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taken, drawn up in line of battle. Finding that he was greatly out numbered, Col. Hall fell back towards Murfreesboro. That night he encamped at Auburn, seven miles from Liberty, and on the next morning, the 90 th, took up a position at Milton, twelve miles northeast of Murfreesboro. Here he was attacked by John Morgan. The rebels made their first attack against the right of the Union force, which was then slowly falling back to obtain a more commanding position half a mile to the rear. The 8th Illinois held the right partially covered by a thicket of cedars. Several rebel regiments were crowding up and deploying into a lane, and had just commenced tearing down fences preparatory to a charge, when the 8th, who were unobserved by the enemy, rose up and poured a most terrible and murderous volley into them. They dropped from their horses by scores and in complete rout they fled from the Lane.
By this time the engagement was heavy on the left, the 123d Illinois and the 101st Ohio contending against an overwhelming force who were dismounted and aided by a heavy battery. The two regiments held their ground steadily for a time, but shortly the superior force of the rebels caused a gradual retreat. The retreat, however was of short duration, for the 80th Illinois, relieved on the right, came with a cheer, dashing into the fray. The regiments rallied and charged and drove the rebels from the field. In the meanwhile the rebels had thrown a force completely around the ground occupied by the Union troops, and the 105th Ohio was having heavy skirmishing at the rear. Col. Hall, by his maneuvers, had obtained a commanding position and hurried preparations for defense wero made. The foe sent in a flag of truce with a demand for surrender, which was instantly rejected. The rebels had been so severely punished that they did not attempt an enforcement of their demand, and with an occasional artillery duel the time passed until the approach of Union reinforcements. The rebels were quick to discover them and rapidly fell back, quitting the h\ld. A wounded rebel summed up the gallant fight when he said to sergeant Abbott, of the 80th Illinois: "This is the first time Morgan has been out of his hole for some time and he has got most beautifully whipped."
A large number of expeditions similar to the above were constantly on the move. On the 10th of April another attack was made FRANKLIN. 501
on General Gordan Granger, at Franklin, by Van Dorn. The force of General Granger consisted of Baird's and Gilbert's division, 1,600 niin and sixteen guns, and Smith's cavalry brigade of 1,128 men; also a cavalry force of 1,600 men and two guns under Colonel Stanley. The principal defense was an uncompleted fort mounting four guns. General Granger's camp was on the north side of the river about two thirds of a mile from the town. General Baird was ordered to hold in check *any force attempting to cross the ford below Franklin, and Gen. Gilbert was in position to meet any attack in front. Gen. Stanley was stationed four miles out on the road to Murfreesboro, and Smith's cavalry was held as a reserve for Stanley. This force, however, under a misapprehension was sent to Brentwood. The attack was made upon Granger's front which was repelled, and was then directed against Stanley, who was driven back by overpowering numbers before help could reach him. After this the enemy withdrew.
On the 20th of April, a force in which were the 123d, 80th, 98th and 24th Illinois, consisting of Major-General Reynolds' division, Col. Wilder's brigade and seventeen hundred cavalry under Colonel Minty, left Murfreesboro to capture or disperse a confederate force at McMinnsville. At night the cavalry encamped between Readyville and Woodbury. Early the next morning the force moved on, and encountered the enemy's pickets. A charge was immediately made and the whole force was driven through, and out of the town. A portion of their wagon train was also captured. Other movements were made by the force which resulted in the destruction of a large amount of property and stores belonging to the rebels.
Simultaneously with this movement, the road leading to Shelbyville was advanced upon by brigades of the 20th corps. The 1st brigade of the 2d division, in which was the 89th Illinois, took the pike going out about eight miles, when the rebel pickets were encountered. The road towards Shelbyville, was occupied by Colonel Frank Sherman's brigade of the 3d division, but no fighting occurred. On the 29th of April, a force of five hundred men under Colonel Watkins, captured a camp of the enemy, taking one hundred and thirty-eight prisoners.
