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President William Fellowes Morgan Directs the Attention of the Members to the Tasks Which Await Them in the Various Fields Where United and Organized Effort Is Needed

to Protect and Promote the Interests of New York City, Its Commerce and Trade



To the Members of the Merchants' Asso- | the number and character of its member- the Legislature in the wise management ciation of New York.

ship, situated in the Metropolis of the of public affairs. Gentlemen:

Western Hemisphere, a City which in We shall not forget that the motto of I congratulate you upon the useful many respects stands in the forefront of our Association is "To Foster the Trade work that your Association has accom- progress, can, and must, wield a large in- and Welfare of New York," and we shall plished during the past year, and I desire fluence in bringing these things to pass. not let our activities with respect to Namost earnestly to ask you to bear The It was largely a realization of this fact tional and State affairs interfere with the Association constantly in mind during the that led us to take an active part in the performance of our duty toward the City. coming year as an agency of the highest foundation of the International Chamber Owing to a variety of causes, our coimportance for the protection of the wel- of Commerce. This organization was operation and unselfish aid fare of New York.

launched in Paris under promising aus- needed by the City now as never befo The cataclysm of the great war has pices and, with proper support, it can during the twenty-four years of our existswept past us. It has left the world pros- undoubtedly be made an instrument of ence. The coming year presents preplex. trate in its wake. For the moment, the great value.

ing municipal problems which can be exhaustion which was brought upon us Transcendent questions involving the solved only by judicious action. by the tremendous effort required to future course of this Republic arose from This brief summary of our duties and protect our liberties, is causing a tempo- the consultations and negotiations which opportunities must make it clear to each rary interference with productive activ- followed the Armistice. It was proposed of you that we need the fullest possible ity.

that the United States should abandon measure of support. Although we have We are more fortunate in every respect certain policies which hitherto have been nearly 6,700 members, our total is still than any other great country on the face regarded as fundamental. After a thor- far below what it ought to be in a city of of the earth. Our energy is scarcely di- ough debate, these questions were sub- the size and importance of New York. I minished; our natural resources are still mitted to the voters last November and ask each one of you to keep in mind our abundant; our optimism and determina- the decision upon them was over need for more members. tion are hardly abated.

whelmingly recorded that we must regard On behalf of the Officers and Directors It is for us, in this period of read just them as settled beyond the possibility of of your Association, I thank you for the ment, to show the way toward higher revival. This decision furnishes us with cordial support which you have given standards and greater happiness for a firm basis upon which to build. during the past year. I am sure that you humanity. It is for us to insist upon and The execution of the popular mandate will continue to give it during the year protect the ideals which have lost their has been entrusted to a new Administra- that is to come. potency in greater or less degree because, tion. It will be the duty and privilege of I take great pleasure in extending to

It is our duty to shape the this Association during the coming year, each of you my best wishes for a happy future so that content will be still more as it has been in the past, to aid the con- and prosperous New Year. widely diffused, and so that our concep- stituted authorities. We have had much

Very truly yours, tions of liberty and self-government shall successful experience in this field.

WILLIAM FELLOWES MORGAN, spread throughout all races. In the State of New York, again, we

President, Such an Association as ours, strong in' are equipped to aid the Government and The Merchants' Associatìon of New York.



of the war.

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Comparison Shows Prices Declining Unevenly

Figures Compiled by the Industrial Bureau of The Merchants' Association Reveal Some Interesting FactsThe Fall in Prices Has Been General and It Has Been Greatest

in Clothing and Farm Products-Conference on Immigration Held








Food, etc.



356 246 287 341 195 246 284 222 371

234 165 195 274 170 220 258 207 369


100 100





Trepared by the Industrial Bureau of|cant to compare present prices of dif-then they were less than double the The Merchants' Association

ferent groups of commodities first with pre-war average. At the present time

the price levels in 1913, before the they are 70 per cent above this base, An analysis made by the Industrial

outbreak of the war, and second, with which is a relatively smaller percentBureau of The Merchants' Association

the peak prices reached earlier in the age of increase over 1913 than any of the present prices of goods at whole- current year. Using the figures of the other group of commodities except food sale shows that while price declines have Bureau of Labor Statistics, this infor- products. been general, the drop has been very mation has been compiled in the fol- As for the three remaining classificalowing table:

tions, fuel and light, house furnishing Decline Equals One Quarter

PRICE LEVELS OF VARIOUS GROUPS OF goods and miscellaneous items, all have

COMMODITIES DURING 1913, AT THEIR decreased less than 10 per cent. InAccording to the November, 1920, fig


deed, house furnishing goods have ures of the Bureau of Labor Statistics,

scarcely dropped one per cent. the average prices of goods at whole

Highest Nov., highest sale were 23.9 per cent lower than the

point 1920 point Cloths & Clothing

34% high point reached last May. Dun's In- Farm Products....


