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towards them, and that such rational experiments should which provision was made by law, has been duly notibe made, for imparting to them the blessings of civiliza-fied, (excepting one instance in which the return has tion, as may from time to time suit their condition. been informal; and another, in which it has been omit

That the Executive of the United States should be ted or miscarried,) and the returns of the officers who enabled to employ the means to which the Indians have were charged with this duty, which will be laid before been long accustomed for uniting their immediate in- you, will give you the pleasing assurance, that the terests with the preservation of peace.

present population of the United States borders on four And that efficacious provision should be made for millions of persons. inflicting adequate penalties upon all those who, by It is proper also to inform you that a further loan of violating their rights, shall infringe the treaties, and two millions and a half of florins has been completed in endanger the peace of the Union.

Holland; the terms of which are similar to those of the A system corresponding with the mild principles of one last announced, except as to a small reduction of religion and philanthropy towards an unenlightened charges. Another, on like terms, for six millions of race of men, whose happiness materially depends on the florins had been set on foot under circumstances that conduct of the United States, would be as honorable to assured an immediate completion. the national character as conformable to the dictates of Gentlemen of the Senate : sound policy.

The powers specially vested in me by the act laying Two treaties which have been provisionally concluded certain duties on distilled spirits, which respect the sub- with the Cherokees and Six Nations of Indians, will be divisions of the districts into surveys, the appointment laid before you for your consideration and ratification. of officers, and the assignment of compensations, have Gentlemen of the House of Representatives : likewise been carried into effect. In a matter in which both materials and experience were wanting to guide trust

, you must anticipate, with pleasure, that many of

In entering upon the discharge of your legislative the calculation, it will be readily conceived that there the difficulties, necessarily incident to the first arrangemust have been difficulty in such an adjustment of the ments of a new Government, for an extensive country, rates of compensation as would conciliate a reasonable have been

happily surmounted by the zealous and judicompetency with a proper regard to the limits pre- cious exertions of your predecessors, in co-operation scribed by the law. It is hoped that the circumspection with the other branch of the Legislature. The importwhich has been used will be found in the result to have ant objects which remain to be accomplished, will

, I am secured the last of the two objects; but it is probable, persuaded, be conducted upon principles equally comthat, with a view of the first, in some instances a re

prehensive, and equally well calculated for the advancevision of the provision will be found advisable.

ment of the general weal. The impressions with which this law has been re

The time limited for receiving subscriptions to the ceived by the community have been, upon the whole, loans proposed by the act making provision for the debt such as were to be expected among enlightened and of the United States having expired, statements from well disposed citizens, from the propriety and necessity the proper department will, as soon as possible, apprize of the measure. The novelty, however, of the tax, in a

you of the exact result. Enough, however, is already considerable part of the United States, and a miscon- known to afford an assurance that the views of that act ception of some of its provisions, have given occasion in have been substantially fulfilled. The subscription, in particular places to some degree of discontent. But, it the domestic debt of the United States, has embraced is satisfactory to know that this disposition yields, to by far the greatest proportion of that debt; affording, at proper explanations and more just apprehensions of the the same time, proof of the general satisfaction of the true nature of the law. And I entertain a full confidence that it will

, in all, give way to motives which public creditors with the system which has been proarise out of a just sense of duty, and a virtuous regard posed to their acceptance, and of the

spirit of accommo

dation to the convenience of the Government with which to public welfare. If there are any circumstances in the law which, con- the respective States, as far as the provisions of the law

they are actuated. The subscriptions in the debts of sistently with its main design, may be so varied as to have permitted, may be said to be yet more general. remove any well-intentioned objections that may hap- The part of the debt of the United States which repen to exist, it will consist with a wise moderation to mains unsubscribed, will naturally engage your further make the proper variations. It is desirable, on all occa

deliberations. sions, to unite, with a steady and firm adherence to

It is particularly pleasing to me to be able to an. constitutional and necessary acts of Government, the

nounce to you that the revenues which have been esfullest evidence of a disposition, as far as may be prac- tablished promise to be adequate to their objects, and ticable, to consult the wishes of every part of the community, and to lay the foundations of the public admin- may be permitted, if no unforeseen exigency occurs, to

supersede, for the present, the necessity of any new istration in the affections of the people.

