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The following collection of about fifty designs of Table Cloths and Napkins has been taken from our regular stock and specially priced for this Sale—although even their regular prices are considerably below present market values.

The special prices hold for this month only.

Table Cloths
2x2 yds., $3.00, 3.25, 3.50, 3.75, 4.75 to 7.50 each.
2x22 yds., $3.85, 4.00, 4.25, 4.50, 4.65 to 9.00 each.
2x3 yds., $4.75, 4.85, 6.00, 8.25, 8.75, 9.25 to 12.00 each.
274x274 yds., $4.50, 5.75, 6.00, 7.25, 7.75 to 10.00 each.
24x272 yds., $6.75, 8.25, 8.75, 9.25 to 11.00 each.
274x3 yds., $8.00, 8.50, 9.75, 10.00, 11.50, 13.25 each.
272x272 yds., $6.85, 7.25, 7.50, 8.25, 8.75 to 12.50 each.
272x3 yds., $8.50, 10.75, 11.50, 12.00 to 15.00 each.

Longer Lengths at Proportionate Prices.
Napkins

The “ Bramble" is one of our exclu20 to 22 in. sq. $2.25, 2.85, 3.00,

sive designs which has caused much

favorable comment. 3.25, 3.50 to 10.50 doz.

2x2 yd. Cloths, $6.00 each. 24 to 27 in. sq. $3.25, 3.75, 4.25,

2x272 yd. Cloths, $7.50 each. 4.50, 5.00 to 20.00 doz.

Larger sises at proportionate prices. 29 to 31 in. sq. $11.00, 12.50, 16.75 Breakfast Napkins, $7.00 doz. doz.

Dinner Napkins, $10.00 doz.

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Bramble

Design Booklet describing goods offered at May Sale free on request. Mail orders receive cur prompt attention. This sale also includes Fancy. Table Linens, Bed Linens, Towels, Lingerie, Corsets, IVash Fabrics,

Ladies' Outer Garments, and Children's Wear.

James McCutcheon & Co. Fifth Avenue, 34th and 33d Streets, New York

The Outlook

MAY 10, 1916
Offices, 381 Fourth Avenue, New York

THE STORY OF THE WAR

The German offensive is now well on in its The surrender of the British forces under third month. Major-General Charles Townshend at Kut-el- . In the campaign in Russia in the vicinity Amara in Mesopotamia was not unexpected. of Dwinsk and Riga the Germans report the Elsewhere we comment editorially on this capture, or recapture, of certain Russian event. The surrender was forced by a lack positions, together with over five thousand of supplies and the failure of the relief army prisoners. Increased activity is expected in to force its way to the aid of the besieged this section. forces. The number of men surrendered is about eight thousand nine hundred and THE IRISH REVOLT seventy ; the major part of these forces were QUELLED from India. General Townshend's little army, The disturbances which broke out in Dubthe remnant of the much larger army which lin April 24 were by May 3 all but completely marched upon Bagdad in June, 1915, had quelled, so that the authorities were able to been shut up in Kut-el Amara since last announce that Dublin was almost in its norDecember. Forces sent to their relief, first mal condition and that the disturbances outunder command of General Aylmer and side of Dublin were no longer threatening. later under command of General Gorringe, One cabled account from Dublin states that were greatly impeded by extraordinary floods the number of rebels killed in the insurrecin the Tigris River and the adjacent regions. tion was approximately five hundred and that For a long time General Townshend's position fifteen hundred were wounded. There are had been critical. The Turkish forces in indications, however, that these figures are Mesopotamia were easily reinforced ; while overdrawn. It is commonly reported that the British were far distant from their base most of the men engaged in the revolt were and reinforcement was, as events proved, actually assembled on the day planned for its

beginning without any knowledge of what Nearly simultaneously with the report of was to be done, and supposed they were this disaster comes the news that the Russian simply to engage in parades and reviews. forces in Asia Minor, part of which have Four of the leaders of the revolt were been moving south since the capture of tried by court martial, found guilty, and exeErzerum, are making good progress and have cuted by shooting on Wednesday last. The captured the town of Diarbekr. This is a self-proclaimed Provisional President of the great distance from Bagdad--at least four Republic of Ireland, Peter H. Pearse, was hundred miles--but the Russians' capture of among the four, all of whom signed the Trebizond and their general advance in this proclamation of independence; the others part of the country as well as in Persia make were James Connolly, Thomas McDonagh, further successes, and even the ultimate cap- and Thomas J. Clark. ture of Bagdad, entirely possible.

