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6th.
13th,
20th.

27th. Upland, fair

pence 54 a 5% 5} а в 53 a 6 53 a 5-7 New Orleans, fair.

6 65 65 61 64 65 64 6} Sea Island..

9 20
20 9 20

20 Pernambuco.

7 87 7 82

87 64 87 Maraphan

67
63 73 54

8

54 8 Egyptian

6 10

10 6 9 54 93 Surat..

21 63 21 57 21 51 2} 5 West Iudia..

6 8 6 8 6 8 Amount of sales... ... bales 45,230 46,810 53,600 34,350 Proportion on speculation,

4,630 3,200 8,010 1,450
JULY
4th.
11th.
18th.

25th Upland, fair

· Pence 5% a 5% 544 55 5} a 5 54 a 54 New Orleans, fair.

61
57
6 53 6

54 Sea Island..

20 84 20 84 20 8 20 Pernambuco

67 87 6 87 6 81 6 Maranham.

5+ 8 5 8

8 Ezyptiin..

53 9 51 9 57 9 57 9 Surat...

27 44 23 41 27 44 2+ West India..

51 8 54

54 8 51 75 Amount of sales..... .bales

30,670 34,230 39,210 45,620 Proportion on speculation...

1,200 1,300

470 1,480 AUGUST Ist. 8th. 15th. 22d.

29th. Upland, fair

•pence 51 a 59 51 a 54 55 a 51 51 a 55$a 61 New Orleans, fair..

53 54 55 54 55 54 5% 54 54 Sea Island,

8 20 8 20 8 21 8 21 8 21 Pernambuco.

6 8 6 8 54 8

54 53 Maranham

74 5 74 44 7) 44 74 43 74 Egyptian..

51 9 53 9 5 9 5 9 5+ 9 Surat..

21 44 25 41 27 41 21 41 25 West India..

55 77 58 7$ 51 74 55 74 53 77 Amount of sales... .bales 69.770 59,190 47,090

67,980 57,270 Proportion on speculation...... 9,830 8,570 7,830 10,270 14,290

SEPTEMBER.
5th.
19th.
19th.

26th. Upland, fair

· pence of a 51 04 a 54 54 a 54 51 a 6 New Orleans, fair.

54 6 5} 6 53 6

63 6 Sea Island..

8 21 9 21 9 21 9 21 Pernambuco .

57 8 6 87 6 83 6 81 Maraulam....

47 74

6 8 6 8 5 8 Egyptian.

6+ 9 54 9

61 9 51 9 Surat.

24 44 24 44 2 41 24 44 West India,

54 74 5$ 75 54 75 64 71 Amount of sales.....

.bales

36,570 61,640 36,860 39,360 Proportion ou speculation.

3,580 10,480 2,320 3,580

co o

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THE WHALE FISHERY OF THE UNITED STATES. We have published in former volumes of the Merchants' Magazine, full statistics of the whale fishery of the United States, and we now copy from the Whaleman's Shipping List (New Bedford) a full and interesting summary of the whale fishery for the year 1851, together with complete tables of exports and imports of oil. The statements of the Shipping List upon this subject may be confidently relied upon :

Notwithstanding many disasters, a reference to these tables will sbow that 1851 has been a year of great prosperity to the trade. The number of arrivals has been very large, and the aggregate of oil imported greater than in any year since 1847, notwithstanding which, the prices for all varieties have been well sustained, and the market active.

The amount of tonnage employed in the trade has been considerably increased during the last year, in spite of numerous losses in the Arctic seas. The pumber of vessels employed in the service at present is as follows, namely :-558 ships and barks, 27 brigs, and 35 schooners, being an increase over last year of 56 sbips, 3 brigs, and 8 schooners. This number is large, but it still falls below that of 1846, wben there were 678 ships, 35 brigs, and 22 schooners in the trade.

The intelligence from the Arctic fleet, in 1851, has been of a disastrous character, for, in addition to a very considerable loss of shipping, the average catchings have been smaller than in any previous year. This will seriously affect ihe importations of whale oil in 1852; and from the best estimate which we can now make, the amount during the present will hardly exceed 100,000 barrels, and may fall considerably below that figure. In addition to this, the accounts from the sperm whale fishery are not encouraging, and there is a probable prospect that importations during the year to come will not exceed 65,000 barrels.

