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AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES-CONTINUED.

Ginned

cotton, Tobacco, bales of

Wool,

Wine, Butter, Cheese, States.

pouuds of. 400 lbs. each. pounds of. gallons of pounds of. ponnus of. Maine

1,366,866 306 8,488,234 2,201,105 N. Hampshire .

50

1,108,476 35 6,977,056 3,196.563 Vermont.

3,492,087 140 12,128,095 6,755,006 Massachusetts .. 119,306

576,736 4,122 7,825,337 7,124,461 Rhode Island ..

111,937 842 1,066,625 296,748 Connecticut.... 1,383,932

512,529 3,346 6,620,579 4,512,019 New York

70,222

10,021,507 6,483 82,043,823 49,785,905 New Jersey

375,932 517 9,070,710 500,819 Pennsylvania... 857,619

4,784,367 23,839 40,554,741 2,395,279 Delaware..

52,887 85 1,034,867 3,187 Maryland. 21,199,281

477,438 2,099 4,206,160 3,925 Dis. of Columbia 15,000

863 14,869 Virginia

56,516,492 2,767 2,850,909 4,280 11,126,795 434.850 North Carolina. 12,058,147 98 028 915,289 10,801 4,144,258 95.043 South Carolina. 73,235 300,901 487.243 3,630 2,979,975 4,810 Georgia

420,123 494.023 988,802 664 4,610,074 46.391 Florida,

982,584 45,078 23,235 10 375,853 18,324 Alabama ..

163,605 560,360 637.829 14 3,961,592 30,423 Mississippi

48,349 491,774 656,057 301 4,388,112 20,314 Louisiana, 23,922 163,034 105,593

685,136 1,148 Texas ...

60,770 55,945 122,118 94 2,319,574 92,018 Arkansas...

224,164 64,987 181,427 10 1.854,104 28,440 Tennessee. 20,144,380 192,635 1,340,833 204 8,130,686 179,577 Kentucky.. 55,765,259 1,669 2,246,168 4,202 10,115,267 228.744 Ohio 10,480,967

10,089,607 44,834 34,180,458 21,350,478 Michigan..

2,225

2,047,364 1,443 7,043,794 1,012.551 Indiana. 1,035,146

5 2,502,763 13,004 12,748,186 666,986 Illinois

844,129

8 2,129,139 2,343 12,605,554 1,283,758 Missouri 17,038.364

1,635,182 10,193 7,762,124 201,597 Iowa....

2,012

363,398 420 1,933,128 198,444 Wisconsin....

768

243,065 68 888,816 440,961 California... 1,000 4,800

705

150 Minnesota..

260

1,100
Oregon.

325
29,596

211,734 86.030 Utah....

8.897

74,064 32,646 New Mexico... 1,118

32,641 2,053

101

5,837

Total....... 199,532,494 2,474,214 52,422,797 141,295 312,202,286 103,184,585
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES-CONTINUED.
Hemp,

Value
Hemp, water-

Cane sugar, of home-
Hay, dew-roited, rotted, Flaxseed, Maple sugar, bhds. of made man-
States.
tons of tons of. ions of. bush, of, pounds of. 1,000 lbs.

ufacture8.
Maine.....
794,780
362 87,541

$510,998 New Hampshire.. 598,854

94 1,292,429

393,455
Vermont.
763,579

807
5,159,641

261,589 Massachusetts. 645,749

72 768,596

210,076 Rhode Island.... 73,353

26,098 Connecticut. 499,706 9,775 37,781

188,995 New York.. 3,714,734 81 20 53,824 10,310,764

1,277,170 New Jersey. 429,119 12,353 5,886

110,350 Pennsylvania... 1,826,265 173 686 43,627 2,218,644

755,104 Delaware...