The futility and unreason of this perfectly From Verdun the news of the week end- hopeless attempt by a very small minority of ing May 3 was distinctly encouraging to the irreconcilable revolutionists to take advantage Alies. Not only were no German gains of

of Great Britain's struggle with Germany to any consequence made, but from day to day raise the flag of rebellion in Dublin becomes we have read of attacks originating with the more and more evident every day. French and resulting in appreciable gains

Not a little criticism has been made in both northeast and northwest of Verdun. Parliament and elsewhere against the alleged

almost impossible

.

47

"evi

weakness and inefficiency of the authorities Government of Mexico which have been in Ireland under the administration of Au- taking place at Juarez and El Paso. gustine Birrell as Chief Secretary for Ireland. Distinguished as they are, General Scott It is said, with some force, that the officials and General Funston have been virtually knew that the adherents of the Sinn Fein

messengers, being restricted almost entirely Association and the followers of the labor to the deliverance of the proposals of Presiagitator James Larkin were drilling, and dent Wilson to the Carranza Government and that they should have foreseen and fore- to the pronunciation of a policy formed at stalled any outbreak. The London “ Mail” Washington. But while General Obregon has says :

been ostensibly only the spokesman of CarMr. Birrell never asked why the volunteers ranza at this conference, he is much more existed. He knew it was not to serve against

than that. He is probably the most popular the enemy, but rather to obstruct the Imperial man in Mexico to-day and certainly the most forces. On December 10 he declared, powerful. The one-armed hero of Celaya has dence of their disloyalty is voluminous,” yet he succeeded to the power and the glory that were did nothing. If he had any policy other than

Pancho Villa's. He may make and unmake merely drifting, it was to turn a blind eye to the

Mexican history. He himself summed up disloyal movement. The Government persuaded itself that the treason could be overcome by

his present position accurately if he said, as resolutely looking the other way. The Govern.

alleged by newspaper reports : “No musical ment's wait-and-see policy was complicated by

instrument ever responded more faithfully to a hide-the-truth policy.

the touch of the master than do the Mexican Mr. Asquith, in the House of Commons on

people to the man of the hour. Just now I May 2, stated that the Government was pre

am the man of the hour.” pared to discuss the conduct of Mr. Augustine

As we go to press it is unofficially reported Birrell, a motion having been made demand

that the delegates to the conference have ing Mr. Birrell's resignation, but on the

agreed to recommend to their respective following day Mr. Birrell's resignation was

Governments that an official agreement be reported.

adopted whereby the American troops shall Throughout this disturbing and dishearten

remain in Mexico until satisfied that banditry ing incident the leaders of the Home Rule

has been wiped out and that the Carranza party, and particularly Mr. John Redmond,

government is able to cope with any have been earnest and outspoken in their emergencies ; but it is also rumored that the

Americans will consent to fall back towards indignation, while the attitude of the Ulster leaders has been equaliy vigorous. Mr.

the border and “hunt” for Villa only

within a restricted area. Redmond has declared that in the South of

But, in any case, Ireland the loyal adherents of the Home

whatever happens, Obregon will bear watchRule party, as compared with the wild and

ing. The chances are that he will gain by impracticable revolutionists demanding a re

any development of the conference. If the public, are at least ten to one.

