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November—The colored State Convention addressed a memorial to Congress, asking that equal suffrage be conferred upon thein in common with the white men of the State.
November 22–Election held for Representatives in Congress.
Respecting their admission there was this telegraphic correspondence:
CoLUMBIA, S. C., November 27, 1865. President JoHNSON: Will you please inform mo whether the South Carolina members of Congress should be in Washington at the organization of the House. Will the Clerk of the House call their names if their credentials are presented to him? Will the test oath be required, or will it be refused by Congress? If the members are not allowed to take their seats they do not wish to incur the trouble and expense of going on, and the mortification of being rejected. Do give your views and wishes. B. F. PERRY, Provisional Governor. - ExECUTIVE OFFICE, Washington, D.C., November 27, 1865. B. F. PERRY, Provisional Governor: I do not think it necessary, for the members elect from South Carolina to be present at the organization of Congress. On to: contrary, it will be better policy to present their certificates of election after the two Houses are organized, and then it will be a simple question under the Constitution of the members taking their seats. Each House must judge for itself the election, returns, and qualifications of its own members. A5 to what the two Houses will do in reference to the oath now required to be taken before the members can take their seats is unknown to me, and I do not like to predict; but, upon the whole, I am of opinion that it would be better for the question to come up and be disposed of after the two Houses have been organized. I hope that your Legislature will adopt a code in reference to free persons of color that will be acceptable to the country, at the same time doing justice to the white and colored population. ANDREW Johnson, President of the United States.
FLORIDA. 1865, April 8—Abraham K. Allison, President of the rebel Senate, of Florida, announced the death of John Milton, rebel Governor, and *::: ted June 7 for election of a successor. May 14–Major General Gillmore issued an order annulling this proclamation, and com
• December 21—Before adjourning, the subject of the repudiation of the war debt was referred to the Committee
on Federal Relations, who recominended the appointment |.
of a special joint committee of both IIouses to inquire into the amount of such debt due by the State, and to whom due; and to report at the next regular session of the Legislature, which will be in November, 1866.
had his home in this State for one year n
manding the people to give it no heed w
ever. July 13—William Marvin appointed Pr4. visional Governor. August 3–Provisional Governor Marvi. called an election for delegates to a conventido for October 10th–these provisions governi the election: “Every free white male person of the age twenty-one years and upwards, and who s be at the time of offering to vote a citizen of t United States, and who shall have resided a
preceding the election, and for six months i the county in which he may offer to vote, a who shall have taken and subscribed the oath amnesty, as set forth in the President's proclam tion of amnesty of the 29th day of May, 1865, and if he comes within the exceptions contained i said proclamation, shall have taken said oath! and have been specially pardoned by the Pres: dent, shall be ...Y to vote in the counts: where he resides, and shall be eligible as a me ber of said convention, and none others. Whe the person offering to vote comes within the e ceptions contained in the amnesty proclamatio and shall have taken the o oath, a shall have made application to the Presidentf a special pardon through the Provisional Gov ernor, and shall have been recommended b him for such pardon, the inspectors or judg of the election may, in most instances, proper presume that such pardon has been gran though, owing to the want of mail facilities, may not have been received by the party at th time of the election. “Free white soldiers, seamen, and marines i the army, or navy of the United States, wh were qualified by their residence to vote in sai State at the time of their respective enlistmen and who shall have taken and subscribed the amo nesty oath, shall be entitled to votein the coun where they respectively reside. But no soldiers: seaman, or marine not a resident in the State the time of his enlistment shall be allowed vote.” October 25–0onvention met. October 28.—Secession ordinance annulled. November 6–Slavery abolished—“slave having been destroyed in the State by the Go ernment of the United States.” Same ordinancel. gives colored people the right to testify in all cases where the person or property of such per! son is involved, but denies them the right testify where the interest of the white class a involved. Same day—Rebel State debt repudiated. bill was first passed submitting this question a vote of the people; but this was reconsidered; on finding this was a condition of recognition b the executive branch of the government, and th direct repudiation adopted. November 29–Election held under an ordios nance of the Convention for State officers an
Representative in Congress, Y. ecember 18–Legislature met. toDecember 28—Anti-slavery amendment rat;. fied, with this declaratory resolution a part of: the ratifying instrument: §§
“Resolved, That this, amendment to the Co
TALLAHASSEE, FLA., October 7, 1865, * * * I have said that the Convention will, in good faith, abolish slavery; but I think it probable that the Legislature, which will be elected and convened at an early period, will feel some reluctance against ratifying the proosed amendment to the Coastitution of the nited States. The principal argument urged against the ratification is, that the Legislature will thereby assist to impose abolition on Kentucky and Delaware, which have not yet abolished slavery. If the President should think it desirable that the Legislature should ratify the proposed amendment, either with a view to promote a more complete reconciliation between the North and the South, or for any other reason, he possibly may not deem it amiss to communicate to me his wishes on the subject. His wishes on the subject would be very potent in the State. The military authorities in the State, under the command of Major General Foster, are rendering me every possible assistance in sending out notices and proclamations of the election, in the absence of mail facilities, and no disagreements exist between us. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, - WM. MARVIN, Provisional Governor. Hon. W. H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.
