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die that liberty and democracy may survive ;
A TRUE AMBASSADOR no place for the liberty-loving French, who are not afraid to enter the inferno in order While Europe is setting before the world to beat back the flaming tide of military a group of fighting men, the figure of a great autocracy; no place for the brave Belgians maker of peace comes to us from Japan. fighting hopelessly for their homes against Bishop Harris has not been talking peace overwhelming odds; no place even for memo- among the Orientals for forty-five years, he ries of liberty-loving Americans in the past has been breathing and living it; he is a conwho, for the sake of defending their free- temporary illustration of the power of love. dom, had braved the perils of war and by Many people understand love as a sentiment; their bodies had withstood the force of tyr- few people have ever worked it out as a anny and oppression.
principle with more striking results than this In that dreamland at St. Louis there was Methodist missionary bishop who has now no evil but war, no good but peace.
retired after a lifetime of unselfish service. a dreamland in which men rejoiced that men When he went to Japan forty-five years ago, had been saved even from the threat of hos- the Island Empire was just emerging from the tilities, without regard to the fact that the isolation of its long feudal period. Shortly price had been paid in the blood of women after his arrival a young Samurai, after cereand children. It was a dreamland devoid of monial purification and meditation, killed a the conscious knowledge of right and wrong. foreigner as a sacrificial offering in defense of
It is impossible to believe that the Ameri- his country. The other day when Bishop can people are living in this land of dreams, Harris left Japan a large company of the this world of unreality. It is impossible to most distinguished Japanese of to-day united believe that the American people will accept in a testimonial dinner to him! this vision of mere comfort, plenty, and tran- When he went to Japan, a friend of the quil self-content as the supreme National young missionary sent him a revolver in good. It is impossible to believe that the view of the disquietude then prevailing in American people will hold that the only alter- the section where he was staying, but the native to war is the evasion of National duty, preacher threw it into the sea; he had no the avoidance of those burdens which only need of that kind of protection. He went strong peoples can bear.
to the American Consul, reported that he In the dreamland of the Democratic Con- had taken up his residence, and said that he vention there was no way to escape war and Mrs. Harris had come to devote themexcept by ignoring the moral issues in the selves to the teaching of Christianity. After present world crisis, by igncring the wrongs some conversation the Consul said, half suffered by Americans in Mexico and on the humorously and half seriously : “ I suppose, high seas, by ignoring the claims of other Mr. llarris, you will soon be calling for a neutral nations upon the strength of the gunboat!" to which the young missionary richest and strongest neutral Nation, by replied that he should under no circumstances ignoring alike the perils of the future, the ask for that kind of protection; that he had demands of the present, and the most highly come to serve the Japanese, and that he and prized traditions of the past. In the world his wife would accept whatever that service of reality, to ignore these things is the surest involved. invitation to ultimate war and possible dis- To the Japanese on the Pacific coast of aster.
America, in Hawaii, in Korea, in all parts of America wants peace, but she wants justice the Japanese Empire, his name is a synonym more. America does not want war-least of for peace and good will. The traveler in the all, war upon a half-starved, bandit-ridden East who goes with a desire to understand people like the Mexicans. But the issue now the people whom he visits, and not simply to is not between peace and war. It is an issue confirm the impressions he has already formed between ease and self-respect.
of them, speedily finds that from no class of The Democratic party offers to the country men and women ca. he get such trustworthy the vision of a self-satisfied, selfish Nation information of the character of the different in a world of dreams. What the country races as from the missionaries, and if he wants is a vision of the Nation strong and keeps his mind open he eventually makes the sternly determined to bear its burdens and do great discovery that they alone understand a its duty in a world of reality.
people who work with and for them. The
THE CHURCH AND DANCING
men who go among a foreign people for school-boy in the Empire because they repreprofit often secure an intimate knowledge of sented the spirit which Dr. Harris has exthe ways of the country and the habits of pressed in all his relations with the Japanese. its people ; but no man ever yet learned Charles Cuthbert Hall's two visits to India the soul of a people who lived among are historic because, foremost among the men them chiefly for his own profit. It is a sig. of the West who have endeavored to explain nificant fact that the missionaries as a rule the West to the East, he approached the are zealous believers in the superiority of the Indian mind so sympathetically and with races among whom they work. The mission- such a desire to understand and to find comaries in Japan, Korea, China, and India, for mon ground between the Occident and the instance, believe devotedly in the superior Orient that he secured a hospitality of hearcapacity of the races among whom they live. ing and an earnestness and depth of attention They know them from within ; instead of which were a revelation to many who sup“ working" them, they work for and with posed that they were perfectly familiar with them.
the temper of the Indian mind. Dr. Harris is an elderly man. It will not The time will come when such careers as harm. him, therefore, to say of him that there that of Dr. Harris will cease to be prophetic ; is a luminous quality about him ; as he moved they will become the practical rule of living. in and out among the Japanese and the Koreans he has lighted the path to a higher and happier life. He has also lighted the
THE CHURCH AND DANCING path to peace.