United States assents to any course of action

pleasing to the Mexican masses, those masses OUR GAME.OF

will give Obregon the credit. If the conferCHESS WITH MEXICO

ence is disappointing to the Mexican people, Three men have been at the focus of the it will be easy for Obregon to shift the blame gaze of every one who has been interested in to his nominal chief, Carranza, and then put the Mexican situation during the past week. himself at the head of a popular movement They are Major-General Scott, Chief of Staff to win by force or otherwise what arbitration of the United States Army, as famous for his may fail to win. diplomatic triumphs over the Indians as for It is significant that as Obregon grows his military victories over them ; Major-Gen- more popular and more prominent, the rumors eral Frederick Funston, the man who cap- of his disagreement with Carranza increase. tured Aguinaldo and the commander of our In the meantime, to be ready for any forces along the border ; and General Alvaro outcome of the El Paso-Juarez conferences, Obregon, Carranza's Minister of War, who both Mexico and the United States have eclipsed Villa's glory and lost an arm in the been doing on a small scale what Europe battle of Celaya about a year ago. These did on a large scale during the first week three men have directed the conferences of August, 1914. Mexican forces are rebetween the United States and the de facto ported moving up toward the border in great

1916

THE WEEK

49

strength, and additional units of the Ameri- the House, after it had already passed the can army are moving down toward the border. Senate, was brought about by the revolt of

Figures recently published by the War thirty Democrats acting in conjunction with Department, however, show that from March the entire body of Republican Representatives. 16 to April 28, inclusive, only 5,417 recruits The names of these thirty Democrats are had been obtained to raise the army to deserving of record here. They were : full war strength as authorized by Congress Allen, Ohio.

Gallivan, Massachusetts. soon after our expedition crossed the Beakes, Michigan. Griffin, New York. border. At this rate, it will take all summer Bruckner, New York. Hamill, New Jersey. to get the 20,000 recruits called for by the Carew, New York. Hart, New Jersey. Hay Emergency Resolution, although it coady, Maryland. Hulbert, New York. ought to be pointed out that the present

Conry, New York. McAndrews, Illinois. rate of enlistment is much larger than it

Dale, New York. McDermott, Illinois. was before our soldiers entered Mexico.

. Dooling, New York. Maher, New York.

Driscoll, New York. Olney, Massachusetts. General Pershing is rapidly pulling to

Eagan, New Jersey. O'Shaunessy, R. I. gether his forces within Mexico into the unity Estiponal, Louisiana. Patten, New York. that is strength. The great majority of the Farley, New York. Phelan, Massachusetts. men under General Pershing are now re. Fitzgerald, New York. Riordan, New York. ported to be “dug in ” at Namiquipa, Flynn, New York. Smith, New York. waiting on events.

Gallagher, Illinois. Tague, Massachusetts. Two facts stand out clearly from the It will be observed that many of these men Mexican muddle as this is written. First, are Tammany Democrats from New York, the pursuit of Villa has virtually ceased, City, a group of men in Congress who, freand the chances of ever catching him after quently co:ne in for no little criticism from this delay-unless it be true that he is injured the public press. There have been instances,

- will be almost nil unless we resort to however, when Tammany Democrats in Conbroad-scale intervention and comb the coun- gress have seen National problems more try for him. Second, Carranza co-operation clearly and faced them more courageously thus far has been a myth. Actual efforts than some of their Democratic brethren from of the Carranzistas to assist in the hunt for other States. Villa, if there have been any at all, have Apparently this defeat, of the Clarke been more than outweighed by the efforts of amendment on the floor of the House setCarranzistas to block our expedition, such tles for the present any prospect that Conas the ambuscade at Parral. So far the gress will give any definite promise concerning sum total of Carranza co-operation is zero, the date of independence of the Philippines. or minus.

As a substitute for the Philippine Bill with the

Clarke amendment, the House accepted the THE PHILIPPINE BILL

Jones Bill with its vague promise of indeIN THE HOUSE

pendence upon the establishment of a stable The Administration suffered a sharp defeat government and its revision of governmental on May 1, for the Clarke amendment to organization in the Philippines in the direction the Philippine Bill providing that the islands of enlarging the factor of native control. should be given complete independence The Jones Bill is by no means satisfactory to within four years, which had received the those who are most familiar with the traditions specific indorsement of the President, was of the American occupation of the Philippines, decisively defeated in the House of Repre- but, compared with the Clarke amendment of sentatives. It was this feature of the Phil- the Senate bill, it is a step backward in the ippine Bill which called forth the severe right direction. criticism of ex-Secretary Garrison at the time of his resignation from the Cabinet.

