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dise into this port, in 1851, the amount of duties collected, &c., as follows, namely :Foreign merchandise imported into St. Louis in the year 1851, and entered here, the foreign value of which amounts to..

$757,509 00 Foreign merchandise entered at other ports in 1851, and now in trans

portation under bond for the payment of duties at St. Louis, the entries being received, the foreign value of which is...

107,902 00 Amount of duties on foreign merchandise collected in 1851..

239,318 68 Amount of duties unpaid on foreign merchandise-on goods in store, 31st December, 1851 .

8,261 89 Amount of duties unpaid on foreign merchandise in transit from other ports, destined to this port......

32,679 20 Amount of duties paid and accruing on merchandise imported for this port in 1851....

$280,259 77 Of the above, exclusive of the said merchandise in transit, there was

imported from England, merchandise, the foreign value of which .. $406,113 From France.....

38,404 From Germany and Holland.

23,239 From Spain and dependencies.

220,770 From Brazil....

68,983

Total foreign value....

$757,509 The general description of merchandise imported, entered for consumption and warehoused in the year, and foreign value thereof, is as follows, namely :Sugar and molasses..

$289,753 Brandy, wines, gin, cordials, &c $24,712 Hardware, &c 133,401 Burr stones

2,259 Railroad iron. 100,211 Drugs and medicines

2,618 Earthenware.

98,786 Tin plates, tin, iron, copper, &c. 81,482 Total

$757,509 Dry goods and fancy goods.. 24,287 Hospital money collected at this port in 1851...

$2,941 03 Ditto expended in this port in 1851 for the relief of sick and disabled boatmen...

3,441 44 TABLE SHOWING THE QUANTITY OF LIQUORS, OILS, MOLASSES, ETC., INSPECTED DURING THE YEAR 1851, AS REPORTED BY THE INSPECTORS TO THE CITY REGISTER. Whisky. Molasses.

Oils. Turpentine. Liq'rs. Vin'gr. Bbls. Bbls. H' bbls. Bbls. Casks. Bbls. Pkgs. Bbls. January 4,288 3,084 137 466

73 244 February 4,252 2,090 384 508

284 51 100 March.

6,921 4,406 924 303 60 110 509 26 April

6,683 4,543 748 461 19 83 94 May

6,760 5,715 625 608 82 142 95 60 June.

2,887 3,174 316 473 18 133 22 60 July

3,775 4,052 726 306 84 119 231 August.. 4,992 2,952

328

432 7 165 171 40 September.. 5,470 1,686 434

417 7 41

157 October.. 5,621 854 28 781 5

62

52 November 5,416 3,267 502 659

16 27 December ...... 4,017 1,899

425

89 213 40 Total........ 61,082 37,722 5,488 5,639 285 1,273 1,666 358

Whisky.
Molasses,

Oils. Inspected in 1849..

..bbls. 25,668

21,113

3,310 Inspected in 1851.

61,082
40,484

5,924 IMPORTS INTO ST. LOUIS DURING THE PAST YEAR. The following table comprises all the important and many of the minor articles of Merchandise, Grocerles and Produce, received by the river during the past year, from all sources. It has been compiled with great care to accuracy, and to merchants and others, it will be a source of ready reference, as to the extent of the trade to this port during the year:

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301

Bale rope.

...coils

Beef...

759

...bxs

64

Corn...
Cotton yarn

Articles.

January. February. March. April. May. June. July. Ale

bbls.

455

238 2,221 2,014 3,078 162 320 Apples, green. 323 631 2,907 722

162 Bacon....casks & hhds. 366

722

4,272 4,206 4,020 696 320 Bacon. ..boxes 260

1,068 42 67 12 18 Bacon • pieces 5,597

2,700 330 Bagging ..