Immigration Conference dex Number for December 1 is 19.6 per Lumber & Building


13% cent and Bradstreet's 34.6 per cent Metals & Products



Thirty-six Organizations Accept below the peak reached last spring. Fuel and Light... 100

Chemicals & Drugs


Invitation of This Association From these figures it is safe to say that House Furnishings prices during the recent readjustment

Weighted Total.

Prepared by the Industrial Bureau of

24% period have fallen approximately one

The Merchants' Association

Greatest Fall in Clothing quarter,

Representatives from thirty-six New But while price declines during the

Clothing shows the greatest price re

York City organizations engaged in imlast few months have been general, they duction, with a 34 per cent declinė durhave been far more severe for certain ing the last nine months. In February, migrant educational work met in conferkinds of commodities than for others. 1920, clothes at wholesale were 312 ence under the auspices of The MerFor example, according to the Bureau times the 1913 average. By November chants' Association, in The Associaof Labor Statistics, clothing has fallen they had dropped to 2 43 times this base. tion's Assembly Room, on Tuesday aft

Mr. H. D. Walin price 34 per cent below the highest

Farm products come next in the mat- ernoon, December 21. point reached, whereas metal and metal ter of price decline. In April, 1920, bridge, Chairman of the Association's

Committtee on Immigration and Natuproducts have fallen only 13 per cent, they were nearly 2 42 times as high as

ralization, presided. chemicals and drugs 7 per cent, and the 1913 average, but by November they had dropped to about 1 43 of the pre

Committee Appointed house furnishing goods only 1 per cent.

war level. This is a decrease of nearly Equilibrium Is Upset

As a result of the meeting, a resolu33 per cent. This fact of uneven price reductions Foods and kindred products last May man to appoint a Committee representa

tion was adopted authorizing the Chairis of tremendous importance to mer- were 287 per cent above the pre-war tive of the public and private agencies chants and manufacturers. It means average.

Now the most recent Govern- in New York City interested in immithat the equilibrium of our economic ment figures indicate they are only 195

grant education, to study ways and structure has been temporarily upset. per cent above this base-a drop of 32

means of increasing the effectiveness of Had the prices of all commodities, as per cent.

present organizations and to make such well as wages of workers, declined in The above decreases are far greater

recommendations as it deems wise to approximately the same ratios, the buy-than for any of the other groups. Prices

secure this end, these recommendations ing power of the different classes in the of lumber and building materials have to be presented for action at a future community would be relatively the same fallen one-fifth since the peak reached

meeting or representatives from interas a year ago, but as it happens, certain in April. At that time they were 341 classes have been affected more ad- per cent above the 1913 level, while in this resolution, the following Committee

ested organizations. In accordance with versely than others. The farmers, for November the average was 274 per cent

nas been appointed: instance, who are now receiving one- above this base. third less for their products than they

Mr. William H. Woodin, President of

Metals and Metal Products did a year ago, have suffered a real de

the American Car and Foundry Com

Metals and metal products have only pany, Chairman, crease in purchasing power, since other

fallen 13 per cent. commodities,

In this connection, with the exception of

Mr. Martin H. Dodge, The Merchants' clothing, have not fallen comparably however, it should be remembered that Association of New York, with farm products.

these commodities during the last seven Mr. J. Stewart Wilson, The Bronx

years increased relatively less than any Board of Trade. Comparison of Prices

of the other groups. Prices reached Mr. George J. Ryan, Chamber of ComIn view of this situation, it is signifi- their high point last February, but even merce of the Borough of Queens.


Gift Pieds.