burdens Pursuant to the authority contained in the several

upon our constituents. acts on that subject, a district of ten miles square, for provision for the current service of the ensuing year,

An object which will claim your early attention is a the permanent seat of the Government of the United States, has been fixed, and announced by proclamation; together with such ascertained demands upon the frea which district will comprehend lands on both sides of sury as require to be immediately discharged, and such the river Potomac, and the towns of Alexandria and casualties as may have arisen in the execution of the Georgetown. A city has also been laid out, agreeably have yet been made ; of all which a proper estimate

public business, for which no specific appropriation may to a plan which will be placed before Congress. And, will be laid before you. as there is a prospect, favored by the rate of sales which have already taken place, of ample funds for carrying Gentlemen of the Senate, and on the necessary public buildings, there is every expect

of the House of Representatives : ation of their due progress.

I shall content myself with a general reference to The completion of the census of the inhabitants, fer former communications for several objects, upon which



[OCTOBER, 1791. the urgency of other affairs has hitherto postponed any

WEDNESDAY, October 26. definitive resolution. Their importance will recall them to your attention; and, I trust, that the progress already

Rufus King, from the State of New York, and made in the most arduous arrangements of the Govern- John Henry, from the State of Maryland, attended. ment will afford you leisure to resume them with ad The following Letter, dated October th, 1791, vantage.

from the Treasurer of the United States to the There are, however, some of them of which I cannot Vice President, was communicated: forbear a more particular mention. These are: the Militia,

Sır: My accounts from the 1st October, 1790, to the the Post Office and Post Roads, the Mint, Weights and 30th June, 1791, having passed the offices, and been reMeasures, and a provision for the sale of the vacant lands ported on, permit me, through you, to lay them before the of the United States.

honorable the Senate, and at the same time to inform The first is certainly an object of primary importance, them that my specie and indent accounts from the 1st whether viewed in reference to the national security, to July to the 30th September, are at the Treasury for setthe satisfaction of the community, or to the preservation tlement, and when passed on, will be immediately handed of order. In connection with this, the establishment of

you. competent magazines and arsenals, and the fortification of such places as are peculiarly important and vulnera

Ordered, That this Letter, and the accounts ble, naturally present themselves to consideration. The therein referred to, lie for consideration. safety of the United States, under Divine protection,

The following Message from the President of ought to rest on the basis of systematic and solid arrange the United States was received and read: ments, exposed as little as possible to the hazards of Gentlemen of the Senate, and fortuitous circumstances.

of the House of Representatives : The importance of the Post Office and Post Roads, on a plan sufficiently liberal and comprehensive, as they have

been transmitted to me during the recess of Con

I lay before you copies of the following Acts which respect the expedition, safety, and facility of communication, is increased by their instrumentality in diffusing gress, viz: a knowledge of the laws and proceedings of the Govern

An Act passed by the Legislature of New Hampshire, ment; which, while it contributes to the security of the for ceding to the United States the fort and light-house people, serves also to guard them against the effects of belonging to the said State. misrepresentation and misconception. The establish

An Act of the Legislature of Pennsylvania, ratifying, ment of additional cross posts, especially to some of the on behalf of said State, the first article of amendment to important points in the western and northern parts of the Constitution of the United States, as proposed by the Union, cannot fail to be of material utility.

