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these spaces must be constructed according to the provisions of paragraph a, and a failure to comply with those requirements will be reported by the measurer to the collector of customs. No deduction from tonnage shall be made for crew spaces unless there is permanently cut in a beam and over the doorway of every such place the number of men it is allowed to accommodate, with these words, "Certified to accommodate seamen." In spaces appropriated to the use of the crew may be included spaces necessary to shelter the cook when employed in the preparation of provisions and the engineer when employed in condensing water for the crew. Also waterclosets or privies for the officers and crew. Mess rooms and bath rooms or wash rooms exclusively for the use of the officers or crew are included in the spaces appropriated to the use of the crew of the vessel. These spaces must be reasonable in extent and if they are used by passengers no deduction shall be made.

The space, including sleeping room, dressing room, and bath room, for the use of the master will be stated separately on the certificate of registry. It must be exclusively for his use and certified to be reasonable in extent and properly constructed, and the words "Certified for the accommodation of master" must be permanently cut in a beam and over the door of such space.

Helm, capstan, and anchor gear spaces, the wheelhouse for sheltering the man at the wheel, spaces for keeping charts, signals, and other instruments of navigation, and boatswain's stores, must be reasonable in extent and marked according to law.

If the donkey engine and boiler are within the boundary of the engine room, and the machinery is used in connection with the main machinery, the space occupied by them is not entitled to a separate deduction in addition to the deduction made for propelling power.

The gross tonnage of the hold of steam vessels should be ascertained when the hold is sufficiently complete and clear for the purpose, before the building and fitting of the actual engine room, and measurers should be notified by builders when steam vessels have reached the point of construction which permits gross tonnage to be ascertained.

The actual space occupied by the boilers, engines, and machinery will be ascertained according to the rules now in force, and this actual space will then be compared with the gross tonnage of the vessel.

When the actual space is between 20 and 30 per cent of

the gross tonnage of a paddle vessel, 37 per cent of the gross tonnage shall be deducted for propelling power.

When the actual space is between 13 and 20 per cent of the gross tonnage of a screw vessel, 32 per cent of the gross tonnage shall be deducted for propelling power.

When the actual space is 20 per cent or less of the gross tonnage of a paddle vessel, multiply the actual space by 1.5 to obtain the deduction allowed for propelling power.

When the actual space is 13 per cent or less of the gross tonnage of a screw vessel, multiply the actual space by 1.75 to obtain the deduction allowed for propelling power.

When the actual space is 30 per cent or over of a paddle vessel and 20 per cent or over of a screw vessel, the owner shall designate which method of deduction he elects: (1) Paddle vessel

(a) Thirty-seven per cent of gross tonnage.
(b) Actual space, multiplied by 1.5.

(2) Screw vessel

(a) Thirty-two per cent of gross tonnage.
(b) Actual space, multiplied by 1.75.

If the owner does not make a choice, method a will be adopted.

If application for remeasurement of a steam vessel measured before April 1, 1895, to bring its certificate into accord with the provisions of the act of March 2, 1895, is made, it will not be necessary to measure the spaces for propelling power. Take the deduction for propelling power given in the outstanding certificate and, if the vessel be a screw vessel, divide that deduction by 1.75; if a paddle vessel, divide by 1.50, and the result will be the actual spaces occupied by boilers and engines. These actual spaces may then be compared with the gross tonnage, to ascertain the percentage and the rule according to which the new certificate of measurement shall be made out. Actual remeasurement is to be avoided if practicable, unless there is reason to believe the outstanding certificate of measurement is incorrect.

A request to the Commissioner of Navigation that spaces above the crown of the engine room and above the upper deck (framed in for machinery or for the admission of light and air and not required to be measured) be measured in order to obtain the benefit of a higher deduction for propelling power, must be accompanied with a description and sketch or tracing of the spaces, the measurement thereof, and the collector's certificate that they conform to the requirements of paragraph (i) of the act.

Where the top of the double bottom for water ballast is horizontal the transverse areas will be measured as heretofore provided by law, but where there are breaks in the double bottom the length of the vessel will be taken in parts, according to the number of breaks, and each part divided into a number of equal parts, according to the classes in section 4153, Revised Statutes.

