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36° 40'.-Monroe's Cabinet, including Calhoun, regard the Compromise as a strictly constitutional Measure.—It is considered a Southern Triumph, Page 127-133. - . REPEAL OF THE 21st RULE.—Calhoun at Work again stirring up sectional Strife.—The Right of Petition in Congress.-Mr. Botts makes a Stand in favor of it against a Southern Majority.—A TReview of the agitating Questions which grew out of the Repeal of the Missouri Compromise.—The Annexation of Texas.-The Admission of Oregon.— The Inconsistency of the Democracy illustrated, 133–138. THE COMPROMISE OF 1850.-The Action of Mr. Clay.—Mr. Botts has a Conversation with Senator Foote.—Mr. Botts and Mr. Clay have a Talk together.—A Secession Convention called at Nashville.—The Jackson Resolutions in the House of Representatives.—The Names of those who voted against a Settlement of pending Difficulties.—The Contest of 1852 reviewed. — Pierce's Administration. — Mr. Botts’s Charges against the Democracy.—The Cincinnati Convention.—Mr. Botts endorses Mr. Seward, 138–147. THE KANSAS-NEBRASKA BILL.—Douglas's Remarks in New York.-A Repetition of historical Truths.—Mr. Botts on Slavery-He declares himself no Slavery Propagandist.—He refuses to force Slavery upon the People any where.—He would not establish it in the Territories, 147-153. THE MIssouri CoMPROMISE AGAIN.—Its Repeal the Origin of the Republican Party.—Mr. Botts's Letter to the National Intelligencer.—The Consequences of the Repeal predicted.—Mr. Botts's Opposition excites the Anger of the Democracy.—Governor Wise “pitches in" to him.—Wise handled without Gloves by Mr. Botts.—Very interesting Extracts.Wise's Plagiarism, 154–162. THE PRESIDENTIAL QUESTIONS OF 1856.-Pierce and Douglas thrown aside for Buchanan.—Fremont nearly successful.—The Party Cry of “the Election of a Democrat necessary to save the Union” a good one. —The Richmond Earaminer again.—Preston Brooks makes a few Remarks. – Governor Wise proposes to take Washington. — Mr. Botts again warns the People.—The last expiring Effort of Democracy, 162–166. THE ATTEMPT To MAKE ICANSAs A SLAVE STATE.—It is a Part of the Democratic Programme to exasperate the North. —The Agitators of both Sections arraigned.—The Southern Democracy the guilty Parties. —The Iniquity of the Attempt, 166–170.

MR. Botts's SPEECH IN NEw York IN 1859.-The Lecompton Swindle. —The Proceedings of the Kansas Convention.—The Outrages attempt— ed by the Southern Democracy.—Extract from the Richmond Whig on the Subject, Page 170–177. - - THE JoHN BRowN RAID.—A Godsend for the Democracy.—The Excitement in Richmond.—Wise in his Glory.—The Cost of this “playing Soldier” to Virginia. —Preparations made for the Rebellion, 177-179. THE NOMINATIONS FOR PRESIDENT IN 1860.-The Democratic ‘‘Powwow” at Charleston.—Breckinridge in command of the Secession Democracy.—Douglas at the Head of the “Moderate Democrats.”—Bell captains the Unionists. – Lincoln musters the Republican Army of “Wide-awakes.”—He wins the Battle.—The Republican Platform.— Its conservative Character, 179–181. THE CONSPIRACY DEVELOPED.—The Treachery of Buchaman's leading Cabinet Officers.-They rob the North to arm the South.-Virginia gives a Union Vote in the Election of 1860, 181, 182. THE ELECTION OF LINCOLN.—His Election the Pretext for Rebellion.— Bonfires illuminate Charleston. — A Secession Convention called in South Carolina.—Inauguration of Secession.—The firing upon the Star of the West.—The Action of Governor Letcher in Virginia.—He succumbs to the Democracy.—The illegitimate Call for the Convention, 183, 184. - - THE “so-cALLED” PEACE (!) CoNGREss. – The pretended Efforts of the Democracy to obtain a peaceful Solution of the great Problem.— Proofs of their Pretense.—The Resolutions of the Peace Congress, and the Cheat played off upon the People in regard to them.—Tyler and Seddon play their “little Game,” 184–189. THE CRITTENDEN COMPROMISE MEASUREs.—Jeff Davis and Bob Toombs defeat their Passage.—No Compromise desired.—The Amendment to prohibit Congress from legislating on Slavery refused, 189, 190. THE RICHMOND Whig ON RECONSTRUCTION.—The Fault not in the Comstitution.— The South objects to Yankees. – They want to be “let alone.”—What Preston Brooks said, 190, 191. WHAT ANDREw Johnson SAID.—His Speech at Nashville in 1862.-Six Southern Senators refuse to record their Votes in order to defeat the Crittenden Compromise.—Withdrawal of the Southern States while in control of both Houses of Congress. – The North refuses to legislate against Slavery, though Secession had given them the Power, 191—193.

