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deliver the same to the proper officer or consignee, on arrival at the port of destination, for which service a reasonable compensation shall be paid.
ART. 135. A master bound for a foreign port must make R.S., 3986, 3987, oath that he will not receive nor convey any letters or other packets which have not been regularly posted and received from the post-office at the port of departure, except letters or letter packets relating to the cargo and addressed to the owner or consignee of the vessel, and letters or letter packets inclosed in United States stamped envelopes of sufficient denomination to cover the postage. It is the duty of the collector or other officer to require from the master, as a condition of clearance (Cat. No. 381), an oath or affirmation (Cat. No. that he has not under his care, or within his control, and will not receive or convey any letters or letter packets in violation of this provision.
ART. 136. Collectors are required to detain any vessel R.S., manifestly built for warlike purposes and about to depart from the United States, with a cargo consisting principally R. S., 5289,5290. of arms and munitions of war, when the number of men shipped on board or other circumstances render it probable that such vessel is intended to be employed by the owner or owners to cruise or commit hostilities upon the subjects, citizens, or property of any foreign prince or state or of any colony, district, or people with whom the United States are at peace, until the decision of the President be had thereon, or until the owner or owners shall give bond and security in double the value of the vessel and cargo that she will not be so employed.
ART. 137. Upon compliance with these requirements respecting clearance the collector will deliver to the master the clearance, and as regards vessels of the United States the vessel's register and other papers.
ART. 138. Collectors will see that the provisions of sec. 11 of the act of June 26, 1884, are fully complied with as regards medicine chests and slop chests on vessels of the United States.
R. S., 2790.
ART. 139. Masters of foreign steam vessels clearing with- T.D. 5663,5740. out passengers are required to make oath as prescribed in
Cat. No. 493.
Foreign steam vessels not carrying passengers need not T.D. 5709. be inspected.
ART. 140. No loose hay, loose cotton, or loose hemp, camphene, nitro-glycerine, naphtha, benzine, benzole, coal-oil, crude or refined petroleum, or other like explosive
R. S., 4472-7
T. D. 4433, 4745,
5264, 5601, 8795.
R. S., 1954-58, 4348, 4358.
burning fluids or like dangerous articles shall be carried as freight or used as stores on any steamer carrying passengers; nor shall baled cotton or hemp be carried on such steamers unless the bales are compactly pressed and thoroughly covered with bagging of similar fabric and secured with good rope or iron bands; nor shall gunpowder be carried on any such vessel except under special license; nor shall oil of vitriol, nitric or other chemical acids be carried on such steamers except on the decks or guards thereof or in such other safe part of the vessel as shall be prescribed by the inspectors. Refined petroleum which will not ignite at a temperature less than one hundred and ten degrees Fahrenheit thermometer may be carried on board such steamers upon routes where there is no other practicable mode of transporting it, and under such regulations as shall be prescribed by the board of supervising inspectors with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury; and oil or spirits of turpentine may be carried on such steamers when put up in good metallic vessels or casks or barrels well and securely bound with iron and stowed in a secure part of the vessel; and friction matches may be carried on such steamers when securely packed in strong tight chests or boxes, the covers of which shall be well secured by locks, screws, or other reliable fastenings, and stowed in a safe part of the vessel at a secure distance from any fire or heat. All such other provisions shall be made on every steamer carrying passengers or freight to guard against and extinguish fire as shall be prescribed by the board of supervising inspectors and approved by the Secretary of the Treasury.
$4. THE COASTING TRADE AND FISHERIES.
ART. 141. The Atlantic seacoast is divided into three great coasting districts.
The first extends from the northern boundary of the United States to the southern boundary of Georgia.
The second extends from the river Perdido, the eastern boundary of Alabama, to the Rio Grande.
The third comprises the coast of the State of Florida. The coasting trade between the Territory of Alaska and any other portion of the United States is regulated by the D. 18906, provisions of law applicable to such trade between any two
great districts. The navigation of the Yukon, Stikine, and Porcupine rivers is governed by special regulations. (Circular 24 of 1898 and circular 26 of 1898; act February 17, 1898.)
R. S., 4359, 4380.
ART. 142. Licensed vessels under 20 tons, in ballast or laden wholly with American goods or with distilled spirits, or foreign goods, in packages as imported, not exceeding $400 in value, or foreign goods the aggregate value of which does not exceed $800, may trade from a customs district in T.D. 6374. one State to a customs district in the same or an adjoining State, and a vessel of 20 tons burden or more so laden may trade from one customs district to another in the same great district, or from a State in one great district to an adjoining State in another great district, without entering or clearing; but such vessels must be provided with a manifest, under penalty of $20, or, if any part of the cargo be foreign goods, under penalty of $40. All vessels engaged in the coasting trade must enter and clear, except under such circumstances.
ART. 143. The entry of a vessel coastwise consists of delivering to the collector within 24 hours after arrival a sworn manifest of cargo and obtaining from him a permit to dishcarge.
