Environmental Management in Practice: Instruments for Environmental Management

Portada
Bhaskar Nath, Paul Compton, Dimitri Devuyst, Luc Hens
Psychology Press, 1998 - 508 páginas
These three volumes feature research and practical applications in the field of environmental management. Spanning the main aspects of environmental management - instruments, compartments, sectors and ecosystems, this work contains over 60 contributions from specialists in each field. This volume focuses on the instruments and tools currently available to the environmental manager. The second volume ("Compartments, Stressors and Sectors") deals with the problems that occur in the three "compartments" of the environment: air, water and soil. The third volume ("Managing the Ecosystem") focuses on those ecosystems in which human intervention has been or continues to be predominant, specifically within cities and rural areas.

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IMPACT OF A GROWING POPULATION ON NATURAL RESOURCES The challenge for environmental management
8
POPULATION AND CONSUMPTION OF RESOURCES
9
STATUS OF WORLD ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES
11
CONSTRAINTS IN MANAGING RESOURCES
16
IMPROVING RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
17
CONCLUSIONS
18
NOTE
20
SUGGESTED READING
23
SUGGESTED READING
241
SELFASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
242
INTEGRATING ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT INSTRUMENTS
243
TYPES OF MFMS AND THEIR CONSTRUCTION
245
STATIC MATERIAL FLOW MODELS
248
DYNAMIC MATERIAL FLOW MODELS
251
CONCLUSIONS
255
SUGGESTED READING
256

