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favor of the free-soil party. When he went to Kansas, all his proclivities were on the opposite side, which he did not hesitate to make known on all proper occasions, and among
all classes of people. The free-soilers regarded him as their enemy, and the pro-slavery leaders received him with marked favor as a new accession to their forces. With the latter he constantly associated, and his impressions were strengthened by their representations of territorial affairs. Hence his letters to the eastern papers, with which he corresponded, were severely condemnatory of the free-state party of Kansas. He resisted as long as possible the daily accumulating evidences of his error; but with many others like himself, was at length forced, though unwillingly, to acknowledge the truth of the statements contained in this volume.
Governor Geary, during his administration in Kansas, observed a strict neutrality in regard to the question of slavery, and invariably pursued that impartial line of policy which his official documents indicate. He was, however, a firm and unwavering Democrat, and for aught that has appeared to the contrary, still adheres closely to the party with which he has always been associated. The writer is also an advocate of the true principles of Democracy; but he repudiates that new plank which has been surreptitiously inserted into the Democratic platform, that gives to the single idea of slavery extension an ascendancy over every other consideration.
Description of the Territory.--Its boundaries-rivers-prairies-
woodlands—soil-climate-appearance and general characteris-
Discovery and early exploration of Kansas.—The Indians of the Ter-
Application of Missouri for admission into the Union. The restric-
tion and compromise bills of 1818–19-20.--Debates on the Kansas-
The organic act a compromise measure.—Kansas intended for a slave
state.-Conduct of the pro-slavery party.-Persecutions of free-
state people.-New England Emigrant aid Societies.- Public meet-
ings.-Blue Lodges.-Invasion from Westport.- Arrival of Governor
Elections.Gen. Whitfield's politics.—Meetings in Missouri to control
the Kansas elections. The Missouri press.—The Lynching of Wil-
liam Phillips.--Outrages upon the free-state citizens approved.
Destruction of the “Parkeville Luminary"
Removal of Governor Reeder.-Secretary Woodson.-Assumption of
power by the Legislature.-Office-holders all pro-slavery men.-
Free-state mass meetings and conventions.-Elections for delegate
to Congress.-Free-state Constitution adopted.-Dr. Charles Robin-
son elected governor.—Meetings of the State Legislature.—Arrest
of Robinson and others for high treason.—The Topeka Legislature
The Kansas Legion.--Patrick Laughlin.-The murder of Collins.-
Outrages upon J. W. B. Kelley.- Rev. Pardee Butler set adrift in
the Missouri River on a raft.—Disputes about land claims.--The
murder of Dow.-Portrait of Sheriff Jones.—Arrest and rescue of
Governor Wilson Shannon.-Consequences of the arrest and rescue
of Branson.-Meeting at Lawrence.-Military organization for de-
fence.--Sheriff Jones requires three thousand men.-The governor
orders out the militia.- A general call to arms.-The governor
issues a proclamation.—War excitement in Missouri.--The invading
The governor calls upon Colonel Sumner for United States troops.
Proposition for the Lawrence people to surrender their arms. The
governor makes a treaty with the free-state generals.—Dispersion
Pro-slavery mob at Leavenworth.–Ballot-box stolen and clerk beaten.
--The jail and printing office destroyed.-The election and fight
near Easton.-Murder of Captain E. P. Brown.-Shannon receives
authority to employ the troops.-Congressional Committee.- Arrival
of Buford and his southern regiment.-Sheriff Jones shot at Law.
Charge of Judge Lecompte to the Grand Jury.--Presentment.--Ar-
rests at Lawrence.- Travellers interrupted on the highways.-The
murder of Jones and Stewart.-The sacking of Lawrence.-Burning
Murderous assault on a pro-slavery company:-Captain John Brown.
- The Potawattomie murders.-Outrages of Captain Pate at Osawat-
tomie.-Battle of Palmyra.--Fight at Franklin.-General Whitfield's
army.-Colonel Sumner disperses the contending armies.-Murder
of Cantral.-Sacking of Osawattomie.-The murder of Gay, an In-
dian agent.-Outrages at Leavenworth and on the Missouri River . 86
Removal of Colonel Sumner and appointment of General P. F. Smith.
-Free-state refugees driven from Fort Leavenworth.-Immigration
from the North.-Destruction of pro-slavery forts by free-state
bands.—Murder of Major Hoyt.—Defeat of the pro-slavery forces
at Franklin.-Colonel Titus captured by Captain Walker, and his
house burned. --Alarm at Lecompton.-Governor Shannon makes
Atchison and Stringfellow call on Missourians for assistance.—Mr.
Hoppe and a teamster scalped.-A German murdered at Leaven-
worth.-Outrages upon a young female.—Shannon romoved, and
Woodson acting-governor.-Atcbison concentrates an army at Little
Santa Fe.-General L. A. Maclean his commissary.--He robs the
settlers and the United States mails.-Reid attacks Brown at Osa-
wattomie, who retreats and the town is sacked and destroyed.
Murder of Frederick Brown and insanity of his brother John.-
Lane drives Atchison into Missouri.--Outrages at the Quaker Mis-
sion.—Burning of free-state houses.-Lane threatens Lecompton.-
Dead bodies found and buried.-Captain Emory murders Phillips,
Appointment of Governor Geary.-His departure for Kansas.- Arrival
at Jefferson City.-Interviews with Governor Price.-Removal of
obstructions on the Missouri River.-Departure on steamboat Key-
stone.-Scenes at Glasgow.-Captain Jackson's Missouri volunteers.
- What Reeder did.- Arrival at Kansas City.—Description of Border
Ruffians.-Wbo comprise the Abolitionists.-Appearance and condi-
Arrival at Fort Leavenworth.-General P. F. Smith.-Free-state men
driven from Leavenworth City.-Pressed horses.-John D. Hender-
son.-Violation of the United States safeguard.--Arrest of Captain
Emory.-Character of his company.-Governor Geary's letter to
Col. Clarkson.-Rev. Mr. Nute.- District Attorney Isacks
Fort Leavenworth.--Departure for Lecompton.-Barricade at Leaven-
worth City.-Excuse for Border Ruffian outrages.-Terror of James
H. Lane. -Hair breadth escapes.-Anecdotes of the times.-Robbery
at Alexandria.-A chase and race.—The robbers overtaken.-Arrival
at Lecompton.-Letter to the Secretary of State.-Two men shot at
The town of Lecompton.--Its cation and moral character.— The ac-
counts of their grievances by the pro-slavery party.-Policy indi-
cated by that party for Governor Geary.-The Inaugural address.-
Proclamations ordering the dispersion of armed bodies, and for
organizing the militia of the territory
Gloomy prospect for Governor Geary's administration. Determination
to make Kansas a slave state.- Opposition to the new governor.-
Address to the people of the slave states.-Secretary Woodson's
The Missouri army.-Orders to the adjutant and inspector-generals of
the territory.—Dispatch to Secretary Marcy.--Dispatches from Gene-
ral Heiskell.-Message from the governor's special agent. Requi-
sition for troops.--Visit of the governor to Lawrence, and return to
Excitement at Locompton.-Affidavit of W. F. Dyer.-Requisition for
troops. The battle at Hickory Point.--Arrest of one hundred and
one freo-state prisoners.—The killing of Grayson, a pro-slavery man.
Treatment of the prisoners.-Conduct of Judges Lecompte and Cato.
-Trial and sentence of the prisoners, and their subsequent treat-