THE VIRGINIA CoNVENTION OF 1861.-The Character of the Convention. —How Civil War in Virginia might have been avoided.—Mr. Lincoln makes an Offer to John B. Baldwin, one of the then Union Leaders of the Convention.—Mr. Lincoln offers to evacuate Fort Sumter if the Convention will adjourn sine die without passing an Ordinance of Secession.—Baldwin declines the Offer, Page 194. MR. BOTTS HAS AN INTERVIEw witH MR. LINCOLN.—The President's Message to Governor Pickens, of South Carolina. —He does not want War.—He “will make greater Sacrifices for Peace than any Man in the Country.”—Mr. Botts returns to Richmond to consult with the Union Men of the Convention.—Baldwin keeps Mr. Lincoln's Offer se– cret.—He accepts a military Position in the Confederate Service three Days after the State secedes, 194–200. THE VIRGINIA “STATE-RIGHTs” CoNVENTION.—The Secession Convention at Metropolitan Hall, Richmond.—Its Object to coerce the regular State Convention.—The Governor to be deposed and Revolution inaugurated if the Ordinance of Secession was not passed before April 20, 201–203. THE REBELLION INAUGURATED. —The Richmond Secessionists send a Delegate to Charleston to start the Ball of Rebellion. — Speech of Roger A. Pryor at Charleston.—The Attack on Fort Sumter commenced.—The Capture of Washington the next Thing on the Programme, 203, 204. PRESIDENT LINcoln's ProclamATION IN 1861–The Proclamation an unfortunate Document.—The Reason why it was.-It was not properly worded, and called for too few Men.—The Union Party of the South paralyzed by it.—Mr. Botts alone raises his Voice against Secession at this critical Time, 205–208. . . THE ORDINANCE or Secession Passed IN VIRGINA.—The Vote on its Passage.—Rebellion inaugurated in Virginia.-Post-office and Custom-house seized in Richmond.—Attack on the Gosport Navy-yard and Harper's Ferry Buildings, 208, 209. THE ILLEGAL STATE ACTION of THE VIRGINIA ConvKNTION.—They adopt the Constitution of the Southern Confederacy.—The State transferred to that Government.—The Ratification of the Secession Ordinance.— The Vote a complete Farce.—The limited Powers of the Convention. —The Annexation of Virginia to the Southern Confederacy neither ratified by the People nor submitted to them for Approval, 209-211. THE RATIFICATION OF THE ORDINANCE OF SECESSION.—Mr. Botts refuses

to ratify the Action of the Convention.—The Vote on the Question
kept secret—The Character of the Outrage committed, Page 211-213.
MR. Botts's EFFORTs To PREVENT CIVIL WAR.—His Letter to Mr.

Bates.—His Propositions repudiated.—The Excitement against him in

Richmond.—Article from the Richmond Whig.—An Editorial from

the Richmond Dispatch.—“Tories and Traitors,” 213–216.

MR. BOTTS RETIRES FROM THE CONTEST IN DESPAIR.—He might have

had a high Position in the Confederacy.—He prefers a Prison in the

Cause of the Union, 216, 217. . -

“HoNEST JoHN BELL’’ AGAIN.—John Bell's Selfishness.-He holds to

the Union as long as he thinks it profitable.—The Defection of South-

ern Unionists in general.—The Temptation of Offices under Jeff Davis

too great to be resisted, 217, 218. -

THE SouTH NO CAUSE OF COMPLAINT.-The law-making Power of the

United States Government in the Hands of the South from 1801 to

1861.-They control Congress for fifty Years.—What the Southern

Democracy did in that Period.—Their last Act an Effort to destroy

the United States Government in order to regain lost Power.—The

Task of the Democracy finished, and their Mission ended, 218–222.