If such a man as he could interpret the different countries to one an- What ought to be the attitude of parents other, the very roots out of which hatred and and guardians toward dancing ? distrust grow would perish.
The Roman Catholic Church in the l'nited At the Methodist General Conference at States has issued a decree, with the approval Saratoga, recently reported by The Outlook, of the Pope, forbidding all dancing in church Dr. Harris made the last report of his entertainments. stewardship, but no report which he could The Methodist Church has gone further. make, save by its reflection of the great Its discipline forbids all dancing. theateradvance of Christianity in Japan and Korea, going, and card-playing; and the late Quadcould in any way suggest the extraordinary rennial Conference rejected an amendment service he has rendered by simply being a abolishing this prohibition. Christian in those countries. At a farewell The tendency in most Protestant churches dinner given him in Tokyo by a group of the is in the other direction. Protestants in most distinguished Japanese, including the increasing number are directly providing for Minister of Foreign Affairs, Viscount Kaneko, as well as encouraging dancing in connection the President of the lower house of the Japa- with social settlement work under wise guidnese Diet, many spoke with the utmost grati- ance and direction, in the belief that when so tude of the service which Dr. Harris had guided and directed it is an exercise mentally, rendered to the Japanese people. The Min- socially, and physically beneficial. In at least ister of Foreign Affairs said, “ If all Americans some cases encouragement is directly given dealt with us as open-heartedly as Dr. Harris to dancing under supervision by the church does, and if we revered the Americans as we in parish houses or other buildings belonging revere Dr. Harris, friendship between Japan to the church. For while it must be rememand America would remain unchanged for- bered that dancing in our time is quite different ever.” And on the eve of his departure from from dancing in the time of Jesus, it must Tokyo the Emperor decorated him for the also not be forgotten that Jesus never forthird time.
bade dancing, and his occasional references Such a man is in the truest sense to it imply approval. There is certainly national ambassador. America has been nothing in the teaching of Jesus inconsistent fortunate in sending to the Far East many with such approval by a Christian church high-minded interpreters of the American as has just been described. spirit. Commodore Perry, who opened the Thus three methods are suggested, not country to Western influence, and Townsend only to the churches, but to teachers, Harris, who drew the first treaty made by parents, and guardians : they may prohibit Japan with this country, are known to every dancing altogether; they may banish it from
church gatherings and dissociate it from the hand, little children take to dancing as church, so that the church will no longer be in naturally as a duck takes to water. There is any sense sponsor for it; or they may recog- nothing essentially evil in rhythmic motion to nize it, identify themselves with it, to that the accompaniment of music. To banish extent encourage it, and by their presence dancing from assemblies under the control of and encouragement supervise and regulate it. Christian people is dangerous. To prohibit
We have no hesitation in saying that, in dancing altogether is to run counter to nature, our judgment, the last of these methods is and is generally futile. To regulate dancing the best method.
under proper guidance is both safer and We recognize the very serious evils in more practicable. certain forms of modern dancing. These Regulation of dancing is better than proevils are probably seen at their worst in hibition, and it is more in accordance with the public balls and dance-halls. On the other liberty which belongs to the disciples of Jesus.
WHY CONGRESS IS SLOW
SPECIAL CORRESPONDENCE \HAT public questions of vital impor- ness planning and to provide and disburse
tance do not receive prompt and the income of the Nation, is not made up
intelligent despatch in the Congress of efficient business men. A glance at the of the United States needs hardly to be Congressional Directory will confirm this stated. That the men elected to represent statement. Lawyers predominate, and delay us at Washington are intentionally neglectful is a tradition of the legal profession. There of the public duties they have assumed can- are many so-called politicians, but few of not properly be asserted. That questions of these are trained men of affairs. Their relative import affecting a great private cor- training is mostly in " glad hand ” work and poration-with its directors and its officers in satisfying constituents with jobs and docuto control it, just as Congress controls the ments and seeds and letters. The few men much larger public corporation of the Fed- in Congress who have successfully coneral Government—are settled promptly and ducted large business are, in a sense, out of capably is well known.
