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Comparative l'iew of ihe Confederacy and the French Republic, at the Clife

of 1796.--Spain, draren into an Alliance with France, declares For ayaink England.---Conjoined Efforts of the French, Spanish, and Dilch, Fleets, for overthrozeing the naval Domination of England.--ar in Italy;. ---Cipture of Mantua.--Political Conduct and military Preparalions of the Court of Rome.--Ietters from Buono parte to the Cardinal Matlæi.-Tire Cardinal's Anfixer.- The Court of Mudrid refuses its Mediation, in Behalf of the Pope, with the French Republic.--R-publicon Party in Rome, and other Purts of the Ecclefiu/lical States.---Buonapurle declares War againf the Pope. -A French Army enters the Pupul Dominions. The Papal Troopis completely routed.-Buonaparte, by Promises and Threats, induces the Romans to fubmit to the French, without the Effusion of Bland.--Takes Parlession of leveral Prozinces in the Ecclefiafiical States. - Advances touards Rome. - Treaty of Peace with the Pope

CHA P. II.

Means for preventing ihe future Power of the Roinan Pontiffs. - And that of

Amriu over the Countries composing the Republies on the North Sozith of the Pot Moderat:n and Lenity of the French Republic to tñe Non-pring Clergy. as At the same Time vrat their Bigotry and Superpition are exposed to ridicul.-Excessive Rejoicings and Exulations of thie. French at the Succelles of their Arms in Italy.-- Jealous,, Ery, and lea finement, agcint Buonaparte. Iho wes Precautions jir warding of the 1.fices of these, and gaining Popularity and Confiderice, not only in France but Italy. Ifocrution and Pridder.ce of the inhabitants of St. Mark 10.- Vunificence of Buonaparte to that small Republic.--Prevalence

of Republican Principles in Italy.--Honour paid there to the French and Br.: VOL. XXXIX.

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CONTENT S. naparte. ---Preparations of Auftria, for difputing rith the French the Em pire of Italy - The Imperial Army in Tiały, commanded by the Archduk Charles.-Attacked by the French, and forced to retreat. Capture Gradifca and Goritz. --Municipal Governments jettled in both these Town on the Republican Plan.-The Austrians defeated with fevere Loss nea Tarvis.--Audacious Spirit of the French Prisoners of War - The In fection of this Spirit dreaded by the Imperial Ministry.- A Divifon the French Army, under Joubert, penetrates into the Tyrol.- Reduce er mort of the strong Forts of that Country. And gains other fignat Aa

vantages.-The French ohtain Poffeffion of Brixen. Proclamations e Buonaparte, addreffed to the Subjects of the Emperor.-The Austrian obliged to abandon their Head-Quarters at Clagenfirrth.--The French crof the Drave --Farther Suecesjes of the French, under Joubert, in the Tyrol.

Remarkable Engagement between the Auftrians and French, in the Defile s leading to Newmarck.-The Anfrians continually defeated, but not dif

couraged. --Confternation at Vierina.-But invincible Courage of the Auftrian and Hungarian Nobles.-Interesting Letter from Buonaparte to the Archduke Charles ---And the Archduke's Answer. Armistice between the Auflrians and French.-Honours and Praises bestowed by the French Directory on the Army.-Reflections

18

Preliminary Articles of Peace between the French and Auftrians. --Succelles

of French Armies on the Rhine --Progress of the Negociation for Peace. Hatred of the Venetians to the French, and partiality for the Aufrians. The French Army takes Poffeffion of Bergamo.-Refentment, Rage, and Attempts of the Venetians at Repstance. --The French Troops over-run and reduce all the Venetian Territories.-- Fall of the Venetian Republic universally deplored.--A Revolution introduced by the French into Venice.-The Auftrian Troops invade Iftria.--Treaty of Campo-Formio, 37

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afa53. Turtle in Fries't be taugen Senti Principle or Spirit of the Treaty of Campo-Formio.--Stri&tures thereon.--Es

ultation of the French.-Parties in France. Their mutual Abhorrence of each other. Their Reciprocal Animohty, influenced by new Jealonfies and App prehenfions.-Conspiracy of loyalijis discovered. Address of Lewis, called by the Royalists the xviii.-- And resolute Exertions of his Party throughont France. ---Decree, obliging the Public Functionaries to swear Hatred to Royalty.-Return of new Members to the French Republican Legislature. -French Troops fent to St. Domingo.--Excesive Profufion of the French Executive Government.=Frauds and Coiluhons, detrimental to the Public Revenue.--Enormous encrease of the Public Debt. --Various Mismanagements. --Strictures of many Members of both Councils, and others on the Continuance of War, and Extension of Conquefis The Lenity and Mo

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and the admirers of fay Rubens wanted feét. There is a lig and facility in Rut cates will urge, and, a laborious heavinet

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deration of this party, in Favour of Peace, encourages Attempts in Favour
of Peaceable Loyaliss.-Severe Decrees against this Clafs of Loyalists, newe
modelled and mitigated

48

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CH A P. V.