THE RESULT OF THE REBELLION.—The futile Effort of five Millions of

People to overthrow twenty-two Millions.—Mr. Botts, in 1861, predicts

the disastrous Failure of the Rebellion.—What Democracy has done.—

They turn Southern Fields into Grave-yards, cover the Land with

Mourning, fill the South with Widows and Orphans, and impoverish

the entire South.-All this done to perpetuate the Power of the Dem-

ocratic Party, 222-224. - -

CoNCLUSION.—Reflections on the State of the Country.—Mr. Botts de-

clares the Union to be “the God of my Idolatry on Earth.”—The Re-

bellion the greatest Crime since the Crucifixion of the Savior, 224–226.

CONTENTS OF THE APPENDIX.

THE GREAT STRIKE For HIGHER WAGES.–More of its History.—The
Wallandigham Conspiracy.—The Knights of the Golden Circle.—Gen-
eral Gantt's Testimony. —General McClellam escapes the “Potter's
Hands.”—The Character of the “Strike.”—Mr. Botts is advised by a
“Friend” to take up the Southern Cross.—He resists the Temptation,
and goes in for “the old Flag or none.”—He is requested to explain

his Views of the Question.—His Letter to the Alexandria Gazette in

1860, Page 227–248. .

MR. Botts's NoMINATION FOR THE STATE CONVENTION.—His Letter of

Acceptance. — He prophesies the Consequences of Secession. — He

makes an Effort to prevent Civil War, 248—257. -

THE BATEs LETTERs.—Mr. Botts writes to Attorney General Bates.—He

proposes to let the Cotton States have constitutional Leave to with-

draw.—He thinks a short Time would satisfy them of the Folly of the

Experiment.—His Object only to avoid Civil War, not to legalize Se-

cession.—Editorial Comments of the Richmond Dispatch on his first

Letter.—Mr. Bates's Reply.—The suppressed Letters of this Corre-

spondence.—The last Letters of Mr. Botts.-He fully explains his Po-

sition.—Extracts from his Letter to the Troy Whig, 257-279.

THE PARTICULARs of MR. Botts's ARREST.-He is lodged in a filthy

negro Jail for eight Weeks.-Mr. Botts the first Victim to Loyalty in

Virginia.-The prison Treatment.—The Inauguration of the Reign of

Terror.—The odious Southern Conscription.—Benjamin in the Rôle

of a “sneaking Thief,” 27 9-281. *

MR. Botts's LETTER. To G. W. RANDoLPH IN 1862.-He protests against

the Tyranny of his Enemies.—He demands Trial.—Plain Talk to the

Confederate Secretary of War.—The Order for Mr. Botts's Removal to

the Interior.—The tyrant Winder writes to him, 28.1–290.

MR. Botts's OFFICIAL PROTEST.--His Reasons for protesting against his

Imprisonment.—His Release from Prison.—He expects “Little Mac.”

—A Chapter on General M'Clellan.-The Ease with which he could

have taken Richmond in 1862–The great Defeat of the Rebels at

Malvern Hill.—M“Clellan retreats from a flying Foe, 291–294.

MR. Botts Movies To CULPEPPER.—He purchases a Farm. of 2200 Acres.

—Jeb Stuart begins his Persecutions.—The Robberies of the Confed-

erate Army.—How General Meade failed in capturing Lee's Army.—

A Bull-Run Panic among the Rebels after the Battle of Kelly's Ford.

—Outrageous Conduct of Stuart's Army, 294–297. -

MR. BOTTS’s LETTER TO THE RICHMOND Examiner IN 1863.−A graphic

Picture of the thrilling Times of '63.—His bold, defiant Language while

in the Rebel Lines, 297-307. :

A CLEAR RECORD DESIRED.—Mr. Botts declines the United States Sen-

atorship of Virginia.-He hopes to be the Means of reconciling the

North and South, 307-309. -

MR. Botts's LINcolN LETTER.—His Opinion of Mr. Lincoln and his Ad-

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