practice, and they, as well as their associWhy are our public servants, the elected ates, breathe and are subject to the Condirectors of the corporation of the United gressional atmosphere of dilly-dallying, of States, so painfully slow in accomplishment ? trading and compromise, which is characterWhy has the most of a long session of Con- istic of Washington. gress passed without the provision of ade- It must also be recognized, despite the quate plans for public defense? Why is it high character of most Congressmen, that the so common an occurrence as to be almost next election is always close, and that simple, axiomatic that when our National legislators unified, and concrete attention to the public are making little progress on greater special business is hard to give without overlooking questions before them it is almost impossible the home fences which need constantly to be to get through Congress simple and needed kept in repair. enactments to which there is no definite The method of legislation is not conducive opposition ? Why do self-sacrificing public to speed or efficiency under our system of officials, working for the people at merely checks and safeguards. In the United States incidental salaries as compared with their Steel Corporation, for example, much that is earning power in business life, become dis- in Congress legislated about is handled by couraged and apathetic because of the delays executive action, and the directors decide and difficulties incident to awaiting the lag- only broad questions of policy, leaving details gard action of Congress?
to able officials. But in Congress a proposiPerhaps some suggestions and personal tion to do anything must be offered as a bill, experiences may aid in partly explaining the printed, referred to a committee for discuslamentable slowness of legislative progress. sion, be reported from the committee, voted
At the outset, it should be noted that upon three times, messaged to the other body Congress. though organized to do the busi- for similar detailed action, and then finally
receive the approval of the President before dozen department men, to say nothing of the it becomes law. As all sorts of little, petty, pri- interested citizens. Officially, the cost was vate-advantage matters may be and constantly over $600 per day, and yet the question to are put into this round, it is more than likely be decided, if treated upon business princithat the meritorious, important proposition, ples, could not have required for discussion not receiving " lobbying " attention, not more than two hours at the most. pushed by private interest, will be side- Then the last hurdle to be surmounted is trached and lost. Notoriously, many bills that of an appropriation, if the enactment are voted upon and passed of which those needs public money. Here business has no who vote for them know nothing.
place; there is no "budget" system; the Consider the con.mittee methods as one chairman of the Appropriations Committee predominating factor of delay. At a recent is all-powerful, and he “ kills or makes alive.” hearing upon an important measure ear- He means well, of course, but the method of nestly recommended by one of the greater consideration is not that which would be used Federal departments more than eighty per in deciding upon an expenditure in the busicent of the two days' time of the Congress-ness office of The Outlook, to speak modermen was spent in discussing trifling details ately! not at all related to the larger question of the Congress is slow, because the business it bill under consideration. Irritated at first, I undertakes to do is not done by men trained soon surrendered to the sheer enjoyment of in that business; because the methods in use watching the excellent men of this important are not modern or efficient; because there is committee play with the public business. It the ever-present idea that compromise is an was exactly as if, when the question of build- inevitable attribute of legislation ; because it ing the great Pennsylvania terminal in New is easier to listen to self-interest than to the York was up for decision, the directors of public interest. All this is so because it is that railway system had spent much time dis- our accepted habit; and we are all as guilty cussing the pattern of the grille work in front as any Congressmen in continuing an absurd, of the ticket windows, and some more time antiquated, frightfully expensive, and ineffiin haggling over how much should be paid cient method of conducting the public busithe janitors! Fourteen Congressmen were in ness.
J. HORACE MCFARLAND. action, and there were in attendance a half- Washington, D. C.
BY LYMAN ABBOTT
WHAT IS COMING ?
esting, often entertaining, rarely ers engaged in the conflict ; that, though
convincing. One does not read “ nearly everybody wants peace, ... it him for the accuracy of his facts or the is really quite idle to dream of a warless soundness of his thoughts, but because he world” in present world conditions; that, stimulates one's own thinking. I do not nevertheless, the war “ will make for world accept his - European Forecast," I though I peace" and "a quickened general interest find much of value in it, but it has quickened in its possibility ;" that the first step toward in me an endeavor to forin a forecast of my such a world peace will be the creation of own.
