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“You are complaining in America of thirty- it. The South Dakota club turns out with pick cent gasoline," writes a British friend, “but that and shovel and fills in these dangerous places means to you thirty cents a gallon; what would whenever it is notified of their existence. you say if it meant, as it does to us at this

A prize of $250 is offered by a Chicago paper moment, thirty cents a quart! When gasoline for the best film play illustrating the advantages went up to $1.25 a gallon, I put up the car and of the Single Tax. It would seem that the got out my old reliable bicycle !"

genius who can get inspiration for a thriller for A book called “ The Tobacco Habit Easily

the movies out of a didactic subject like taxaConquered " says that if a cigarette smoker tion is entitled to even a larger reward. wishes to give up the practice he should carry Among "headlines that will never be printed” a box of crystallized ginger in his pocket. A “ Life" includes these : “ Opera Tenor Objects nip of this aromatic confection will, it is claimed, to Curtain Calls;" “Non-Speeding Device ward off any tendency to look wistfully upon the Makes New 'Crawlo' Car a Great Favorite ;" enemy. Another help recommended consists of "Railroads Will Lower Rate of Travel ;" an oyster on the half shell, sprinkled plentifully "Kaiser States that He Brought About the with salt and paprika. When this is swallowed, World War;" “ Campaign Orator Refuses to the "bite," it is asserted, will remove the crav- Deal in Personalities ;" "Stolen Umbrella ing for the cigarette.

Replaced by Better One.” The American farmer, a correspondent writes,

The demand for platinum for war purposes, apropos of the hired man problem, too often according to “ American Photography," has seems to believe that the eight-hour day means caused the British Government to forbid its eight hours in the forenoon and eight in the use in photography. Even in America the use of afternoon. But, he asserts, there is no need for platinum paper, which admittedly gives the most the hired man to accept this definition; at pres

beautiful effects of any photographic medium, ent he can demand employment on his own

has been restricted on account of its high cost. terms. If he puts up with poor accommoda- A submarine commander, the “ Popular tions and long hours, it is his own fault. Let Science Monthly " says, has but one means of him demand a real eight-hour day and he will judging the speed of the vessel to be attackedget it; the farmer needs labor so badly that he by noting the size of the bow-wave thrown up will give his hired man anything in reason. by the intended victim. The correctness of the In the time of Shakespeare, we learn from

estimate means either a hit or a miss. To " A Book for Shakespeare Plays and Pageants,"

deceive the submarine in this matter British theaters were often used for bear-baiting as well

ship-owners have devised the clever ruse of as for the presentation of plays, and in some

painting a huge bow-wave on the sides of a cases were equipped with stage which could

ship, rendering it extremely difficult for the be removed when the bear-baiting was to occur.

underwater craft to judge the speed accurately. The contemporary attitude toward this diver- Among the humorous scissorings of the week sion is seen in this quotation: “It was a sport

are these: The time-table of a Sea Gate steamvery pleasant to see the bear with his pink eyes boat line shows a boat leaving at 3:30 P.M. On leering after his enemies' approach.” It is com- Saturdays, however, it says, “ the boat leaving forting to reflect in these days of international at 3:30 P.M. will not run." "Will it walk, swim, bloodshed that the killing of animals at least, as sink, or fly?” asks an inquisitive commuter. a form of public amusement, has greatly dimin

From across the Atlantic comes this: A muchished and in most countries has disappeared.

loved Irish physician was calling on a peasant The former pupil, a girl of twelve, was “rem

patient. The grateful woman, wishing to pay iniscing" about her old school to her some

him a fine compliment, said, enthusiastically,

*Ah, doctor, it's a rale Job's comforter ye are !" time teacher, at whose house she was making a call. “You and Miss are the only teachers

A steamship line is proposed between New in that school that I remember," she said. “Ah!