The general conclusion to which we come is, that the business has been pushed, by the enterprise of our merchants, to nearly if not quite its utmost limits, unless new grounds are discovered, which does not at present seem probable. Still the prospect of a fair remuneration and return to those now engaged in it is good, though the policy of extended investment would be very doubtful. IMPORTATIONS OF SPERM AND WHALE OIL, AND WHALEBONE, INTO THE UNITED STATES

IN 1851.
Ships and Brigs and Sperm Oil. Whale Oil. Whalebone.

Schooners.
New Bedford.

89

45,150 155,711 2,349,000 Fairhaven.

13

9,480 15,385 97,100 Dartmouth.

48

14 Westport.

7

4,040 1,769 14,400 Matta poisett..

1,747 2,581 12,000

Ports.

Barks

Bbls.

Bbls.

Pounds.

2

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1844

Total in 1851..
....... 197

51 99,591 318,483 3,916,500
Sperm Oil.
Whale Oil,

Whalebone.
Barrels.
Barrels.

Pounds. Imports for 1850.....

92,892
200,608

2,869,200 1819

100,944
248,492

2,281.100 1848

107,976
280,656

2,003,000 1847

120,753
313,150

3,341,680 1816

99,217
207,493

2,276,939 1845

157,917
272,730

3,167,142
139,594
262,047

2,532,445 1843

166,985
206,727

2,000.000 1842

165,637
161,041

1.600.000 1841

159,304
207,348

2,000,000 Average for 11 years..

128,793

244,434 2,544,364 EXPORTS OF WIIALE OIL FROM THE PORT OF NEW BEDFORD IN 1861. To Bremen... .....gallons 345,353 | To Rotterdam........gallons 127,581 Falmouth,(Eng.,) & a mart 107,693 Amsterdam....

145,251 Stettin

87,423 Total exports in 1851...

813,401 “ 1850..

109,451 “ 1819.

233,775 1848.

638,446 « 1847..

809,487 " 1846...

1,004,661

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EXPORTS FROM BOSTON IN 1851.
Sperm Oil...... ..gallons 43,797 | Whale Oil

gallons 108,179 STATEMENT OF THE STOCK OF WHALE OIL ON HAND, JANUARY 1, 1852.

Sperm Oil,

Whale Oil.
New Bedford.

.barrels

7,500

19,500 Fairhaven.

1,850

4,500 Matta poisett..

500 Westport..

3,400 Nantucket.

4,000

2,200 Edgartown

1,300 Other places, (estimate).....

9,000

Total

17,250

36,500 Of the stock of whalebone on hand, January 1, 1852, we have been unable io form any estimate. The following table will show the amount of oil and whalebone op hand from 1851 to 1845, inclusive:

Sperm Oil,

Whale Oil. Whalebone.
Barrels.
Barrels.

Pounds,
January 1, 1851....

3,610
14,062

242,000 1850..

3,760
13,000

400,000 1849..

10,147
20,936

934,600 1848..

5,696
29,126

921.500 1817..

14,613

7,775

112,800 1846..

40,701

5,221

211,000 1845..

32,992

12,950 unknown

COMMERCE OF ALBANY, The Albany Evening Journal furnishes from the books of the harbor master the num. ber of vessels arriving at the port of Albany, during the year 1851; and their estimated tonpage, to which we annex the figures of the previous season :

1850.

1851. Number. Tons.

Number, Tons. Schnoners....

339 2,1,100

322 25,600 Sloops.

325 19'594

301 18,182 Barges...

119 17,542

129

18,500 Steamers.

39 16,234

42 16,574 Propellers

5
898

1,324 Scows..

15
800

12

630 Brigs..

2

380

8

Total.....

845 80,548

814 80,810 Although the returns show a decrease in the number of vessels ascending and descending the river, there is a slight increase in the aggregate tonnage of the past, over the previous season.

The following is the total amount of tonnage for each year since 1837:-
1838...
.tons. 36.721 1845...

tons. 70.985 1839 40,369 1846.

71,011 1840. 39,416 1847.

97,019 1841 50,797 1848.

77.983 1842. 49,356 1849

79,122 1843. 65,354 | 1850.

80,548 1844... 65,507 | 1851.

80,810 During the greater part of last year freights were abundant, and all description of vessels were kept in service. Sail vessels made more trips, and remunerating prices were paid. To show the dispatch, we give the inovements of a single propeller, as shown by the books of the agent, G. M. Griffin. The propeller Albany, rated at 235 tons, made, between April 8th and December 12th, 32 trips between Hartford and this city-distance 680 miles; making in the aggregate for the season, her running at 22,000 miles. Her cargoes have averaged 285 tons. This multiplied by the number of trips, shows an aggregate of 9,121 tons.

