The History and Antiquities of the Anglo-Saxon Church: Containing an Account of Its Origin, Government, Doctrines, Worship, Revenues, and Clerical and Monastic Institutions, Volumen1

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C. Dolman, 1845 - 427 páginas
 

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盎格鲁撒克逊教会的历史和文物

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Página 20 - But their ferocity soon yielded to the exertions of the missionaries, and the harsher features of their origin were insensibly softened under the mild influence of the gospel. In the rage of victory, they learned to respect the rights of humanity. Death or slavery was no longer the fate of the conquered Britons ; by their submission, they were incorporated with the victors ; and their lives and property were protected by the equity of their Christian conquerors. * * * The...
Página 28 - But the tonsure, properly so called, originated from the piety of the first professors of the monastic institute. To shave the head was deemed by the natives of the East a ceremony expressive of the deepest affliction ; and was adopted by the monks as a distinctive token of that seclusion from worldly...
Página 62 - ... ut omnino desit locus, ubi filii nobilium aut emeritorum militum possessionem accipere possint : ideoque vacantes ac sine conjugio, exacto tempore pubertatis, nullo continentiae proposito perdurent, atque hanc ob rem vel patriam suam pro qua militare debuerant trans mare abeuntes relinquant...
Página 19 - Avarice and the lust of sensual enjoyment had extinguished in their breasts some of the first feelings of nature. The savages of Africa may traffic with Europeans for the negroes whom they have seized by treachery or captured in open war ; but the more savage conquerors of the Britons sold, without scruple, to the merchants of the continent, their countrymen, and even their own children.
Página 173 - ... appeared in public, their object was to reconcile enemies, to instruct the ignorant, to discourage vice, and to plead the cause of the unfortunate. The little property which they enjoyed was common to all. Poverty they esteemed as the surest guardian of virtue : and the benefactions of the opulent they respectfully declined, or instantly employed in relieving the necessities of the indigent.
Página 17 - ... disinterested virtue, and the fortunate issue of their labours is sufficient to disprove the opinion- of those who imagine that no church can be firmly established, the foundations of which are not cemented with the blood of martyrs.
Página 175 - Every thing was possessed in common ; not only articles of convenience, but of necessity, were received and resigned at the discretion of the Abbot. No brother was allowed to cross the threshold of the monastery without the permission of his Superior ; at his departure he requested the prayers of the community ; at his return he lay prostrate in the church to atone for the dissipation of his thoughts during his absence. Whatever he might have seen or heard without the walls of the convent, he was...
Página 172 - Bede, in different parts of his works, has borne the most honourable testimony to their virtue. With a glowing pencil, he displays their patience, their chastity, their frequent meditation on the sacred writings, and their indefatigable efforts to attain the summit of Christian perfection. They chose for their habitation the most dreary situations ; no motives, but those of charity, could draw them from their cells ; and if they appeared in public, their object was to reconcile enemies, to instruct...

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