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sweep, is, as a rule, a more spectacular contest and this year was forced to watch the race than the Harvard-Yale race, and usually from the bank with a trained nurse by his produces better rowing:

side. No more will he lift to his lips the old This year Syracuse won every race rowed, red megaphone through which more than a and defeated Cornell, Columbia, and Penn- generation of Cornellians have learned of sylvania, in the order named, on the Hudson. rowing about all that there is to know.' Since Both Princeton and Harvard, two crews that the formation of the Intercollegiate Rowing did not row at Poughkeepsie, have records Association in 1895 Courtney's crews have to demand attention. Princeton scored vic- won fourteen of the twenty-two races. tories over Harvard, Columbia, Pennsylvania, and Yale. The fact that Princeton beat Har- COLLEGE BASEBALL vard, while Harvard defeated Cornell—the It is useless to try to pick the champion crew that pressed Syracuse so hard for first among the college baseball teams of the honors at Poughkeepsie—makes one wish East. Columbia, Tufts, Harvard, and Syrathat the Tiger and Crimson eights might have cuse were the leaders, and the supporters of pulled in that grueling race on the Hudson. all of them have ample reason to be proud. Cornell's victory over Princeton on Lake Inasmuch as there was only one meeting Cayuga shows how difficult it is to "rate" among these four notable contenders-and crews on the record of their races.

that was the eleven-inning game in which Mr. Constance Titus, retired amateur Harvard beat Tufts 4 to 3—there are no data champion of sweeps and sculls, and a rowing by which it is fair to declare any one of the expert of high authority, gives us his esti- four the best. On a pure basis of percentage, mate of the Eastern college crews by placing Columbia ranks the highest, having them in the following order : Syracuse, eighteen games, tied one, and lost one—to Harvard, Cornell, Princeton, Annapolis, Co- Cornell. lumbia, Pennsylvania, Yale.

Out of twenty-two games played Tufts Harvard's victory over Yale at New Lon- was defeated only by Harvard and Bowdoin, don was expected, in view of the preliminary while the Crimson, in twenty-five games, was season records of the two crews. Yale, how- tied once but was defeated only by Brown, ever, surprised a good many "experts" by Boston College, and the American Catholic rowing as well as she did, for, though beaten University. Syracuse played twenty-two games by three and a half lengths, the Yale crew and won nineteen. Harvard's two baseball stuck close to Harvard during the first part victories over Yale make it a banner year for of the race, and undoubtedly this early forcing the-Cambridge men, who in the college year was instrumental in the lowering of the old just ended have won three of the so-called record by the Crimson. Harvard's margin four major sports from the Elis-football, of improvement over the old record which baseball, and rowing. Yale won the dual track was made by Bob Cook's Yale crew in 1888 meet. was eight seconds.

Standing out among the really remarkable This result of the race on the Thames has achievements in college baseball this year are been heralded by some critics as a proof of the pitching of George Smith, of Columbia, the inferiority of the modified English stroke and Whittaker, of Tufts, and the heavy used by the Yale crew. But this conclusion batting of the Tufts boys. The greatest feat seems unjustified without further evidence, of Smith was achieved in his last five games, inasmuch as last year, with the same stroke, when he allowed his opponents only twelve hits, Yale beat Harvard. Yale and Harvard have struck out seventy-four men, and was scored now rowed fifty races, and each has won on only once. Tufts compiled the remarktwenty-five.

able team batting average of 315, which Every rowing man, whatever his Alma means that on an average every man on the Mater, will regret the passing of Charles E. team got a safe hit out of about every three Courtney, the “Grand Old Man ” of Cornell times at bat. But the batting of Leland, aquatics. For Courtney's sake, many who the Tufts' right fielder, was little short of held no grudge against Syracuse hoped for a phenomenal. This youth's batting average Cornell victory on the Hudson this year, for was 136. In other words, almost every other it was the “ Old Man's " last year in harness. time that he faced the pitcher he got to first Courtney suffered a fracture of the skull base simply and solely by virtue of his skill just before the Poughkeepsie regatta of 1915, with the ash.

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charging employees, and to substitute a raNEW PRESIDENT

tional, systematic method for the arbitrary College presidents are no longer selected will of a foreman, has been the sort of probsolely from the so-called professional ranks. lem with which Mr. Hopkins has dealt. The new President of Dartmouth comes to his This work on the human side of industry office from a life very far removed from that and business involves an educational process. of the theologian or scholastic recluse, for- It is just as much educational as the executive merly the typical college president. Ernest work connected with a university, and, indeed, Martin Hopkins has been engaged since his calls for some of the methods of the university graduation from Dartmouth in 1901 part of laboratory and class-room. Mr. Hopkins's the time in academic life and part of the time experience, therefore, may be said to be in wrestling with the most complex of modern directly in the line of the duties which he is industrial problems—the problem of the rela- now called upon to perform. tion of employer and employee.

As can be told from the photograph reproDartmouth itself in recent years has illus- duced on another page, Mr. Hopkins is a trated the wide variation in vocations from young man.

