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ILLINOIS TROOPS. 291
howling with rage and despair, Robinett's guns, double-shotted, hurling death and destruction into their ranks, until they tied handkerchiefs upon sticks and begged the gunners "for God's sake, to stop." The enemy were defeated, arms were thrown away, and the retreat becam3 a rout. The rebels lost one thousand four hundred and twenty-three officers and men killed, between four and five thousand wounded, two thousand two hundred and sixty-eight prisoners, three thousand three hundred and fifty stands of small arms, fourteen stands of colors, two pieces of artillery and an immense amount of equipments and material. Upon our side General Oglesby was severely wounded, and Gen. Hackleman killed. Our entire loss in officers and soldiers killed was three hundred and fifteen. The Illinois regiments engaged were the 26th, Col. Boomer; the 56th, Col. Kirkham; 7th, Col. Babcock; 9th, Col. Mersey; 12th, Col. Chetlain; 15th, Lieut.-Col. Swartwout; 52d, Col. Sweeney; 57th, Col. Hurlbut; 47th, Col. Bryner, (the Major in command); 26th, Col. Loomis.
The gallantry of Illinois troops was specially manifested in this battle, which was one of the most hotly contested on record. The 7th, 50th, and 57th Illinois regiments held an overwhelming rebel force in check for an hour, and subsequently drove the same force half a mile, recapturing several sections of artillery taken from us before. Col. Mower's brigade made a magnificent charge at Battery Robinett and routed a rebel force in a hand to hand fight. The 5 2d Illinois was in the hottest of the fight of the two days. On Saturday they made a splendid charge on a fort, which had been taken by the rebels. Lieut.-Col. Wilcox cried out: "Those big guns, boys—forward! double quick, march!" and on they went like an avalanche, and the guns were again ours and the victory ours.
Among the Illinois officers killed in this battle were Lieut.-Col. Thrush, 47th; Adjutant S. A. Brainard, 52d; Lieut. Henry Easterbrook, 17th; and Capt. G. C. Ward, of the 12th.
Among the wounded were Gen. Oglesby, Gen. McArthur, Col. Baldwin, Major Kuhn, of the 9th, Adjutant Klock, of the 9th, Capt. Robinson, of the 50th, and Capt. Wilcox, of the 52d.
The Yates' Sharpshooters lost fearfully. On the morning of the 4th they were two hundred and thirty-three strong; at sunset they were only one hundred and sixty. Seventy-three of their number had fallen in defence of the flag. Capt. Grover fell mortally wotinded, while cheering on his command, Cos. B, C and E, who were deployed as skirmishers. Second Lieutenant C. J. Conger, Co. A, commanding Co. E, was wounded in the leg and hip. Capt. J. W. Stewart, Co. D, was shot through the thigh by a minie ball. First Sergeant Henry I. Clark, Co. E, was killed by a wound in the bowels. Co. E suffered most, having lost twenty-one men.
While one division of the army under Gen. Rosecrans was resisting and putting to flight the rebel hosts at Corinth, another from Bolivar, under Gens. Hurlbut and Ord, was marching against their rear. The rebels were retreating by the same route over which they had advanced, which was the Chevalla road. To ensure their safety it was necessary for them to cross the Tuscumbia River near Pocahontas, and a body of troops was sent to guard the Hatchie River bridge, which was two miles from the bridge across the Tuscumbia River. Ord and Hurlbut overtook this force on the 5th, while Rosecrans and McPherson were harassing them in another direction, and constantly capturing prisoners and material of war. The rebels made a stand on the north bank of the river, but so impetuous was the charge of our men, in which the 28th, 32d, 41st and 53d Illinois regiments particularly distinguished themselves, that they were soon driven back and across the Hatchie, losing two batteries of six guns, and several hundred prisoners. The fight was of short duration, but a most gallant one. Gen. Ord, in his official report, says: "Gen. Hurlbut will push forward to-morrow morning, as it is presumed General Rosecrans is harassing the rear of the enemy. My personal staff, Division-Surgeon S. R. Davis, Capt. Sharpe, Lieut. Brown, A. D. C, and Capt. Houghteling, 2d Illinois cavalry, and A. D. C, were by turns Colonels of regiments and Captains of batteries, cheering and leading the men through the thickest of the fight. They always took the shortest line to danger on the field, and were always on hand when wanted." Gen. Lauman, commanding a brigade, in his official report, paid the highest compliments to the gallantry and skill of Col. Johnson, of the 28th Illinois, Col. Logan, of the 32d Illinois, Capt. McClanahan and Capt. Earl, of the 53d Illinois, Lieut-Col. Ritter and Major Gillem, President's Dispatch. 293
of the 28th Illinois, Lieut.-Col. Hunter and Major English, of the 32d Illinois, and to Col. Pugh, of the 41st Illinois, to whom was assigned the responsible duty of protecting the rear. Gen. Grant issued an enthusiastic general order thanking and congratulating the army, and President Lincoln telegraphed to General Grant as follows:
Washington, D. C, Oct. 8, 1862. Major-General Grant:
I congratulate you and all concerned in your recent battles and victories. How does it all sum up? I especially regret the death of General Hackleman, and am very anxious to know the condition of General Oglesby, who is an intimate personal friend.
