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'OLITICAL MANUAL FOR 1866,

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INCLUDING A CLASSIFIED SUMMAEY IP THE IMPIRTANT

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nratlB, LEGISLATIVE, AND fOLITlCOMIL1TAKY PARS DI HIE »l»,

PRESIDENT JOHNSON'S ACCESSION,

April 15, 1865, To July 4, 1866;

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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1866, by

Edward Mcpherson,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia.

Stereotyped by

MeBILL * WITHERIW,

Washingtoo, D. C.

PREFACE

This Manual has been prepared, in order to present, in compact and convenient form, the important Political Facts of the period to which it refers. It will be found to contain Messages, Proclamations, Orders, Telegrams, Speeches, Bills, Propositions, Reports, Constitutional Amendments, Votes, Platforms, and sundry Miscellaneous Matters required to make the Record complete.

It is necessarily confined to those facts which illustrate the positions of parties; and to those propositions upon which votes were taken, and to the more significant of the latter class. Much material, interesting in itself as part of the history of the times, and as showing the precise views of persons, has been omitted, in obedience to this rule. I hope, in.a future work, to develop these various features of current history.

The action of all parties on Reconstruction will be found full, and especially pertinent to present issues. This Record covers the agency of the President, the responses of the people of the lately insurrectionary States, and the judgment of Congress, with the elaborated views of each.

The Tabular Statements at the close of the Volume have been prepared with direct reference to the topics to be discussed this fall. That giving the Votes on each Tariff since, and including that of, 1816, by States and Sections, will be conceded to be a valuable and interesting contribution to the history of the subject; and that respecting Representation, and the effect of proposed Amendments to the Constitution, will be of highest utility.

A glance at the Table of Contents will show the scope of the Work, and the variety of facts embraced. In the votes given, the names of Democrats are placed in italic, that results may be readily analyzed.

The whole Manual, it is hoped, will be found adapted to the purposes which prompted its preparation.

Edward Mcpherson.

Washington City, July 12,1866.

I. Constitution of the United States—Mr.
Seward's Certificate of tho Ratification

of tho Anti-Slavery Amendment 1-6

II President Johnson's Orders and Procla-

mations 7-18

Respecting Commercial I ntercourse—

Trial and Punishment of the Assas-

sins of Abraham Lincoln—Arrest of

Jefferson Davis, Clement C. Clay, and

others—To re-establish the Authority

of the United States in Virginia—

Equality of Rights with Maritime

Nations—The Blockade—Amnesty—

Appointing Provisional Governor for

North Carolina, and other Insurrec-

tionary States—Freedmen—Suppres-

sion of Rebellion in Tennessee—Pa-

roled Prisoners—Martial .Law with-

drawn from Kentucky—Annulling

tho Suspension of the Habeas Cor-

pus—Declaring the Rebellion Ended

—Appointments to Office—Trials by

Military Courts—Against the Fenian

Invasion of Canada.

III. Action of the Conventions and Legis-

latures of the Lately Insurrectionary

States 18-28

Proclamations of Provisional Gover-

nor-—Elections of Conventions and

Ordinances thereof—Enactments of

Legislatures—Telegrams ol President

Johnson and Secretary Seward re-

specting tho Rebel Debt, Colored Suf-

frage, Anti-Slavery Amendment, Ad-

mission to Congress of Senators and

Representatives elect—President Lin-

coln's Letter to Governor Ilahn,

March 13, 1864, on Colored Suffrage,

and his Telegram of April 12, 1865,

prohibiting the meeting of the rebel

legislature of Virginia.

IV. Legislation respecting Freedmen 29-44

In North Carolina—Mississippi—

% Georgia—Alabama—South Caralina, .

and General Sickles's Order relative'

thereto—Florida—Virginia, and Gen-

eral Terry's Order -uspending the

Vagrant Act—Tennessee—Texas—

Louisiana.

V. President Johnson's Interviews and
Speeches 44-63

Remarks to citizens of Indiana—
Nashville Speech, June 9, 1864—To
Virginia Refugees—Interview with -
George L. Stearns—Address to Col-
ored Soldiers, October 10,1SG5—Inter-
view with Senator Dixon—With Col-
ored Delegation respecting Suffrage,
with Reply of—Remarks to Commit-
tee of the Virginia Legislature—
Speech of February 22, 1866—To the
Colored People of the District of Co-
lumbia.

