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R. S., 2999.

R. S., 3116, 3097, 3109, 3098.

R. S., 3117.

R. S., 3118.

and checked thereon, before delivery to the consignee. All goods so shipped, and not in bond, and not corresponding with the manifest, will be held for duty. Baggage of passengers may be manifested in this manner.

ART. 156. Goods in bond must not appear on special manifests. The special inspectors of customs stationed at Aspinwall and Panama must examine all merchandise in transit across the Isthmus, and supervise the lading and unlading thereof to prevent the perpetration of frauds upon the revenue, and will make monthly reports to the Secretary of the Treasury.

The special manifests herein prescribed to accompany the merchandise must be presented to the inspectors stationed on the Isthmus for their examination and certification.

ART. 157. Such inspectors will communicate all information and make such suggestions respecting the commerce between Atlantic and Pacific ports as may tend to protect the revenue, and promptly inform collectors at ports where they suspect that frauds have been or may be committed.


ART. 158. The master of every vessel enrolled and licensed to engage in the domestic and foreign trade on the northern, northeastern, and northwestern frontiers shall, before the departure of his vessel from a port in one collection district to a port in another collection district, present to the collector, at the port of departure, duplicate manifests of his cargo, or, if he have no cargo, duplicate manifests setting forth that fact, which manifests shall be sworn to by the master before the collector, who shall indorse thereon his certificate of clearance, retaining one for the files of his office and deliver the other to the master.

And in case such vessel shall touch at an intermediate port in the United States, and there discharge cargo taken on board at an American port, or at such intermediate port shall take on board cargo destined for an American port, the master of such vessel will not be required to report the lading or unlading at such intermediate port, but shall enter the same on his manifest obtained at the original port of departure, which he shall deliver, within 24 hours after arrival, to the collector of the port at which the unlading of the cargo is completed, and will make oath to the same. ART. 159. The master of such vessel shall, before departing from port in one collection district to a place in another collection district where there is no custom-house, file his manifest and obtain a clearance in like manner,

which manifest and clearance shall be delivered to the officer of customs of the port at which the vessel next arrives, after leaving the place of destination named in said. clearance.

ART. 160. The master of such vessel destined, with cargo, from a place in the United States at which there may be no custom-house to a port where there may be a custom-house, shall, within 24 hours after arrival at the port of destination, deliver to the officer of the customs a sworn manifest setting forth the cargo laden at the place of departure, or laden or unladen at any intermediate port or place; but if the vessel have no cargo, the master is not required to deliver such manifest.

R. S., 3122.

The master of a vessel departing from any port in a collection district to another port in the same district, or to a place in the same district where there is no custom-house, is not required, before departing, to obtain a clearance.

ART. 161. The master of a vessel with cargo, passengers, R. S., 3119. or baggage, from any foreign port or place, must obtain a permit from the collector and comply with these regulations before discharging or landing any portion thereof; and merchandise destined for any foreign port must be reported as the law directs; but no permit will be required for the unlading of cargo brought from an American port.

ART. 162. Steam tugs, duly enrolled and licensed, when R.S., 3123. exclusively employed in towing vessels, are not required to report and clear at the custom-house; but when such tugs T.D. 4547. are employed in towing rafts or other vessels without sail or steam motive power, not required to be enrolled or licensed under existing laws, they must report and clear in the same manner as other vessels.

A vessel used exclusively as a ferryboat between the R. S., 2793. United States and foreign contiguous territory, however laden, is not required to enter and clear, and the master is not required to present a manifest, but must report on arrival to the officer of customs all baggage and merchandise which may be brought from a foreign territory. Canadian vessels making two trips daily, or semiweekly trips, to United States ports are not entitled to the exemption of ferryboats.

The master of every vessel failing to comply with any R. S., 3125. of these provisions is liable to a penalty of $20.

ART. 163. Merchandise taken from any port or place in the United States, on the frontiers, to a port or place in another collection district thereof, in any vessel, can not be unladen from such vessel except in open day, unless by

R. S., 3120.

R. S.,3120; act Feb. 27, 1877.

R.S., 2497, 3110, 4347.

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special license from the collector, nor at any time without a permit from such collector or other principal officer. And the owner of every vessel whose master shall neglect to comply with these provisions shall forfeit and pay to the United States a sum not less than $100 nor more than $500.

ART. 164. Vessels engaged in the domestic trade between ports and places on Lake Michigan exclusively, laden with American productions and free merchandise only, may unlade without obtaining a permit.

R. S., 3109; ance or manifest. This regulation applies to trade with

amended by act

Feb. 17, 1898; T. or through Alaska. For violation of this provision such

D. 19011.

vessel becomes liable to forfeiture.

ART. 165. If any merchandise shall be laden at any port or place in the United States on such frontiers upon any vessel belonging wholly or in part to a subject of a foreign country, and shall be taken thence to a foreign port or place to be reladen and reshipped to any other port or place in the United States on such frontiers, either by the same or any other vessel, foreign or American, with intent to engage in the domestic trade of the United States, such merchandise shall be forfeited, and the vessel shall pay a tonnage duty of 50 cents per ton.

