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PRESIDENT JOHNSON'S ORDERS AND PROCLAMATIONS.
Respecting Commercial Intercourse with Insurrectionary States, April 29, 1865.
WASHINGTON, April 29, 1865. Being desirous to relieve all loyal citizens and yell-disposed persons, residing in insurrectionary States, from unnecessary commercial restrictions, ind to encourage them to return to peaceful pur
suits, It is hereby ordered: I. That all restrictions upon internal, domesic, and coastwise commercial intercourse be disontinued in such parts of the States of Tennesee, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Reorgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, and so much of Louisiana as lies east of the Mississippi iver, as shall be embraced within the lines of lational military occupation, excepting only such ‘estrictions as are imposed by acts of Congress und regulations in F.". thereof, prescribed y the Secretary of the Treasury, and approved y the President; and excepting also from the *ffect of this order the following articles contraJand of war, to wit: arms, ammunition, all arti:les from which ammunition is manufactured, gray uniforms and cloth, locomotives, cars, railroad iron, and machinery for operating railroads, 'elegraph wires, insulators, and instruments for Xperating telegraphic lines.
II. All existing military and naval orders in iny manner restricting internal, domestic, and Xoastwise commercial intercourse and trade with or in the localities above named be, and the same are hereby revoked; and that no military or naval officer, in any manner, interrupt or intersère with the same, or with any boats or other vessels engaged therein, under proper authority, pursuant to the regulations of the Secretary of the Treasury.
- ANDREW Johnson. Executive Order for the Trial of the Alleged
Assassins of President Lincoln, May 1, 1865.
ExECUTIVE CHAMBER, WASHINGTON CITY, May 1, 1865.
... Whereas, the Attorney General of the United States hath given his opinion:
That the persons implicated in the murder of the late Président, Abraham Lincoln, and the attempted assassination of the Honorable William H. Seward, Secretary, of State, and in an alleged conspiracy to assassinate other officers of the Federal Government at Washington city, and their aiders and abettors, are subject to the jurisdiction of, and lawfully triable before, a military commission :
t is Ordered : 1st, That the Assistant Adju. tant General detail nine competent military officers to serve as a commission for the trial of said
Parties, and that the Judge Advocate General
proceed to prefer charges against said parties for their alleged offences, and bring them to trial before said military commission; that said trial or trials be conducted by the said Judge Advocate General, and as recorder thereof, in person, aided by such assistant and special judge advocates as he may designate ; and that said trials be . conducted with all diligence consistent with the ends of justice: the said commission to sit without regard to hours. . . .
2d. That Brevet Major General Hartranft be assigned to duty as special provost marshal general, for the purpose of said trial, and attendance upon said commission, and the execution of its mandates.
3d. That the said commission establish such order or rules of proceedings as may avoid unnecessary delay, and conduce to the ends of public justice.
ANDREW JoBNSON. ORDER FOR THE EXECUTION OF THE SENTENCE OF THE COMMISSION.
ExECUTIVE MANsion, July 5, 1865. The foregoing sentences in the cases of David E. #. A. Atzerodt, Lewis Payne, Michael O'Laughlin, Edward Spangler, Samuel Arnold, Mary E. Surratt and Samuel A. Mudd, are hereby approved, and it is ordered that the sentences of said David E. Herold, G. A. Atzerodt, Lewis Payne, Mary E. Surratt and Samuel A. Mudd, be carried into execution by the proper military authority, under the direction of the Secretary of War, on the 7th day of July, 1865, between the hours of 10 o'clock, a. m., and 2 o'clock, p.m., of that day. It is further ordered, that the prisoners, Samuel Arnold, Samuel A. Mudd, Edward Spangler, and Michael O'Laughlin be confined at i. in the Penitentiary at Albany, New York, during the period designated in their respective sentences. - ANDREW Johnson, President,
[By an order dated July 15, the place of confinement, as to the four last mentioned, was changed to the “military prison at Dry Tortugas, Florida.”]
For the Arrest of Jefferson Davis, Clement C. Clay, and others, May 2, 1865.