As the provisions of the act of March 2, 1895, are in substantial accord with the measurement laws of the principal maritime nations, applications for an appendix, stating separately the measurement of spaces which may be deducted by the laws of other nations but not by the laws of the United States, if there be any, should be referred to the Commissioner of Navigation.

ART. 90. The marine document of a vessel of the United States shall state separately the deductions made from the gross tonnage and shall also state the net or register tonnage of the vessel.

The excepted spaces will not be divided into sections, but each space will be admeasured as a whole. For certificate of admeasurement see Cat. No. 954.

R. S., 2770.
Sec. 29, act
June 26, 1884.

T. D. 9982.

R. S., 3095.
T. D. 13712.

R. S.,2806, 2807.




ART. 92. Every vessel which brings merchandise from a foreign port or place must have on board a full manifest of the cargo in writing, signed by the master, and detailing all the items of the vessel's lading, the port or ports where the same have been shipped, the names of the consignees thereof, and the different ports to which the same is consigned or intended to be entered, the names of the passengers on board, and their baggage, and the remaining ship's stores. Any form of manifest in substantial compliance with these requirements shall be accepted, and it may be in English or in the language of the nation to which the vessel belongs. If in foreign language, the agent shall furnish a translation. If the cargo is to be delivered in

different ports the portions so destined must be stated in Act Mar. 2, successive order in the manifest. Each master of a vessel

1895, sec. 9.

arriving in the United States from a foreign port, except vessels carrying traffic in bond on transfer ferries, must, immediately upon landing and before entering his vessel at the custom-house, mail to the Auditor for the Treasury


ARTICLE 91. Whenever a vessel from a foreign country shall voluntarily arrive within a customs collection district. of the United States, she shall, under penalty of forfeiture, make entry at the port of entry for such district, and discharge so much of her cargo as is destined therefor. The collector may permit such portions of her cargo as may be in bulk to be unladen at the expense of parties interested and under the supervision of customs officers at other places within the district, provided the same have been designated for the purpose by the Secretary of the Treasury.

Dutiable merchandise of foreign growth or manufacture can not be brought into the United States by sea in any vessel of less than 30 tons burden.

Department, Washington, a true copy of the manifest of his vessel, and on entering his vessel must make affidavit. that he has mailed such copy and that the same is true and correct; and he must also mail to the Auditor a true copy of the corrected manifest filed on any post entry of his vessel. This regulation does not apply to any port where there is a naval officer.

ART. 93. Whenever any foreign nation prohibits the im- R.S., 2497, 2498. portation in vessels of the United States of any merchandise except the produce or manufacture of the United States, vessels of such foreign nation shall, unless otherwise provided by treaty, with their cargoes, be subject to forfeiture for bringing into a port of the United States merchandise which is not the produce or manufacture of the country to which such vessels belong.


ART. 94. If any merchandise be found on board any R. S., 2809, 2810, vessel from a foreign port which is not included in her manifest the master shall forfeit an amount equal to the value of the merchandise not manifested, and all such merchandise belonging or consigned to the officers or crew of the vessel shall be forfeited. This forfeiture is not incurred, however, if it shall be made to appear to the principal customs officers at the port, or to the court in which the trial shall be had, that no part of the cargo has been unladen, except as accounted for in the master's report, and that the errors and omissions in the manifest were made without fraud or collusion. In such case the master may be allowed to correct his manifest by means of a post entry.


ART. 95. The master of every vessel bound to a port of. S., 2806, 2811, the United States, must on arrival within four leagues of the coast or within the limits of any collection district in T.D.8308. which the cargo or any part thereof is intended to be unladen, produce the manifest for inspection to any officer of the customs who may first come on board the vessel and deliver to him a copy thereof, subscribed by him.

The officer, after the requisite examination and comparison of the original and copy, shall certify on the original to its production and on the copy to the fact of its agreement with the original, and shall forthwith transmit such copy or copies to the collector of the district to which the merchandise may be consigned.

T. D. 3616.

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