New York City Department of Education

New York State Department of Education
New York University

NOW 105,708,771 Mr. Allen T. Burns, Carnegie Corpo

People's Institute of Brooklyn

Russian Collegiate Institute ration,

The Merchants' Association of New York Mr. William C. Smith, State Depart- or Missions

The Protestant Episcopal Church, Department Corrected Figures of the Federal ment of Education, Union Settlement

Census Bureau Basis for ConUnited States Department of Labor, NaturaliDr. William McAndrew, New York zation Bureau

gressional Apportionment United Jewish Aid Societies of Brooklyn City Board of Education,

Women's City Club of New York Mr. Merton A. Sturges, Chief Naturali- Young Men's Christian Association


The Formal Addressses Mrs. Mary K. Simkhovitch, United

Formal addressses were made by Mr. Neighborhood Houses,

Population of the United States on William C. Smith, State Supervisor of January 1 this year, as enumerated in Hon. J. J. Freschi,

Immigrant Education, who spoke on the the Fourteenth Census, was 105,708,771, Dr. Vincent Pisek, Jan Hus House,

subject of The State's Part in Educating Miss Josephine Roche, Bureau of For- New York City's Foreign Born; Mr. An. certification to Congress as the basis for

as announced by the Census Bureau for eign Language Information Service, gelo Patri, Superintendent of the Paul reapportionment of the members of the American Red Cross,

Hoffman School, The Bronx, who spoke House of Representatives from various Mr. Seymour Barnard, The Peoples' on the subject of The Immigrant's View- States. Institute of Brooklyn,

point in Immigrant Education; and Mr. Mr. Edward L. Wertheim, Y. M. C. A., Allen T. Burns, Director of Americani

Gain Over First Figures Miss Edith Jardine, International In-zation Studies of the Carnegie Corpora- The population of continental United stitute, Y. W. C. A.,

tion, who spoke on the subject of Co- States as announced to-day shows a gain Mr. George M. Hayes, Knights of

operative Activity in Immigrant Educa- of 25,663 over the preliminary figures Columbus, tional Work,

announced October 7. Mr. Henry J. Bernheim, Metropolitan

These addresses were received with The population of the United States League, Y. M. H. A. and Jewish Wel- enthusiasm. They were followed by a with outlying possessions is 117,857,509, fare Board.

general discussion, during which repre- the outlying possessions totaling 12,A meeting of the Committee will be sentatives of many of the organizations, 148,738. These possessions are: held late this week. both public and private, offered their


54,899 The Merchants' Association called this cooperation in working out a plan for American Samoa

8,056 conference in accordance with a resolu- unifying and making more effective all Hawait



255,912 tion passed by the Board of Directors at the educational work for immigrants in Porto Rico

Panama Canal Zone.


1,299,809 a recent meeting, based on a report of the City.

Military and naval service abroad.

117,238 The Association's Committee on Immi

Philippine Islands

.10,350,640 Mr. Morris E. Siegel, in charge of Virgin Islands of the U.S.

26,051 gration and Naturalization, as follows: evening school extension work of the Resolved, That in order to reduce

Population by States New York City Board of Education, said duplication and waste and increase

These are the final population figures that the evening schools will probably of the country and States, the statistics the effectiveness of organizations

enroll from 40,000 to 45,000 immigrants now interested in the education of

announced early in October having been this year, and that the type of immithe foreign born, The Merchants'

the preliminary compilations. The popgrant now entering was very good, but Association take the initiative in

ulation of the States is as follows: that the night schools could not hope,

Alabama 2,348,174 Nebraska calling a conference of such organ

1,296,372 under their present budget, to do the Arizona 333,903 Nevada

77,407 izations in New York City, to the

Arkansas 1,752,204, N. Hampshire 443,083 work alone.

California.... 3,426,861 New Jersey.. 3,155,900 end that appropriate action may be


939,629 New Mexico. 360,350 taken. Urged Adoption of Business Methods Connecticut.. 1,380,631 New York...10,384,829


223,003 N. Carolina.. 2,559,123

N. Dakota... The Organizations Represented


645,680 Mr. Edward L. Wertheim, Educa- Dist. of Col..


