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U.S. Lawe, polute ,te. THE LAWS OF NEUTRALITY AS EXISTING ON AUGUST 1, 1914

MAY, 1918

WASHINGTON
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

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Enemy's goods on neutral vessel

Neutral goods on enemy's vessel.

Notitication of war to neutrals.

Submarine cables connecting occupied and neutral territory

Inviolability of neutral territory.

Movement of troops or convoy across neutral territory-prohibited to

belligerent

Establishment or use on neutral territory of apparatus for communication

with belligerent forces--prohibited to belligerent.

Forming corps and opening recruiting stations on neutral territory-

prohibited to belligerent

Movement of troops or convoy across neutral territory--neutral pro-

hibited from allowing-

Establishment or use on neutral territory of apparatus for communica-

tion with belligerent forces-neutral prohibited from allowing--

Forming corps and opening recruiting agencies on neutral territory-

neutral prohibited from allowing

Responsibility of neutral limited to its own territory -

Persons leaving neutral country separately to enlist with belligerent

neutral not responsible-

Export or transport of war supplies to belligerent-neutral not called

upon to prevent

a. Loans of money

t'se by belligerent of communicating apparatus belonging to neutral, or to

companies or individuals--neutral not called upon to prohibit--

Restrictions or prohibitions enforced by neutral as to export or transport

of war supplies to belligerents as well as to use of apparatus of com-

munication must be impartially applied

Neutral's resistance to violation of its neutrality not hostile act---

Rights and duties of neutral with respect to belligerent troops on its

territory--

Rights and duties of neutral with respect to prisoners of war on its

territory

Rights and duties of neutral with respect to belligerent's sick and

wounded on its territory -

Geneva convention.--

Who are neutral persons.

How neutral character may be lost-treatment of offending person.

Veutral acts not constituting partiality to one belligerent.

Reciprocal treatment, by neutral and belligerent, of railway material

from the territory of the other country ---

Laying of automatic contact mines by neutrals..

Care of belligerents' sick and wounded on neutral vessels-rights and

liabilities of such vessels.-

Iemand of belligerent war vessel for delivery of sick and wounded cared

for on hospital yachts or private vessels.

Internment of sick, wounded, and shipwrecked belligerents taken on

board neutral warship---

Internment of sick, wounded, and shipwrecked belligerents at neutral

port-expenses

Treatment of neutral captain, officers, and crew of captured enemy

merchant ship---

Inviolability of neutral waters

Hostile acts in neutral waters forbidden

96

Obligations of neutral power and captor government with respect to prize

captured in waters of the neutral.

Prize court, in neutral territory or waters, forbidden--

l'se of neutral waters as base of naval operations forbidden-especially

as to apparatus of communication.---

Supply by neutral power to belligerent power of war material forbidden.-

a. Loans of money.

Obligation of neutral to prevent fitting out or arming of hostile vessels

as well as departure of vessels so fitted out or armed..

Obligation of neutral to be impartial regarding admission of belligerent

vessel or prizes to its ports exception in case of offending vessel...

Passage of belligerent vessels or prizes through neutral waters.

Employment by beligerent vessels of neutral pilots.

Length of stay of belligerent vessels in neutral ports, roadsteads, or

waters.

Damages or stress of weather as affecting length of stay of belligerent

vessels in neutral port-exception as to vessel devoted to religious,

scientific, or philanthropic purposes

Limitation as to number of belligerent war vessels simultaneously in

neutral port---

Regulations is to departure from neutral port of opposing belligerent

warships

Repairs and additions to belligerent war ships in neutral ports and

roadsteads

Obtaining war supplies, armament, or members of crew, forbidden to

belligerent war ships in neutral ports, roadsteads, or waters_

Amount of food or fuel allowed to belligerent war ship in neutral port

or roadstead-time allowed for coaling--

Fuel not allowed to belligerent war ship in neutral port if ship has re-

ceived fuel in port of same country within three months.-

Bringing and temporary stay of prizes in neutral port..

Bringing of prizes into neutral port or roadstead, to await decision of

prize court-disposition of prize crews.

Internment in neutral port, of belligerent war ship, its officers and crew--

Obligation of neutral power to prevent violation, in its ports, roadsteads,

or waters, of provisions of Hague Convention, XIII. 1907-exercise

of neutral rights under convention not to be regarded as umfriendly

act

List of articles absolutely contraband-additions thereto, how made_

List of articles conditionally contraband-additions thereto, how made_

Waiver of right to treat as contraband article comprised in class listed in

Article 22 or 24, Declaration of London.--

Contraband not to include articles useless in war.

List of articles not to be declared contraband..

a. Cotton --

Contraband not to include articles for exclusive use of sick or wounded

or for use of vessel in which found, her crew and passengers during

voyagerequisitioning of first-named class.

Circumstances under which absolute contraband liable to capture-proof

of destination

Proof as to voyage of vessel carrying contraband.

('ircumstances under which conditional contraband liable to capture-

presumption is to destination

(ircumstances under which conditional contraband not liable to cap-

ture-proof its to destination_onception in (se of country having no

seaboard

Where and when vessel carrying 3000s liable to capture its contraband

may be captureil.

Capture for carrying contraband on previous voyage prohibited

('ontraband goods liable to condemnation.

Circumstances under which vessel carrying contraband may be con-

demned

Payment of costs and expenses in event of release of vessel carrying

contrabund.

Liability to condemnation of goods belonging to owner of contraband

and on board same vessel

3.36

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