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R. S., 4444.
R. S., 4236.
R. S., 4235, 4237.
R. S., 4578.
But a State may require vessels, except steam vessels in the coastwise trade, entering or leaving ports therein to take on a pilot duly authorized or licensed to act as such under the laws thereof.
T. D. 5480.
ART. 187. The master of a vessel, except steam vessels in the coasting trade, entering or departing from a port on waters forming the boundary between two States, may employ a pilot, duly authorized or licensed by the laws of either of the States bounded by such waters, to pilot such vessel.
§ 9. AID TO DESTITUTE SEAMEN.
ART. 188. Masters of vessels of the United States, homeward bound, are required, under a penalty of $100 for each refusal, to receive on board, at the request of consular officers, any destitute seamen, and to carry them to the port of Act June 26, the vessel's destination, on such terms as may be agreed
1884, sec. 9.
The pilot laws have reference to the merchant service, and do not extend to public vessels of the United States or to revenue cutters entering or departing from a port.
upon; but no vessel shall be obliged to thus transport, on one voyage, more than one such seaman for each 100 tons burden, nor to receive any person having a contagious Act June 19, disease. If any seamen are so carried who are unable to
1886, sec. 18.
perform duty, the Comptroller of the Treasury may allow an additional compensation to the vessel. The capitation tax does not apply to passengers carried in accordance with this requirement.
2757, 2758, 2759, 4792, 2758, 4293,
5569, 4249; 19
Stat.. 54; 30
ARTICLE 189. The duties of the Revenue-Cutter Service R. S.,1536, 2747, are protection of the customs revenue; assistance of ves-2762, 3059, 5288 sels in distress; enforcement of the neutrality laws, of 4:94, 2760, 2460, laws pertaining to quarantine, of the laws governing mer- Stat., 357: 20 chant vessels; protection of merchant vessels from pirati- Stat., 151, 944: 29 cal attacks, of the seal fisheries and the sea-otter hunting Stat, ios1. grounds in Alaska, of wrecked property, of the timber reserves of the United States against depredations; suppression of the slave trade and of mutinies on board merchant vessels; superintendence of the construction of life-saving stations; inspection and drilling of crews of life-saving stations; enforcing provisions of law in regard to anchorage of vessels in the ports of New York, Chicago, and the Sault Ste. Marie; cooperation with the Navy, when directed by the President, and such services as are specially directed by the Secretary of the Treasury.
ART. 190. The Secretary of the Treasury will assign 2 Stat., 151. stations to the revenue cutters; determine the number of officers and the number and rating of petty officers, seamen, and others to be employed on board, and designate the collector or other officer of the Treasury Department under whose direction each vessel shall be placed for duty connected with the customs.
The cruising grounds of revenue cutters will be designated, from time to time, by the Secretary of the Treasury.
ART. 191. Revenue vessels are not to be used in towing 23 Stat., 199. except in cases of distress, and then only when other assistance is not at hand, nor for any other than public purposes; nor shall a vessel be diverted from her legitimate duties to convey any person or persons from one place to another, unless it be for the benefit of some branch of the public service, and with the previous authority of the Secretary of the Treasury.
ART. 192. In cases where revenue cutters incur damage or expense while assisting vessels in distress, the owners of the vessels so assisted may be required to indemnify the United States; and to this end the commanding officer
R. S. 2760.
shall forward to the Department an accurate estimate of such damage or expense, with a full statement of the facts, together with the names of the vessels, masters, and consignees.
ART. 193. When crews of vessels in distress are supplied with provisions or other articles of public property from revenue cutters, receipts shall be taken for them, in triplicate, from the parties receiving them, if circumstances will permit; but if not, then the commanding officer of the revenue vessels will in each case cause a detailed list, in triplicate, of the articles and quantities supplied to be made out and certified by a junior lieutenant, and countersigned by such commander, one to be sent or delivered to the proper collector of customs in order that the United States may be reimbursed by the owners of the vessels relieved, another to the Secretary of the Treasury, and the third to be retained on board.
ART. 194. No salvage claims will be made by the United States, and no officer, nor other person employed in the Revenue-Cutter Service, shall make any salvage claim against a vessel assisted, or property saved, through the instrumentality of the vessel to which he is attached.
ART. 195. Should a revenue vessel have had communication with, or have visited, any infected port or vessel, or have any disease on board subjecting her to quarantine, it shall be the duty of the commanding officer to have a yellow flag hoisted, to warn others from improper communication with her; and every assistance in the power of her officers shall be afforded to local authorities to enforce their quarantine laws.