5,759,394 The thirty-six organizations present, tional Secretary of the Y. M. C. A., Georgia 2,895,832 Oklahoma... 2,028,283

431,866 Oregon

783,389 represented by sixty-eight individuals, urged that business methods be applied Illinois

6,485,280 Pennsylvania 8,720,017

2,930,390 Rhode Island 604,397 to the solution of the problem. were as follows:


2,404,021 S. Carolina.. 1,683,724 America's Making

Mr. N. Behar, of the National Liberal Kansas 1,769,257 S. Dakota ... 636.547 American Red Cross

Kentucky 2,416,630

2,337,885 Bronx Board of Trade Immigration League, spoke of the need

Louisiana ... 1,798,509

4,663,228 Brooklyn Chamber of Commerce

768,014 Utah

449,396 for teachers who would use the visual Maine Brooklyn Federation of Jewish Charities

Maryland 1,449,661 Vermont

352,428 Carnegie Corporation

method of instruction, so that beginners Massachusetts 3,852,356 Virginia 2,309,187 Chamber of Commerce of the Borough of

Michigan 3,668,412 Washington.. 1,356,621 Queens might not be discouraged. He also

2,387,125 W. Virginia. 1,463,701 Christodora House

Wisconsin 2,632,067 urged especially that higher salaries be Mississippi... 1,790,618


Wyoming ... 194,402 Columbia House, Columbia University provided for such teachers.

548,889 Council of Jewish Women Czechoslovak Chamber of Commerce

Mrs. V. G. Simkhovitch, speaking for Educational Alliance

the United Neighborhood Houses, said FOOD ARTICLES IMPORTED Greenwich House Hartley House that while she and many others present

The imports of foodstuffs into this Hebrew Sheltering Immigrant Aid Society of America

had attended conferences of a like na country from 1910 to 1919 included Independent Order of Bnai Brith

ture many times before, all of which large quantities of sugar, coffee, tea, International Institute for Foreign born Women, Young Women's Christian Association had failed to make any progress toward cocoa and chocolate. While more sugarJewish Welfare Board Knights of Columbus

a real cooperative plan, she felt there beets and sugar-cane can be grown here, League of Women Voters of New York City

was reason for optimism in regard to dependence for these foodstuffs must National Liberal Immigration League Neighborhood House, Central Presbyterian the present meeting.

continue to be mainly upon the tropics. Church





Civic Club




The Texas Company, 17 Battery Place MEMBERS INVITED

- Oils.
Madeira, Hill and Company, Mr.

Percy C. Madeira, President, 143 Lib-
Executive Committee Takes Fa- erty Street—Wholesale Coal.

Exhibition in the Metropolitan Markle, Mr. John, President, G. B. vorable Action Upon Appli

Museum Shows Advance Markle Company, 28 West Forty-fourth cations for Admission

Over Former Years

Milbank, Mr. Dunlevy, 40 Wall Street


Mills, Mr. Ogden L., 15 Broad Street
Evidence is constantly being given to

The Fifth Exhibition of current work The Merchants' Association of the value

Minwax Company, Incorporated, Mr. by manufacturers and designers show

A. B. Harrison, President, 18 East Forty- ing study of collections in the Museum which is placed upon the work that its

first Street-Manufacturers of Structu- opened at the Metropolitan Museum of various Bureaus are doing. ral Waterproofing.

Art on December 15 and will continue The following has been received from Morgenthau, Mr. Henry, 1457 Broad- until January 30. The exhibition is the Division of Foods and Markets: way-Lawyer.

open each week-day from 10 A. M. to “I have received the copies of the

Murphy, Mr. Grayson M. P., Presi- 5 P. M. and on Sunday from 1 P. M. to

dent, Foreign Commerce Corporation of 6 P. M. article on labor turnover in New York

America, 15 Broad Street-Banking. City. This is a very good article, and

Saturday Evening Concerts National Foundation, Mr. H. E. T. I want to commend your Bureau on such cooke, Vice-President, 53 Park Row will be given on January 8, 15, 22 and

Concerts by a symphony Orchestra good work." Publishers of Industrial Literature.

29 at 8 P. M. in the Fifth Avenue Hall Ruperti, Mr. Justus, Treasurer, New Members Elected

and on these evenings all parts of the Charles Hardy' and Ruperti, IncorpoThe following new members were rated, 115 Broad Street-Export-Im

museum will be open, including the ex

hibition. elected to The Merchants' Association by port.

