same to the chief officer of the customs at the respective ports or places of delivery in the United States contemplated by these regulations, and will make due returns thereof to such officer. It is to be distinctly understood that the United States is to be subjected to no expense attending the transit, examination, lading, or unlading of any goods transported by the mediums referred to in these regulations.

WM, L, HODGE, Acting Secretary of the Treasury.



[ocr errors]

TREASURY DEPARTMENT, February 9, 1852. The special attention of the Department has been called to the existing legal provisions regulating the importation of goods, wares, and merchandise, and the warehousing privileges afforded by law, as also the existing regulations prescribed by the Department on these subjects. Careful consideration was therefore been given to the matter, which has resulted in the conviction that the instructions heretofore given, and also the regulations prescribed for carrying the same into effect, require modification and change to give legal operation to the terms and spirit of the respective provisions of law applicable to the subjects referred to.

The following instructions are therefore issued for the future government of the proper officers of the customs, and others interested:

Under the provisions of the Warehousing law of the 6th August, 1846, as modified by the 5th section of the act 3d March, 1849, imported merchandise deposited in warehouse under bond, may be taken out for consumption, on payment of the proper duties and charges, at any time within one year from the date of importation, and may be withdrawn for exportation directly from the custody of the officers of the customs, without payment of duties, at any time within two years from the date of importation.

No merchandise can be withdrawn from the warehouse for consumption after the expiration of one year from the date of importation; and any goods remaining in warehouse, under bond, at the expiration of two years from the date of importation must be sold, in pursuance of law, to realize the legal duties and charges. On payment of the legal duties and charges, the merchandise should at once be withdrawn from warehouse, this Department being of the opinion that officers of the customs have no legal authority, under existing laws, to assume, even with the consent of the owners, the custody of merchandise, on which the claims of the United States, of whatever de. scription, have been fully discharged. Consequently any existing regulations authorizing merchandise to remain in public warehouse after payment of the duties, are

« AnteriorContinuar »