30,159
16 838

32.809 Maryland..

145,070
63
2,816 47,740

111,828 Dist. of Columbia. 1,974

75 Virginia.... 370,177 3,450 1,149 53,333 1,223,905

2,156,073 North Carolina .. 145.180 13 478 38,183

27,448 $ 2,008.884 South Carolina 25,427

11

200 150 909,546 Georgia 23.427

585

60

1,273 1,888,093 Florida.. 2,620

47,411 74,362 Total Total delivery of

States.
Alabama ....
Mississippi..
Louisiana.
Texas..
Arkansas...
Tennessee
Kentucky.
Ohio...
Michigan
Indiana
Illinois..
Missouri,
Iowa ...
Wisconsin
California.
Minnesota
Oregon.
Utab...
New Mexico

Hemp,

Value Hemp, water

Cane sugar,

of homeHay, dew-rolled, ruited, Flaxseed, Maple sugar, hods. of made mantous of. tons of tons of. bush. os. puudus ol. 1,000 lbs. uluctures. 31,801 70 54

473

28 1,890,258 12,517

21

110 278 1,165,195 20,672

260 262,486 138,773 8,327

16

7,017 265,5 26 3,924 145 695 8,825

644,928 72,442 405 535 19,405 159,647

3,168,116 115,296 37,168 2,685 80,458 388,525

2,487,493 1,360,656 628 464 185,598 4,521,643

1,696,601 394,717 40 14 1,186 2,423,897

354,936 402,791 794 775 35,803 2,921,638

1,647,200 586,011 1,099 1,828 11,873 246,078

1,218,211 116,284 17,061 4,014 13,439 171,943

1,662,749 84,598 1,200 80 2,182 70.680

202,533 295,927

100
834 661,969

57,506 2.038

2,500 2,069

2,950
373
4,288
5

1,304
6,031

Total ........ 13,605,381 62,182 13,059 567,749 32,759,263 318,644 27,525,545 “The great amount of labor requisite to the extraction of the returns of agriculture, will admit, at this time, of presenting but limited accounts, thougíı, perhaps, to some extent, of the most important separate interests.

“ The returns of the wheat crop, for many of the Western States, will not at all indicate the average crop of those States. This is especially the case with Obio, Indiana, and Illinois, from which, especially the former, the assistant marshals return a short crop,' to the extent of 50 per cent throughout the whole State. The shortness of the wheat crop in Obio, in 1849, is verified by returns made during the subsequent season, by authority of the Legislature. The causes which affected the wheat crop in those States were not without their influence in reducing that of Western Virginia and Western Pennsylvania to some considerable extent."

THE BRITISI TEA TRADE. The subject of the tea trade, in all its bearings, has been almost exhausted in former numbers of the Merchants' Magazine, but we cannot resist the temptation of publishing from the circular of Messes. LITTLEDALE, the subjoined table, showing its extraordinary increase in the United Kingdom :

Imported. Exported. delivery, the U. Kingdom. 1833 .lbs.

32,084,080 1834

( 36,150,656 7,029,207 921,550 4,948,329 1835.

738,73,038 1836.

7,336,389 639,990 6,999,207 63,412,099 1837.

7,120,531 605,233 4,568,935 35,341,454 1838.

4,165,567 1,123,272 6,222,890 34,929,470 1839.

4,629,337 981,675 6,402,088 38,446,199 1840.

4,6!2,837 1,233,897 6,672,494 34,636,012 1841.

3,992,255 588,242 6,619,864 41,166,030 1812.

7,433,948 1,212,310 6,788.054 43.066,039 1843..

5,062,906 492.597 6.810.358 44,981,607 1844.

9,846,200 842,529 8,388,534 46,677,000 1845...

13,514,087 769,930 11,956,148 48,427,000 1816...

18,000 000 576,534 13,560,991 51.000.000 1847...

13.025,701 1,000,906 12.730 659 50,793,649 1848...

10,143,460 6:8,696 13,320,426 52.231 006 1849..

9,197,310 1,144,184 13,410,046 65.300,000 1850.

9,117,726 1,366,020 11,820,024 56,400,000 1851.

16,781,049 1,011,203 14,112,247 59,000,000

The imports for the year, into the United Kingdom, will be about 72,000,000 lbs. against 48,300,000 lbs. in 1850. Deliveries, 59,000,000 lbs., against 56,400,000 lbs, in 1850. Stocks, 48,000,000 lbs., against 34,500,000 in 1850.