Congress; and The disorders in the existing currency, and especially

An Act of the Legislature of North Carolina, granting the scarcity of small change, a scarcity so peculiarly dis- the use of the jails within that State to the United States. tressing to the poorer classes, strongly recommend the

G. WASHINGTON. carrying into immediate effect the resolution already en United States, October 26, 1791. tered into concerning the establishment of a Mint. Mea

Ordered, That the Message and papers accomsures have been taken pursuant to that resolution for panying it lie for consideration. procuring some of the most necessary artists, together

The petition of Thomas Shubrick, Esq., of with the requisite apparatus. An uniformity in the Weights and Measures of the half of Mary and Susanna Shubrick, daughters of

Charleston, in the State of South Carolina, on becountry is among the important objects submitted to Richard Shubrick, Esq., deceased, was read, prayyou by the Constitution, and, if it can be derived from a standard at once invariable and universal, must be no

ing that the provisions of the resolves of Congress less honorable to the public councils, than conducive to of the 15th of May, 1778, and of the 24th of Authe public convenience.

gust, 1780, may be extended to the said Mary and A provision for the sale of the vacant lands of the Susanna. United States is particularly urged, among other reasons,

Ordered, That this petition be referred to the by the important considerations, that they are pledged Secretary of War to report thereon to the Senate. as a fund for reimbursing the public debt; that, if timely and judiciously applied, they may save the necessity of burthening our citizens with new taxes for the extin

Thursday, October 27. guishment of the principal; and that, being free to dis The following resolution of the Directors of the charge the principal but in a limited proportion, no op- Library Company of Philadelphia was communiportunity ought to be lost for availing the public of its cated, dated October 6th, 1791. right.

Resolved, That the resolution of the 18th of January G. WASHINGTON.

last, be extended to the present Congress of the United United States, October 25, 1791.

States, and that the Secretary be directed to furnish co The PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED States having pies of the said resolution to the President of the Senate retired, and the two Houses being separated,

and to the Speaker of the House of Representatives. Ordered, That Messrs. Burr, Cabo'r, and JOHN The memorial of John Nixon and others, a comsron, be a committee to prepare and report the mittee on behalf of certain creditors of the United draft of an Address to the President of the United States, was read, requesting that an appropriation States, in answer to his Speech delivered this day may be made for the payment of the arrears of to both Houses of Congress.

their interest and the annual interest accruing. Ordered, That the Speech of the President of Ordered, That this petition lie on the table. the United States, delivered this day, be printed The petition of Roger Smith, in behalf of Jacob for the use of the Senate.

and William Mott, minors, and sons of Charles

OCTOBER, 1791.]

[SENATE. Mott, Esq., deceased, late a Major of the second sister Mary Huger, widow of Benjamin Huger, continental regiment of the State of South Caro- Esq., late Major of the fifth continental regiment lina, was read, praying that the benefits of commu- of the State aforesaid, was read, praying that the tation of half pay may be extended to the afore- resolutions of Congress, of May 15th, 1778, and said Jacob and William.

24th of August, 1780, may be extended to the said Ordered, That this petition be referred to the Mary Huger. Secretary of War, to report thereon to the Senate. Ordered, That this petition be referred to the

The petition of Thomas O. Elliot, executor of Secretary of War, to report thereon to the Senate. the late Colonel Bernard Elliot, was read, praying The following Message was received from the that the orphan son of the said Bernard Elliot President of the United States; may receive the commutation for his late father's services, as Lieutenant-colonel, who died in the Gentlemen of the Senate, and service of the United States.

of the House of Representatives : Ordered, That this petition be referred to the I lay before you a copy of a letter, and of sundry do Secretary of War, to report thereon to the Senate. cuments, which I have received from the Governor of

The petition of James Ball, of the State of South Pennsylvania, respecting certain persons who are said Carolina, on behalf of Jean Ann Ball, his wife, late into that

of Virginia ; together with a report of the Attor

to have fled from justice out of the State of Pennsylvania, Jean Ann Wise, only daughter of Major Samuel Wise, deceased, late of the third continental regi- ney General of the United States upon the same subject.

