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satisfy both the physical and spiritual sides from Sir Sam Hughes, Minister of Militia of their nature. So the American Legion and Defenses, to found an American Legion. offers satisfaction to both the love of battle The first entire battalion of Americans, the and the consciences of its members. Not one 97th, sailed from Halifax the other day. The of them would be in the Legion had he not a Canadian battalion is the equivalent unit of strong feeling for daring and high deeds; but, the American regiment, having slightly more on the other hand, every man Jack of them men—about twelve hundred in all. In would break his sword before he would offer command of the 97th is Lieutenant-Colonel it to Germany. In short,
W. L. Jolly, veteran of the Spanish War, “We're fighting because we want to,
the Boxer Rebellion, and four other camBecause we love both Fight and Right."
paigns, who dropped a lucrative building
business in Philadelphia to strike a blow It is not inappropriate that the founder of “For God and Justice "—the motto of the American Legion should have been a the American Legion. Lieutenant-Colonel
STAFF OFFICERS OF THE 213TH BATTALIOX, AMERICAN LEGION Unitarian clergyman, the Rev. Dr. C. Sey- Bullock has remained behind to use his magmour Bullock, now Lieutenant-Colonel Bul- netic powers in recruiting. He is now in lock, of the 237th Battalion. Most of the command of the 237th Battalion at Halifax. sixteen thousand Americans who have enlisted Up to date the American Legion consists in Canada are assigned to Canadian units, of five battalions, one full—the 97th, which although there is one entire American com- is now in Europe -the others recruiting. pany in the 149th Battalion, and the 99th These are the 211th, at Vancouver; the Battalion, called the “International,” is 212th, at Winnipeg : the 213th, at Toronto; mainly composed of Americans from Detroit. and the 237th, at Halifax. As this is writDr. Bullock had been urging the Americans ten, the number of Americans enrolled in living in Canada to enlist, and he reminded the five battalions of the Legion is about them that in our Civil War forty-eight thou- three thousand. The term Legion is a flexisand Canadians fought for the North. They ble one and includes all Americans who enresponded so nobly that he got permission roll in distinctively American units under the
Bullock plan. The term is not used in the questions of neutrality or loss of citize nship. Canadian army. In that force four battalions Since they offer themselves to the Canadian make a brigade, and four brigades make a Government merely as individuals without division—a force of about twenty thousand any official connections with the American men. The American Legion, therefore, Government, and since the Legion does no already embraces units which, when full, will recruiting in the United States, the neutrality constitute a brigade and a quarter. Indeed, of that country is not affected. As for losing the Americans already enrolled in the Mili- their American citizenship, the officers of tary Order of the American Legion are the Legion tell me that the courts have al. talking about an American division under an ready decided in the case of Americans who American general !
have returned to the United States after The distinctive thing about the battalions service in France that such conduct did not in the Legion, of course, is that they are all make them aliens. American, from the humblest private to the In taking a special oath to serve King commanding officer. In the American army George the recruit to the American Legion we have Negro regiments commanded by is not asked to jeopardize his American citiAmerican officers, but the Canadians have zenship. In his oath he says: placed all responsibility for the battalions in “ I will be faithful and bear true allegiance the Legion on American shoulders, and the to his Majesty King George V, and I will, as Americans believe that they will consent to in duty bound, honestly and faithfully defend an American general at the head of a division his Majesty in person, crown, and dignity if enough Yankees turn out to form one. against all enemies, and will observe and obey
The only qualifications for enrollment in all orders of his Majesty and of all the genthe Legion is that applicants must have good erals and officers set over me." general physical development and good moral Moreover, the recruit declares that he will character and must be“ between eighteen and "serve in the Canadian overseas expeditionforty-five, of American birth, parentage, or resi- ary force for the term of one year or during dence.” This lets in a few men with Ameri- the war now existing between Great Britain can associations who are actually Canadian and Germany, should that war last longer citizens, but the majority of the Legionaries than one year, and for six months after the are bona fide, legitimate sons of Uncle Sam. termination of that war, provided his Majesty
The Legionaries are not worrying about should so long require my services."
