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Mr. Gresham to Mr. Bayard.

[Telegram.]

WASHINGTON, November 24, 1894. Minister from Nicaragua is advised by his Government that British minister to Nicaragua declares England does not accept Nicaraguan rule in Mosquito territory, and that British minister has telegraphed to Limon for English war vessel to go to Bluefields. While this information is not fully credited here, you will inquire and report.

Mr. Bayard to Mr. Gresham.

[Telegram.]

LONDON, November 27, 1894.

Minister for foreign affairs states war vessel not ordered Bluefields, and British notification to Nicaraguan commissioner merely caveat pending discussion, and not intended as conclusive. Dispatches now on way explain situation.

BAYARD.

Mr. Bayard to Mr. Gresham.

EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES,

London, November 27, 1894. (Received December 10.)

SIR: I had the honor by my dispatch of the 24th instant to lay before you a report of the interview I had just held with the Earl of Kimberley in relation to Nicaraguan affairs and the British action connected therewith.

Late on Saturday night, the 24th instant-and after my dispatch had gone I received your cablegram in cipher of that date (of which a translation is now herewith inclosed), and I at once communicated its purport to Lord Kimberley, and inclose herewith a copy of my note to him, dated November 26, in which I recounted my report to you.

Yesterday (Monday) afternoon I received a reply from his lordship, inviting me to call upon him at the foreign office, and at once went there.

Lord Kimberley, having my note of the 26th lying before him, stated that my report to you of the interview of Friday previous, as recited in my note of that day to him, was entirely accurate, but that he had not then informed me of his latest telegraphic instructions to the British minister at Nicaragua respecting a number of decrees which had been lately promulgated at Bluefields by the Nicaraguan commissioner, and which, pending the consideration of the incident of the arrest and expulsion of the British proconsul and the proposed discussion here by Señor Barrios, were not accepted by the British Government, but that a notification of a cautious nature-"a caveat" (as his lordship termed it)—had been filed by the British minister, in order that the assent and approval by Great Britain of these decrees, so far as they affected British interests in Nicaragua and British duty under the treaty of Managua and the Austrian award thereunder, should not be

considered as conclusively given, but to remain suspended until the mission of Señor Barrios and the incident of Hatch's arrest should have reached a satisfactory termination.

I have the honor, etc.,

T. F. BAYARD.

[Inclosure.]

Mr. Bayard to Lord Kimberley.

EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES,

London, Monday, November 26, 1894.

DEAR LORD KIMBERLEY: After the interview which I had the honor to hold with your lordship on last Friday afternoon I wrote to my Government a full statement of what you then told me you had in possible contemplation in relation to Nicaragua, after you should have considered the reply of that Government (then undergoing translation from the Spanish) to your demand for explanation of the incident of the arrest and forcible expulsion by the Nicaraguan authorities of Mr. Hatch, the locum tenens of the British consul at Bluefields, in August last.

I reported very fully your statement of the attitude of Great Britain toward Nicaragua and your desire to have it explicitly understood by the United States that any measures Her Majesty's Government might feel obliged to adopt, by reason of the alleged ill treatment of Proconsul Hatch, or of other British subjects, at Bluefields, would be wholly apart and unconnected with the "Mosquito" question or the jurisdiction of Nicaragua over the inhabitants of the territory included in the region that bears that name; and that you proposed to proceed, solely upon grounds of international duty and self-respect, to procure such redress for an alleged wrong to your citizens as might be found just and necessary, and that no jurisdictional or other question would be involved.

Late on Saturday night, and after my dispatch had gone, I received a telegram from Secretary Gresham to the effect that the Nicaraguan minister at Washington stated that he had been informed by his Government that the British minister to Nicaragua had announced that his Government does not accept Nicaraguan rule in the Mosquito territory, and that he had sent for a British man-of-war.

The Secretary is not disposed to credit these statements, and merely asks for information; but before answering his telegram, I wanted to keep you advised of all the facts and, if you think I should be further informed than I was by you in our interview of Friday, you will kindly let me know, and I will at once come and see you.

And I remain, etc.,

T. F. BAYARD.

Mr. Gresham to Mr. Bayard.

[Telegram.]

WASHINGTON, November 28, 1894.

Statements in newspapers of to-day about action of United States, based upon what Great Britain has done or may do at Bluefields, pure fabrication.

Mr. Gresham to Mr. Bayard.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, December 3, 1894.

SIR: I have read with much interest yours of the 24th ultimo, in which you report the substance of an interview on the preceding day with Lord Kimberley in relation to the present position of question between Great Britain and Nicaragua.

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Lord Kimberley's statement to you that the attitude of Great Britain in this matter is wholly unconnected with any political or conventional question touching the Mosquito Reservation is in gratifying confirmation of the communications made to me by Sir Julian Pauncefote and Mr. Goschen, and I was prepared for his lordship's acquiescence in your view that the political questions involved may readily yield to pacific and generous treatment on the part of Nicaragua toward the Mosquito Indians, with a view to their formal incorporation with the Republic, as contemplated in the treaty of Managua.