The eulogies were not unworthily bestowed. It was the first instance in the war, of a soldierly pursuit of the enemy—the first time that victory was decidedly and thoroughly followed up.
On the 25th of October, the troops of General Grant had returned to their respective positions, and General Rosecrans reported at Cincinnati, to take charge of a force collecting for a new campaign. But General Grant did not remain idle long. On the 4th of November, he advanced to Lagrange, three miles east of Grand Junction on the Cairo and New Orleans Railroad. On the 29th General Hamilton's corps reached Holly Springs, and on the 18th of December, General Grant's forces encamped at Lumpkin's Mills, seven miles north of the Tallahatchie River, the rebels retiring to the river. The rest of the month was devoted to skirmishing and strategetic moves. General Hovey, with his army, left Helena for the purpose of flanking the rebel forces on the Tallahatchie, but they evacuated their works and retired further South, pursued by our forces, skirmishing taking place at Abbeville and Oxford. The rebels by keeping up a strong rear guard, reached Grenada. In the meantime General Hovey's force crossed the Tallahatchie and cut the Mississippi Central Railroad. His forces kept in the advance and next cut the Mississippi and Tennessee Railroad near Panola. All these movements were carried out with little or* no opposition on the part of the rebels, and General Hovey returned to Helena. Their effect was to cause the rebels to evacuate Grenada and fall back to Canton. On the 20th, the rebels attacked the Union garrison at Holly Springs and captured it, and the same day made an attack at Davis' Mills, which was gallantly repulsed. In the meantime the rebel General Forrest was at work, cutting General Grant's communications. Jackson, Trenton, Humbolt and other stations on the road were captured. Grant was compelled to fall back to Holly Springs, and a detachment of 10,000 men was sent to Gen. Sherman to aid in the capture of Vicksburg, thus virtually ending the campaign of 1862 in Mississippi.
Few campaigns in the war have been marked with so many and desperate battles, or with so much valor and determination upon either side. Few victories have been so complete or so well folr lowed up, certainly none before this campaign. It marked a new epoch in the history of the war, and it is no small honor to the State that Illinois contributed so much to the general result. Nearly all of the prominent Generals—Grant, McClernand, Hurlburt, Logan, Oglesby, McArthur, Pope and others were from Illinois. In every battle Illinois soldiers were engaged and in no instance proved themselves unworthy their name—" Ulini "—" men."
The Thirteenth Infantry—First Organized For Three Years—Early Services— Battles—Marches—Officers—Colonel Wyman—Chaplain Needham—2d CavAlry—Scattered—Donelson—Marches And Battles—Officers—Col. Mudd— The 22d Infantry—Charleston—Belmont—Shiloh—New Madrid—Marches— Engagements—Col. Dougherty—Lieut.-col. Swanwick—Major Johnson—The Fortieth—Enlistment—At Paducah—At Shiloh—Corinth—Marches—OffiCers—Forty-eighth Infantry—Organization—Donelson—Major Stephenson— Mission Ridge—Knoxville—Re-enlisted—Col. Greathouse.
IN chronicling the movements of single regiments there must be some difference in the space allotted. Some regiments have been steadily with certain corps or divisions, and the movements of the army tell the regimental movements. Others have been more frequently detached, or have engaged in a greater variety of service, the recital of which lies outside of the great movements of the * army. There is also the difference of accessibility, the material for one being at hand, while for another it is remote.
We here introduce, for the sake of variety, some sketches, and others will follow in due season. The history of Illinois troops is associated with all the great campaigns of the West, and the sketching of these is to chronicle the gallantry of our own men.
THIRTEENTH REGIMENT ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS.
This regiment has the honor of having been first to organize and enter the field under the President's first call for men for three years, an honor it has not dimmed on the field. It has marched many miles, been in the hottest fire of battle, but has borne an undimmed name.