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New England week. If they had banned stance, as the Schumann Piano Quintette or all music equally, this might be forgiven as the Schubert “ Forellen " Quintette (for the the grotesque survival of a Puritan super- versatile clarinetist is by good luck also an stition. But as they must have known that excellent double-bass player), wisely repeated they were quite powerless to silence the diabolic from year to year, become loved and anticiengines of domestic music, they were prac- pated favorites. It is encouraging that such tically discouraging public meeting for the complex masterpieces as Franck's great enjoyment of the music which expresses, en- Piano Quintette can be given at all; but it nobles, and disciplines emotion in order to is even more encouraging that pieces like give people plenty of leisure to go home and the Schumann and Schubert should be turn on the phonograph.

given often, and often welcomed. What Yet in spite of all these difficulties the this experiment proves as to the possibility undertaking was a success. Public interest of securing performers of good music, and was enlisted in no small degree from the first, even difficult good music, in the neighborand has steadily grown. The concerts have hood of a small community should tempt not only a body of stanch supporters from others to try the same experiment in other year to year, but tempt in from time to time communities. But this is not the chief value a number of adventurers, who often stop the of this successful chamber music club. The founder in the street to tell him how much real fruit of it is in the audience of apprecithey have enjoyed the music. Every fall he ative listeners who have learned to want such is asked with genuine interest about the music and to support it. It is this group of progress of his plans for the coming season. creative listeners that gives us ground for Best of all, it is found that certain easily hoping that good music may some day becomprehensible classic works, such, for in- come domesticated in America.

LAST NOTE

FOREIGN OPINION ON OUR

TO GERMANY

A POLL OF THE PRESS

T

HE outstanding feature of the recep- British newspapers is equally serious, and

tion in foreign countries of President what is practically the most satirical suggestion

Wilson's note of April 19 to Germany that the President's note leaves a loophole with regard to her submarine warfare on mer- for further parleying comes from neutral chant vessels is that the note seems to have sources. been taken most seriously by those countries With due allowance for inaccuracies in the which were meant to take it seriously. Some translation and telegraphic transmission of of the President's former notes to Germany excerpts from German newspapers, the conwere hailed with great gravity by the press viction remains that if the German papers of neutral countries, and dismissed with ridi- reflect at all the sentiments of their subcule and irony even verging on contempt by scribers the Presidential communication has many German newspapers. This tone was had the sobering effect of a dash of cold reflected in a comment made by Count von water on nearly all the Teutonic people. Prac Reventlow, commenting in anticipation of this tically all German newspapers agree with the latest note of the President's. “ The best "Lokal Anzeiger” of Berlin that “no sensible methods of advertisement,” said Reventlow, person even in an enemy camp can possibly " of which Wilson is master, wear thin in believe that the German Government or the time. When the sword of Damocles re. German people wish a break with the United mains too long suspended, all can see that States. The whole history of German-Amerit is only a wooden one.” But this time ican relations speaks against such an assumpthe press of the Fatherland is almost unani- tion. Should the regrettable break prove to mous in taking the President at his implica- be unavoidable, the guilty ones can only be tion that this note is a virtual ultimatum. sought across the ocean." The tone of the comment of French and But, at the same time, most German com

1916

FOREIGN OPINION ON OUR LAST NOTE TO GERMANY

19

mentators, with the exception of a few jingoes the moment that he is the American Presilike Count von Reventlow, agree for once dent and pretends to talk through the lips with the Socialist organ “ Vorwaerts,” which of Woodrow Wilson, he presents America's says:

case to his countrymen as he conceives AmerIt is to be hoped that the American Govern

icans understand it. ment will refrain from any over-hasty steps as

“ Germany accuses us of helping her enelong as in its opinion there is an even chance of mies with war material,” says Harden in his arriving at an understanding with Germany. temporary rôle, and continues : But this naturally presupposes at the same time that it is Germany's duty also to leave We of the United States have the right to nothing untried to prevent the threatening con- do it. It is not our fault that Germany cannot Aict.

be a client.