64
107

359
175

120 432 325 602 4,558 3,628 4,603 3,256 3,453 Barley and malt..sacks 3,405 7,140 5,242 1,080 8,454 4,393 1,134 Beans, w. and c....bbls. 65 64 120 265

198

251 10 Beans, w. and c... sacks 106 157 391 351 175 347 585 Beef tcs & casks

831 2,015 ...bbls. 20 726 1,001

178

197 14 Beeswax. .pkgs. 48 10 81 56 40 84 Beeswax. .bbls. & bxs.

2 82 59 51 23 15 Butter.... .bbls. 312 170 318 156 777 197 259 Butter....kegs & firkins

246
264 492 218 498

604 679 Candles..

.. bxs
120 220

541 303

250

104 Cheese.

...cks

3
2
99 71 40

3 33 Cheese.

663
410 3,022 4,492 1,594

2,230 1,713 Cider.. .bbls. 45 17 221

186

8 ..bush, 119,662 165,544 222,199 337,011 313,477 169,731 159,889

.bags 190 128 1,155 355 1,000 1,345 1,299 Coffee

5,384 7,094 12,422 9,513 7,007 5,989 9,581 Dried apples..sks & bbls. 982 2,116 9,017 4,114 1,119 135 281 Dried peaches

484 310 821 927 204 232 197 Flaxseed... bbls. & sks. 54 868 826 407 135 187 65 Flour..

...bbls. 15,848 7,232 14,827 19,456 28,519 13,848 3,740 Feathers

. bags 47 40 76 71 45 51 72 Hay....

.bales 1,308 790 2,482 2,970 3,720 1,789 1,851 Hemp..

27 1,078 4,796 9,461 12,142 12,064 6,350 Hides..

5,540 3,446 22,476 18,605 8,931 2,745 3,629 Iron.. . pig. to s. 921

1,132 744 825 461 770 Lard.

2,987 2,962 3,657 1,617 1,262 176 440 Lard..

..bbls. 6,130 3,426 12,173 7,922 1,175 523 180 Lard.. ..kegs 2,322 1,807 1,670

2,489 906

245 382 Lead.

pigs 1,621 4,731 18,724 73,620 73,072 48,330 55,158

.pkgs & bxs 471 1,196 2,169 1,465 1,004 649 690 Molasses ...bbls. 3,843 2,661 4,166 5,038 5,482 4,952 3,875

.kegs 2,421 3,736 14,138 13,492 9,263 4,875 1,414 Oakum.. .bales 66 60 842 156 30

100 100 Oats...

.bush. 20,886 55,410 102,834 130,179 100,627 58,408 64,969 Oil, linseed .....bbls. 135 114 215 71

157 58 Oils, other kinds.. 207 110 400 220 821

113

491 Onions ....sks and bbls. 91 74 82 20 10

18 Pork. casks and tcs. 3,010 1,982 4,740 1,957 887 858 99 Pork..

...bbls. 11,831 12,672 24,736 34,176 5,676 267 748 Pork, bulk. . .pcs. 38,918 272,553 321,045 107,343 24,128 450 Pork, pickled......tons

108 Potatoes. ..sacks 610 322 3,818 14,413 10,988 5,402 1,924 Potatoes.

459 473 600 2,500 259 16 57 Powder - packages 5,625

7 1,624 64 2,751 900 .tos. & bbls. 380 320 404 499 27 34 294 Rye. ..bush. 13 280 111 1,018 218

184

106 Salt... ...bbls. 560

957

2,574 13,146 8,377 759 Salt.

.sacks 12,941 810 6,919 10,483 16,350 27,500 8,704 Starch.

.bxs. 110 163 350 25 80 50 356 Soap

175 67 529

440 79 251 35 Sugar..

.. hhds. 1,821 3,997 5,582 4,536 3,497 2,045 1,003 Sugar.

...bbls. 165 304 2,614 1,764 1,570 1,645 713 Sugar. ..boxes 364 118

995 1,322 2,452 4,105 1,115 .tcs, and bbls. 17 137

175
209 53

74 Tar..

...bbls.

