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If there are those who fear that the Fed- our toll-taking ways by taking as much as we eral system will put private money-lenders could and giving only what we must, and and mortgage companies out of business, meantime have drunk the wine of prosperity they are reminded that the total capitalization without fairly considering the sweat or the of the system will not exceed $9,000,000; wage of the man who treads the winepress the bond-issuing limit will be twenty times alone. that, or $180,000,000; outstanding farm There is in this observation nothing of the mortgages in the United States amount to delusion of making men prosperous by law or nearly $4,000,000,000. The Federal system, of creating security values by fiat of governtherefore, can do little more than set the ment. The poor and the landless we will pace for private capital to follow, as has been have with us always, but when it comes to the case throughout Europe. Assuming the point that the average man of industry that the States by State legislation will multi- cannot prosper it is time for the Nation to ply such organized resources tenfold, there study the portents. Show me a prosperous will remain ample opportunity for private in- farm-owner, and I will show you a thoughtitiative and enterprise.
ful, patriotic citizen who will cheerfully give But, after all, is this a National problem? his time, his talents, and his life, as occasion Is its solution a Governmental duty ? In the may require, for his country and its free sense that government is only a policeman, institutions. Show me a despairing tenantry: the answer is, “ No." But I think we have and I will show you a powder magazine got beyond that narrow conception. Farm- inviting explosion by any spark of agitation ing is feeding and clothing the Nation. that may fly from the forge of hammering Surely that is a National concern. But to industry. say that is to state only a small part of the The period of the Republic's greatest problem. It is sociological and political as well achievements in social welfare, in general as economic. Thirty-seven per cent of the comfort, in sane statesmanship, in spiritual American farmers are tenants; in my State, elevation, in genuine culture—in all the real Texas, the percentage is more than fiity, and and endearing things of life—was the period I think the percentage is as much in several when a majority of our pecple were homeof the Western States. Between 1900 and owning and prosperous country folk. The 1910 the ratio of tenants to farm-owners in- American farmer was then a country gentlecreased sixteen per cent. Presently the farm- man, from whose loins came our greatest owners will be a minority. Those who have statesmen, warriors, philosophers, preachers, not will outnumber those who have. Are and poets. The farmer nowadays is derided there fears of Socialism? Of communism? as a “jay” or cajoled as a simpleton. As Of revolution in property rights ? Let us be- we speak in the language of the street and ware of a majority of voters who despair of the newspaper paragraph, so we think in our acquiring homes or who have lost the home- hearts. To a considerable degree we cause stead sentiment. I could name States with things to be what we think them to be. It a preponderating industrial population con- is time to face about, to begin thinking of gested in seething centers. I could name farming as man's earliest and noblest vocacountries where landlordism and tenantry tion, and of the country as the garden which evolve aristocracy and serfdom. To name the Lord commanded Adam to“ keep and to either is but to recall civil strife or political dress," which may be properly interpreted as desperadoism or both. It is sheer conceit for to conserve and to beautify. Thus we may us to assume that we can defy the teachings cause it again to become what it should be, of history and the passions of human kind. what it was ordained to be--man's natural Friction kindles fire; discontent foments abiding-place and the means of sustenance to upheaval. The farmers know that they are which cities in their proper relation are only creating most of the Nation's wealth ; they market-places for the exchange of commodiare accumulating but little of it. How- ties, and to which manufacture, transportaever much of the fault may be theirs, much tion, industry, and commerce are but the useof it is due to the neglect of the body politic ful servants. But sentimentalizing will not and the body economic, to the mass of us work the reform. Rhapsodizing will not who have given no proper thought to the materialize its blessings. Country life will means whereby we live, but have pursued revive when we make agriculture pay.
THE READER'S VIEW
LAW SCHOOLS IN CHINA
We are anxious to let other schools and I should like respectfully to call your attention organizations learn of our methods of handling to an incorrect statement that appears in The school problems, so we have arranged a chart Outlook for March 15, 1916. On page 601, in explaining the working system of the various in the course of an article on “ The Compara- bureaus and a report of the work actually done. tive Law School of Saochow University at For instance, the Charity Bureau has clothed, Shanghai, China," you say:
fed, and furnished fuel to sorty-eight families “This law school for Chinese is unique in during the past five months. We should be many ways. It is the first and only professional
glad to send this on request. school of law in China."