We perceive here that the importations in a single year have increased 23,700,000 lbs., or an increase within 7,000,000 lbs. of the entire importations into the United States during the year 1851. IMPORT, RE-EXPORT, AND CONSUMPTION OF FOREIGN MERCHANDISE OF THE

UNITED STATES, FROM 1821 To 1851. STATEMENT EXHIBITING THE VALUE OF FOREIGN MERCHANDISE IMPORTED, RE-EXPORTED,

AND CONSUMED ANNUALLY, FROM 1821 to 1851, INCLUSIVE—AND ALSO THE ESTIMATED POPULATION, AND RATE OF CONSUMPTION PER CAPITA, DURING TIE SAME PERIOD.

VALUE OF FOREIGN MERCHANDISE,

Years

ending September 30. 1821. 1822. 1823. 1824... 1925... 1826... 1827. 1828. 1829. 1830. 1831. 1832. 1833. 1834.. 1835. 1836. 1837. 1838. 1839. 1840. 1811. 1842. 1843* 1814+ 18457 18467 18477 1848+ 1819+ 1850+ 18517.

Imported.
$65,585,724
83,241,511
77,579,267
80,549,007
96,340,075
81,974,477
79,484,068
88,509,824
74,924,227
70,876,920
103,191,124
101,029,266
108,118,311
126,521,332
149,895,743
189,980,035
140,989,217
113,717,284
162,092,132
107,151,619
127,956,177
100,162,087

64,755,799
108,435,035
117,251,564
121,691,797
146,545,638
154,998,928
147,857,439
178,136,318
215,725,995

Re-exported.
21,302,488
22,286,202
27,543,622
25,337,157
32,590,643
24,539,612
23,403,136
21,595,017
16.657,478
14,387,479
20,033,526
24,036,473
19,822,735
23,312,811
20,504,495
21,746,360
21,854,963
12,452,795
17,494,525
18,190,312
15,499,081
11,721,538

6,552,707
11,484,867
15,346,830
11,346,623

8,011,158 21,132,315 13,088,865 14,951,808 9,738,695

Consumed

and on

hand. 41,283,236 60,955,309 50,035,649 55,211,850 63,619,432 60,434,612 56,080,932 66,914.807 57,834,049 56,489,441 83,157,598 76,989,793 88,295,576 103,208,521 129,391,247 168,233,675 119,134,255 101,264,609 144,597,607

88,951,207 112,447,096 88,440,549 58,201,092 96,950,168 101,907,735 110,345,174 133,534,480 133,866,613 134,768,574 163,184,510 205,987,300

Population.

9,960,974 10,283,757 10,606,540 10,929,323 11,252,106 11,574,889 11,857,672 12,220,455 12,543,238 12,866,020 13,286,364 13,706,707 14,127,050 14,517,393 14,967,736 15,388,079 15,808,422 16,228,766 16,619,108 17,069,153 17,612,507 18,155,561 18,698,615 19,241,670 19,784,725 20,337,780 20,870,835 21,413,890 21,956,945 22,500,000 23,500,000

Consumpt'n

per capita. $4 54 5 22 4 19 5 61 5 20 5 77 4 41 5 76 4 61 4 39 6 25 5 61 6 25 7 09 8 93 10 93 7 53 6 23 8 68 5 21 6 38 4 87 3 11 5 03 5 16 5 42 6 60 6 25 6 13 7 25 8 75

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THE COMMERCE OF BELFAST, IRELAND. The total value of the annual exports from Belfast, linens and linen yarns, muslins, and other cotton manufactures, cured provisions, flax and tow, &c., is about £5,600,000. The chief imports are grain, timber, tlax, flaxseed, and sugar. The most important branch of Commerce is the cross-channel trade; but there is, also, an extensive trade with the United States ana Canada, the West Indies, the Mediterranean, the Baltic, Archangel, and of late a limited traffic with China and the East Indies. In 1850 the shipping of the port numbered 4,490 vessels, tonnage 624,!13, yielding a revenue of £29,012. The gross produce of Customs' duties during the same period was £352,658 ; the amount of postage collected in the town, £7,246 78. 3d.; the stamp duties received on the Belfast collection, £26,991; and the inland revenue collected in the district, £206,278.