About the same time, the unfortunate expedition under Colonel A. D. Streight, was fitted out for Northern Georgia. The force numbered about eighteen hundred men, consisting of the 51st Indiana, 80th Illinois and portions of two Ohio regiments. Colonel Streight's instructions from General Garfield were substantially that after equipping his expedition, he should proceed to some good steamboat landing on the Tennessee River not far above Fort Henry, where he was to embark his command and proceed up the river. At Hamburg he was to communicate with General Dodge. If it should then appear unsafe to move farther up the river, he was to debark at Hamburg and join Gen. Dodge's forces in the movement for Iuka, Miss. If safe, he was to land at Eastport and form a junction with General Dodge, and after having marched long enough with him, to create the impression he was a part of the expedition, he was suddenly to push southward and reach Russellville or Moulton. From that point circumstances were to determine the direction in which he should move, but in any event he was to push on to Western Georgia and cut all the railroads which supplied the rebel army by way of Chattanooga.
Under these instructions Colonel Streight proceeded to Fort Donelson and thence marched across the country to the Tennessee River. Thence he moved to Eastport and joined Gen. Dodge's forces, then marching upon Tuscumbia and defeated the rebel troops stationed there with considerable loss to them. Thence he moved to Northern Georgia, aiming to reach Rome and Atlanta. No sooner had he commenced his movements, however, than the rebel Generals Forrest and Roddy were aware of them. By a rapid movement they came upon his rear and commenced a running fight which continued for four days, during which there were two severe battles and several skirmishes, in which the 80th Illinois conducted itself with great coolness and bravery, making some dashing charges. The troops had marched one hundred miles towards the heart of the State and had destroyed bridges, railroads and foundries and large amounts of provisions and war material. The rebel force gradually increased to overwhelming numbers, and Col. Streight, his ammunition expended and his men exhausted, was compelled to surrender at a point fifteen miles from Rome, Georgia. His men were sent to Virginia and exchanged two months afterwards. But the officers were
COL. STREIGHT—ROLL OF HONOR. 503
retained and imprisoned by the Governor of Georgia upon a fabricated plea of having violated the State laws by inciting slaves tovinsurrection. The imprisonment of Col. Streight, led to the stoppage of exchange, and the subsequent imprisonment of Gen. Morgan. Col. Streight was then released from imprisonment as a convict, and Morgan subsequently escaped.
Before coming to the grand movements of the main army which led to the battle of Chickamauga and the end of General Rosecrans' career as commander of the army of the Cumberland, it is due to the brave soldiers from Illinois regiments who were awarded a place in the Roll of Honor that their names be preserved. The Roll was established by Gen. Rosecrans for the purpose of indicating both to the army and to the nation, those officers and soldiers who distinguished themselves by bravery and soldierly conduct. The following is the list as complete as we have been able to obtain it:
FIRST BRIGADE—FIRST DIVISION.
Captains.—Hendrick E. Paine, Co. B, 59th; David 0. Battolph, B, 79th; Robert Hale, D, 76th.
Lieutenants.—David W. Henderson, Co. 0, 59th; J. W. Leffingwell, A, 74th; Jas. A. Blodgett, E, 75th.
FIFTY-NINTH ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS.
Sergeants.—James Goodwin, Co. A; Robert S. Sands, B; Geo. R. Stier, C; Benjamin F. Stevens, D; George Kirber, E; William Hill, F; Aaron S. Davis, G; John Goodman, H; Win. Tierman, I; Daniel Slayton, K.
Corporals.—Wm. B. Camp, Co. A; Francis M. Caldwell, B; Wm. Wilson, C; Jas. H. Williams, D; Chesley Allen, E; Jacob Flint, F; John Simpson, G; Frederick Goring, H; James A. Mitchell, I; Addis Downing, K.
Privates.—Co. A—Geo. H. Castle, John Glendon, Joel B. Holcomb, James H. Patton, Daniel Watkins. Co. B—Lewis C. Dougherty, Michael Kelly, Wm. H. Sankey, Samuel Short, James C. Still. Co. C—George W. Bell, Daniel Nutley, Crist Brinda, John Cheeley, Geo. W. Kerr. Co. D—Joseph Bateman, Nathaniel Daggett, Charles B. Hennason, Charles Shanerstead, Alfred Simerli. Co. E—Wm. Bruck, Joseph A. Cox, Adam Kober, Aaron Faty, James P. Woods. Co. F—Virgil Devore, Alfred Frathoringill, Jeremiah Hagee, John A. G. Kelley, Joseph D. Rader. Co. G— James Cather, Isaac Emly, Wm. Keirn, Abram A. Pruit, James Reed. Co. H—John Carroll, Eugene Gardner, John W. Turen, Jas. E. Reynolds, Benjamin St. Clair. Co I—Charles 0. Ingham, John L. Lock, Thomas McCann, Joseph O'Neil, Horatio Foss. Co. K—Wm. A. Paul, Emanuel Herbert, Jacob Neighbour, Frank W. Van Osdel, Walter C. Wyker.