ART. 196. A weekly return showing vessels boarded and examined, certified by the commanding officer, shall be made, and transmitted at the end of each week to the collector of customs.
ART. 197. In all cases, instructions concerning the duties, movements, equipments, or repairs of revenue vessels will be given by the Secretary of the Treasury.
ART. 198. The officers of the revenue cutters shall respectively be deemed officers of the customs, and shall be subject to the direction of such collectors of the revenue, or other officers thereof, as from time to time shall be designated for that purpose. They shall go on board all vessels which arrive within the United States or within 4 leagues of the coast thereof, if bound for the United States, and search and examine the same, and every part thereof, and shall demand, receive, and certify the mani
fests required to be on board certain vessels, shall affix and put proper fastenings on the hatches and other communications with the hold of any vessel, and shall remain on board such vessels until they arrive at the port or place of their destination.
ART. 199. Instructions issued by collectors to commanders of revenue cutters, pertaining to customs duties, shall be in writing and are to be entered in the record book kept aboard each vessel.
ART. 200. Particular watchfulness will be observed with respect to vessels destined for ports above the entrances of rivers whose shores may afford opportunities for smuggling. Commanding officers are directed to board vessels on which they believe merchandise subject to duty is concealed, and to search for and seize the same.
They will board fishing and whaling vessels as often as may be necessary to maintain a general supervision of their operations.
ART. 201. Whenever any vessel is captured or seized R. S. 4615. by a revenue cutter, it shall be the duty of the commanding officer thereof to carefully preserve all the papers and writings found on board the prize, and to transmit the whole of the originals, unmutilated, to the collector of the port, in conformity to law.
ART. 202. Officers of revenue cutters will arrest persons R. S., 3059. found violating the laws by breaking bulk or landing any part of the cargo of a vessel not in distress or under unavoidable necessity before a custom-house permit has been obtained.
ART. 203. In cases of alleged accidents to vessels, or of pressing necessity or distress, the commander of the revenue cutter having cognizance of such fact will immediately make strict and careful examination of the vessel and cargo and report the facts to the collector of the port.
ART. 204. Commanding officers of revenue cutters shall exert themselves to seize any goods that have been landed in violation of law, but failing to effect a seizure they shall in each case immediately report the facts in their possession to the proper collector.
ART. 205. Masters of vessels being often careless in R. S., 4234. observing the law designating lights to be carried by sailing vessels and steamers, commanders of revenue cutters are enjoined, while in the performance of their legitimate duties, to report all such offenders and their vessels to the nearest port of entry that the penalty may be enforced.
ART. 206. Advances of money shall not be made to any person belonging to or employed in the Revenue-Cutter
Service, unless specially directed by the Secretary of the Treasury in writing, but upon receipt by an officer of orders transferring him to another station, the collector may pay whatever is then due, issuing to him the prescribed certificate. Payments will be made monthly by the collector upon a pay roll made out in triplicate, certified by the commanding officer, showing the amount due to each.
ART. 207. An officer on leaving a station will obtain from the collector a certificate showing to what date, inclusive, he has been paid. This certificate is to be delivered to the collector at the new station, and to be appended by him to the receipt of the officer for the first payment at that station as part of the voucher therefor.
ART. 208. The collector may at the time of any payment, upon the request of the commanding officer, in writing, retain from the pay of the petty officers and crew one month's wages. A note of such retention shall be entered upon the pay roll, and the amount paid to the respective petty officers and members of the crew upon the request of the commanding officer.
Care will be taken to exclude from the pay rolls wages charged for seamen who may have deserted; and, to protect the Government and the seamen from imposition, collectors are enjoined to cause all dues to be paid to the persons to whom they are due, unless such persons are minors, in which case they will be paid to the guardian or to the officer in command, he producing the written order of the guardian. These pay rolls will be sworn to by the officers and receipted by each person. Two copies will be retained by the collector, one of which shall accompany his monthly account as a voucher.
ART. 209. The payments of salaries and wages of officers and crews are to be made on board the vessels to which they belong, and only to the officers and others entitled to receive the same, taking their receipt on the rolls at the time of making the payment; and when payment is made to the crew, it must be made in the presence of the captain, first lieutenant, or other officer, and the evidence of each payment must appear by the signature of the witness in the proper column of the pay roll, opposite the name of each of the men so paid. Payments of salaries of officers and wages of crews must be made in lawful money of the United States, or in the funds actually furnished to the collector or disbursing officer for that purpose.
ART. 210. On the first payment to an officer after his appointment, he is to be paid from the date of his oath of