I have received from the Governor of North Carolina ment in the State aforesaid, was read, praying that the benefits of the resolves of Congress of the 15th a copy of an Act of the General Assembly of that


authorizing him to convey to the United States the right of May, 1778, and the 24th of August, 1780, may and jurisdiction of the said State over one acre of land be extended to the said Jean Ann.

in Ocracock Island, and ten acres on the Cape Island, Ordered, That this petition be referred to the within the said State, for the purpose of erecting lightSecretary of War, to report thereon to the Senate. houses thereon, together with the deed of the Governor,

A message from the House of Representatives in pursuance thereof, and the original conveyances informed the Senate that they have proceeded by made to the State by the individual proprietors, which ballot to the appointment of a Chaplain to Con- original conveyances contain conditions that the lightgress on their part, and, upon examining the bal- house on Ocracock shall be built before the first day of lots, a majority of the votes of the whole House January, 1801, and that on the Cape Island, before the was found in favor of the Reverend Mr. Blair. eighth day of October, 1800. And I have caused these

The petition of Charles Hateley, of South Car- several papers to be deposited in the office of the Secreolina, that he may have a patent for a newly in- tary of State. vented machine or mill, for freeing of grain or

A statement of the Returns of the Enumeration of the · seeds from the hull; also, the petition of the said Inhabitants of the United States, which have been reCharles Hateley, praying for encouragement

in ceived, will at this time be laid before you. perfecting his machine for cleansing or whitening


UNITED STATES, October 27, 1791. of rice, were severally read, and ordered to lie.

The petition of Cleland Kinloch, of Charleston, The statement of the Enumeration referred to in the State of South Carolina, on behalf of his in the Message is as follows: Whole number of Persons within the several Districts of the United States, according to an Act “pro

viding for the Enumeration of the Inhabitants of the United States," passed March 1, 1790.




[OCTOBER, 1791.

The Message and papers therein referred to that for the general welfare; by the assurance of conwere read; and ordered to lie for consideration, cert, and by a view of those arduous and important ar

The following Message from the President of rangements which have been already accomplished. the United States was communicated by the Se

We observe, sir, the constancy and activity of your cretary of War:

zeal for the public good. The example will animate

our efforts to promote the happiness of our country. Gentlemen of the Senate, and of the House of Representatives :

Ordered, That the Address to the President of

the United States, in answer to his Speech, be I have directed the Secretary of War to lay before you, for your examination, the reports of Brigadier presented by the Vice President, attended by the General Scott, and Lieutenant-colonel commandant the Address wait on the President of the United

Senate; and that the committee which reported Wilkinson, the officers who commanded the two exper States, and desire to be informed at what time ditions against the Wabash Indians, in the months of June and August last; together with the instructions and place he will receive the same. by virtue of which the said expeditions were undertaken. When the operations now depending shall be terminated, the reports relative thereto shall also be laid

Monday, October 31. before you. G. WASHINGTON.

JAMES MONROE, from the State of Virginia, at

tended, and took his seat. UNITED STATES, October 27, 1791.

Moses Robinson, from the State of Vermont, The Message and papers therein referred to were produced his credentials, and took his seat in the read; and ordered to lie for consideration.

Senate. Mr. BurR reported, from the committee ap

Mr. BURR, from the committee appointed on pointed to prepare an Address to the President of the 28th to wait on the President of the United the United States, in answer to his Speech to both States, reported, that it would be agreeable to the Houses of Congress at the opening of the session. President of the United States to receive the Ad

Ordered, That to-morrow be assigned to take dress of the Senate, in answer to his Speech to the report into consideration.

both Houses of Congress, on Monday next at 12 o'clock.

Whereupon, the Senate waited on the President Friday, October 28.

of the United States at his own house, and the Agreeably to the order of the day, the Senate VICE PRESIDENT, in their name, communicated to proceeded to take into consideration the Address him the Address agreed to on the 28th instant, to reported by the committee, in answer to the Speech which the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES of the President of the United States, on the 24th was pleased to make the following reply: instant, to both Houses of Congress; which report GENTLEMEN: This manifestation of your zeal for the was agreed to, as follows:

honor and the happiness of our country derives its full To the President of the United States :

value from the share which your deliberations have al

ready had in promoting both. SIR: The Senate of the United States have received

I thank you for the favorable sentiments with which with the highest satisfaction the assurances of public you view the part I have borne in the arduous trust prosperity contained in your Speech to both. Houses

: committed to the Government of the United States; The multiplied blessings of Providence have not escaped and desire you to be assured that all my zeal will conour notice, or failed to excite our gratitude. The benefits which flow from the restoration of pub- which are insured by the spirit in which you are enter

tinue to second those further efforts for the public good lic and private confidence are conspicuous and import- ing on the present session. ant; and the pleasure with which we contemplate them

G. WASHINGTON. is heightened by your assurance of those further communications which shall confirm their existence and The Senate returned to the Senate Chamber. indicate their source.