Don T. ORPUT. The Pei-Yang University of Tientsin, China, which from the very beginning has had a law
AN ANCIENT HERESY REVIVED department, was organized in 1895. Graduates of the University are to be found in positions
I was both surprised and shocked by your of importance in various parts of the country.
article “What Did Jesus Christ Think of HimOf the graduates in law, one of whom the
self ?” What our Saviour thought of himself University is particularly proud is Dr. Wang
is fully expressed in these words, “ Except ye Ch'ung.hui, who is a member of the Faculty of
believe that I AM ye shall die in your sins." the institution that forms the subject of your
This is the term that Jehovah used to Moses,
“ Tell them I AM hath sent thee !" These article-the Law School of Saochow University. The Law Department of the Pei-Yang Uni
two quotations exbibit the clear teaching of versity offers a four years' course of instruction.
God's Holy Word from its beginning to the Among the subjects included in the course are
end of the Apocalypse. In the closing of the constitutional law, administrative law, criminal
Old Testament it is written, “ Jehovah, whom law, civil law, commercial law, international
ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple.” law, English law, Roman law, political economy,
Jesus said, " Destroy this temple, and in three and finance. The students are trained for pro
days I will raise it up," absolutely proving what fessional careers.
the Bible every where teaches—“I Jehovah am The present law faculty includes the following
thy Saviour and Redeemer, and besides me gentlemen : Messrs. R. T. Evans, A.B., LL.B.
there is no God !" Read Isaiah xliii, 10, 11, “Be(Harvard); G. J. Thompson, A.B., LL.B. (Har- fore me there was no God formed, neither shall vard); H. Y. Feng, A.B., J.D. (University of
there be after me. I, even I, am Jehovah, and Chicago); and three Chinese professors in addi
besides me there is no saviour," which thor: tion to Dr. Feng.
oughly proves, if language can prove anything, Among those who have held positions on the
that the Council of Nice, which originated the law faculty in the past are Messrs. E. P. Allen gross error of two separate persons, each of (now practicing law in Tientsin), W. A. Seavey,
whom was God and Lord, and consummated the J. A. Crane (now of the George Washington
enormous falsity at Byzantium a quarter of a University), 1. L. Sharfman-all Americans- century later by adding another divine person, and Mr. T. L. Chao, A.B., LL.B. (Harvard),
and which is now called the Nicene Creed, is who is now President of the University.
totally without foundation in the Bible, as it has It may be mentioned in passing that there is never been in the rational mind! Jesus Christ a law department at the Peking University.
has “All Power in heaven and on earth.” Both the Pei-Yang University and the Peking
No other being has any except from him; he University are Government institutions.
was “God manifest in the flesh," and is the first Pei-Yang University, TIEN LUD CHAO,
and the last, "the beginning and the ending, Tientsin, China.
WILLIAM W. Hulse. AN INTERESTING AND NOVEL SCHOOL [Your view is a revival of a doctrine known ACTIVITY
in historical theology as the Monophysite Washington High School, in Portland, Oregon, heresy. The denial that Jesus was a true man for the past year has been perfecting Junior and subject to the limitations of finitė humanity Chamber of Commerce to promote the general has never found acceptance by the majority of activities of the school. This organization is Christian believers, not only because it seems now on a practical and successful working basis. to them inconsistent with the simple narratives Our constructive work has greatly interested of his human life in the four Gospels, but besuch local organizations as the Portland Cham- cause its acceptance would make it impossible ber of Commerce, Realty Board, and Rotary for us to obey his command," Follow me," and Club, who have made it possible for us to co- would make unthinkable the universal aspiration operate with them in various undertakings. This, of his followers to become Christlike.-The of course, has very materially helped our work. Editors.]
“People call the Negroes 'triflin','” writes a subscriber, " but I have a colored maid who puts to shame the procrastinating, unpunctual, fashionable white lady.' She comes to my house at seven o'clock for her hard day's work ; and she is at my door just on the striking of the clock. The other day she told me she was going to a dance-for she is comparatively young. I thought, 'She will surely be late the next morning.' But she wasn't; and she afterwards told me that the dance lasted till 5 A.M., and she had only time to go home and change her dance dress for her working garb. But when the clock struck seven, she was at my door. Can you beat that?"