EXPORTS FROM THE PORT OF NEW YORK IN 1851.
MONTHLY SUMMARY OF EXPORTS FROM THE PORT OF NEW YORK FOR THE YEAR 1851.

Domestic
Foreign merchandise.

Specie and
Months.
merchuudise. Dutiable.

Free.

bullion. January

$3,152,744 $422,395 $51,584 $1,266,281 February

2,585,786 295,567 60,930 1,007,689 March..

3,976,198 316,494 29,121 2,368,861 April.

4,561,770 320,981 50,904 3,482,182 May

4,402,052 361,015 113,371 4,206,135 June

3,778,289 265,290 56,435 6,462,367 July 3,188.027 284,397

2,311 6,004,170 August..

3.259,594 331,549 22,974 2,673,444 September..

2.593,986 316,047 134,271 3,490,142 October..

2,702,382 358,292 106,626 1,779,707 November..

2.451,511 397,597 62,368 5,033,996

Total......

$36,642,460

$4,072,628

$689,995

$36,774,924

AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES IN 1850. The fubjoined statement of the agricultural productions of the several States, etc., is derived from an official copy of the United States census for 1850

Value of
Acres farmmg im-

Bushels of
of land
plements and Value of

Bushels Indian States. improved. machinery. live stock. of wheat,

corn. Maine...

2,019,593 $2,363,517 $9,831,488 367,980 1,741,715 New Hampshire... 2.251,388 2,314,125 8,871,901 185.658 1,573,670 Vermont.

2,322.923 2,774,959 11,292,748 493,666 1,625,776 Massachusetts

2,127,924 3,173,809 9,619,964 29,784 2,326,167 Rhode Island .. 337,672 473,385 1,406,636

39

516,133 Connecticut.

1,734,277 2,043,026 7,353,996 40,167 1,996,462 New York..

12,285,077 22,217,563 74,672,356 13,073,357 17,844,808 New Jersey

1,770,337 4,267,124 10,678,264 1,508,216 8,605,396 Pennsylvania.

8,619,631 14,931,993 42,146,711 15,482.191 19,707,702 Delaware

64,361 171,385 1,718.:.86 466,784 2.888.896 Maryland.

2,797.905 2,463,443 7,997.631 4,494.680 11,104.631 District of Columbia. 17.083 40...20 71.573 17,370 65.280 Virginia.....

10.150,106 7,021,658 33,607,962 14,516,950 35,538,582 North Caroliva.. 5,413 137 4.050.006 17,837,108 2,147,899 28.286 999 South Carolina

4,074,855 4,143,709 15,060,015 1,066,278 10,272,308 Georgia..

6,323,426 5,901,050 25,727,408 1,085,784 30,48,510 Florida.

349.423 675,885 2,945,668 1.225 1,993,462 Alabania,

4,387,088 5,066,814 31,558,686 292,429 28,485,966 Mississippi

3,439,640 5,759,738 19,303,593 215,181 21,836,154 Louisiana. 1,567.998 11,326,310 10,983,508

84 10.915.051 Texas..

635,913 2,095,308 10,263,086 42,448 5.796,735 Arkansas.

780,333 1,594,941 6,728,254 193,902 8.857,296 Tennessee

5,087,057 5,351,178 29,134,193 1,638,470 52,137,863 Kentucky

6,068,633 5,388,092 29,898,386 2,184.763 58,922.788 Ohio

9,730,650 12,7 16,153 43,276,187 14,967,056 59,788,750 Michigan

1,923,582 2,764,171 8,005,429 4,918,706 5.620.215 Indiana ..

5,019,822 6,748,722 22,398,965 6,625,474 59,887,564 Illinois..

5,114.041 6,349,826 24,817,954 9,433,965 57,179,283 Missouri.

2,911,422 3,977,449 19,764,672 2,943.840 35.709.042 Iowa..

814,173 1,202,978 3,602,769 1,44 2,074 8,475,027 Wisconsin

1,011,308 1,701,047 4,594,717 4,292 208 1,983,378 California. 34.312 88,593 3,456,725 98.282

90,082 Minnesota 5,035 15,981 103,859 3,422

10,665 Oregon..

135,357 183,403 1,875,989 228.882 2.928 Utah..

15,219 78,495 533,951 103,401 9,144 New Mexico

161,296 78,217 1,504,497 196,575 355,795

Total..

112,0 12,000 151,820,273 552,705,238 104,799,230 691,586,053

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