+ Year to June 30.

Nine months to June 30.
VOL. XXVI.-NO. III.

24

IMPORTS INTO NEW YORK IN 1851. We give below a statement of the value of the imports of merchandise, distinguishing the dutiable and free, and the specie and bullion, also the value of merchandise entered and withdrawn from warehouse, together with the cash duties received in each month of the calendar year 1851:MONTHLY SUMMARY OF IMPORTATIONS INTO THE DISTRICT OF NEW YORK IN THE YEAR 1851.

Withdrawn Entered Cash Dutiable Free

Specie and

from

for

duties Months. merchandise. merchandise. bullion. warehouse. warehouse, received. January.. $12,708,518 $937,650 $210,455 $1,024,246 $1,611,847 $3,511,610 February.

9,442,007 1,208,036 164,031 899,438 1,240,329 2,658,835 March.

10,651,142 982,530 270,505 1,068,437 1,181,925 3,124,811 April

8,546,184 655,386 521,665 1,144,068 1,238,313 2,517,582 May

8,952,711 785,326 111,443 858,519 1,148,428 2,504,640 June.

8,097,631 668,716 121,234 717,633 1,043,345 2,305,185 July

12,373,199 1,027,481 81,143 1,167,644 1,022,7 25 3,558,400 August.

11,279,000 638,334 186,503 1,252.245 1,358,089 3,234,764 September 8,384,172 366,163 115,572 1,669,304 864,916 2,609,832 October

5,765,795 1,548,720 23,165 1,602,436 1,204,994 1,958,516 November

4,399,085 415,838 218,473 1,377,100 938,056 1,488,740 December... 5,042,399 552,797 25,367 1,117,723 1,027,115 1,576,294

Total.....

105,641,847 9,636,967 2,050,056 13,900,793 13,880,022 31,079,209

12

MACKEREL FISHERY OF MASSACHUSETTS. The following tabular statement is obtained through the returns made by the dep. uty inspectors to Charles Maro, the inspector general of fish for the commonwealth of Massachusetts, for the year 1851, and therefore may be relied upon as correct. It shows at a glance the extent and localities of that branch of commercial enterprise, the number of vessels owned in Massachusetts and other States engaged in the mackerel fishery, and which have packed their mackerel in the State of Massachusetts, the amount of tonnage, and the number of men and boys employed on board these vessels. Men

Men Where owned. Vessels. Tonnage. & błys. Where owned. Vessels. Tonnage, & b'ys. Boston.... 7 596 85 Orleans...

5 336 54 Beverly. 761 97 Plymouth .

6 561 65 Barnstable.. 28 1,918 339 Provincetown..

61 4,322

688 Brewster...

4
259 47 Rockport.

42

1,537 283 Charlestown. 2 74 14 Salem..

1 80 9 Chatham 19 1,346 230 Scituate...

13 715 119 Cohaeset 44 2,885 561 Salisbury.

4 305 48 Dartmouth. 1 117 16 Truro.

52 3,626 581 Dennis.. 47 3,096 685 Wellfleet...

79
5,411

852 Eastham.. 3 170 23 Yarmouth

14 990 169 Essex..

1 71 10 Gloucester.. 241 13,639 2,326

853 53,712 9,117 Harwich 48 3,231 577 Maine...

47 3,019 446 Hingham.

2,492 491 N. Hampshire.. 8 515 84 Lym... 4 167 33 Rhode Island.

7 479 71 Manchester 1 45 8 Connecticut... 23 1,551

255 Marblehead.. 1 80 5 Maryland....

2 141 25 Martha's Vin'd... 6 420 65 Nantucket..

3
168
30

940 69,417 9,998 Newburyport......

