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1916

JULIA WARD HOWE

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not seem to have really been awakened until character. Rarely in the history of the world this war began. The immortal fruits of life does such a direct call to service come as are not material well-being and physical con- comes in time of war. In uimes of peace tent, but integrity, courage, reverence, and material things blind us to the needs of willingness to serve and to sacrifice; and true others and to our own individual responsibilipatriotism means unselfish public service. ties and opportunities. If the call to higher The volunteer workers are working for the service and away from self reaches the many Canada of to-morrow as well as for the Canada as a result of this war, it will in some degree of to-day, because they are trying to minimize atone for the ghastly loss of life and the ruin the fearful waste of infant and child life and of homes and countries which a misguided because they are affording opportunity-not brute force has entailed upon mankind. For charity—to the soldiers' families for the fruit- our soldiers' families, for our King and counful development of the five essentials of try, and for humanity we dedicate ourselves, normal life: health, education, recreation, praying for strength and courage to continue employment, and spiritual development. The to the end, eager to learn, ready to serve, and work is welfare work of the truest patriotic willing to sacrifice.”

JULIA WARD HOWE '

BY ELIZABETH WALLACE

E

XTENDING a decade beyond a full life was passed, are filled with girlish fun and century, the lives of Dr. Samuel G.

comments upon the notable people who welHowe and his wife, Julia Ward Howe, comed the pair. Dr. Howe's reputation had were fruitful in doctrine and deed, and are preceded him, and his irreverent young wife known to the reading public in unusual de- tells stories of “ Big ” Sydney Smith, Rogers, tail. Mrs. Howe's “Reminiscences" ap- Monckton Milnes, Basil Montagu, Moore, peared when she was eighty, in 1899. Now Landseer, Mrs. Norton, and the Duchess of we have two large volumes prepared by Sutherland. They spent “a strange but three of her daughters, containing copious pleasant" evening with Carlyle, and, Mrs. extracts from her letters and journals, and Carlyle being out, the young American lady adding the story of the remaining eleven “poured tea for him.” They dined merrily years that brought Mrs. Howe's long life to with Dickens. Of Sydney Smith she says, its peaceful close. Born and brought up in “Very like old Mrs. Prime, three chins and a large circle of intelligent relatives, with suf- such a corporosity.” They called on Maria ficient wealth to compass the desires of the Edgeworth, “gay and bright as a young girl, dweller in New York during the early part though seventy-five." of the nineteenth century, Mrs. Howe's girl- Wordsworth she dismisses as a “crabbed hood might easily be paralleled in the homes old sinner.” Mrs. Wordsworth and her of our grandmothers in the North. She, daughter received them very coldly and with others, was an exponent of the truly " whined about their recent losses in Louisicultural results of the high moral and intel- ana investments," at which they were smartly lectual standards held by our forebears. told, “ Why did you not keep your money at

Devoted to the study of languages, literature, home? If we should speculate in your and music even before her marriage, the accom- country we should no doubt be ruined also.” plished girl attracted attention and admiration “ They held their tongues and we departed," from the literary and artistic folk of that period. leaving doubtless a pair of outraged EnglishCharles Sumner was Dr. Howe's alter ego, and women. A gay winter was spent in Rome, wrote a warm note of congratulation when he with many delightful acquaintances. They became engaged to Miss Ward. Longfellow returned to Boston by way of England, resent a similar letter. The bright letters written newing friendships everywhere. She and from abroad, where the first year of married Dr. Howe were, as every one knows, strongly

Julia Ward Howe, 1819-1910. By Laura E. Richards influential wherever they appeared. Her and Maud Howe Elliot. Houghton Mifflin Company, journals reflect the development of her eager Boston. 2 vols. $4.

mind and the growth of het intense interest in She was a devoted friend and follower of public affairs. Her witty comments on men James Freeman Clarke, a devout Unitarian, and measures tempt to frequent quotation. and frequently occupied the pulpit in that

In a letter she writes: “Mr. Alger seized church. Her early revolt from the rigid Calupon my left ear metaphorically and emptied vinism of her girlhood, her excursions into mto:it all the five-syllable words that he philosophy, her broadening vision of the knew, and the result was a mingling of world's needs and the demands of suffering active and passive lunacy, for I almost went humanity, brought her to very beautiful exmad and he had not far to go in that direc- pression of her faith. In 1908 she wrote: tion.” In wayward mood she exclaimed, “I do not desire ecstatic, disembodied sainthaving dined with the Ticknors, a family of hood, because I do not wish to abdicate monumental dignity : “Oh, I am

so cold!