SEVENTY-FOURTH ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS.
Sergeants.—Wm. Leffingwell, Co. A; Edgar Swift, B; Alexander H. Battle, G; John Betson, D; Chas. A. Allen, E; Edward L. Simpson, F; Wm. R. Douglass, G; Chester Weston, H; Geo. Van Valkenberg, I; James Parland, K.
Corporals.—Amasa Hutchins, Co. A; Hiram Billich, B; Cyrus Miller, C; James Crane, D; Hiram A. Miles, E; John Hartwell, F; John G. Waldie, G; Samuel A. Carpenter, H; Jacob Wagner, I; Arthur P. Brown, K.
Privates.—Co. A—John Rumelhart, John Rodgers, Edward Black, Gustavua Hastings, Gilbert E. King. Co. B—Daniel M'Gune, John Graham, Daniel G. Kipp, George D. Manuel, Peter Merehart. Co. C—John Woolrey, Henry Miller, John W. Stewart, Harvey W. Kellogg, Wm. T. Robertson. Co. D—Wm. E. Welch, Carver C. Welch, Wm. Gutt, George Smith, Frederick Welch. Co E—Julius Smith, Wm. Weaver, Benjamin Kingsbury, Reuben Banks, Edward Prescott. Co. F—Charles Anderson, Charles C. Errickson, Henry J. Strong, Orlando Woodruff, Levi S. Sanders. Co. G—James King, James Francis, Russell J. Bray ton, Levi Butte rfield, Charles W. Wood. Co. H—John A. Campbell, George E. Allen, Albert Goodwin, Herrian Campbell, Edwin M. Sherman. Co. I—John Lewards, Joseph Flynn, Robert Burrill, James .Elliott, Wm. Bakhaff. Co. K—Thomas Walsh, Henry Tanner, Burl J. Blake, Wesley Anderson, Charles Gorham.
SEVENTY-FIFTH ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS.
Sergeants.—Wm. Coggswell, Co. A; Chauncey B. Hubbard, B; Stephen W. Smith, C; George Newton, Jr., D; Negnella S. Christopher, E; James D. Place, F; Wm Vance, G; Samuel M. Tracy, II; Augustus Johnson, I; Jonathan Hyde, 'C.
Corporals.—Lewis Burkett, Co. A; Asaph C. Demming, B; Oscar A. Seeley, C; Burney McGrady, D; Sylvester S. Nash, E; Charles Gregory, F; James Dysert, G; Frederick Mitchell, H; Jacob Rhodehamer, I; Joshua C. Mills, K.
Privates.—Co. A—Cornelius Vroom, John Beal, Cyrus Inrucker, Charles Croepeey, Joseph Boyer. Co. B—Reuben Feree, Samuel H. Eye, David Hillier, Charles Fellows, Welton D. Strunk. Co. C—Salem H. Town, Wheeler Pratt, Byron Weldon, Wm. Tompkins, George Fairbank. Co. D—Joseph W. McDonald, Gustavus Sherman, Theodore Cramphim, Patrick Daily, Henry Potts. Co. F—Thaddeus Spafford, Andrew J. Taylor, Norman Jewett, Chas. D. C. Hubbard, Thomas Dubay. Co. G—Wallace Eastwood, Daniel Spaflbrd, Samuel Bender, Theophilus Gibson, Addison Heekart. Co. H—John Hanpricb, Christian Coast, Matthias Schmidt, Paul Hoffman, John G. Seedy. Co. I—John Freek, Cornelius Gerhart, David Molton, David Byron, Robert M'Kinzie. Co. K—John Dilts, Orlando Jones, Oscar M. Town, Frederick Dormoy, James E. Taylor.
NINETEENTH ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS.
William Inness, Captain, Co. C.
V. Bradford Bell, 2d Lieutenant, Co. K.
Sergeants.—John Freeland, Co. A; De Forrest Chamberlain, B; Edmund M.