The representation of Joseph Ceracchi, a Roman While we rejoice in the success of those military sculptor, of the design conceived of a monument operations which have been directed against the hostile for perpetuating the memory of the American Indians, we lament with you the necessity that has pro- Revolution, was read; and ordered that it lie for duced them; and we participate the hope that the consideration. present prospect of a general peace, on terms of mode Ordered, That Messrs. MORRIS, KING, IZARD, fation and justice, may be wrought into complete and Cabot, and Henry, be a committee to take into permanent effect; and that the measures of Government consideration the subject of a Mint, and to report may equally embrace the security of our frontiers and

a bill thereon, if they think proper. the general interests of humanity. Our solicitude to obtain which, will insure our zealous attention to an

On motion to alter the Rule which provides for object so warmly espoused by the principles of benevo- balloting in the choice of committees, and that lence, and so highly interesting to the honor and wel- the Vice President be empowered to nominate the fare of the nation.

committees in future; it was agreed that the moThe several subjects which you have particularly tion be postponed. recommended, and those which remain of former ses Ordered, That Messrs. Strong, BUTLER, and sions, will engage our early consideration. We are Burr, be the committee to consider and report encouraged to prosecute them with alacrity and steadi- what business it is necessary for the Senate to ness, by the belief that they will interest no passion but proceed on.

NOVEMBER, 1791.]




Tuesday, November 1.

Vermont forms one survey, of which the supervisor The following Messages from the President of performs the duties of inspector. Noah Smith has been the United States were, by Mr. Lear, his Secre- appointed to this office. His allowance is a salary of

four hundred dollars, and a commission of one half per tary, delivered to the Vice President. Gentlemen of the Senate, and

New York forms one survey, of which the supervisor of the House of Representatives :

acts as inspector. William S. Smith has been appointed I send you, herewith, the arrangement which has to this office, with a salary of eight hundred dollars, and been made by me, pursuant to the act, entitled “An a commission of one-half per cent.

New Jersey forms one survey. The supervisor peract repealing, after the last day of June next, the duties heretofore laid upon distilled spirits imported from forms the duties of inspector.' To this office, Aaron abroad, and laying others in their stead, and also upon salary of four hundred dollars, and a commission of one

Dunham has been appointed. His compensation is a spirits distilled within the United States, and for approa half per cent. priating the same,” in respect to the subdivision of the several districts, created by the said act, into surveys


Pennsylvania forms four surveys. No. 1, consists of inspection, the appointment of officers for the same, and the city and county of Philadelphia, and the counties of

Bucks and Montgomery; No. 2, of the counties of the assignment of compensations.


Berks, Northampton, Luzerne, and Northumberland;

No. 3, of the counties of Delaware, Chester, Lancaster, UNITED STATES, October 31, 1791.

York, Dauphin, Cumberland, Franklin, Mifflin, and Gentlemen of the Senate, and

Huntingdon; No. 4, of the counties of Bedford, Westof the House of Representatives :

moreland, Washington, and Allegany. The supervisor I received yesterday, from the Judge of the district of for the district

, George Clymer, acts as inspector of South Carolina, a letter,"enclosing the presentments of survey No. 1. His compensation is a salary of one the grand jury to him, and stating the causes which thousand dollars, and a commission of one-half per have prevented the return of the census from that dis- cent. James Collins has been appointed inspector of

survey No. 2, Edward Hand of survey No. 3, and John trict, copies of which are now laid before you.


