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A WOUNDED VILLISTA IN AN AMERICAN MILITARY HOSPITAL It is said that the wounded Mexican soldiers who have been brought to the military hospital in Columbus, New Mexico, for treatment, as shown in the above picture, cannot understand why their execution is being so long delayed! Kindness and help from enemies 'seem incredible to them. Acquaintance such as this

with the hated “gringoes "makes them realize that Americans are really their friends


It is said that the wounded Mexican soldiers who have been brought to the military hospital in Columbus, picture, cannot understand why their execution is being so long delayed ! Kindners and help from enemies 'secm incredible to them. Acquaintance much in this

with the hated "gring makes them realize that Americans are really their friends


A PREPAREDNESS SQUAD ON A NEW YORK SKY-SCRAPER'S ROOF The young men shown in the photograph are employees of a great life insurance company. On the spacious roof of the company's building they are practicing,

during the noon hour, the nr ili ary steps which they may later learn more perfectly in some of the summer camps for military training



LEST WE FORGET! The Outlook again publishes this inexpressibly pathetic pixture of an American mother and her six children whose lives were lost on the Lusitania, an unarmed merchant ship which was sunk without warning by a German submarine on May 7, 1915. For this irreparable act no atonement has been made. On the occasion of this anniversary, to be observed by commemorative meetings, we reprint this picture as a memorial


THE DEMOCRATIC SITUATION The Democratic party will attempt to prove, and to a considerable extent will be able to prove, that it has been constructive upon some notable issues left over from long discussion in the past; that it has refused to be driven into war, or even to the brink of war, until every attempt had been made to obtain National honor through peace.

Preparedness without militarism, prosperity without favoritism, peace without dishonor, is to be the Democratic slogan.

And the country will then determine whether on the whole the Democratic party has shown itself fit to rule in the new and greater day of National preparation which is upon us; or whether it is likely to deal with American problems in a timid, halting, and ineffective fashion.

THE REPUBLICAN SITUATION But with the Republican party the case is not so simple. As in 1912, so in 1916 the struggle is on for the soul of the Republican party. ... The future usefulness and service of that party depends upon the outcome. . . . There is the same tendency as in 1912 to obscure the issue, to lay emphasis upon the tariff and full dinner-pails, “tried Republicans,” and shibboleths generally instead of ideals. . . . But this is the attitude only of a powerful fragment of the Board of Control, . . . who do not for a moment represent the attitude of the rank and file nor the best leadership of the Republicans. ... The Republican party is fighting within itself for its soul, for a policy and a leadership of National altruism and powerful Americanism. Upon the outcome of the struggle depends the question as to whether, as in the days of its origin, it can further aid the Nation to find its own soul.





\HE most trenchant criticism of the man, it is the whole range of the higher and

present Administration at Washing- nobler traits in him that we miss. Now the

ton is that it has not succeeded very national soul is only a concert of individual well in stilling jangling voices, in stirring pro- souls. And when foreign observers say of foundly public intelligence and feeling, in us, and we say of ourselves, that there is in bringing out the best in the soul of the country. the midst of the present world conflict and

Every man is two men. The shrinking, world problems no clear, definite soul of the inert, trouble-dreading, habit-bound, narrow- American people, we mean that there is no visioned, provincial qualities of human nature sharp cleavage between the lower and higher exist side by side with the active, fearless, nature of the Nation, that the two are helpfreer, broader instincts of the human spirit. lessly commingled, and that there is as yet These two sets of qualities are in perpetual no magnet powerful enough to separate the conflict. Whether on the average in a coun- iron filings from the dross. No event tragic try one set of qualities or the other is reg. enough, no idea influential enough, no leadernant and controlling depends a great dealership in Government or public opinion powupon the leadership of the country. The erful enough, has as yet appeared. men at the front in government and in pub- In the present difficulties, the millstone lic opinion are heavily responsible for bringing about the neck of Democratic leadership has out the best, less than the best, or the worst been the Bryan element and spirit within the in the majority of average men among the Democratic party. Such an influence is hundred millions of a vigorous people like fitted only for a limited agitation about the Americans.