Whereas it appears from evidence in the Bureau of Military Justice that the atrocious murder of the late President, Abraham Lincoln, and the attempted assassination of the Honorable William H. Seward, Secretary of State, were incited, concerted, and procured by and between Jefferson Davis, late of Richmond, Virginia, and Jacob Thompson, Clement C. Clay, Beverly Tucker, George N. Saunders, William Q, Cleary,
and other rebels and traitors against the Government of the United States, harbored in Canada: Now, therefore, to the end that justice may be done, I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, do offer and promise for the arrest of said persons, or either of them, within the limits of the United States, so that they can be brought to trial, the following rewards: One hundred thousand dollars for the arrest of Jefferson Davis. Twenty-five thousand dollars for the arrest of Clement C. Clay.* Twenty-five thousand dollars for the arrest of Jacob Thompson, late of Mississippi. Twenty-five thousand dollars for the arrest of George N. Sanders. Twenty-five thousand dollars for the arrest of Beverly Tucker. Ten thousand dollars for the arrest of William C. Cleary, late clerk of Clement C. Clay. The Provost Marshal General of the United States is directed to cause a description of said persons, with notice of the above rewards, to be published. In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington this second day of May, in the year of our Lord one [L. S.] thousand o hundred and sixty-five, ‘l and of the Independence of the United States of America the eighty-ninth. ANDREw JoHNSON. By the President: W. HUNTER, Acting Secretary of State. Executive Order to Re-establish the Authority of the United States, and Execute the Laws within the Geographical Limits known as the State of Virginia. ExECUTIVE CHAMBER, WASHINGTON CITY, May 9, 1865. ORDERED–First. That all acts o proceedings of the political, military, and civil organizations which have been in a state of insurrection and rebellion, within the State of Virginia, against the authority and laws of the United States, and of which Jefferson Davis, John Letcher, and William Smith were late the respective chiefs, are declared null and void. All persons who shall exércise, claim, pretend, or attempt to exercise any political, military, or civil. power, authority, !..."; or right, by, through, or under Jefferson Davis, late of the * Mr. CLAY was released under this order: WAR DEPARTMENT, ADJUTANT GENERAL's OFFICE, WASHINGTON, April 17, 1866. Maj. Gen. N. A. MILES, Commanding, doc., Fortress Monroe, Virginia: Ordered, That Clement C. Clay, Jr., is hereby released from confinement, and permitted to return to and remain in the State of Alabama, and to visit such other places in the United States as his personal business may render absobutely necessary, upon the following conditions, viz: that he takes the oath of allegiance to the United States, and gives his parole of honor to conduct himself as a loyal citizen of the same, and to report himself in person at any time and place to answer any charges that may hereafter be prepared against him by the United States. Please report receipt and execution of this order.
By order of the President of the United States:
city of Richmond, and his confederates, or undo John Letcher or William Smith and their co federates, or under any pretended political, mil tary, or civil commission or authority issued them, or either of them, since the 17th day ; 1861, shall be deemed and taken as rebellion against the United States, and shall dealt with accordingly. Second. That the Secretary of State proce: to put in force all laws of the United States, th administration whereof, belongs to the Depart ment of State, applicable to the geographics limits aforesaid. Third. That the Secretary of the Treasu proceed, without delay, to nominate for appoint ment, assessors of taxes and collectors of custo and internal revenue, and such other officers oft Treasury Department as are authorized by la and shall put into execution the revenue laws the to...". within the geographical limi aforesaid. In making appointments, the pre: erence shall be given to qualified loyal perso residing within the districts where their resp tive duties are to be performed. But if suitāb persons shall not be found residents of the dis tricts, then persons residing in other States of districts shall be appointed. Fourth. That the Postmaster General sha proceed to establish post offices and post routes| and put into execution the postal laws of this United States within the said States, givingol loyal residents the preference of appointment|| but if suitable persons are not found, then to ap: point agents, &c., from other States. Fifth. That the district judge of said distric proceed to hold courts within said State, in accordance with the provisions of the acts off Congress. The Attorney General will instruct the proper officers to libel and bring to judgment confiscation, and sale, property subject to confis. cation, and enforce the administration of justics within said State, in all matters civil and criminal within the cognizance and jurisdiction of the Federal courts. Sixth. That the Secretary of War assign such assistant provost marshal general, and such provost marshals in each district of said State as he may deem necessary. Seventh. The Secretary of the Navy will tak possession of all public property belonging to the Navy Department within said geographical| limits, and put in operation all acts of . . in relation to naval affairs having application|, to the said State. Eighth. The Secretary of the Interior will also put in force the laws relating to the Depart ment of the Interior. o Ninth. That to carry into effect the guaranteo of the Federal Constitution of a republican form of State government, and afford the advantago and security of domestic laws, as well as to coin-1, plete the re-establishment of the authority of the so laws of the United States, and the full and com: lo plete restoration of peace within the limits afore || said, Francis H. Pierpoint, Governor of the Stato. of Virginia, will be aided by the Federal Governilo ment, so far as may be necessary, in the lawful measures which he may take for the extension to and administration of the State Government
Assistant Adjutant General.