VI. Annual, Special, and Veto Hoss■ges of
President Johnson, with Copies o:. the Ve-
toed Bills, and tho Votes on them 64 84

Annual Message, December 4,1805—

Messages of President Johnson— Continued.

On tho condition of the late Insurrec-
tionary States, and General Grant's

accompanying Report—V-to of the

Freedmen's Bureau Bill, with Copy,

and Votes—Veto of the Civil Rights
Bill, with Copy, and Votes—Veto of

the Colorado Bill, with Copy, and

Votes—Message on the proposed Con-
stitutional Amendment.

VII. Majority and Minority Eeports of tho

Joint Committie on Reconstruction 84-101

VIII. Votes on Proposed Constitutional

Amendments 102-106

On Constitutional Amendment as

finally adopted—The Accompanying

Bills—The Amendment on Repre-

sentation and Direct Taxes—On Rep-

resentation—On Immunities of Citi-

zens—On Tennessee—On Rebel Debt.

IX. Members of the Cabinet of President

Johnson, and of tho 39th Congress, and of

Claimants of Seats therein 107-109

X. Votes in the House of Representatives on

Political Resolutions 109-114

On Public Debt—Pnnishment of

Treason—Representation of lately In-

-urrectionary States—Elective Fran-

chise in the "States—Test Oath—Test

Oath for Lawyers—Endorsement of

the President's Policy—Withdrawal

of Military Forces—Legal Effect of

Rebellion—Duty of Congress—Writ

of Habeas Corpus—Thanks to the

President—Recognition of State Gov-

ernment of North Carolina—Trial of

Jefferson Davis—Neutrality—The Fe-

nians.

XI. Votes on Political Bills 114-117

Suffrage in District of Columbia-

Extending the Homestead Act—Ha-

beas Corpus—West Virginia Bill-

Elective lt i nnohise in the Territories.

XII. Political and Military Miscella-

neous ' 117-124

Union National Platform of 1864—

Democratic National Platform of

1864- c'all for National Union Con-
vention, 1-sOO -Addressof Democratic
Members of Congress, 1866—Elections
of 1806 — Lee's Surrender to Grant—
The Sherman-Johnston Agreement,
and its Disapproval—Grant's Orders
—Pennsylvania and Maryland Plat-
form- of 1866—Convention of South-
ern Unionists.

XIII. Tabular Statements on Representa-
tion, Tariff, and the Public Dobt 125-126

Census Tables showing Population,
Voting Population, Present Appor-
tionment, and effect of proposed
changes—Table of Votes, by State-
and Sections, on tho Tariff-;'of 1816,
1824, 1828, 1832, 1842, 1846, 1857, 1K61,
1864, and the Bill of 1866—Tho Public
Debt, June 1, 1866.

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Ve the People of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquillity, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitctioh for the United States of America.

Artiolr I.

Sectioh 1. All legislative Powers herein ;ranted shall be vested in a Congress of the Jnited States, which shall consist of a Senate ind House of Representatives.

Sec. 2. The House of Representatives shall be omposed of Members chosen every second Year ly the People of the several States, and the Elecors in each State shall have the Qualifications equisite for Electors of the most numerous 3ranch of the State Legislature.

No Person shall be a Representative who ill all not have attained to the Age of twentyive Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of he United States, and who shall not, when ilected", be an Inhabitant of that State in which le shall be chosen.

Representatives and direct Taxes shall be aplortioned among the several States which may ae included within this Union, according to .heir respective Numbers, which shall be deternined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a I'erm of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, .hree fifths of all other Persons. The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years ifter the first Meeting of the Congress of the Jnited States, and within every subsequent rerm of ten Years, in such Manner as they ihall by Law direct. The Number of Reprelentatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eiglit, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, Bouth Carolina five, and Georgia three.

When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority there

of shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.

The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.

Sec. 3. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote.

Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three Classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one-third may be chosen every second Year; and if Vacancies happen by Resignation, or otherwise, during the Recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive thereof may make temporary Appointments until the next Meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such Vacancies.

No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen..

The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided.

The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the Absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of President of the United States.

The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members present.

Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extencf further than to removal from Office, and Disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honour, Trust or Profit under the United States: but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to Law.

Sec. 4. The Times, Places and Manner of hold. | ing Elections for Senators and Representatives,

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