He is not yet forty years of which men are called to the college presi- age. He has been a loyal son of Dartmouth, dency. Mr. Hopkins's immediate predeces- and particularly active in alumni affairs. şor, Ernest Fox Nichols, did not even have He founded the “Dartmouth Alumni Magthe Arts degree. He gained his eminence azine," and for some time was its editor. in the field of pure science, particularly by He believes more in the importance of “the measuring planetary light and heat. Mr. method of the curriculum " than its content, to Nichols's immediate predecessor, on the other use his own phrase, or, to put it more colhand, was Dr. Tucker, who, though a writer loquially, he believes that the way a subject on social and economic questions, was, when is taught is more important than the subject he became president, primarily a clergyman, itself. He has been a special student in a preacher, a theologian. In contrast to both vocational training and vocational guidance. of these, Mr. Hopkins has gained his experi- The selection of such a man illustrates not ence in the world of business and manufac- only the broadening of the American college, ture. It is, however, not on the material but but also the broadening of the spirit of Ameron the human side of business and industry ican business and industry. The barriers that that he has been active.

used to be so firm between trade and science After his graduation from Dartmouth Mr. and the so-called professions are disappearHopkins was appointed secretary to President ing.

ing. - The mellowing effect of the “humanTucker, and for eight years had experience ities” is to be seen in business and in science, in academic life on the executive and admin- and the influence of business and of science istrative side. In 1910 he undertook a new in the direction of reality and exactitude is line of work, but not as different from his evident in those circles that once were reformer experience as it might at first seem. garded as safely and serenely academic. He associated himself as staff worker with various corporations—among them the West- MAYOR MITCHEL AND ern Electric Company and the Bell Telephone THE CHILDREN System. He was among the first to interpret In his struggle to secure protection and the functions of the employment manager, good care for the children committed by the and helped to found the Association of Em- city to various charitable institutions, Mayor ployment Managers in Boston, Philadelphia, Mitchel, of New York City, has been receivand New York. Such a problem, for instance, ing the support of substantial and influential as that of the relation of labor unions to citizens of various faiths. As our readers efficient production is one that may be treated know, the Mayor's efforts to investigate contheoretically in books or practically by the ditions in these institutions have been vigormanagement of an industrial plant. It is the ously opposed by certain men connected practical side of such questions with which directly or indirectly with some of these Mr. Hopkins has been dealing. The arbi- institutions, and by certain members of the trary discharge of an employee—to cite an- State Board of Charities. Testimony conother instance—has usually been left in the cerning some of the abuses in these institupower of department heads. To replace this tions, Protestant as well as Catholic, was by a scientific study of the causes for dis- brought out at hearings before a commissioner appointed by the Governor of the industry could not continue. One of the State.

results that the Associated Advertising Clubs As a result of the testimony at these of the World has helped to bring about is the hearings, Mayor Mitchel has laid a formal practically universal recognition of the fact complaint before the District Attorney of that advertising is essential to the merchanNew York County. The Mayor and his dising of goods, and that it is useless to make Police Commissioner hold that, in the course things for sale unless there is some systematic of the opposition to the investigation and re- and intelligent way of letting the consumer form of the institutions which housed some of know how things may be obtained. the city's dependent children, certain breaches More than that, these Clubs have made of the criminal law have been committed. it clear that it is of no use to advertise a Inasmuch as Grand Jury proceedings are product unless that product is a good product secret, the District Attorney made an effort of its kind. Advertising will not sell that to find a judge before whom the matter could which of itself has no merit. And so the be laid openly and who would be acceptable advertising agencies and advertising men to both parties. Unable to find such a judge, have been influences for better production he laid the matter before Justice John Proctor and better products. Clarke, of the Appellate Division of the Su- In turn, the Associated Advertising Clubs preme Court, who designated Justice Green- of the World have laid emphasis, particularly. baum, of the Supreme Court, to sit as judge in the last two or three years, upon the in this matter to hear the Mayor's case. This, necessity of truthfulness in advertising. Not we are informed, is the only formal complaint only must the goods themselves that are in the matter that has been laid before the advertised be meritorious, but what is said District Attorney.

about them in advertisements must be said in In the meantime, as we have said, the good faith. Mayor has received letters and other expres- It is a highly significant fact that advertissions of confidence in him and many pledges ing, which not so very many years ago had to of support for his brave course.

bear the opprobrium resulting from practices

that were fanciful and sensational and in disADVERTISING MEN

regard of truth or good faith, has now become IN CONVENTION

one of the forces for ethical progress in busiLast week and the week before, in Philadelphia, the Associated Advertising Clubs of the World met in their twelfth Convention. IN THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM Their principal meetings were held in the A few days ago a young American gave Metropolitan Opera House and in the Com- his life to the cause of France and her allies. mercial Museum of the University of Pennsyl- He was in a military aeroplane over the Gervania. In addition there were departmental man lines, and was shot. sessions at the University.

Those who are living aloof from the EuroThe sight of advertising men on university pean war, considering it only a huge game grounds would have seemed strange to aca- played with the lives of men by “ blood-bedemic minds of former days; but the modern spattered monarchs," may think of this young conception of business and the modern con- man as an adventurer, a soldier of fortune, ception of the university meet on common who has merely paid the price for enjoying ground. Indeed, the President of the Asso- the thrill of combat. If there are any such, ciated Advertising Clubs, Mr. Houston, has let them give heed to this incident, which we received an honorary degree from the Uni- can vouch for. versity of Pennsylvania. Lord Melbourne's That young man's father was in Germany indignation, which he expressed as he stalked at the outbreak of the European war. With out of a church in the midst of a very prac- scores and hundreds of other Americans he tical ethical sermon, because religion was found his way to London. There he apallowed to invade the sphere of private life, peared in a hotel in the golfing costume he is hardly more antiquated than is astonishment had on when the news of war came to him. at the idea that intellectual standards should The sights he had seen on his way, the brutal invade the sphere of business.

efficiency of that German military machine, Advertising has become recognized as an the sense of oppression and denial of liberty, essential element in modern life. Without it had outraged all his instincts as an American


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