The collection this year is of conthe Executive Committee:

Rosenberg, Adolph, and Company, In

siderable importance from a business Bedford, Mr. A. C., Chairman of the corporated, Mr. Leo T. Perls, Treasurer,

standpoint. It demonstrates the high 1 Bond Street - Converters and ImportBoard, Standard Oil Company of New

degree of industrial design attained by ers of Cotton. Jersey, 26 Broadway-Petroleum Oils.

present day producers. The current ex

Rosenberg, D., and Company, Mr. Butler, Mr. James, James Butler, In

hibition is said by those who have had Samuel D. Goldstein, 114 Fifth Avenue corporated, 390 Washington Street

an opportunity to watch the develop-Manufacturers of Underwear. Wholesale Grocer.

ment of these exhibitions at the museum

Shotwell Manufacturing Company, InCuyler, Mr. Thomas DeWitt, 61

to be the best that has yet been held. corporated, Mr. J. E. Okell, Manager, Broadway-Transportation. 88 Thirty-fifth Street, Brooklyn-Manu

Cooperating Firms Dick, Mr. William K., 177 Montague facturing Confectioners.

Cooperation is being given by firms Street, Brooklyn-Banker.

Somers, O. J. Company, Mr. O. J. and designers of advertising, commercial DuPont, Mr. Samuel Pierre, Presi- Somers, 87 Maiden Lane Manufactur-containers, costume accessories and dedent, General Motors Corporation, 120 ing Jewelers.

signs, decorative accessories including Broadway-Motors.

Studebaker Corporation of America, painted fabrics, designs, drawings, phoElliott, Mr. Howard, Chairman of The, Mr. M. C. Reichert, Manager, Ex- tographs and models, enamels, furniture, Board, Northern Pacific Railway Com- port Department, 2 Rector Street, jewelry, lace and embroideries, leatherpany, 34 Nassau Street - Railway. Studebaker Automobiles.

work, lighting fixtures, metalwork, moGas Age, The, Mr. M. C. Robbins, Thompson, Mr. William Boyce, 1 Mad-saic, stained glass and frescoe, pottery President, 52 Vanderbilt Avenue-Pub-ison Avenue-Banking and Manufac- and porcelains, rugs, silverwork, tapeslishers. turing Interests.

try, woven and printed textiles, trade Geller, Rolston and Blanc, Mr. Ed- Warmington, Timms and Company, journals and other publications, wall ward H. Blanc, 22 Exchange Place Mr. Walter B. Timms, 105 Hudson Street paper and some other specialties. Lawyers. -Food Brokers.

Members of The Merchants' AssociaHarriman, Mr. W. A., 39 Broadway- Wolfsheim and Sachs, Incorporated, tion are cordially invited by the manTransportation.

Mr. E. M. Sachs, President, 35 Maiden agement to visit the exhibition, Heckscher, Mr. August, 50 East Forty- Lane Manufacturers of Jewelry Cases second Street—Real Estate. and Novelties.

USE OF MOTOR TRUCKS Hoyt, Mr. Richard F., 25 Broad Street

Approximately one-eighth of all the -Banking.


trucks in use in the United States are Iselin, Mr. Ernest, A. Iselin and Com

The Chamber of Commerce of Allen- York State and almost three-quarters of

operated by owners who live in New pany, 36 Wall Street-Banker.

Iselin, Mr. Lewis, A. Iselin and Com-town, Pennsylvania, has begun the pub- all the trucks in New York State or appany, 36 Wall Street-Banker.

lication of an official organ which is proximately one-ninth of all the trucks Kelley, Mr. Cornelius F., President, entitled "Allentown."

in the United States are operated in New Anaconda Copper Mining Company, 42

York City, thus, making Gotham the Broadway-Copper Mining.

Special "binders" or covers for "Greater most highly truck motorized city in the Lufkin, Mr. E. C., Chairman of Board, New Yorkmay be had for sixty-five cents. world.

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Convention Bureau of The Merchants' Association Makes Public the Schedule of Meetings

Which Will Be Held in New York During the Coming Month

The Convention Bureau of The Mer-| Fibre Box Manufacturers-January 12- Tea Association of the U. S. A.-Janchants' Association artnounces the fol- 15.

uary 21, lowing list of conventions to be held in

American Society of Mechanical In- New York State Bar Associationspectors—January 13.