SECRETARY BAKER ON this feature of the Philippine Bill which has PREPAREDNESS been so severely attacked by practically all When Secretary Baker entered the Cabinet, impartial students of the Philippine situation, fear was expressed in many quarters that his and by an overwhelming majority of those appointment meant a change from Secretary who have made the welfare of the Philippines Garrison's sympathetic attitude towards the their primary interest.

view-point of the General Staff. Recent events The defeat of the Clarke amendment in have done much to dissipate this idea, and an

interview with Secretary Baker published in Mr. Roosevelt, when he declared for the the Philadelphia “ Ledger ” has still further introduction into the United States of a uniserved to place the Secretary of War accu- versal system of military service founded on rately in the public mind.

a modified form of the Swiss system, was In this interview Secretary Baker was more than a mere tribute to his personality. asked, “Do you favor active preparedness?" Mr. Roosevelt made it clear that in his He answered:

championing of the cause of preparedness he Unquestionably. It represents a power full had not forgotten the programme of social of possibilities for good. “ Resolve and act” is justice which figured so prominently in the the order of the day, and it is far better to over- Progressive platform of 1912. Speaking of weight preparedness than to underweight it. industrial mobilization, Mr. Roosevelt said:

Mr. Baker was then asked : “How large Preparedness must be both of the soul and an army, in your opinion, should the country of the body. It must be not only military but have, to meet future requirements ?" He industrial and social. There can be no efficient replied:

preparedness against war unless there is in time The War College has figured it out most

of peace economic nd spiritual preparedness competently. To give us enough of a garrison

in the things of peace. Well-meaning men

continually forget this interdependence. Wellto defend our overseas possessions properly and adequately to protect our coasts, these officers

meaning men continually speak as if efficient say we need a fully trained mobile force of

military preparedness could be achieved out of

industrial and social chaos, whereas such mili500,000 men, composed of the regular army and its militia reserve. Then, back of that, there

tary preparedness would represent merely a

muscular arm on a withered body. ought to be a citizen force, not first-line troops, but troops which had received certain training. Mr. Roosevelt emphatically indicated the This citizen body has been put at 500,000. side of preparedness which is of immediate Those who are strong in the belief that the

importance to the defense of the country. experts of the army and navy are most com

In the general discussion of the problems of petent to decide on the amount of prepara

military defense, the country has too often tion required to carry out the policies of the forgotten the fact that the navy constitutes civil government will have no quarrel with the

the most vital element in its security. Mi. following statement made by Secretary Baker

Roosevelt said: in his interview in the " Public Ledger :" We need, beyond anything else, a first-class Neither the soldier nor the sailor is responsi

navy. We cannot possibly get it unless the ble for the National policies, many of them

naval programme is handled with steady wisdom legacies of years' standing, yet both must as

from the standpoint of a nation that accepts the sume full responsibility for the amount of force

upbuilding and upkeep of such a navy as carnecessary to maintain these policies. Not only

dinal points of continuous policy. There should must they determine the extent of the force

be no party division along these lines. A party required, but they must see that the state of

which, whatever its views are on other subjects, readiness is maintained.

stops the upbuilding of the navy or lets it be

impaired in efficiency should be accepted as If Congress can only be brought to a false to the vital interests of the American peosimilar understanding of the value of expert ple. The navy should be trained in deep water, opinion, a long step away from present in salt water, and it should be trained always wasteful methods of making military and

with one end in view—10 increase its fighting naval appropriations will have been made.

efficiency.

The whole question of preparedness in MR. ROOSEVELT IN

Mr. Roosevelt's view is bound up with the ILLINOIS

vital issue of Americanism. “ Not only,” he If the attitude of the Middle West towards says, " questions of elective and legislative the question of preparedness can be judged machinery, but all questions of internal reby the reception given to Mr. Roosevelt's form, must stand second to our insistence address on “National Duty and International that this is one nation, the American Nation, Ideals,” delivered before the Illinois Bar not a mere tangle of quarreling nationalities, Association, the current belief that this region and second also to the duty of facing the fact is in a pacifistic frame of mind is decidedly that at present all moral sanctions and standwrong

ards in international relations are imperiled, Certainly the tremendous ovation given to and that our prime duty is to fit ourselves to

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