throughout the geographical limits of said State.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my [SEAL.] hand and caused the seal of the United '4 States to be affixed. ANDREW Johnson. By the President: W. HUNTER, Acting Secretary of State. Equality of Rights with all Maritime Nations, May 10, 1865. Whereas the President of the United States, by his proclamation of the nineteenth day of April, one thousand eight hundred and sixtyone, did declare certain States therein mentioned in insurrection against the Governinent of the United States; And whereas armed resistance to the authority of this Government in the said insurrectionar States may be regarded as virtually at an end, and the persons by whom that resistance, as well as the operations of insurgent cruisers, were directed, are fugitives or captives; And whereas it is o that some of those cruisers are still infesting the high seas, and others are preparing to capture, burn, and destroy vessels of the United States: Now, therefore, be it known, that I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, hereby enjoin all naval, military, and civil officers of the United States, diligently to endeavor, by all lawful means, to arrest the said cruisers, and to bring them into a port of the United States, in order that they may be prevented from com: mitting further depredations on commerce, and that the persons on board of them may no longer enjoy impunity for their crimes. And I further proclaim and declare, that if, after a reasonable time shall have elapsed for this proclamation to become known in the ports of nations claiming to have been neutrals, the said insurgent cruisers and the persons on board of them shall continue to receive hospitality in the said ports, this Government will deem itself justified in refusing hospitality to the public vessels of such nations in ports of the *...i States, and in adopting such other measures as may be deemed advisable towards vindicating the national sovereignty. In witness whereof, fhave hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington, this tenth day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-five, and of the Independence of the United States of America the eighty-ninth. ANDREw JoHNSON.
By the President:
Commercial Intercourse and the Blockade, May 22, 1865,
Whereas, by the proclamation of the President of the eleventh day of April last, certain ports of the United States therein specified, which had previously been subject to blockade, were, for objects of public safety, declared, in conformity with previous special legislation of Congress, to be closed against foreign commerce during the national j. to be thereafter expressed and made known by the President; and whereas
events and circumstances have since occurred which, in my judgment, render it expedient to remove that restriction, except as to the ports of Galveston, La Salle, Brazos de Santiago (Point Isabel,) and Brownsville, in the State of Texas: Now, therefore, be it known that I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, do hereby declare that the ports aforesaid, not excepted as above, shall be open to foreign commerce from and after the first day of July, next; that commercial intercourse with the said ports may, from that time, be carried on, subject to the laws of the United States, and in pursuance of such regulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury. If, however, any vessel from a foreign so shall enter any of the beforenamed excepted ports in the State of Texas, she will continue to be held liable to the penalties prescribed by the act of Congress approved on the thirteenth day of July, eighteen hundred and sixty-one, and the persons on board of her to such penalties as may be incurred, pursuant to the laws of war, for trading, or attempting to trade, with an enemy. And I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, do hereby declare and make known that the United States of America do, henceforth, disallow to all persons trading, or attempting to trade, in any ports of the United States in violation of the laws thereof, all pretence of belligerent rights and privileges, and I give notice that, from the date of this proclamation, all such offenders will be held and dealt with as pirates. It is also ordered that all restrictions upon trade heretofore imposed in the territory of the United States east of the Mississippi river, save those relating to contraband of war, to the reservation of the rights of the United States to property purchased in the territory of an enemy, and to the twenty-five per cent. upon purchases of cotton, are .." All provisions of the internal revenue law will be carried into effect under the proper officers. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington, this twentysecond day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and [SEAL.] sixty-five, and of the Independence of the oited States of America the eightyninth.
By the President:
Of Amnesty, May 29, 1865.