CONTACT BOMBS IN THE TRESCHES
If Uncle Sam should suddenly go to war ling a day in the British army, $15 a month with John Bull, the members of the American in the United States army, and much less Legion would be in an awkward situation, than that in the armed camps of Germany, but they are not worrying about that possi- France, Russia, and other countries of the bility. The insignia of the Legion is the coat world. Moreover, if a soldier is married, the of arms of George Washington on the Cana- Government sends his wife while he is away dian maple leaf, and the Legionaries are con- a monthly stipend of $20, called a separation fident that no gust of international passion allowance, and $5 a month additional for will blow that leaf away, until after the end of each child. Moreover, in the Legion the the English duel with Germany, at any rate. officers are recruited from the ranks. For
But while the Legion does no recruiting in instance, among the officers of the 213th the United States, an American has only to Battalion, which I visited at Toronto, only step across the border to be arrested by Lieutenant-Colonel Byron J. McCormick had vivid posters which urge him to join “The joined as an officer, and even he began as a Biggest ADVENTURE IN The World." lieutenant. The only qualifications for offiStepping off a car at the Canadian Niagara cers is that they must be twenty-five years Falls, I saw the following mute challenge on old and of high intelligence and some prca billboard:
vious military training. Nowhere in the world
are chances for “ promotion and pay” so high AMERICAN LEGION
as in the American Legion. In spite of that, You believe in fair play pay is the last thing that appeals to the men You really love liberty
in the Legion. Indeed, most of them are You want to fight for right there at a great financial sacrifice. You are a real man
Social standing and pull do not count at COME OVERSEAS WITH US
all in the Legion. Of course every man who
joins wants to be an officer, but, as the Legion If a man must fight for a living, from is not modeled on the Mexican plan, obvia material standpoint he could not do ously the majority of them must be disapbetter than join the American Legion. In pointed. The selection is left entirely to the the first place, the Canadian army is the commanding officer, and in most cases those highest-paid army in the world. Privates in who are rejected as officers enlist as privates. the ranks get $1.10 a day, as against a shil- Recently Colonel McCormick refused a com
mission to a millionaire who brought a letter Sweetheart's picture when he caught me of introduction from former President Taft. watching him. On the other hand, a good many of the “ I don't like writing, and journals are too privates in the Legion have their own auto- bulky to take around,” said he.
" This mobiles in camp with them, and these men string of junk is the only property I take are the best of pals with other privates whose with me in the field. It serves as a journal, entire property can be carried in a knapsack. for looking on these foolish trinkets I live
They are interesting fellows, these men over the whole past." who have embarked on this “ biggest adven- The first medal recalled the Northwest ture." There are all conceivable types among Rebellion. Captain Frazier had been born them except the coward. And, with all their in Canada, and served the Dominion with disdifferences, they have two common traits : tinction before he went to the United States. their unquenchable love of romance and their The second medal told that the private in the underlying conviction that they are fighting for Canadian service had become a captain in the a cause. Modern knights-errant are they all. Thirty-second Michigan Volunteers during
There are many college men among the Le- the Spanish War; the third mentioned the gionaries, including some West Pointers, and bravery of a major in the medical branch of there are also frontiersmen from the beaches the Michigan National Guard during an epiof Alaska and the hills of Mexico who "ain't demic in that State. Crowded on the small had no chanst at learnin'," as one of them surface of a fourth disc was a brief account said to me. These are men who have been of the possessor's part in the Houghtonfighting all their lives, the harder fight with Hancock-Calumet Copper Mine strike of nature mainly,, to whom a duel with their 1913-14. From this center of industrial fellow-man is a vacation and an entertainment. cyclones Major Frazier was detailed for servBut most of them have campaigned before- ice on the Mexican border as an observer with in fact, more than sixty per cent have learned the regular army on behalf of the National to carry arms in former wars.
Guard of Michigan, and was attached at various I expected to find a band of callow youths times to the Third Field Hospital, the Eleventh -dime-novel readers—when I entered the Cavalry, and the Fifteenth Infantry. Exhibition Camp at Toronto. This expecta- " I was on the Mexican border when the tion was strengthened when, in response to a war broke out in Europe. I soon got restquestion as to the whereabouts of the Ameri- less. My wife saw this, and said, “Go.' So can Legion, a sentry at the gate of the I went, and here I am. Like the rest of grounds where the annual Canadian Inter- them”—his hand pointed toward the clean national Exposition is held said, “ Stable 24.” lounging-room floored with boards and wallTheir assignment to this shelter proved to papered with stiff cardboard where a group be no reflection on my fellow-countrymen, of officers were swapping yarns—“ I'm in it however, as I soon learned on
seeing for love." that most of the units in camp were quar Another man who is in it for love is Tom tered in buildings occupied by quadrupeds Longboat, the Indian professional long-disin fair time. A Hoor of wood had been tance runner, who dog-trotted the seventy built over the one of cement in Stable 24, miles from his home up north to Toronto to the ceiling had been whitewashed, a fireplace enlist. Longboat was assigned to the 213th by built, and the interior partitioned off for the virtue of the time he has lived in the “States” sleeping-quarters of the officers of the 213th and his acquaintance with Americans, but Battalion. Inside the first of the rooms—as when he learned that the 97th was about to snug and clean as a stateroom on a liner- sail for France he smuggled himself into that an American flag covering one wall caught battalion and got as far as Halifax, when he my eye. Stopping to peer in, I interrupted was arrested for his excessive patriotism. the tenant of the room reading his diary. Colonel Byron J. McCormick, command
This diary was not in buckram bound, nor ing the 213th, offered his services to the was it even on paper. It consisted of a Canadian Government on August 8, 1914, series of medals, each one referring to some four days after the first spiked helmet was notable exploit in their owner's long military sighted on the Belgian border. He went to career. This was explained to me by the Europe in a Canadian battalion, was proowner, the Captain John V. Frazier already moted to the rank of major in the regular mentioned, who blushed like a boy with his British army for bravery at Ypres, and was