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name of Democracy, and all for their own exclusive and selfish purposes.*

* 1866.-It would scarcely have been credited, and still less anticipated that, in less than one year from the overwhelming discomfiture and defeat of this same Democracy by the absolute subjection and surrender of all their forces in the field, which was followed by the most abject supplications for pardon from the chief Executive of the nation, that they would have had the audacity to set up any claim or pretension to get control of the government again; and still less could it have been anticipated that, by the misapplied clemency of the President in granting indiscriminate pardons to all, they would, on this 30th day of March, 1866, be in the ascendency again in almost every Southern state, looking eagerly and laboring earnestly to get control of the national government. YET SO IT IS.

I have recently cut from a newspaper an article so entirely coinciding with my own views that I take the liberty of appending it here, without knowing to whom I am indebted for so true and faithful a picture of the obligations of the people to the once great and overshadowing Democrat

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"Record of the Democratic Party.--We never read one of the numerous complaints which appear in the so-called Democratic newspapers about the burden of our public debt and the consequent heavy taxation, without being reminded of the fact that the Democratic party is responsible for the rebellion and whatever evils followed in its track. Every dollar of our national debt was expended in suppressing the rebellion inaugurated by the Southern Democrats, and connived at and sympathized with by their Northern allies of the same party. This accounts for their desire to repudiate this debt, interest and principal, and at the same time explains the secret of their constant complaint about 'heavy taxation.' A Western orator tells the truth in his own way in the following extract:

"Let Democratic journals and orators howl over the debt and taxes their war has brought. They but magnify their own sins. Every dollar of debt is a Democratic legacy. Every tax is a Democratic gift. Every government stamp is a Democratic sticking-plaster. Every person in the United States drinks in Democracy in his tea, his coffee, and his whisky, and in the sugar wherewith he sweetens them. Each ingredient pays its quota for the cost of Democracy to the country. The smoker inhales Democracy. The sick man is physicked with Democracy. The laboring

A party that has been productive of such unmeasured mischief should not only be forever buried in oblivion, but the word democracy itself should be stricken from the vocabulary, that no more abuses should be committed under a name of such magic influence.

THE RESULT OF THE REBELLION.

You ask me also, what I think will be the result of this rebellion? This question is much more briefly answered.

man gives about one hour's labor every day to pay for Democracy. The capitalist pays one tenth of his income for the cost of the Democratic party. Every transfer of property is saddled with the Democratic burden. Before he is begotten the child is subject to the Democratic tax. From the cradle to the grave he never is free from it. The funeral mourning must first pay the penalty of Democratic rule, and a portion of that which he leaves behind must go into this Democratic vortex. Generation after generation will carry this Democratic burden from birth to death. But for the Democratic party, our people would hardly have known the nature of taxation. But for the Democratic party, the hundreds of thousands of young men whose bones are strewn over the South would now be productive laboi and the support and comfort of families now desolate. No one can attempt to deny this indictment. No one can pretend that the Democratic party had any cause for rebellion. Yet it has the effrontery to cry over the burdens of taxation. As the father of the Democratic party, when he had stripped Job of family and possessions, charged it to his own sins, and sought to draw him from his integrity, so his Democratic sons now come forward with equal effrontery and charge their doings upon the loyal people, and hypocritically howl over their afflictions, and seek to seduce them from their integrity, to elect to power the party which has brought all these woes upon the land.'"

Let an enlightened public now determine whether my uniform and persistent hostility to the Democratic party was the result of unworthy and unfounded prejudice, as some have supposed, or of a judicious and intelligent knowledge of its true character, and the danger to be apprehended, from the nature of its organization, to the interests and welfare of the nation.