The statement made to you by Señor Barrios that he had been advised by telegraph that Mr. Gosling, the British minister at Managua, "declined to accept decrees of the Nicaraguan commissioner in Mosquito," is more explicit than other information here received, and suggests that the minister's opposition may have been in regard to particular measures affecting British subjects.

I am, etc.,

W. Q. GRESHAM.

Mr. Gresham to Mr. Baker.

[Telegram.]

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, December 15, 1894.

Have Mosquito Indians surrendered their rights under treaty of 1860 and been incorporated?

Mr. Baker to Mr. Gresham.

[Telegram.]

LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,

La Libertad, December 17, 1894.

Mosquito Indians have surrendered their rights under the treaty of 1860 and been incorporated with Nicaragua.

Mr. Gresham to Mr. Bayard.

[Telegram.]

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, December 17, 1894.

In response to an inquiry, our minister to Nicaragua advises me to-day that the Mosquito Indians have surrendered their rights under the treaty of 1860, and have been incorporated with Nicaragua. This confirms statement made to me by minister from Nicaragua.

Mr. Gresham to Mr. Bayard.

[Telegram.]

WASHINGTON, December 19, 1894.

Captain Sumner, commander Columbia, telegraphs from Jamaica he is informed British Government has notified Chief Clarence at that place it will not recognize Nicaraguan commissioner in Mosquito, and to hold himself in readiness to be taken to Bluefields. This information not consistent with what the Earl of Kimberley told you, and is not credited here.

Mr. Bayard to Mr. Gresham.

[Telegram.]

LONDON, December 20, 1894.

All intentions and reports of reestablishing Clarence at Bluefields denied absolutely at foreign office. Sensational attempts are apparent to create misunderstanding and misrepresent relations and intentions of the United States and Great Britain in connection with Nicaraguan

affairs.

Mr. Bayard to Mr. Gresham.

EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES,
London, December 22, 1894.

SIR: As related to affairs in Nicaragua, I have now the honor to inclose herewith a copy of the telegram (translated) which I received from you on the 17th instant,' and also a copy of your subsequent telegram of the 20th instant, and of my telegraphic reply of the same date.2

I have also the honor to transmit herewith a copy of a personal note from me to the Earl of Kimberley, dated the 20th instant, and his lordship's reply thereto, dated the 21st.

The purport of the statements at the foreign office is an emphatic denial of all reports or rumors indicating any intention or disposition on the part of the British Government to mingle in the local political struggles and disorders in Nicaragua and the province of Mosquito.

As I have heretofore stated in this connection, the "formal incorporation" of the inhabitants of the Mosquito region with the rest of Nicaragua is the best and most complete solution of all doubt or qualification respecting the full sovereignty of Nicaragua over the entire coast, causing the treaty of Managua to become un fait accompli, and the Austrian award and interpretation of that instrument a superfluous and negligible quantity.

There was the most open expression of satisfaction at the foreign office upon the reported voluntary incorporation of the Indians with the rest of Nicaragua, for it was a consummation devoutly to be wished, and they were glad to be free from the subject.

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In my last telegram I referred to the obvious attempts, by sensational reports, to create mischievous misunderstandings between the two Governments, and my statement was founded upon the telegraphic accounts which find their way into the newspapers on both sides of the Atlantic.

I have the honor to be, etc.,

[Inclosure 1.- Personal.]

T. F. BAYARD.

DECEMBER 20, 1894.

DEAR LORD KIMBERLEY: But for the announcement in the newspapers of your absence from town for the holidays I should come this morning to show you a telegram I received just now from Secretary Gresham, stating that the commander of U. S. S. Columbia had telegraphed from Jamaica that he had there been informed that "Clarence," the titular head of the Mosquito tribe, had been notified to hold himself in readiness to be returned to Bluefields, and that recognition of Nicaraguan order, and the late action of the inhabitants of the Mosquite region incorporating themselves with the rest of Nicaragua, was refused by the British authorities or those representing them.

I need hardly say that Mr. Gresham naturally discredits such reports; but I would be glad to have a word from you to set them at rest authoritatively.

Believe me, etc.,

[Inclosure 2.]

T. F. BAYARD.

KIMBERLEY HOUSE, December 21, 1894.

DEAR MR. BAYARD: Mr. Bertie informs me that he gave Mr. Wells, who brought your letter of yesterday to him, an answer as to the matter referred to in it.

I am very glad that you enabled us to contradict the reports in question, which have no foundation whatever.

Believe me, sincerely yours,

KIMBERLEY.

Mr. Guzman to Mr. Gresham.

[Translation.]

NICARAGUAN LEGATION, Washington, December 28, 1894.

SIR: I have the honor to transmit to your excellency a copy of the resolution passed November 20, last, by the Mosquitia convention, composed of delegates from all the native tribes of the region called the Reserve, and which from the present date will be known by the name of "Department Zelaya."

As your excellency will observe, the convention resolved, freely and spontaneously, the absolute incorporation of that territory in the Republic of Nicaragua, recognizing the constitution of that Republic in a decisive and formal manner, in doing which they did no more than carry out the provisions of article 4 of the treaty of January, 1860, between Nicaragua and Great Britain, generally known under the name

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