WHEREAs the President of the United States, on the 8th day of December, A. D. eighteen hundred and sixty-three, and on the 26th day of March, A. D. eighteen hundred and sixtyfour, did, with the object to suppress the existing rebellion, to induce all persons to return to their loyalty, and to restore the authority of the United States, issue proclamations offering amnesty and pardon to certain persons who had directly, or by implication, participated in the said rebellion; and whereas many persons who had so engaged in said rebellion, have, since the
Szth. That the Secretary of the Navy take ession of all ublic property belonging to #. Department, o o ... limits, and put in operation all acts of Congress in relation to naval affairs having application to the said State. Seventh. That the Secretary of the Interior ut in force the laws relating to the Interior łoś. applicable to the geographical limits aforesaid.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my ||
hand and caused the great seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington, this twentyninth day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-five, and of the Independence of the United States the eighty-ninth. ANDREW JoHNSON.
Orders Respecting Freedmen.
Whereas, By an act of Congress, approved March 3, 1865, there was established in the War Department a Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, and to which, in accordance with the said act of Congress, is committed the supervision and management of all abandoned lands, and the control of all subjects relating to refugees and freedmen from rebel States, or from any district of country within the terri. tory embraced in the operations of the army, under such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by the head of the bureau, and approved by the President; and whereas, it appears that the management of abandoned lands, and subjects relating to refugees and freedmen, as aforesaid, have been, and still are, by orders based on military exigencies, or legislation based on previous statutes, partly in the hands of military officers disconnected with said bureau, and partly in charge of officers of the Treasury Department; it is therefore Ordered, That all officers of the Treasury Department, all military officers and others in the service of the United States, turn over to the authorized officers of said bureau all abandoned lands and property contemplated in said act of Congress, approved March third, eighteen hundred and sixty-five, establishing the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Aj. Lands, that may now be under or within their control. They will also turn over to such officers all funds collected by tax or
otherwise for the benefit of refugees or -or accruing from abandoned lands or propert set apart for their use, and will transfer to them all official records connected with the adminisł tration of affairs which pertain to said Bureau ANDREw JoB Nson. By order of the Secretary of War: E. D. TownsEND, Asst Adj't General.
CIRCULAR No. 15. WAR DEPARTMENT, BUREAU REFUGEES, FREEDMEN, AND ABANDONED LANDS, WASHINGTON, D.C., September 12, 1865. I. Circular No. 13, of July 28, 1865, from thi bureau, and all portions of circulars from thi bureau conflicting with the provisions of th circular, are hereby rescinded. II. This bureau has charge of such “tracts land within the insurrectionary States as sh have been abandoned, or to which the Uni States shall have acquired title by confiscation or sale, or otherwise," and no such lands now in its possession shall be surrendered to any claim. ant except as hereinafter provided. III. Abandoned lands are defined in section 2 of the act of Congress approved July 2, 1864 as lands, “the lawful owner whereof shall be voluntarily absent therefrom, and engaged eithe: in arms or otherwise in aiding or encouraging the rebellion.” IV. Land will not be regarded as confiscated until it has been j and sold by decre: of the United States court for the district in which the property may be found, and the title thereto thus wested in the United States. V. Upon its appearing satisfactorily to any assistant commissioner that any property under his control is not abandoned as above defined, and that the United States has acquired no title to it by confiscation, sale or otherwise, he will formally surrender it to the authorized claimant or claimants, promptly reporting his action to the Commissioner. VI. Assistant commissioners will prepare accu. rate descriptions of all confiscated and abandoned lands under their control, keeping a record there. of themselves, and forwarding monthly to the Commissioner copies of these descriptions in the manner prescribed in circular No. 10, of July 11, 1865, from this bureau. They will set apart so much of said lands as is necessary for the immediate use of loyal refugees and freedmen, being careful to select for this purpose those lands which most clearly fall under the control of this bureau, which selection must be submitted to the Commissioner for his approval. The specific division of lands so set apart into lots, j the rental or sale thereof, according to section 4 of the law establishing the bureau, will be completed as soon as practicable, and reported to the Commissioner. VII. Abandoned lands held by this bureau may be restored to owners pardoned by the Pres: ident, by the assistant commissioners, to whom applications for such restoration should be for warded, so far as practicable, through the super intendents of the districts in which the lands aré situated. Each application must be accompanied by— 1st. E. of special pardon by the Presiint, or a copy of the oath of amnesty preribed in the o, proclamation of May 1, 1865, when the applicant is not included in y of the classes therein excepted from the inefits of said oath.