A letter from England says that the new time schedule adopted in May, by which the clocks were set forward one hour, was productive of some amusing situations. "My laundress came at 6:30, an hour early,” says the writer; "the butcher came an hour late. He said, “The time that was good enough for my father is good enough for me. I was invited to tea; I arrived an hour early, as iny hostess had not changed her clock. The Protestant church adopted the new schedule at once; the Catholic church held to the old. But after a little no doubt things will adjust themselves and we shall all have that extra hour of daylight."
This joke, credited in an exchange to the "Meggendorfer Blaetter,” must be from an ante-bellum issue. Nowadays nobody in Germany spills milk: "Peter (sent for the milk): 'Oh, mercy, I've drunk too much of it! What shall we do?' Small Brother: ‘Easy. We'll drop the jug.''
Among the “summer schools” whose announcements appear in the papers there is one that will make even the unstudious student take notice. It is that of a “ Summer School of Flying” to be held at Hempstead, Long Island. What an appeal to the youth who is weary of books!
Official figures from the British Embassy, says “Shipping Illustrated," show that up to the first of May neutral nations had lost 121 ships sunk by submarines. In the list appears the name of only one American ship--the Leelanaw. Norway lost 62 vessels, Denmark 22, Sweden 20, Holland 7, Greece 5, and Spain 4.
" New York, New Jersey, and several other States,” according to “Rider and Driver," “have started a movement that is rapidly becoming general ior the provision of strips on the sides of the motor highways suitable for horse-drawn vehicles.” The idea is to have a roadway in the center not less than fifteen feet wide for automobiles, and a section on each side not less than six feet in width for horses. The motor cars can then spin along their part
of the road and give a fair chance to the slower horse-drawn vehicles on the side.
Referring to the German East African campaign, the London weekly " Times” prints this curious despatch: "Owing to transport difficulties rations were at one time reduced to a cup of rice and a piece of sugar-cane. Our cattle have now been successfully protected, and a campaign is being waged against giraffes, which have been destroying our telegraphs by scratching their necks on the wire." Not content with inviting extermination by big-game hunters, the foolish giraffes now incur the enmity of industry. The wires will undoubtedly prove the fittest to survive this contest.
The feelings of newspaper men who have to tackle the spelling of foreign geographical names during these troubled times are indicated in the following stanzas from “The Wail of a CopyReader ” in the Philadelphia “Bulletin :" "I have learned to locate Sdolbunov; when stories
mention Szizz, I do not need to hunt a map; I know right where it is. Cettinje doesn't puzzle me, I'm wise to Medvin ik And all those weird localities where consonants are
thick. But that can't help me any now; to-day I've got to settle Disputes about Tolacatalplan and Popocatepetl. Przemysl was an easy one when once I'd learned to read The name without the consonants I found I didn't need. Mahhalades and Kalabak, Prilip and Velvendos Were just as soft as any names I ever came across. But that avails me nothing now; to-day I've got to show The same familiarity with all of Mexico."
Ezra Meeker, eighty-four years old, is crossing the continent in a “schoonermobile,” a motor car built on the lines of an old-fashioned prairie schooner. It contains bedding, a cook stove, a dining-table, and a hunting outfit. He has one companion, a younger man, and is repeating, it is said, a journey he once took in an ox cart.
“It is wrong to go into the water for a short time and come out and rest on the warm sand in the hot sun," says J. H. P. Brown in “Mod. ern Swimming." "If you desire a sun bath, take it either before or after your swim.” The alternate chilling and roasting practice of the sea-beach bather is declared by this swimming instructor to be enervating and productive of diseases of the heart, circulation, tic.
Changes in social habits are strikingly illustrated in a book entitled “ Pittsburgh : A Sketch of Its Early Social Life," by C. W. Dahlinger. In early days, it says, “whisky was the indispensable emblem of liospitality and the accompaniment of labor in every pursuit, the stimulant in joy and the solace in grief. It was kept on the counter of every store and in the corner cupboard of every well-to-do family.” And today the movement for prohibition is almost National in its scope.