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wards their fortune ; for the weakness of patients, and sweetness of life, and nature of hope, maketh men depend

upon physicians with all their defects. 5. Diseases may be subdued.

If we will excite and awake our observation, we shall see in faniiliar instances what a predominant faculty the

subtilty of spirit hath over the variety of matter or form. 6. Medicine has been more laboured than advanced. 7. Deficiences of medicine.

1. Want of medical reports.
2. Defective anatomies.

3. Hasty conclusions that diseases are incurable. Sylla and the triumvirs never proscribed so many men to die, as they do by their ignorant edicts.

4. A neglect to mitigate the pains of death.
5. A neglect of acknowledged medicines 166
6. A neglect of artificial mineral baths.
7. The prescripts in use are too compendious to

attain their end.
It were a strange speech, which, spoken, or spoken oft,
should reclaim a man from a vice to which he were by
nature subject : it is order, pursuit, sequence, and inter-
change of application, which is mighty in nature.

Beauty

168 1. Cleanliness was ever esteemed to proceed from a due reve

rence to God, to society, and to ourselves. 2. Artificial decoration is neither fine enough to deceive, nor

handsome to please, nor wholesome to use.*

• In the Treatise De Augmentis, this passage is thus altered:

Adulterate decoration by painting and cerusse, is well worthy of the imperfections which attend it; being neither fine enough to deceive, nor handsome to please, nor wholesome to use.

We read of Jesabel that she painted her face : but there is no such report of Esther or Jndith.

.

Strength

168 1. It means any ability of body to which the body of man may

be brought. 2. Division. 1. Activity.

1. Strengh.

2. Swiftness. 2. Patience.

1. Hardness against want.

2. Endurance of pain. 3. General receptacle for acts of great bodily endurance. 2. The philosophy of athletics is not much investigated. 3. The mediocrity of athletics is for use; the excess for osten

tation.

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Their chief deficience is in laws to repress them.

It hath been well observed, that the arts which flourish in times while virtue is in growth, are military; and while . virtue is in state, are liberal; and while virtue is in declination, are voluptuary.*

• In Bacon's Essay on Vicissitude of Things, he says,

In the youth of a state, arms do flourish; in the middle age of a stale, learning; and then both of them together for a time: in the de

clining age of a stale, mechanical arts and merchandise. Lloyd, in his Life of Sir Edward Howard, says, almost in the same words,

In the youth of this stale, as if all others, arms did flourish; in the middle stale of it, learning ; and in the declining (as covelousness

and theft attend old age) mechanic arts and merchandise. Q. 1. Is this observation founded on fact?

Q. 2. Supposing it to be founded on fact; what are the causes ? -Does commerce lower the character? Is the service of mammon at variance with the service of God?

Q. 3. Supposing the mechanical arts and merchandize hitherto to have accompanied the decline of states, may they not both be traced to excess of civilization, instead of being supposed to flow from each other?

The Mind.

1. Division : Ist. As to the origin of the mind. 2d. As to its

faculties.

The Origin of the Mind

170 1. To this appertains the consideration of the origin of the soul

and its faculties. 2. This subject may be more diligently enquired than it hath

been in philosophy: but it is referable to divinity. 3. Appendices to this knowledge: 1. Divination. 2. Fascination.

Divination

171

1. Division.

1. Rational.

1. Artificial. { 2. Superstitious
2. Natural. {.. By Tnfluxion.

Artificial Divination. 2. Artificial is a prediction by argument, concluding upon signs 6. Artificial divination is not proper to this place, but should be referred to the sciences to which it appertains.

and tokens. 3. Division : Ist. Rational. 2d. Superstitious. 4 Rational artificial divination is when the argument is coupled

with a derivation of causes.

The astronomer hath his predictions, as of conjunctions, aspects, eclipses, and the like. The physician hath his predictions of death, of recovery, of the accidents and issues of diseases. The politician hath his predictions; O urbem venalem, et cito perituram, si emptorem invenerit !which stayed not long to be performed, in Sylla first, and

after in Cæsar. 5. Superstitious artificial divination is when there is a mere

casual coincidence of the event and prediction.

Such as were the heathen observations upon the inspection of sacrifices, the flights of birds, the swarming of bees; and such as was the Chaldean astrology, and the like.

Q. 4. Supposing the opinion to be founded on fact; will not the evil now be prevented by the art of printing?

Natural Divination. 1. It is a prediction from the internal nature of the soul. 2. Division: 1st. Native. 2d. By influxion. 3. Native divination is grounded on the supposition that the

mind, when withdrawn and collected into itself, and not diffused into the organs of the body, hath, from the natural power of its own essence, some prenotion of future things: as in sleep, ertacies, propinquity of death, &c.

172 4. It is furthered: by abstinence. 6. Divination by influxion is grounded upon the supposition that

the mind, as a mirror, takes illumination from the fore

knowledge of God and spirits. 7. Divination of influxion* is furthered by abstinence. 8. Native divination is accompanied by repose and quiet: divi

nation by influxion is fervent and impatient.

.

Fascination

172 1. It is the power of imagination upon other bodies than the

body of the imaginant. 2. Of the erroneous opinions upon fascination. 3. Enquiry how to fortify the imagination. 4. The only defect in this subject is as to not distinguishing

its extent.t

THE USE AND OBJECT OF THE FACULTIES OF MAN 173 1. Division of this knowledge: Ist. Relating to the understandThis Janus of imagination hath differing faces; for the face towards reason hath the print of truth, but the face towards action hath the print of good ; which nevertheless are faces,

ing. 2d. Relating to the will. 2. The understanding produces decrees; the will actions.

Query, Whether divination by influxion is not descriptive of the feeling which influences the benevolent and orderly class of society called Quakers?

| Here, in the Treatise De Augmentis, is an extensive addition upon Voluntary Motion-Sense and Sensibility-Perception and Sense - The Form of Light.

Quales decet esse sororum.” It was well said by Aristotle, That the mind hath over the body that commandment, which the lord hath over a bondman ; but that reason hath over the imagination that commandment which a magistrate hath over a free citizen;"

who may come also to rule in his turn. 3. Observations upon the imagination.

Poesy is rather a pleasure or play of imagination, than a work or duty thereof.

Of the Understanding. 1. Knowledge respecting the understanding is to most wits the

least delightful; and seems but a net of subtlety and spinosity; but it is the key of all other arts.

As knowledge is " pabulum animi;" so in the nature of men's appetite to this food, most men are of the taste and stomach of the Israelites in the desert, that would fain

have returned ad ollas carnium." Division

176 1. Invention. 2. Judgment. 3. Memory 4. Tradition.

176

Invention 1. Division,

1. Of arts and sciences.

2. Of arguments, 2. The art of inventing arts and sciences is deficient.

This is such a deficience as if, in the making of an inventory touching the state of a defunct, it should be set down, that there is no ready money. For as money will fetch all other commodities, so this knowledge is that which should

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