ART. 144. On clearance at the custom-house of a vessel coastwise the master will deliver to the collector verified duplicate manifests of the cargo on board, under oath (Cat. No. 482), which the collector will certify and return one copy to the master, with a permit thereon to depart (Cat. No. 483).
ART. 145. Vessels under register engaged in the coasting trade, bound from one collection district to another, are subject to the same regulations as to their movements and the delivery of manifests as licensed vessels under 20 tons. The regulation regarding great coasting districts does not affect them.
R. S., 4361.
When a part only of the cargo is discharged, the col- R. S., 4355. lector will indorse the articles so discharged on the mani
fest, and will grant a permit to the master to proceed T. D. 4064. with the vessel to the place of her further destination.
R. S., 4366.
R. S., 4332.
R. S., 3126, 3127.
T. D. 7748.
R. S., 4364.
If there be no cargo on board, the master must produce the coastwise clearance and permit granted by the collector or surveyor at the port of departure.
ART. 146. Whenever a vessel employed in the coastwise trade shall put into a port other than the one to which she is bound, the master must, if she remain 24 hours, report to the collector his arrival, the place whence he came, and whither he is bound, with an account of the lading on board his vessel.
ART. 147. Surveyors who enter or clear coastwise vessels, or who receive manifests or permits, must make monthly returns to the collectors of their districts.
ART. 148. A registered vessel may engage in trade between ports of the United States, with the privilege of touching at one or more foreign ports during the voyage, landing and receiving merchandise, passengers, baggage, and mails, but such vessel must be furnished by the collector of the port in the United States at which she takes in her cargo with a certified manifest, designating the goods entitled to drawback.
Vessels so employed, and their cargoes, are subject to the provisions of the revenue and collection laws of the United States, and their masters must, on arrival from a foreign port, conform to the laws regulating entrance and clearance.
R. S., 4347, and
act February 17,
1898. T. D. 19011 ring a penalty in carrying merchandise or passengers from
port to port in the United States, or for any part of the voyage, even though the voyage may be temporarily broken by a clearance for a foreign port and arrival there; but she may proceed from one domestic port to another for the purpose of unlading her foreign cargo, or to take in cargo for a foreign voyage.
ART. 150. The master of a vessel, licensed for carrying on the fisheries, who may intend to touch or trade at a foreign place, must apply to the collector of the district where his vessel may be and obtain a permit (Cat. No. 488) from him for that purpose. On return to the United States he must make regular entry, surrender the permit to touch and trade, and in all respects conform to the regulations prescribed for vessels arriving from foreign ports.
But merchandise conveyed from one port to another port within the United States, under the provisions of the warehousing laws, and duty-paid goods, are not subject to duty by reason of the vessel having touched at a foreign port during the voyage.
ART. 149. No foreign vessel can engage without incur
Foreign merchandise imported in such vessels is liable R. S.. 4365. to the payment of duties thereon. Vessels licensed for the fisheries found within 3 leagues of the coast with foreign goods of greater value than $500, and without such permit, shall be, with such goods, forfeited.
ART. 151. Commercial intercourse with the guano islands. S., 5570 to that are bonded in pursuance of law forms a part of the coasting trade of the United States, and the laws relative thereto forbid foreign vessels from engaging therein.
Vessels engaged in the guano trade are not required to produce clearances or certified manifests from the islands, there being no customs officers stationed there. But masters of such vessels must have manifests of the cargo, subscribed by themselves, to be produced, on demand, to officers of the customs for inspection. Entry at the custom-house must be made on arrival at the port of destination in the United States, and the cargo inspected by the customs officers.
ART. 152. The master of any foreign vessel laden or in ballast, arriving, whether by sea or otherwise, in the waters of the United States from any foreign territory adjacent to Alaska, shall report at the office of any collector or deputy collector of the customs, which shall be nearest to the point at which such vessel may enter such waters; and such vessel shall not transfer her cargo or passengers to another vessel or proceed farther inland, either to unlade or take in cargo, without a special permit from such collector or deputy collector. For any violation of this section the vessel will be subject to seizure and forfeiture.
ART. 153. Registered vessels engaging in the whale fish- R.S., 4339. ery have the privileges and exemptions of vessels enrolled and licensed for the fisheries.
ART. 154. All merchandise, not in bond, shipped coastwise between the Atlantic and Pacific ports of the United States by way of Aspinwall and Panama, and rice versa, must have a special manifest, in addition to the general manifest, in triplicate, prepared at the custom-house, describing the merchandise by marks, numbers, and general description, and certified by the collector. One of the triplicate copies must be filed by the collector at the port of departure, one given to the master or agent to accompany the goods, and the third mailed to the collector at the port of destination.
ART. 155. On arrival of the goods at the port of destination the packages will be examined by officers of customs and compared with the marks and numbers on the manifest,
Act Feb. 17, 1898.