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Political Parties in France.-Decree against Clubs. Buonaparte declares INs

Attachment and Resolution to abide by the Republican Party.-Addreffes te
the Directory from the Armies.-The Directory Split into two Parties
The one violently Republican, the other inclined to moderate and confliutory
Measures.-Feuds between the Directory and the Councils --A large Body
of Troops, in Violation of the Confitution, called to Paris.- Remarkable
Address to the Directory, by the Army of the Sambre and Meufe. Effect
of this on the Councils. Causes assigned, by the Directory, for Fermenta-
tions that had taken place in the Army: Concert between the Directory
and the Army.The Councils alarmed.----Resolutions of the Councils for
the Purpose of refraining within due Bounds the Authority of the Di-
rectory

61

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CH A P. VI.

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Arrestation of national Representatides. -Message from the Directory to the

two Councils, on this Subject.-And Address on the fame, to the People of
France.Forty Resolutions, adapted to the present Juncture, proposed by a
Committee of public Safety.-Adopted by the Council, and paljea into law's.

- Transactions of the primary Communes and electoral Agemblies, in fifty
Departments, declared illegal.-Upwards of fixty Per fons, Members of the
Directory and Councils, and others, sentenced to Transportation.--Address
from the Council of Five Hundred to the Departments and the Armies.
Imputing the most iniquitous and atrocious Designs to the Royalists.-Pro-
clamation by the French Government, annoucing a second Expedition against
Ireland.-Singular Expedition of a Body of French Troops into Wales.-
These surrendered themselves, without Renfance, Prisoners of War to a
Force, raised and headed, on the Emergency, by Lord Cawdor.--The Spanish
Ipand of Trinidad taken by the English

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Ineffe&ual. Expedition of the English against the Spanish Island of Porto-

Rico.-Transactions in the West Indies.-Favourable to the English, both
by Sea and Land. Great Preparations against England, in the Ports of
Holland and Spain. - Spanish Fleet defeated by an English Squadron,
greatly inferior in Strength and Numbers, under the Command of Ada
miral Sir John Jervis.--Other Gallant Exploits of this Syuadron.-Unfora
durate, Attempt of the English on the Inand of Teneriffe. Dutch Arma-

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CHA P. XII.

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Causes of Difcontents in the British Navy and Army.--Notices giren of

these Discontents.-Mutinous Combination among all the Ships in the
Channel Fleet. --Organization of this Naval Democracy. ---Petitions from
the Mutineers to the Admiralty and the House of Commons: -Generai
Alarm.--The Board of Admirulty transferred to Portsmouth.-Coiza
ciliatory Terms of a Return to Subordination and Duty proposed to the
Seamen. --Demands of the Seamen. Complied with.-In consequence of
a Mistrus of Government, a fresh Mutiny.--Zealous, prudent, and success-
ful, Exertions of the Earl Hote. ---- The Affairs of the Navyj, with the
Eftimates of the additional Expences now become necesary, brought irto
the House of Commons.-Ministry accused of Procrastination and fcandal-
ous Neglect of Duty. -- Motion for a Vote of Cenfure. --Negatived.--
A Mutiny, more alarming fill than that in the Channel Fleet, breaks out
at the Nore.- A Board of Admiralty held at Sheerness. ---Audacious
Behaviour of the Mutineers.The Lords of the Admirally returşı from
Sheerness to Town, without the least Success in their Endeavours for the
Restoration of Order.-Transactions in the Fleet at the Nort.--Condemned
by the Divisions of the Fleet at Plymouth and Portsmouth. - As well as hy the
Nation at large.--Intelligence of this produces, in the Ships Creus, at the
Nore, Divisions, Terror, and Despair. The principal Conductor of the
Mutiny seized, condemned to Death, and executed. Bill for preventing the
Seduction of Soldiers and Sailors

207

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CHA P.' XIII.

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State of Ireland, in its Relations, external and internal, a Subjeil in Debate

in both Houses of Parliament.--Motion, by Mr. Whitbread, in the House
of Commons, relative to the Invasion of Ireland.--Negatired.--Motion
relative to the internal State and Discontents of Ireland, in the Ilouse of
Peers, by the Earl of Moira.-Negatived.-Motion on the sume Subject,
in the House of Commons, by Mr. Fox.---Negatived

223

CH A P. XIV,

Petitions for the Dilmision of Minisers.--Motion to that Effect in the

House of Lords.-And in the House of Commons.Motion in the House
of Commons for a Reform of Parliament.--Motion in the House of Peers
for considering the State of the Nation.--Prorogation of Parliament, 219

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