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FROM THE

COMMENCEMENT OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION

IN MDCCLXXXIX

TO THE

RESTORATION OF THE BOURBONS

IN MDCCCXV

BY

SIR ARCHIBALD ALISON, BART.

F. R. S. E.

NINTH EDITION

VOL. VI.

WILLIAM BLACKWOOD AND SONS
EDINBURGH AND LONDON

MDCCCLIV

CONTENTS OF VOL. VI.

CHAPTER XXXIX.- FROM THE OPENING OF THE WAR WITH SPAIN TO THE

BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR, JANUARY-OCTOBER, 1805.

Napoleon proposes peace to Great Britain, 1.-Influence of the French press

in his favour, 3.-His speech to the senate, ib.—Commencement of indirect

taxation in France, ib.-Alliance between England and Russia, 4.-Basis as-

sumed for the war, 5.-Treaties between Russia, Prussia, and Sweden, ib.

Supplies for 1805, 6.-Charges against Lord Melville, ib.-Debates on the

Catholic question, 7.-Total failure of Catholic emancipation to pacify the

country, 11.-Unfitness of the Irish for a free constitution, 13.—Measures

of Napoleon, 15.-Change of government in Holland, ib.—Napoleon assumes

the crown of Lombardy, 16.-His journey into Italy, 17.-Napoleon enters

Milan, 18.—Is crowned with the iron crown of Charlemagne, ib.-Adulatory

addresses from Naples and Genoa, 19.-Incorporation of Genoa with France,

ib.—Eugene appointed Viceroy of Italy, 20.-Extinction of Lucca, and incor-

poration of Parma and Placentia with France, 22.—Jealousy of Austria, 23.

-Treaty between Russia and England, ib. — Accession of Austria to the

Alliance, 24.-Sweden also is included, ib.-Neutrality of Prussia, 26.-Force

collected for the invasion of England, 27.- Organisation of the flotilla, 30.

-His secret projects for effecting the passage, 32.-Actions with the British

cruisers off Boulogne, ib.-Operations of the combined fleets of France and

Spain, 33.-Sir Robert Calder's action, 39.-Injustice to which Sir Robert

Calder was subjected, 40.- Napoleon sets off for Paris, 43.—Hostile prepara-

tions of Austria, 44.—Bavaria joins France, 45.--The Austrians cross the

Inn, 46.—Preparations of Napoleon, ib.—Breaking up of the armament at

Boulogne, 47.-Restoration of the Gregorian Calendar, 48.- Battle of Tra-

falgar, 52.—Nelson's last hours and death, 55.—Tempest, and disasters to

the prizes, 57.--Courteous intercourse with the Spaniards at Cadiz, 58.-

Honours granted to the family of Nelson, 59.-Character of Nelson, ib.

Victory of Sir R. Strachan, 60.—Comparison of victories at land and sea, 61.

-Reflections on breaking the line, ib.—On the introduction of steam into

naval warfare, 62.

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