York City and l'igo, Spain. This route is said and what do you remember about Miss

to be 1,000 miles shorter than the English route, "I remember her because she was a bit of a

and fast steamers might make the voyage in crank," was the naïve reply. Too often, it is to

five days. l'igo is in almost the same latitude be feared, this is the unspokea tribute of child. as New Yorh, and, besides, has the advantage hood to its scholastic mentors.

of being in neutral territory. A“chuck hole "club, says the “Rural New

For complete antithesis of object wanted and Yorker,” has been organized in South Dakota

treasure offered can any one beat this "ex

change " advertisement from a New York City to help improve the roads. A“chuck hole " is

newspaper: defined as a depression in a road; the idea

Waltest. Well known poet wil prihange Manusrit probably being that it is a hole that "chucks "

O" WIDin palume of verset

nars' 116 out the unlucky driver whose vehicle gets into nuisherioita, frir uner. Answer Pint, Det

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POLITICAL THINKING IN THE

MIDDLE WEST
STAFF CORRESPONDENCE BY
FREDERICK M. DAVENPORT

THE DOUGH-BOY AND THE TRUCK

BY GREGORY MASON
SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT OF THE OUTLOOK

THE MANIA
BY IRVING BACHELLER

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MAY 31, 1916

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THE STORY OF THE WAR:

man advance on the other side that is, to AT VERDUN

the west-of Hill 304 ; and, furthermore, that The beginning of the fourth month of the Dead Man's Hill is only the northernmost of German attack on the position around Verdun an elevated range of four hills, extending saw the assault renewed with terrific violence southward, all of which are tremendously in the week here reported—namely, May 17 fortified and all of which command by their to 24. The conflict was still raging at the end fire any possible German advance either to of the week. Not only did the main French the west or to the east of these hills. A study defense remain unbroken, but friends of the of a topographical map of the Verdun region Allies have again been gratified at the fre- shows immense difficulties in the way of these quent reports of advances and counter-attacks two lines of advance and indicates graphimade by the French. The most notable cally to the eye that probably both lines of and sensational of these counter-attacks was advance must be pushed through to a conthat of May 21 against Fort Douaumont. clusion before the main position at Verdun With notable quickness of thought and can be taken. The fighting of the week boldness in action, the French command- under consideration was unparalleled in ers took advantage of the culmination of violence even by that of the first week or German effort in the other main field of two of the attack on Verdun, but the one attack-roughly speaking, Fort Douaumont important gain of the Germans was the capis in the northeastern corner of the French ture of the village of Cumières, east of Dead defense, and the position in which Dead Man's Hili. All these hills seem almost to Man's Hill and Hill 304 are so prominent is have been thrown down by chance about at the northwestern corner of that defense. Verdun, and in their sweep of fire over The French infantry accordingly was hurled, the plains and the possible approaches' make after a terrific bombardment, on Fort Douau- the breaking of the real Verdun line a task of mont, the capture of which was Germany's almost incredible difficulty. first great achievement at the beginning of Over and over again the Germans in their the three months of struggle. French official attacks of last week at Verdun used their reports asserted that after a furious assault famous massed formation, which meant a the German resistance was broken down; that vast and certain sacrifice of life, attempted a large part of Fort Douaumont was taken by to terrify the defenders by flaming liquids, the French ; and that the Germans retained and fought so desperately and audaciously only a small section in the northern part. that one might well surmise that the attack But on May 25 Paris despatches admitted that was a final effort and that its failure would the Germans had retaken Fort Douaumont, be accepted as recognition of the fact that now a mass of ruins, but claimed that the the Verdun situation is impregnable. GerFrench still held the adjacent ground. It is man reports, however, declare that the clear that the fighting was violent in all this German generals have never expected to quarter, that both sides suffered severely, and carry the position by any single attack, that that, despite the final repulse of the French, their plan is to gain ground inch by inch, the moral effect of this forward movement and that they will be well satisfied if they has been encouraging to the Allies.