The history of the world in 6000 years has furnished but one instance of a David and Goliath. I do not think this is likely to prove a second. Five millions of people, and they far from being united, with two local governments in operation in three of the principal states, to wit, Virginia, Kentucky, and Missouri, without money, for that can not be called money which has no foundation for its basis, and is made payable six months after the happening of an event which is sure never to take place, without credit, without necessary clothing, without a sufficiency of the necessaries of life, without a navy, and without commerce, to overthrow 22,000,000 of people, with an abundant supply of both money and credit, with a superfluity of clothing, provisions, and other appliances of war, with a most powerful navy, and a commerce unrestricted with all the world, would be a miracle that could be worked out by the hand of the Almighty alone; and if he was on either side, as has been so often claimed, then I feel assured that that side would never suffer defeat or privation. I am compelled, therefore, to conclude that the rebellion will prove in the end a most signal and disastrous failure, unless the administration at Washington shall be guilty of some act of most absurd and stupid folly that will serve to divide a now united North, and unite a now divided South. But as long as the Southern authorities can raise the men, and the provisions to sustain them, the war will be prosecuted; and when there is nothing left with which to feed the army, which will be first served, what will be left to feed the people? Unfortunately, those who made the war, those who were looked up to by their more ignorant neighbors and friends for advice and counsel, will not be the chief sufferers; for after having induced them to adopt a course that drove the husbands, brothers, and sons into the field, they have themselves, for the most part, dodged behind every conceivable pretext to avoid the danger and privation to which they subjected others. What unfathomable contempt I feel for such creatures, who should have been the first to rush to battle and vindicate a cause of their own creation !

CONCLUSION.

I have thus furnished you with a sketch of the origin and progress of secession, as derived from my own personal knowledge of the events recorded, as I have been an active participator in all the scenes referred to for the last thirty years, and you are supplied with the means by which a mere handful of bad and selfish men, a set of political gamblers and stock-jobbers, have gradually and stealthily advanced step by step in their wicked work, and at each successive point succeeded in seducing into their ranks the too easy and timid dupes from the ranks of their opponents, until at last it has come to be a crime to dispute the orthodoxy of their detestable doctrines, or to raise a voice in favor of the great work of our inmortal fathers. Thus you have seen how a reckless and desperate set of politicians, who are now courted, honored, rewarded, and caressed, have, for their own hateful and selfish ends, involved the great body of the confiding and unsuspecting people of the South in all the frightful consequences that must inevitably result from their want of fidelity to a government that never had the power to oppress them, and which they were under the highest obligations of honor and duty to support; and now they impiously implore the Almighty on this, the day of humiliation and prayer, to help them out of difficulties of their own seeking, and from which they have no power to extricate themselves except by unconditional submission, while their constant cry is that they are "an outraged and oppressed people, upon whom an unholy war has been waged by a tyrant and a despot,” and “all they ask is 'to be let alone,” and who are now exhausting every energy to involve the powers of Europe in their own unprofitable and ruinous strife.

I derive no small degree of satisfaction from the reflection, as all can bear me witness, that at every step of their unhallowed and iniquitous proceedings I have promptly, and without a calculation of the cost, arrayed myself against them, and warned the people in public speeches, and by publications innumerable, in different forms, that the design of the leaders of Democracy was the disruption of the Union, accompanied with the entreaty that they would not follow em. The people knew nothing of my deep-rooted devotion to the Union, and of my utter disregard for all parties and for all men, even for myself, when contrasted with the prosperity and happiness of my country. They did not know that I had made the Union the god of my idolatry on earth, and they set it all down to an excess of party feeling, and would not heed what I had to say. All can bear me witness, too, that on all such occasions I have offered an earlier, more persistent, and determined resistance to their measures of mischief than any other living man, which not only exposed me to the most violent denunciation and abuse of the Democratic press and party for what they were pleased to term a want of fidelity to the South, but also subjected me to the groundless suspicion on the part many of my own political cotemporaries, who could not be made to believe in the dangers with which we were encompassed; and in this way and for this reason it was that I was so often left to stand alone in the breach, and battle single-handed against all parties in the state, until the most bitter and unrelenting of my focs were those who should have been found fighting by my side.

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