any one of the attributes of my humanity." I have been dining with the Tête Noir, the Later she wrote : " Quite suddenly it ocMer(e) de Glace, and the Jungfrau !

curred to me to consider that Christ underShe was fond of repeating a reply of stood that spiritual life would not end with Thomas Garrett's, whose house was for years death, and that his expressed certainty as to a station of the Underground Railroad. the future life was founded upon his discern“ How did you manage it?" she asked. ment of spiritual things. So, in so far as I Many incidents in her later years show that am a Christian, I must believe in the immorhis words sank deep into her mind : “ It was tality of the soul, as our Master surely did. I borne in upon me at an early period that if I cannot understand why I have not thought of told no one what I intended to do I should that before—I think now that I shall neverbe enabled to do it." This bit of Quaker more lose sight of it.” wisdom guided her and filled her with mis- Amid all her rare gifts Mrs. Howe perchievous glee when, in her great age, she haps had deepest faith in and was most seneluded the tender surveillance of her daugh- sitive about her poetry, which is reminiscent ters in order to go to some club or public of Thackeray's conviction that his art was meeting, where she was received like a royal that of the brush, not of the pen. Doubtless personage. Though for years the idea of in future years the “ Battle Hymn of the woman's suffrage was repugnant to her, she Republic,” struck off at white heat, will conbecame a powerful advocate of the cause, stitute Mrs. Howe's greatest claim to patriwas one of the founders of the “ Woman's otic literary fame, but her genius was really Journal,” of Boston, and played a leading more that of personality, a woman whose part in the story of the " advance of aim in life was “to learn, to teach, to serve, woman.” She was glad to be present to enjoy." whenever, during forty years, the subject It is not necessary to recall the great was presented to the Massachusetts Legis- philanthropic efforts in which the Howes lature. Once, in reply to the

argument

were central figures. An admirable little book, that the indifference and opposition of most * Two Noble Lives,” by Laura E. Richards, women proved the movement wrong, she will introduce younger readers to these flashed back : “ May I ask one question ? notable figures, and the later detailed volumes Were the Apostles wrong in trying to bring will serve to inspire hundreds of older readers. about a better social condition when almost The volumes are profusely illustrated with the whole community was opposed to them?” portraits of Mrs. Howe and her family.

NOCTURNE

BY ELIAS LIEBERMAN

“ Watcher in the trenches,

How wears the night?" Nothing is seen in the midnight sky But the trail of the death rockets flashing by :

So wears the night.”

“ Watcher in the trenches,

How wears the night ?" “ A form in the starlight gasping its last, The tail of a meteor shimmering past :

So wears the night."

“ Watcher in the trenches,

How wears the night?" " Darkness, darkness, then afar The sudden glare of a man-made star :

So wears the night.”

“ Watcher in the trenches,

How wears the night ?” “ Dawn fiares up in the bloody east, The vultures swoop to a carrion feast :

So wears the night.”

“ Dreamer in the tower,

How will it end?" “ The mists are shrouding a red, red sun, Humans are blind and only One

May know the end."

The Philadelphia and Reading Railroad sends writer in “ Collier's.” Going-to-the-Sun, Rising out a special baggage car each spring loaded Wolf, Almost-a-Dog, and Red Eagle are cerwith plants for flower-beds at about 150 different tainly more picturesque as designations of mounstations on its line. It employs a chief gardener tains than Trapper Peak, Huckleberry Mounto direct this work of beautifying its grounds tain, and Haystack Butte. When we have to in these various towns and cities.

rename lakes, rivers, and mountains, the work “ The next step toward the emancipation of

should be intrusted to some one with an imagi. the photoplay,” says Professor Münsterberg in

nation and a literary gift-such a person as his new book “The Photoplay," "decidedly

Helen Hunt Jackson, for instance, whose names must be the creation of plays which speak the

of the curious formations in the Garden of the language of pictures only.” This means the

Gods were original, dignified, and suggestive. writing of scenarios which shall omit those The high prices that are frequently paid for tiresome printed "leaders " such as,“ The Hero antique furniture, as quoted in the newspaper says, “I love another,”” and which shall really accounts of sales of household effects, give tell the story entirely in pictures.

point, by contrast, to this paragraph from “The A complete camping outfit, according to