606 843 1,403 683 204 553 630

395

...tcs.

Leather....

Nails.

49

....bbls.

Rice.....

125

Tallow...

32

218

Articles.

January, February. March. April. May. June. July. Tar ...

.. kegs 639 1,352 1,246 711 478 346 300 Tobacco .hhds. 27 39

672 1,356 2,037 1,768 Tobacco

.bxs. 31 564 735 1,319 846 758 413 Tin plate.

296
1,320
849

525 265 849 705 Rope ... tarred & Manilla 36 275 495 203 157 61 42 Vinegar.. ..bbls. 10 30

2 54 161 20 252 Wheat

..bush. 61,720 50,913 122,622 140,135 192,087 94,948 107,179 Whisky

..bbls. 2,529 3,592 5,920 4,879 4,960 3,520 2,324 Wool..

.bales 18 15 11 19 39 427 590

IMPORTS INTO ST. LOUIS-CONTINUED.

Bale rope

.....bbls.

....bbls.

2,143

20

Corn ...

Articles.

August. Sept'ber. October. November, December. Total. Ale....

.bbls. 332 270 68 134 709 10,031 Apples, green.

1,015 611 2,120 5,417 397 14,305 Bacon

.casks & hhds. 319 402 369 378 621 16,791 Bacon.

boxes
25

30 26 16 1,564 Bacon.. ..piec's

6,627 Bagging

372 277 459

186 196 2,746 ..... coils 4,366 2,399 3,769 2,536 793 34,088 Barley and malt.. .sacks 1,654 11,859 23,087 50,857 3,669 101,674 Beans, w, and c...

5
8

2 826 3,136 1,730 Beans, w, and c.........sacks 732 662 48 608 43 4,205 Beef...... .tierces & casks

10

1,761 1,023 5,640 Beef.

346 4,366 2,024 8,872 Beeswax -packages 10 17

9 14 12

388 Beeswax.. .bbls. & boxes 16 29 23 28

333 Butter..

.bbls.
100
210 134

76 2,009 Butter .kegs & firkins 266 525 1,440 2,029 247 7,598 Candles.. .boxes 193 30

165 69 2,763 Cheese.. ..casks 2

43 25

321 Cheese. .boxes 2,400

1,145 6,712 4,964 31,488 Cider. ...bbls. 13

1

582 .. bush. 144,206 68,322 52,120 45,866 42,782 1,840,909 Cotton yarn. .. bags 1,034 305

451 7,262 Coffee ...

9,071 8,511 14,289 8,405 4,638 101,904 Dried apples.. ...sacks & bbls. 142 14 68 987

700 18,648 Dried peaches.

207 165 249 628 151 4,576 Flaxseed. ...bbls. & sacks 218 523 640 784 139 4,064 Flour.

.bbls. 16,663 19,158 22,543 21,390 8,678 193,892 Feathers

.bags 106

190
123 139

1,000 Hay .bales 1,242

2,000 3,160 1,423 23,717 Hemp...

8,660 7,894 2,292 438 264 65,366 Hides..

3,360 4,253 5,401 16,453 4,897 99,736 Iron. . pig. to s. 888 360

345

304 7,145 Lard. .tierces 254 133

6 94 877 14,466 Lard..

.bbls.

768 1,581 726 1,538 1,601 37,743 Lard..

...kegs 643 94 30 2,766 1,096 14,450 Lead..

..pigs 63,711 57,070 41,681 68,264 7,589 503,571 Leather....packages & boxes 868 873 959 1,406 658 12,409 Molasses

.bbls. 2,494 1,020 1,730 2,478 2,497 40,231 Nails.

.. kegs 2,004 1,180 985 1,024 3,330 57,862 Oakum..... . bales. 5 33 98

1,490 Oats.

.. bush. 43,070 64,376 60,717 77,027 15,938 794,421 Oil, linseed

.bbls. 156

124 171 203 60 1,513 Oils, other kinds..