PROBLEMINCONTEXT A framework for the analysis explanation and solution of environmental problems
24
ANALYSIS OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS
27
ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS IN TRIPLE CONTEXT
33
SOCIALSCIENTIFIC EXPLANATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS
36
DESIGN AND EVALUATION
39
CONCLUSIONS
43
REFERENCES
44
SUGGESTED READING
45
THE CULTURAL FILTER
46
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT CULTURE AND SUSTAINABILITY
47
THE CULTURAL FILTER
49
FACTS AND VALUES
50
INTERDISCIPLINARITY
52
PUBLIC DECISIONMAKING
54
INTERCULTURALITY
55
BIOLOGICAL AND CULTURAL EVOLUTION
59
CONCLUSIONS
61
SELFASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
63
INSTRUMENTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
65
INTRODUCTION
67
EFFECTDIRECTED AND SOURCEDIRECTED INSTRUMENTS
68
ECONOMIC INSTRUMENTS
69
PREDICTIVE AND SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS
71
ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING
73
UNDERSTANDING THE ENVIRONMENT
75
TRENDS IN PLANNING
76
CONCEPT AND APPROACHES
78
STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT
80
CONCLUSIONS
88
REFERENCES
89
SUGGESTED READING
90
STATE OF ENVIRONMENT REPORTING
92
THE DEVELOPMENT OF STATE OF ENVIRONMENT REPORTING IN EUROPE
93
THE CHARACTER OF SoE REPORTS
96
INDICATORS
100
THE QUALITY OF ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION
102
CONCLUSIONS
106
REFERENCES
107
SELFASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
108
THE ESTABLISHMENT OF HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS
110
HEALTH STANDARDS
113
ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS
120
GUIDELINES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT?
122
CONCLUSIONS
123
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
124
SELFASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
125
MEASURING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
126
INFORMATION ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR DECISIONMAKING
127
CRITERIA FOR CHOOSING MEASURES
130
STATEOFTHEART IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF MEASURES
131
FRAMEWORKS
135
SOME PROBLEMS IN DEVELOPING MEASURES OF SUSTAINABILITY
141
THE NEXT STEPS
142
SUGGESTED READING
143
SELFASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
144
RISK ANALYSIS
146
THE HUMAN FACTOR
154
METHODS OF RISK ANALYSIS
158
RISK MANAGEMENT
165
REFERENCES
168
SUGGESTED READING
169
HAZARD EXPOSURE AND ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT
171
HAZARD ASSESSMENT PROCEDURES
172
HAZARD ASSESSMENT UNCERTAINTY AND LIMITATIONS
178
RISKBASED HAZARD ASSESSMENT
182
EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT
183
ENDOCRINEDISRUPTING CHEMICALS
185
RISK ASSESSMENT AND REALITY
186
SUGGESTED READING
188
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
190
HISTORICAL ASPECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
191
CONTENTS OF AN ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT
194
METHODOLOGY OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
195
MAJOR LIMITATIONS OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT TOPICS OF DISCUSSION AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS
202
LIST OF EIA RESOURCE CENTRES
209
REFERENCES
210
SUGGESTED READING
211
LIFECYCLE ASSESSMENT
213
DEFINITIONS
215
THE METHODOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK
216
THE MAIN COMPONENTS OF AN LCA
218
RUNNING THE PROJECT
228
APPLICATIONS OF LCA
232
LCA IN CONTEXT
233
CONCLUSIONS
234
LIST OF LCA RESOURCE CENTRES
238
LIST OF LCARELATED HOMEPAGES
239
REFERENCES
240
ENVIRONMENTAL AUDITING AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
257
METHODS OF ENVIRONMENTAL AUDITING
259
SETTING UP ENVIRONMENTAL AUDITS
262
IMPLEMENTATION OF AUDIT POLICY IN SOME COUNTRIES
264
AN INTEGRAL COMPONENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
266
FUTURE DEVELOPMENT
269
REFERENCES
271
SUGGESTED READING
272
ACCOUNTING FOR ECOEFFICIENCY
274
ENVIRONMENTAL ACCOUNTING
277
CALCULATION OF ECOEFFICIENCY
280
CONCLUSIONS
287
SUGGESTED READING
288
ENVIRONMENTAL ACCOUNTING
290
THE STAKEHOLDER APPROACH
291
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AS AN ENVIRONMENTAL GOAL
294
THE VALUE CIRCLE AS A STRUCTURE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING
295
NONMONETARY INSTRUMENTS FOR INFORMATION GATHERING AND DECISIONMAKING
301
CONCLUSIONS
303
ECONOMIC INSTRUMENTS
307
ECONOMIC INSTRUMENTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
309
SOME ECONOMIC CONCEPTS
312
ADJUSTMENTS TO THE BASIC ECONOMIC MODEL
315
COST TRADEOFFS FROM A PRIVATE AND SOCIAL PERSPECTIVE
317
INSTRUMENTS FOR REACHING THE SOCIAL OPTIMUM
319
CRITERIA FOR SELECTING SUITABLE POLICY INSTRUMENTS
322
CONCLUSIONS
325
SUGGESTED READING
326
APPLICATION OF ECONOMIC INSTRUMENTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
327
A SUMMARY
329
AIR POLLUTION
333
WATER POLLUTION
335
SOLID WASTE
337
EIs IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AND IN THE COUNTRIES IN ECONOMIC TRANSITION
339
CONCLUSIONS
340
REFERENCES
341
SELFASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
342
INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND ITS ENVIRONMENTAL INTEGRITY
343
THE MULTILATERAL TRADING SYSTEM
344
MANAGING IMPORTED GOODS
349
MANAGING EXPORTED GOODS
357
SELFASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
359
LEGAL INSTRUMENTS
361
INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
363
THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
364
EVOLUTION OF INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
366
THE INSTRUMENTS OF INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
367
NONSTATE ACTORS AND INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
374
CONCLUSIONS
376
REFERENCES
377
SELFASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
378
ENVIRONMENTAL LAW IN THE USA
380
THE LEGAL BACKGROUND
382
UNDERLYING POLICIES INFLUENCING LEGAL DOCTRINE AND STATUTORY LAW
391
METHODS OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ADOPTED BY UNITED STATES LAW
393
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DOMESTIC AND INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW IN THE USA
401
RECENT TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF US ENVIRONMENTAL LAW
402
CONCLUSIONS
403
SELFASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
404
EU ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION
406
LEGISLATIVE ACTS
409
CONTROL OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF EU LEGISLATION IN THE MEMBER STATES
416
CONCLUSIONS
419
SUGGESTED READING
420
INSTRUMENTS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL COMMUNICATION AND EDUCATION
423
ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND COMMUNICATION Complementary tools for environmental management
425
ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND COMMUNICATION IN THE FRAMING OF DECISIONS INVOLVING THE ENVIRONMENT
428
EXAMPLES OF APPROACHES
430
INTEGRATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND COMMUNICATION WITH ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
432
CONCLUSIONS
434
SUGGESTED READING
436
ENVIRONMENTAL CONFLICT MANAGEMENT
438
TYPES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONFLICT RESOLUTION
443
THE MUTUAL GAINS APPROACH
445
ENVIRONMENTAL CONFLICT MANAGEMENT
450
OBSERVATIONS
455
REFERENCES
456
SUGGESTED READING
457
CURRENT OPTIONS OF THE UN FOR ENVIRONMENTAL CONFLICT MANAGEMENT
459
GENERAL METHODS FOR SETTLING CONFLICTS
461
CURRENT OPTIONS FOR TECM WITHIN THE UN
462
CONCLUSIONS
474
REFERENCES
475
SUGGESTED READING
477
GLOSSARY
478
ANSWERS TO SELFASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
491
INDEX
501
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