domestic affairs, and not at all for a firm and When we speak of the lack of soul in a wise and courageous facing of intricate and

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perilous foreign relations which involve the it is very important to keep the stupid and
higher dictates of humanity and of right. inefficient out of this country. We have
And between the need of placating the enough of them. But how about keeping
Bryan element in Congress and the failure them out of Congress ?
instinctively and decisively to understand the And so with the craven attitude with
nature of other governments and peoples, respect to the Philippines. We thought we
the foreign policy of the Administration has had that fought out in 1900. I suppose the
seemed to be feeling its way uncertainly danger of Philippine imperialism is a bogey
along, and the soul of the Nation is not of the past. Now the fear seems to be that
stirred nor strengthened.

we are straining democratic theory and NaThe National weakness of spirit shows tional stamina by continuing to assume itself in the various humiliating and purely responsibility for our wards in the Pacific. political proposals during the present crisis And that, anyway, our wards do not need us in the Congress of the United States. Of any more. And even if they do, it is not these the Hay Bill to reorganize the military wise to run the risk of incurring enmities in system of the country is the worst, not only that part of the world. But still, while wc because of its utter lack of vision, but because are letting them go, we will hold on to the it is so palpably connected with stratagems responsibility for a season—a policy shortand spoils. It is one more revelation that sighted, vacillating, compromising, dangerous. the Congress of the United States is either How different from the National vigor and too ignorant or too reckless or too feeble to aspiration which the country for the moment care for honor, efficiency, or country, but felt when the Philippines first came to us. only for a Constitutional theory, a selfish without our seeking. The Government and vote-getting interest, or the exigencies of the the American people together believed then support of a political machine.

that they were members of a race which I am talking about the things that Con- grew great in spirit through service and gress is now working at. It is displaying the responsibility imposed upon us under cirsame narrow vision in its preparation to meet cumstances free from taint of aggression or the immigration overflow after the war.

touch of wrong. There has been a wealth of discussion as to But the time would fail me to speak of the what is going to happen when the war ceases- hostility of the National representatives to the whether capital and labor will profitably flow continuance under public authority of the into the European areas of destruction for the valuable examination, begun under the Taft purpose of rebuilding, or whether there will Commission on Economy and Efficiency, into be a rush of immigration to America to the lax and costly administrative methods of escape intolerable burdens of misery and the Federal Government. And when it taxation. The truth seems to be that we are comes to Federal revenue, where is the cournot likely to get many English or French or age or the insight to tax fearlessly and intelGermans, but very likely to get an increasing ligently the abundant National resources ? multitude from southern Europe, particularly Altogether in this country the States gather from the Balkan States, from Poland and Ga- some twenty-five millions of inheritance taxes licia and Servia. An illiteracy test would artifi- every year from a total wealth of nearly two cially and mechanically restrict this flow, but hundred billions. England, with far less we have not the slightest reason to believe that total wealth, collects easily two hundred millit would separate the superior from the infe- ions from inheritance taxes.

A firm grasp rior, nor clear up the immigration perplexity. of the ordinary principles of taxation, the The country needs a continuous and sufficient lowering of the income minimum, the collecsupply of immigrant labor in the right places. tion by the Federal Government of the entire An expert Federal immigration commission, corporation and inheritance revenues, and working under a reasonable law, with powers the handing back of the larger portion to the of discrimination as to the volume and as to States—these plain, practical hints of the the sort of labor which shall be admitted at men of science seem to be far from the mind any particular period, and as to where it shall or the interest of the Solons of Congress. go, would seem to be indicated by the needs Taxation and retrenchment at Washington of the country and the drift of National prac- are a game of politics and not of finance. tice in other fields. But here again Congress But we cannot put the entire odium of the gives no sign of National vision. Of course degradation of National intelligence and spirit

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