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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1865, by

GURDON BILL, In the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the District of Massachusetts.

THE REPUBLICAN PRESS:
SAMUEL BOWLES AND COMPANY,

SPRINGFIELD, MASS.

TO

ANDREW JOHNSON,

TO WIOM PROVIDENCE HAS ASSIGNED THE COMPLETION

OP

ABRAHAM LINCOLN'S LABORS,

I DEDICATE

THIS RECORD OY

ABRAHAM LINCOLN'S LIFE:

WITH THE PRAYER

1

THAT HISTORY, WHICH WILL ASSOCIATE THEIR NAMES

FOREVER,

MAY BE ABLE TO FIND NO SEAM WHERE THEIR ADMINISTRATIONS

WERE JOINED,

AND

MARK NO CHANGE OF TEXTURE BY WHICH THEY MAY

BE CONTRASTED.

PREFACE.

I HAVE undertaken to write a biography of Abraham Lincoln for the people; and, although they will be certain to learn what I have accomplished and what I have failed to accomplish in the book, I cannot consent to pass it into their hands without a statement of what I have aimed to do, and what I have not aimed to do, in its preparation. I am moved to this, partly by my wish that they may not be disappointed in the character of the effort, and partly by my desire that, in making up their judgment upon the work, they may have some reference to my intentions.

First, then, I have not aimed to write a History of the Rebellion. Second, I have not aimed to write a political or a military history of Mr. Lincoln's administration. Third, I have not aimed to present any considerable number of Mr. Lincoln's letters, speeches and state-papers. Fourth, I have not attempted to disguise or conceal my own personal partiality for Mr. Lincoln, and my thorough sympathy with the political principles to which his life was devoted. Though unconscious of any partiality for a party, capable of blinding my vision or distorting my judgment, I am aware that, at this early day, when opinions are still sharply divided

upon the same questions concerning principles, policies and men, which prevailed during Mr. Lincoln's active political life, it is impossible to utter any judgment which will not have a bearing upon the party politics of the time. Thus, the only alternative of writing according to personal partialities and personal convictions, has been writing without any partialities, and without any convictions. I have chosen to be a man, rather than a machine; and, if this shall subject me to the charge of writing in the interest of a party, I must take what comes of it.

I have tried to paint the character of Mr. Lincoln, and to sketch his life, clinging closely to his side; giving attention to eotemporaneous history no further than it has seemed necessary to reveal his connection with public events; and re-producing his letters, speeches and state-papers to no greater extent than they were deemed requisite to illustrate his personal character, to throw light upon specially interesting phases of his private life and public career, to exhibit the style and scope of his genius, and to expose his social, political and religious sentiments and opinions. In pursuing this course, I have been obliged to leave large masses of interesting material behind me, and to condense into the briefest space what the more general historian will dwell

in detail. From much of the history of Mr. Lincoln's public life, to which his future biographers will have access, I have been excluded. The records and other evidences of his intimate

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