three groups of powers-the Entente Powers He believes that Germany will be beaten, constituting one group, the German or Cenbut not crushed, and with her allies will be tral Powers another group, and the United left militarist; that “ the war has become a States and the South American republics a war of exhaustion ;” that the end will come, third group ; that with the reduction of the not by a decisive victory on either side, but number of real Powers to these three, instead further diminished by the awful lesson against force which makes fit for survival; that war the warlike spirit which this war has, not is therefore a biological, social, and moral wholly in vain, taught mankind.
of scores, the chances of war will be greatly What Is Coming? A European Forecast. By H. G. Wells. "The Macmillan Company, New York. $1.50. reduced ; and that these chances will be still
necessity; and that it is the duty of every Mars will sit like a giant above all human
nation to equip itself with instruments of affairs for the next two decades, and the speech
warfare and be ready to engage in war whenof Mars is blunt and plain. He wiil say to us
ever the opportunity for struggle with and all: “Get your houses in order. If you squabble victory over surrounding nations offers itself. among yourselves, waste time, litigate, muddle, This spirit of militarism was destroyed in snatch profits and shirk obligations, I will cer- England by the great democratic revolution tainly come down upon you again. I have taken which characterized the beginning of the all your men between eighteen and fifty, and
nineteenth century; in France by the overkilled and maimed such as I pleased; millions
throw of Napoleon III in 1870 ; in Italy by of them. I have wasted your substance-con
the destruction of Bourbonism by Garibaldi temptuously. Now, mark you, you have multi
and Cavour ; it has no place in the policies tudes of male children between the ages of nine and nineteen running about among you. De
or the ambitions of the United States. lightful and beloved toys. And behind them Inherited from Frederick the Great and come millions of delightful babies. Of these I imposed by Prussia on an essentially peacehave scarcely smashed and starved a paltry ful German people, it will not in Germany hundred thousand perhaps by the way. But go survive the issues of this war.
I agree with on muddling, each for himself and his parish Mr. Wells : “ Never were a people so disand his family and none for all the world, go on
illusioned as the Germans must already be, in the old way, stick to your rights,' stick to
never has a nation been called upon for your 'claims,' each one of you, make no concessions and no sacrifices, obstruct, waste, squab
so complete a mental readjustment.” The ble, and presently I will come back again and
grounds for that disillusion are abundant ; take all that fresh harvest of life I have spared, the signs of that disillusion are evident; all those millions that are now sweet children when it is completed, then, and not till then, and dear little boys and youths, and I will will there come the end of the war. squeeze it into red pulp between my hands, I I. With the death of militarism I hope to will mix it with the mud of trenches and feast
see the foundation of a better brotherhood. on it before your eyes, even more damnably English, French, and Russians cannot fight than I have done with your grown-up sons and
together in the same trenches without leaving young men. And I have taken most of your superfluities already; next time I will take your
some of their prejudices dead upon the barest necessities.”
battlefield. Each nation has done something
to care for the wounded and the prisoners of I have said that this book is to me chiefly the other nations; and there is no surer way valuable as a stimulant to thinking, and, with- to beget friendship for another than by renout writing further either in description or dering service. Greek, Roman Catholic, and criticism of Mr. Wells's forecast, I venture Protestant have worshiped together under tentatively on one of my own. It should, the same roof in the Young Men's Christian however, be described rather as a hope than Association tents, and can no longer look as a forecast, but it is a hope based on pres- upon each other with the old ecclesiastical ent currents in the world's history.
hatred. Christian and pagan working toI do not expect, and certainly do not hope, gether for a common cause have learned that Germany will be crushed. Her value as that there is a spirit of humanity deeper than a civilized and civilizing Power is far too great all differences of creed and ritual. The war to make such an issue conceivably possible. has done much to diminish and something to But I see reason to hope that the spirit of destroy those national race and religious militarism will as a result of this conflict prejudices which have prevented the brotherbe practically destroyed in all western Eu- hood of man from practical realization. rope. By militarism I mean the spirit inter- II. The war is making very thin the walls preted by Bernhardi in his famous exposition which separate a nation into alien castes, of the duty of Germany—the spirit which After a butler has been made chief of staff believes that the law of the forest is the law and given a title of nobility it will be imposfor civilized man, that the supreme civilizing sible for philosophy to maintain the doctrines force is the ruthless law, “ struggle for exist- that capacity and character depend upon ence, survival of the fittest, and destruction aristocratic breeding, Prejudices survive of the unfit;" that physical force is the only the philosophy which was created to defend