88
195

113 46 20 2,323 Onions. ..sacks & bbls. 596

7,630 9,073 4,118 88 21,800 Pork.. ...casks & tcs. 116 13

448

2,238 15,298 Pork ..

ior

40

982

1,340 411

2,201 8,848 103,013 .pieces

2,047 2,335 768,819 Pork, pickled. tons 39

147 Potatoes... .sacks 3,402 4,748 14,605 12,560 670

73,462 Potatoes

..bbls.

35 121 237 269 21 4,747

...bbls.

Pork, bulk.

Salt..

....bbls.

184

1,597

Whisky.. Wool......

..bales

Articles,

August. Sept'ber. October. November. December. Total. Powder... ...packag's 4 1,553 759 907

14,194 Rice..

tcs & bbls. 273 51 40 221 277 2,820 Rye. .bush. 392 2,856 1,516 756

7,450 1,692 8,899 824 2,373 5,964

46,250 Salt.

... sacks 17,689 23,254 8,704 11,287 12,292 216,933 Starch .boxes 214

185 225 288 2,233 Soap..

62 17

31

1,686 Sugar

hhds. 2,600 725 596 1,279 1,595 29,276 Sugar.

...bbls. 2,570 1,849 4,037 964 1,959 20,854 Sugar.

..boxes
2,252 1,047

1,338

671 54 15,835 Tallow..

.tcs & bbls. 57 79 80 335 198 1,444 Tar.. .bbls. 1,260 185

345
185

100 6,899 Tar . kegs. 200 393

5,965 Tobacco ..hhds. 1,680

719 150 108 10,371 Tobaco..

.boxes 9i2

480 685 1,200 437 8,380 Tin plate.

53 886 803 547 507 7,105 Rope.. ..tarred and Manilla 221 114 180 13

1,797 Vinegar. .bbls. 109 13

651 Wheat..

.. bush. 252,875 176,349 226,455 194,677 80,768 1,700,708 ... bbls.

4,684 3,685 3,996 5,700 2,202 47,991 120 117

75 6 1,128 COMPARATIVE STATEMENT, SHOWING THE IMPORTS INTO ST. LOUIS OF EIGHTEEN OF THE

PRINCIPAL ARTICLES OF PRODUCE, PROVISIONS, GROCERIES, ETC., FOR THE PAST SIX YEARS, NAMELY, 1851, 1850, 1849, 1848, 1847, AND 1846—COMMENCING JANUARY 1st, AND ENDING DECEMBER 31st, OF EACH YEAR.

1851. 1850. 1819. 1848. 1847. 1846. Wheat ... bush. 1,700,708 1,792,074 1,792,535 2,194,789 2,432,377 1,838,926 Flour.

.. bbls. 793,892 292,718 306,412 387,314 308,568 220,457 Corn.. .bush. 1,840,909 963,028 305,383 699,693 1,016,318 688,649 Oats

794,421 697,432 252,291 243,700 202,365 95,612 Barley and malt.. 101,674 69,488 46,263 55,502 57,380 10,150 Pork. ......cks & tcs. 15,298 2,969 Pork... bxs & bbls. 103,013 101,762 13,862 97,642 43,692 48,981 Pork, bulk........

· pcs.

768,819 449,556 Pork, bulk.

147 Salt

..sacks 216,933 261,230 291.709 204,741 106,302 177,724 Salt.

.bbls. 46,250 19,158 23,553 38,809 41,380 58,948 Hemp.. ... bales 65,366 60,862

46,290 47,270 72,222 33,863 Lead

..pigs 503,571 573,502 590,293 705,718 749,128 730,829 Tobacco ...hhds. 10,371 9,055 9,879 9,014 11,015 8,588 Beef. .tcs &cks. 5,640 2,586 10,687 9,369 5,735

..bbls. 8,872 6,049 12,336 7,806 4,720 1,716 Hides..