ART. 166. The master of any foreign vessel laden or in ballast arriving in the waters of the United States from any foreign territory adjacent to the frontiers must report to the collector nearest the point at which such vessel enters the United States waters and present her clearance and manifest; and such vessel shall not proceed farther inland, either to take on or unlade cargo, without a special

permit from the collector, to be indorsed upon her clear


ART. 167. The master of every vessel of the United States on the waters of the frontiers, touching at a foreign port or place, who shall purchase there any goods for the use of such vessel, shall report the same as sea stores," with cost and quantity thereof, to the collector at the first port of the United States in which the vessel shall next arrive, and shall make oath that they are intended for the exclusive use of the vessel, and not for sale, transfer, or private use. If the quantities be excessive, duty must be paid on the excess, under penalty of fine or imprisonment.

If any such articles are found on board not covered by the report, or if any part thereof be landed without a permit, they, with the vessel, her tackle, apparel, and furniture will be forfeited. Articles intended for sale on board, as saloon stores or supplies, are dutiable, and must be

entered as merchandise, under penalty of fine and imprisonment.

ART. 168. Every vessel enrolled and licensed to engage in the foreign and domestic trade on the frontiers, or intended to be employed in such trade, and purchasing equipments, or having repairs made in a foreign country, shall, on the first arrival in a port of the United States, make entry and pay an ad valorem duty of 50 per centum on the cost of such equipments, including boats and expenses for repairs made in such foreign country; and if the owner or master shall willfully neglect to report, make entry, and pay duties, the vessel, with her tackle, apparel, and furniture, shall be forfeited, unless they shall furnish sufficient evidence to the Secretary of the Treasury that she, while in the regular course of her voyage, was compelled, by stress of weather or other casualty, to put into the foreign port and purchase such equipments or make such repairs to secure the safety of the vessel and enable her to reach her port of destination.


ART. 170. Vessels propelled in whole or in part by steam, carrying passengers, must have on board two copies of title 52 of the laws of the United States entitled "Regulation of steam vessels," which will be furnished by collectors on application. A master who neglects to have said copies on board, or who refuses to exhibit them to a passenger, shall be liable to a fine of $20.

R.S., 3114,3115.

T. D. 9515.

ART. 169. Collectors on the frontiers may keep on sale R.S., 2648. blank manifests and clearances, and charge therefor the sum of 10 cents for each blank, or masters and others may, T. D. 10087, if they choose, furnish their own blanks, which must be in the prescribed forms.


R. S., 4494.

ART. 171. The master of every vessel of the United R. S.,4467, 4468. States propelled in whole or in part by steam, carrying passengers, except ferryboats and steamers used in whole or in part for navigating canals, must keep a correct list of all passengers received and landed from day to day, noting the places where received and where landed. But on routes not exceeding 100 miles a record of the total number shall be sufficient. This list must be open to the inspection of any passenger during reasonable hours, and at all times to examination by steamboat inspectors and officers of customs. In case of default, or willful negligence, the master is liable to a penalty of $100.

Passenger act ART. 172. The master of every vessel arriving at a port 10. Sec. 4606, of the United States from any foreign place (ports and

1882, secs. 9 and

R. S.

places in territory contiguous to the United States excepted) must, when he delivers the manifest, produce to the boarding officer for examination a list of all passengers on board, and when he makes entry of the vessel must deliver to the collector a duplicate passenger list, under oath, specifying, respectively, their names, ages, calling, the country to which they belong, the port of embarkation, and the number of pieces of baggage brought by each; T.D. 7546, 8717. also, in respect of emigrant passengers, the native country, and the intended destination of each, and the location of the space or compartment occupied by each during the voyage; also, in case of a death during the voyage, the name, age, and cause of death. For a violation of this law the master shall be liable to a fine of $1,000.

On the arrival in port of any vessel, no person, except the pilots, customs and health officers, consuls, and agents of the vessel, shall be allowed to come on board, or to leave the vessel, without the permission of the customs officer in charge, until all the passengers and their baggage shall have been duly landed, or if there are no passengers, until the vessel is completely moored, or the master's permission is obtained.

Passenger act 1892, sec. 10.

T. D. 7117, 8053, 8232.

Passenger act 1882, sec. 11.

ART. 173. The master, owner, or consignee of any vessel bringing immigrant passengers must, under a penalty of $50, pay to the collector, within 24 hours after entry, $10 for every death by natural disease occurring during the voyage on board his vessel among passengers over 8 years of age, whether cabin or steerage.

The money so collected is to be deposited to the credit of the United States, subject to the directions of the Secretary of the Treasury.

Delirium tremens is held to be a natural disease, but it is otherwise with death from alcoholic poisoning. The voyage referred to in this article terminates with the arrival of the vessel within a collection district.

ART. 174. The collector, or the surveyor where there is no collector, of the port at which any vessel carrying immigrants arrives shall direct an officer to make an examination of the vessel, and to admeasure the compartments or spaces occupied by passengers other than cabin passengers during the voyage; and such admeasurement shall be made in the manner provided by law for admeasuring vessels for tonnage; and to compare the number of passengers found on board with the list of passengers

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