finish the destruction of the Verdun defenses Turning to the other main line of attack by the first of August. against Verdun, it must be borne in mind, to understand the situation, that Dead Man's THE NEW AUSTRIAN Hill and Hill 304 face one another, and com- OFFENSIVE mand by their fire the valley and road through It is a recognized principle of military which the German advance from the north- strategy that the best defensive is often an east is directed, simultaneously with a Ger- offensive. In the fighting which has lately been going on between Austria and Italy in Italy might well be expected to be on the the Trentino district this principle has been offensive. It is quite possible, however, to notably illustrated. The Italians, as announced exaggerate the importance of Austria's offenin despatches from Rome quoted last week, sive, and it is certain that Italy will strain every had gathered a heavy force south of the city nerve to protect the rich and prosperous secof Rovereto, which is just over the Italian line tion now apparently threatened and to renew in Austria, and were evidently meditating its attack on its much-coveted prize, the a serious attack. Before this got under Trentino, into which it had previously made way, however, the Austrians themselves, it an appreciable advance. now appears, had gathered an extremely large force—one statement, attributed by a BABIES AND THE London despatch to the Italian General BLOCKADE Staff, puts it at the improbable figure of For some time Dr. E. von Mach has been six hundred thousand soldiers. The Tren- appealing to American sympathy on behalf of tino, it will be remembered, is the almost German babies. According to him, England's triangular section of Austria which extends policy of establishing a blockade about the like a wedge in northern Italy. It is one of Teutonic Empires has resulted in depriving the two main fields of campaign in which German babies and German nursing mothers Italy is engaged, the other being to the north of milk. He has urged Americans to subof Trieste. The Trentino is, roughly, about scribe to a fund for sending milk over to seventy miles in length from its tip to its Germany by parcel post, and has attempted northern limit, and something more than the to arouse public opinion in support of a desame distance in its greatest width from east mand upon the American Government to to west. Rivers and valleys play an im- insist that Great Britain let this milk through portant part in the strategy of this cam- the blockade. The whole campaign has been paign, and the beautiful Lake Garda pen- based on the theory that England's siege of etrates the southern tip of the triangle. Germany is starving the German population. The Adige and the Brenta Rivers, and the Dr. von Mach is a strong pro-German. Sugana Valley, through which the latter river Now comes a report from another sympaflows, have been prominent in the struggle, thizer with Germany, Mr. S. S. McClure. and the town of Rovereto has been the He reports in the New York “ Evening Italian object of attack.

Mail” that England is not succeeding in her As usual, the reports from the two com- alleged effort to starve Germany; that the batant armies differ widely in their estimate mighty Teutonic Empire is self-sustaining ; of the importance and nature of the results that the German babies never thrived so well so far obtained. There is no question, how- as they are thriving to-day ; that the infant ever, that the Italians were obliged to fall death rate, so far from increasing as a result back and take new positions south of their of the British blockade, is actually less in old ones, although it is claimed from Rome Germany than ever before. that the retreat was “orderly and spontane- This testimony from one pro-German has ous.” The Austrians claim to have captured proved disconcerting to the other. Dr. von many large and heavy guns, to have suffered Mach has therefore written to the “ Evening small loss, to have taken prisoner sixty-five Mail," giving authority for his view that Gerofficers and over twenty-five hundred soldiers man babies are starving. And in the same in one day's fighting, and even to have made issue Mr. McClure replies, giving authority such gains as ultimately to threaten the great for his statements that German babies are Italian city of Vicenza-probably an exagger- better off than ever. ated view.

Of course both of these cannot be right. This Austrian offensive, made, as the des- It cannot be true that at the same time the patches point out, over ground of varying German population is suffering untold misery altitude and mountains still partly covered from a cruel, brutal, savage blockade, and with snow, is undoubtedly one of the most that the German population is thriving as extensive and important movements in the never before through the wonderful efficiency war between Austria and Italy. It puts of a mighty German Government. Italy on the defensive in a region where (all In its attempt to appeal to the neutrals for things considered, and especially the fact that support the German Government itself, howAustria has other important fronts to cover) ever, has used both of these contradictory

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