90,736 94,228 68,902 62,097 71,877 63,396 Whisky.

.bbls. 47,991 25,959 29,085 29,758 22,239 29,882 Sugar.

.hbds. 29,276 25,796 26,501 26,116 12,671 11,603 Sugar ..bbls. 20,854

... tons

Beef.

11,92} 7,348

14,812 Sugar.. 15,833

20,111 5,752 ..boxes Coffee.

.. sacks 101,904 13,673 67,353 78,842 77,767 65,128 Molasses

40,231 29,518 29,214 21,943 21,554 14,996 Lard.

14,465 61,535 58,279 67,339 32,021 26,462 Lard

...tcs. 37,743 17,925 15,801 6,579 2,150 Lard...

. kegs 14,450 11,549 18,845 14,180 8,595 14,730 Bacon ......cks & tcs. 16,701 30,035 16,280 29,423 14,425 11,803 Bacon

...boxes 1.564 1,820 3,245 6,622 1,289 1,648 Bacon. .. pieces 6,629 49,321

...bbls.

Art. V.--TIE CURRENCY-GOLD AND SILVER.

as it

by the

The tardiness with which great speculative truths often make their way in legislative bodies, would form a curious chapter in the annals of human knowledge. Is it that these bodies share in the ignorance of their constituents, or, from Hattery or timidity, show it a respect they do not feel. Be this

may, the progress of truth is sometimes marvelously slow; and Error may not seldom boast of its hundred victories on the battlefield of legislation, before Truth finally prevails. Adam Smith had demonstrated that the corn laws of England, instead of securing to the people a more certain supply of bread, made it scarcer and dearer, nearly three-fourths of a century before the British parliament profited by his reasoning. It has been almost as long since Bentham conclusively proved that usury laws, (which,

way,

had the sanction of Adam Smith,) besides other objections to them, increased the very evil they were meant to cure. Beccaria had shown, that severe punishments were less efficacious in repressing crime than mild ones, because they were more uncertain, some forty or tifty years before Pennsylvania had the honor of first testing his wise and humane system by a penitentiary; and, lastly, though Locke, as far back as 1691, had made it clear that a double standard of value is both absurd and inconvenient, it was more than a hundred years before the legislature of his country conformed to his theory. Very few States, have, however, yet followed her examplemost of them seeming to think that a single standard, which they aim at in all other measures, would be unsafe in a measure of value.

We lave adopted this mistaken policy, and have found the inconvenience of it. At one time gold was rated too high by law; then it was rated too low, and now it is confessedly too high again; and in all those discrepancies between the legal and the market relative value of the precious metals, which no regulation can permanently prevent, the undervalued metal is sure to be drawn out of circulation, by being exported, hoarded, or melted up. This is the case at present with silver.

But the Secretary of the Treasury proposes to remedy the mischief by adopting the English monetary system, by making silver a legal tender for no sum exceeding ten dollars, after subjecting it to a heavy seignorage, and making gold the sole legal tender for all sums exceeding that amount. Without doubt this course would remedy the evil for the time. The country would be adequately supplied with silver coin, which would not be advantageously exported. The remedy, however, would be but temporary. The immense yield of gold from the mines of Siberia, of California, and of Australia, leave no doubt that gold will continue to depreciate, and thus, in no long time, the silver currency, notwithstanding its proposed adulteration, will be, as at present, worth more than its legal price in gold, in which case it will, as at present, be withdrawn from circulation. The legislature must then resort to the same expedient, of the further debasement of the silver coin-for if it is wise now it will be wise then--and continue to repeat the same legislative botching, as gold continues to grow cheaper, until they discover that they must do at last what they ought to have done at first.

But again : is this a time for imitating the English system in making gold the principal legal tender, when, in addition to the arguments used by Locke and others, in favor of silver as the sole standard of value, the recent unprecedented influx of gold, insuring its great depreciation, no longer

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