January 21-22. New York City during the month of

Millinery Chamber of Commerce of New York State Rifie Association January: the United States—January 14.

January 22.
National Association for the Advance-
Jewelers' Security Alliance of the

American Irish Historical Societyment of Colored People-January 3. United States January 14.

January 22. Good Manufacturing Company, Sales Associated Dress Industries of Amer

American Game Protective AsssociaConvention-January 3-5. ica, Annual Meeting—January 14.

tion-January 24-25. Motor Truck Association of America, Jobbers' Association of Knit Goods

Inter-State Exhibitors' CorporationExhibition—January 3-8. Buyers—January 14.

January 24-28. Association of American Colleges- American Designers' Association- National Marine League of the U. S. January 4-5. January 14-15.

A.—January 24-29. National Society for Broader Educa- United Synagogue of America—Janu

Association of American Horse Shows tion, Directors' Meeting-January 5. ary 16-17.

January 25. Umbrella Manufacturers' Association Women's League of the United Syna

American Lace Manufacturers' Assoof America—January 6. gogue of America - January 16-17.

ciation—January 25. United States Golf Association-Jan- American Institute of Consulting En

Trust Companies Association of the uary 7. gineers—January 17.

State of New York-January 26. Brotherhood of Traveling Jewelers- American Dyes Institute January 17. American Jewelers' Protective AssoJanuary 8.

United States Revolver Association- ciation-January 26. National Automobile Show-January January 17.

Union Society of the Civil War-Jan8-15.

Jobbers' Association of Dress Fabric uary 27. Automotive Wood Wheel Manufactur- Buyers—January 17-18.

Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, ers' Association January 10.

American Society of Landscape Archi- Superintendents' Convention-January Rubber Association of America-Jan-tects—January 17-18.

27-29. uary 10.

Compressed Gas Manufacturers' As

National Woolen Trimmings AssociaCycle Trades of America—January sociation—January 17-18.

tion-January 28. 11.

Water Power League of America

Carbon and Ribbon Exchange-JanuCycle Parts and Accessories Associa- January 18.

ary 28. tion—January 11.

Polo Association - January 18.

National Brick Manufacturers' AssoMotor and Allied Trades Association National Association of Hosiery and ciation—January 31-February 4. -January 11. Underwear Manufacturers, Executive

Common Brick Manufacturers' AssoBicycle Manufacturers' Association - Board Meeting-January 18.

ciation - January 31-February 4. January 11.

American Show Tippler Club-Janu

Merchandise Exhibit Co.—January Cycle Jobbers' Association of Amer-ary 18.

31-February 5. ica-January 11.

New York State Wholesale Bakers'

Journeymen Stone Cutters' AssociaAutomotive Equipment Association - Association-January 18-19.

tion of North America-January. January 11.

National Boot and Shoe Manufactur- American Academy of ArboristsAmerican Speedways Association -ers' Association-January 18-19. January. January 11.

Madison Square Garden Poultry Show

National Wholesale Floor Covering United States Ship Operators' Asso- —January 18-22.

Association—January. ciation-January 11.

American Society of Civil Engineers

National Board of Review of Motion Mining and Metallurgical Society of January 19.

Pictures-January. America--January 11.

Jobbers' Association of Notion Buyers National Efficiency Society-January. Grass and Fiber Rug Manufacturers' -January 19.

Mutual Benefit Life Insurance ComAssociation January 11,

National Wholesale Drygoods Associa- pany, Agency Convention—January. National Association of Finishers of tion-January 19-20. Cotton Fabrics-January 11. Atlantic Whist Association-January

MOTOR TRUCK INCREASE National Association of Brokers in 19-22. Refined Sugar-January 11.

National Jewelers' Board of Trade

That New York stands pre-eminent in Certified Milk Producers' Association January 20.

the use of motor trucks is shown by the of America-January 11-12.

American Protective Tariff League-

following figures from the New York Society of Automotive Engineers— Jaanuary 20.

City branch of the Secretary of State's January 11-13.

office: American Light Brahma Club—Janu

Trucks Reg. Motor and Accessory Manufacturers' ary 20.

in N.Y. State Association-January 12. National Institute of Social Sciences


53,821 National Association of Corrugated January 21.


Year 1920 1919 1918

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