67 4,343 707 The whole amount of mackerel inspected in Massachusetts in 1851 was 329,242 barrels, of which amount 140,906 barrels were caught at Bay Chaleur, or in the British waters; and on the shores of the United States, or in American waters 188,336, showing a total of 329,242 barrels caught during the year 1851. The reader is referred for furiher information on this branch of industry, to the interesting series of papers relating to the “Fisheries of tne United States " in the present and preceding numbers of the Merchants' Magazine.

37

NAUTICAL INTELLIGENCE.

a

TIDAL SIGNALS AT DOVOR HARBOR. . Notice is hereby given, that on and after the first day of January, 1852, the following tidal signals will be exhibited at Dovor harbour instead of those now in use:

Depth of water on ebb and flow by index at north pier7 to 10 feet. Day signalsRed flag with a black ball under at the customary staff on the south pier. Night signals-- A small low red light on the north pier, and a similar light on the outer extremity of the south pier. Depth of water on ebb and flow by index at north pier-10 to 13 feet. Day signals— Red flag on the same staff. Night signals—The lights now in use, viz.: two large red lights on the signal staffs of the south pier, and the above-mentioned small low red light on the north pier. Depth of water on ebb and flow by index at north pier-13 feet and upward. Day signals--Red flag with a black ball over on the like staff. Night signals-Lights as above.

A brilliant green light projecting its rays toward the harbor's mouth will be exhibited throughout the night, by the clock-tower in the inner part of the harbor, and will show midway between the piers.

No signal to ships in general will be made between seven feet at ebb and seven feet at flood, by the index board, and whenever, at other times, the harbor is inaccessible to vessels, the flag (if in the day) will be pulled down, and (if at night) the light or lights on the south pier will be extinguished, and only upon the former being rehoisted, or the latter relighted, can the barbor be entered. By order of the honorable warden and assistants of Dovor harbor.

G. T. THOMPSON, Registrar. Dovor, Sept. 11, 1851.

YOUGHAL LIGHT-HOUSE, SOUTH COAST OF IRELAND. A light-house has been erected on the Western side of the entrance of Youghal harbor, county Cork, from which a light was exhibited on the night of the 1st of February, 1852, and will thereafter be lighted every night from sunset to sunrise.

Specification given of the position and appearance of the light by Mr. Halpin, inspector of light-bouses.

Youghal barbor light-house is erected on the west side and within entrance of the harbur, in lat. 51° 56' 34" N., and long. 7° 50' 33" W., and bears

From Black Rocks (East Point) N. E. & E., distant 28 nautic miles.
From Capel (or Cable) Island (East Point) N. E. by N., distant 3f nautic miles.
From Bar Rocks (S. W. Point) N. by E. } E., distant 1} nautic miles.
From Black Ball Ledge (N. E. Poiut) N. by W. 4 W., distant 1} nautic miles.
From Black Ball Head N. W. I W., distant nautic miles.
From Feiry Point S. W. # S., distant | nautic miles.

The lantern is 78 feet over high-water level. The light will be a fixed bright light, open to the harbor and seaward to S. W. by S., and in clear weather will be seen at the distance of two leagues.

The tower is circular, of a light stone color.
The bearings stated are magnetic-var. 27° 50' W.

Note.-Capel Island, on the West side of Youghal Bay, bears from Ballycotin Island flashing light E. N., distant 6 miles, and from Mine Head intermitting light W. S., distant 12 miles.

CARYSFORT IRON LIGHT-HOUSE, FLORIDA REEF. This light-house is now nearly completed. The reef selected for the site of this light-house is about eighty-five miles east from Key West, and nine miles from the nearest land. A more desirable location cannot be found, as it stands on the most eastern shoal of the reef, near what is called the Elbow, and within half a mile of the unfathomable waters of the Gulf Stream. The entire structure is of iron. The plan of the base is octayonal, consisting of eight angles and one center pile of wrought iron. These piles, twenty-five feet long and eight inches in diameter, were driven by blows of a ram weighing two thousand pounds, into the solid coral bank, until an iron shoul

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