Neville of survey No. 4. The allowance to each of UNITED STATES, November 1, 1791.

these inspectors is a salary of four hundred and fifty dol

lars, and a commission of one per cent. The Messages and papers were read; and the Delaware forms one survey, of which the supervisor arrangement respecting the collection of the ex- acts as inspector. His compensation is a salary of four cise is as follows:

hundred dollars, and a commission of one per cent. Arrangements made by the PresideNT OF THE UNITED Henry Latimer

, who was appointed supervisor, has re

signed his office. STATES, with respect to the subdivisions of the several districts thereof into surveys, the appointment of offi- the counties of St. Mary's, Somerset, Calvert, Queen

Maryland forms two surveys. No. 1, comprehends cers, and the assignment of compensations, pursuant Anne's, Caroline, Kent, Charles, Talbot, Dorchester, to the act of Congress, passed the third day of March, Baltimore, Anne Arundel, Worcester, Hartford, Cecil, 1791, entitled “An act repealing, after the last day and Prince George's. No. 2, consists of the counties of of June next, the duties heretofore laid


distilled spirits imported from abroad, and laying others in the supervisor of the district, George Gale, officiates

Montgomery, Washington, Frederick, and Allegany." their stead; and also upon spirits distilled within the

as inspector of survey No. 1. His compensation is a United States, and for appropriating the same.'

salary of seven hundred dollars, and a commission of New Hampshire forms one survey of inspection. The one per cent. Philip Thomas has been appointed induties of inspector are performed by the supervisor; to spector of survey No. 2, with a salary of fodr hundred this office Joshua Wentworth has been appointed. His and fifty dollars, and a commission of one per cent. compensation is a salary of five hundred dollars, and a Virginia has been divided into seven surveys of incommission of one-half per cent.

spection. No. 1, consists of the counties of LancasMassachusetts forms three surveys of inspection. No. ter, Northumberland, Richmond, Westmoreland, King 1, consists of the province of Maine; No. 2, of the coun- George, Caroline, Hanover, Henrico, Charles City, tes of Essex, Middlesex, Worcester, Hampshire, and James City, Warwick, Elizabeth City, York, Gloucester, Berkshire; No. 3, of the residue of the State. Nathan- Matthews, Middlesex, Essex, King and Queen, King iel Gorham has been appointed supervisor; his com- William, and New Kent; No. 2, of the counties of pensation is a salary of eight hundred dollars, and a Stafford, Prince William, Fairfax, Loudon, Fauquier, commission of one-half per cent. The supervisor per- Culpeper, Orange, Albemarle, Louisa, and Spotsylvaforms the duties of inspector of survey No. i. Jonathan nia; No. 3, of the counties of Goochland, Fluvanna, Jackson has been appointed inspector of survey No. 2, Amherst, Bedford, Franklin, Henry, Patrick, Pittsylva. and Leonard Jarvis for survey No. 3. The compensa- nia, Halifax, Charlotte, Mecklenburg, Lunenburg, Nottion to each of these inspectors is a salary of five hun- toway, Amelia, Powhatan, Cumberland, Buckingham,' dred dollars, and a commission of one-half per cent. Prince Edward, and Campbell; No. 4, of the counties

Rhode Island forms one survey. The duties of in- of Princess Anne, Chesterfield, Norfolk, Isle of Wight, spector are performed by the supervisor. John S. Dex. Sussex, Surry, Prince George, Dinwiddie, Brunswick, ter has been appointed to this office, with an allowance Greensville, Southampton, Nansemond, Accomack, and of a salary of five hundred dollars, and a commission of Northampton; No. 5, of Frederick, Berkley, Hampu one-half per cent.

shire, Hardy, Monongalia, Ohio, Harrison, Randolph,, Connecticut forms one survey. The duties of in- Pendleton, Augusta, Rockingham, and Shenandoah; spector are performed by the supervisor, who is John No. 6, of the counties of Rockbridge, Botetourt, MontChester. His compensation is a salary of six hundred gomery, Wythe, Washington, Russell, Greenbriar, and dollars, and a commission of one-half per cent. Kanhawa; No. 7, consists of the district of Kentucky.

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