German industry in all modern wars, notwithThe majority of the German press is agreed, standing German neutrality, has delivered to however, that the entire surrender of the use one party, and often both, weapons and muniof submarines against merchant vessels can- tions. The use of their undoubted rights by not be considered. As the Berlin " Zeitung our manufacturers has brought bitter reproach am Mittag ” says:

from the Germans. From this error came forth To the last man, however, the German people

the poisoning of many of these people with the are united in the firm resolve not to let the sub

thought that they must revenge themselves in marine be wrenched from our hand as a weapon.

their new home for the supposed wrong done

to their Fatherland. We need it because it has shown itself to be an

Proofs of such criminal actions lie in our effective weapon. We use it according to the principle of justice and humanity always in

archives. For such people to bite out from voked in the American notes, and we will use

our country the most tasty bits of industrial it in the future because our right and our human

fruits, and at the first storm to turn round as consideration for our existence as a state and

spurious Germans or Irishmen-that is unthe future of our wives and children compel us.

bearable.

Would Germany have allowed, during the In short, the majority of the German news- Manchurian War, Japanese agents to work in papers stand, as they have stood all along, on Prussian Poland and by agitations and fiery the position which the semi-official “ Neue speeches and the endangering of munitions facFreie Presse" of Vienna restates, namely,

tories to frighten Germany into enmity against that it would be unintelligibly preposterous

Russia ? if the welfare and power of a great people

Is our demand, our right, not equal to that of

Germany ? were staked for the right of . . . American

I demand that Germany shall publicly dissoadventurers . . . and hirelings to travel about ciate herself from every community of foolish in the war zone."

patriots who misuse our hospitality to upset There is one striking exception to the almost our civil peace. unanimous assumption of the German press I demand that Germany without reserve prothat Germany cannot afford to give up the tect the life and property of American citizens use of the submarine against commerce.

and that no longer may the question of the Maximilian Harden, editor of “ Die Zukunft,”

future of two great peoples, whether they live devotes one entire issue of that publication to

in friendship or in enmity, depend upon the

whim or the nerve of a young submarine coma long and astonishing editorial entitled - If

mander who wishes to serve the Fatherland and I Were Wilson.” Harden is known as one of

to carve his name in the German oak and who the most fearless and untrammeled, although only listens to his conscience when it says one of the most vitriolic and erratic, journalists “Down with everything !" ... in the German Empire. He has twice been The leaders of the Empire's affairs know what imprisoned for lèse-majesté, and it is very sig- the results of a breach would be. Our whole nificant that he is allowed to speak at all in hemisphere, north and south, would be made his latest vein. The German text of his edi

the enemies of Germany, and not only in war torial, or even an entire translation of it, has

time. not reached America as The Outlook goes

Germany would lose all her ships in Amer

ican harbors and would have to reckon with a to press, but it is reported in London that

considerable increase in the enemy's tonnage. the main body of the editorial is a plea for

From the day of the breach she would have to peace. But in the course of a discussion of provision Belgium itself. Holland and ScanGermany's present critical relations with the dinavia could scarcely hope for any more supUnited States, in which Harden assumes for plies by sea, for the United States would need

them herself and would be able to give nothing The principal intimation that the declaramore to strangers.

tion of the American Executive is not irrevWhether at such a high price the loss of

ocable and ultimate comes from Holland. power to England through the lack of food and

Several of the Dutch papers seem to think shipping could be bought, Germany alone must decide. That the end of the war would then

that the note still leaves a way for more disappear into the unforeseeable distance is

discussion between Germany and America. certain, and not less because from that moment

This view-point is cleverly expressed by the we should have a united front in America. “ Handelsblad.” Says this paper : The Germans, Irish, and Austro-Hungarians The President informs Germany that he is in our land would forget everything but that warning it for the last time. Will there not be they are one under the Stars and Stripes.

also a warning for the very last time and for The tone of French and British papers in absolutely the last time, and for irrevocably, commenting on the Wilson note is almost finally, absolutely the last time? The weakunanimously one of unqualified praise-praise ness of America's position to-day is due to the so high and so unanimous that the citation of

fact that no one takes its threats seriously and more than a few examples would be cloying.