2d. Proof of title. Officers of the bureau through whom the apication passes will indorse thereon such facts i may assist the assistant commissioner in his *cision, stating especially the use made by the areau of the land. VIII. No land under cultivation by loyal fugees or freedmen will be restored under this rcular, until the crops now growing shall be 'cured for the benefit of the cultivators, unless A\ and just compensation be made for their bor and its products, and for their expendi
res. O. O. IIoWARD, Major General, Commissioner. Approved: ANDREw JoHNsoN,
President of the United States.
for the Return to Persons Pardoned, of their Property. ExECUTIVE OFFICE, August 16, 1865. Respectfully returned to the Commissioner f Bureau Refugees, Freedmen, &c., The records of this office show that B. B. Leake was speially pardoned by the President on the 27th altimo, and was thereby restored to all his rights if property, except as to slaves. Notwithstandng this, it is understood that the possession of his property is withheld from him, I have, herefore, to direct that General Fisk, assistant ;ommissioner at Nashville, Tennessee, be intructed by the Chief Commissioner of Bureau »f Freedmen, &c., to relinquish possession of the property of Mr. Leake, held by him as assistant :ommissioner, &c., and that the same be immediately restored to the said Leake. The same action will be had in all similar cases.” ANDREW Jon NSON, President United States. To O. O. How ARD,
Maj. General, Com'r Freedmen's Affairs.
Respecting Commercial Intercourse, and the Suppression of the Rebellion in the State of Tennessee, June 13, 1965.
Whereas by my proclamation of the twentyninth of April, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-five, all restrictions upon internal,
*Extract from letter of General Howard, April 23, 1866, in reply to resolution of the lIouse of Representatives of March 5, 1866: “In complying with these definite instructions, the bureau has been compelled to part with the greater portion of the property once under its control. Except in the very few cases where property has been actually sold under the act of July 17, 1862, and in that portion of South Carolina and Georgia embraced in the provisions of General Sherman's Field Order No. 15, its tenure of property has been too uucertain to justi.y allotments to freedmen. Acres. Property seized under act of July, 1862, and stored by this bureau................... Abandoned property allotted to freedm stored by this bureau...... Abandoned property not all stored by this bureau..
domestic, and commercial intercourse, with certain exceptions therein specified and set forth, were removed “in such parts of the States of Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, and so much of Louisiana as lies east of the Mississippi river, as shall be embraced within the lines of national military occupation; * *” And whereas by my proclamation of the twenty-second of May, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-five, for reasons therein given, it was declared that certain ports of the United States which had been previously closed against foreign commerce, should, with certain specified exceptions be reopened to such commerce, on and after the first day of July next, subject to the laws of the United States, and in pursuance of such regulations as might be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury; And whereas I am satisfactorily informed, that dangerous combinations against the laws of the United States no longer exist within the State of Tennessee; that the insurrection heretofore existing within said State has been suppressed; that within the boundaries thereof the authority of the United States is undisputed; and that such officers of the United States as have been duly commissioned are in the undisturbed exercise of their official functions: Now, therefore, be it known that I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, do hereby declare that all restrictions upon internal, domestic, and coastwise intercourse and trade, and upon the removal of products of States heretofore declared in insurrection, reserving and excepting only those relating to contraband of war, as hereinaster recited, and also those which relate to the reservation of the rights of the United States to property purchased in the territory of an enemy, heretofore imposed in the territory of the United States east of the Mississippi river, are annulled, and I do hereby direct that they be forth with removed; and that on and after the first day of § next all restriction upon foreign commerce with said ports, with the exception and reservation aforesaid, be likewise removed; and that the commerce of such States shall be conducted under the supervision of the regularly appointed officers of the customs provided by law; and such officers of the customs shall receive any captured and abandoned property that may be turned over to them, under the law, by the military or naval forces of the United States, and dispose of such property as shall be directed by the Secretary of the Treasury. The following articles Sond of war are excepted from the effect of this proclamation : arms, ammunition, all articles from which ammunition is made, and gray uniforms and cloth. And I hereby also proclaim and declare that the insurrection, so far as it relates to, and within the State of Tennessee, and the inhabitants of the said State of Tennessee as re-organized and constituted under their recently adopted constitution and re organization, and accepted by them, is suppressed, and therefore, also, that all the disabilities and disqualifications attaching to said State and the inhabitants thereof