Industrial Student," of Camp Hill, Alabama : “ Popular Mechanics,” may now be quickly at

We are frequently asked how much it will take to fur

nish a room for two boys. Thirty-five dollars will do this tached to an automobile. It includes sleeping very nicely, giving two good strong three-quarter beds, with accommodations for two, a shower-bath with mattresses, two chairs, a substantial table, a chiffonier, canvas shelter, a kitchen equipment with a

mirror, rug, etc. A smaller sum might answer, but $35

will do splendidly. gasoline stove, a chest with three commodious drawers, a camp table and two camp chairs,

Apropos of the Shakespeare tercentenary, a storage room for two suit-cases, etc. The outfit

daily newspaper records the death of “the is inclosed in a steel case about three feet long,

Shakespeare of the New York police force," four feet wide, and three and a half feet high, learned seven of the bard's tragedies by heart,

Oliver Tims by name. Sergeant Tims had which is fastened to the rear end of the car.

it is said. He could and did recite these plays A thrift campaign is being conducted by the

on occasion, and was meticulously accurate in Railroad Young Men's Christian Associations his lines. “One reporter,” says his obituary along somewhat novel lines. One of the means notice," who quoted him as using a split infiniof attracting attention to the work is the use of tive in one of his recitations earned his undying “sandwich" placards like this : “ To-night at aversion for the insult." 8 o'clock in the School Auditoriuin! Bradford

A first edition of " Pickwick Papers” was Band and Quartet. Lecture; subject,' Treating a Porterhouse Steak Right.' Free! for every

sold in New York City at auction for $5,350 the body."

other day. Among the attractions of this copy

were “all the advertisements ” (the volume The non-resistance theory is pretty well con- consists of the original parts inclosed in covers. densed in a motto for America suggested by advertising pages being inserted before and a prominent advocate of peace-at-any-price: after the reading matter) and a page of the “Not a Dollar for Self-Defense." The author original MS. One of the regrets of the future of the motto frankly says that he does not be- book collector will be that there will be no lieve in resenting insults. One wonders whether original manuscripts of books of our own dayhe would carry non-resistance to its logical limit

everything being now sent to the printer in and calmly allow a Stegomyia mosquito to bite characterless typewriting. him if he were in a yellow fever district.

A curious side-light on the first edition of Joseph Jefferson was wont to tell about meet- “Pickwick” is found in the pages of “ Dickens ing a modest-looking man in a New York hotel and His Ilustrators,” by Mr. Frederick G. who said he had seen the actor with pleasure in Kitton. According to this authority, Thackeray, a performance at Washington. Jefferson smiled then planning an artistic career, and L.ech, and asked the gentleman's name. “Grant," afterwards famous as “Punch's " cartoonist, was the reply. It was the ex-President! Jeffer- both tried to get the job of illustrating “ Pickson's embarrassment was intense—but not more wick” and both were rejected because “neither acute than that of a famous fellow-actor, Booth, possessed the necessary qualifications ” ! when, according to a writer in the current Mechanical devices for repeating prayers (the “ Harper's Magazine," he asked Tennyson for “ vain repetitions " of the heathen) are familiar his autograph with a verse, and on Tennyson's in the East, but they are outdone, in saving of inquiring what the verse should be, answered, labor, by the “prayer flags" of Tibet. These, “From 'The Brook' or 'The Bridge.'” Booth as described by Mr. J. C. White in the “Nathen realized that he had asked for a verse from

tional Geographic Magazine,” are suspended one of Longfellow's poems!

on long lines, sometimes reaching across a The Indian names of natural objects in Gla. river. As long as they are moving in the breeze cier Park, Montana, have been superseded they are supposed to be recording prayers for by commonplace American names, says a the benefit of those who put them up.

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THE IRISH REVOLT
A DEFENSE BY SEUMAS MacMANUS

AND AN EDITORIAL REVIEW

THE AMERICAN MERCHANT MARINE

BY P. H. W. ROSS

PRESIDENT WILSON'S FOREIGN POLICY

STAFF CORRESPONDENCE BY
FREDERICK M. DAVENPORT

FOR COMPLETE TABLE OF CONTENTS SEE
THIRD PAGE PRECEDING READING MATTER

WEDNESDAY, MAY 17, 1916
PRICE: TEN CENTS I COPY
THREE DOLLARS A YEAR
381 FOURTH AVENUE, NEW YORK

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