that in foreign countries, and especially in Ger“Simple, strong words of a statesman," is

many, Mr. Wilson's notes do not make the

impression of earnestness and determination the characterization pronounced by that dis

needed to give them force. tinguished French journalist and eminent patriot Georges Clemenceau, in his news

But, on the whole, the neutral press is paper, “ L'Homme Libre.”

preponderantly in agreement with the press • The right,” goes on M. Clemenceau,

of South America, as voiced, for example, “the august, imprescriptible right, which the by the “ Journal do Commercio,” of Rio Pilgrim Fathers of the Mayflower brought

Janeiro; "La Nacion," of Buenos Aires ; from Europe, their sons are bringing back to

and " El Mercurio," of Santiago, Chile. us under a shield of iron, forged by their own

"El Mercurio,” believing that a rupture strong hands.

between Germany and the United States is “What the Kaiser may decide to do is un

imminent, praises the American Government important. Withdrawal or bombast—it will for realizing that “not only the interests of all be the same in the end.”

Europe are at stake, but also the universal “ Le Temps,” of Paris, agrees that the

principles of humanity and civilization, which President's note is a real ultimatum, and

demand that respect for them be exacted summarizes succinctly: “Germany must

from Germany." The “ Journal do Comeither yield or break relations. America's

mercio " says: honor can no longer be satisfied by vain The United States, profoundly impressed by words."

the responsibility it assumed in the American In the same spirit says the London “ Daily continent by the proclamation, adoption, and News :"

preservation of the Monroe Doctrine, feels The note takes high ground worthy of a great later she will turn against the United States the

clearly that if Germany is victorious sooner or nation whose moral and material forces are behind the demand. There remains for Ger

powerful weapons which will have conquered

the great strength of the Allies...: The many only a straight and rapid choice between

action of President Wilson yesterday will be a submission and war. By all the signs her

forward-march signal to the mighty American choice will be war, and the interval is likely to

Nation. be short and quickly bridged. The Daily Telegraph " says:

And “La Nacion” declares : It can now be said that to-day the civilized

The United States is the one great neutral Powers of the earth are virtually as one. The

Power. Consequently its voice must carry the people of the United States of America have

greatest weight, not because of the Nation's spoken through their Chief Magistrate, and the

army and navy, but because of its civilization, voice of the Nation is clear, decisive, and firm.

its democracy, and its economic capacity. All The unexpectedly downright, sweeping charac

American republics participate in the same senter of the note will come upon the German peo

timents and greet with profound political symple with a tremendous shock.

pathy the constant desire of President Wilson

to render less grievous the effects of the war and Similarly the London “Graphic” declares

enforce respect for neutrals. The work makes that “Germany is brought to bay in the

for solidarity of civilization and Christian brothcharacter of a criminal among nations." erhood.

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COPYRIGHT BY HARRIS & EWING

A RECENT PORTRAIT OF THE PRESIDENT The above photograph of President Wilson and Mrs. Wilson was made in Washington just as they were leaving the hall of the Daughters of the American Revolution, where the President had made an address. Mrs, Bolling, mother of Mrs. Wilson, is directly behind the President, and on his right is a Secret Service man.

Colonel W. W. Harts, superintendent of buildings and grounds, is on Mrs. Wilson's left

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COPYRIGHT BY BAIN NEWS SERVICE

PHUTOGRAPH FRUM BAIN NEWS SERVICE
CO'ST VON BERNSTORFF

DR. VOX BETHMANX HOLLWEG
German Ambassador to the l'nited States

Chancellor of the German Empire
Count von Bernstorff was born in London in 1862. He married an American, Dr. von Bethmann Hollweg was born in the Province of Brandenburg in 1856.
Miss Jeanne Luckemeyer, of New York, in 1887. His diplomatic career has He was educated in the l'niversities of Strassburg, Leipzig, and Berlin. He
been a distinguished one. lle has occupied his present post since 1908. He has held many high positions in official life, and in addition is General-
has been honored with degrees by many American universities

lieutenant in the Prussian army Ambassador von Bernstorff and Chancellor von Bethmann Hollweg have more to do with German-American relations than any other German officials in civil life

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