DEPARTMENT of STATE, . WASHINGTON, November 1, 1865. His Excellency WILLIAM MARVIN, Provisional Governor: Your letter of October 7 was received gnd submitted to the President. He is gratified with the favorable progress towards reorganization in Florida, o directs me to say that he regards the ratification by the Legislature of the
the United States as indispensable to a successful restoration of the true legal relations between Florida and the other States, and equally indispensable to the return of peace and harmony throughout the Republic. WILLIAM H. SEWARD.
1865, April 4—President Lincoln visited Richmond.
April 7—An informal meeting of private indio among whom were five or six members of the rebel legislature in Richmond, was had to consider a suggestion that the Legislature reassemble to call a Convention to restore Virginia to the Union, said to be with the concurrence of President Lincoln.
April 12—This address was published in the Richmond Whig;
ADDRESS To THE PEOPLE of VIRGINIA.
The undersigned, members of the Legislature of the State of Virginia, in connection with a number of the citizens of the State, whose names are attached to this paper, in view of the evacuation of the city of Richmond by the Confederate government and its occupation by the military authorities of the United States, the surrender of the army of northern Virginia, and the suspension of the jurisdiction of the civil power of the State, are of the opinion that an immediate meeting of the General Assembly of the State is called #. by the exigencies of the situation. The consent o military authorities of the United States to a session of the Legislature in Richmond, in connection with the Governor and Lieutenant Governor, to their free deliberation upon public affairs, and to the ingress and departure of all its members under safe conduct, has been obtained. The United States authorities will afford transportation from any point under their control to any of the persons before mentioned. The matters to be submitted to the Legislature are the restoration of peace to the State of Virginia, and the adjustment of the questions, involving life, liberty and property, that have arisen in the State as a consequence of war. We, therefore, earnestly request the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, and members of the Legislature, to repair to this city by the 25th of April, instant. We understand that full protection to persons and property will be afforded in the State, and we recommend to peaceful citizens to remain at their homes and pursue their usual avocations with confidence that they will not be interrupted. We earnestly solicit the attendance in Richmond, on or before the 25th of April, instant, of the following persons, citizens of Virginia, to confer with us as to the best means of restoring peace to the State of Virginia. We have secured safe conduct from the military authorities of the United States for them to enter the city and depart without molestation: Hons. R. M. T. Hunter, A. T. Caperton, Wm. C. Rives, John Letcher, A. H. H. Stuart, R. L. o Fayette McMullen, J. P. Holcombe, Alex. Rives, B. Johnson Barbour, Jas. Barbour,
congressional amendment of the Constitution of
Wm. L. Goggin, J. B. Baldwin, Thos. S. Ghol
son, Waller Staples, S. D. Miller, Thos. J. Randolph, Wm. T. Early, R. A. Claybrook, John Critcher Williams, T. H. Eppes, and those other persons for whom passports have been procured, and especially others whom we consider it unnegessary to mention. Signed— A. J. Marshall, Senator from Fauquier. John Wesson, Senator from Marion. James Venable, Sénator elect from Petersburg. David J. Burr, of the House of Delegates, from Richmond. David J. Saunders, of the House of Delegates, Richmond city. L. S. Hall, of the House of Delegates, Wetzel
county. J. }. English, of the House of Delegates, Henrico county. Wm. Ambers, of the House of Delegates, Chesterfield county. A. M. Keetz, House Delegates, Petersburg. H. W. Thomas, Second Auditor, Richmond. Lieutenant L. L. Moncure, Chief Clerk, Second Auditor's office. Joseph Mayo, Mayor, city of Richmond. Robert S. Howard, Clerk Hustings Court, Richmond city. Thomas W. Dudley, Sergeant, Richmond city. Littleton Tazewell, Commonwealth's Attorney, Richmond city. f . W. T. Jaynes, Judge of the Circuit Court, Petersburg. John A. Meredith, Judge of the Circuit Court, Richmond. Wm. H. Lyons, Judge of the Hustings Court, Richmond. Wm. C. Wickham, Member of Congress, Richmond. Benjamin S. Ewell, President of William and Mary College. Nat. Tyler, editor Richmond Enquirer. R. F. Walker, publisher, Examiner. J. R. Anderson, Richmond. R. R. Howison, Richmond. W. Goddin, Richmond. ... P. G. Bagley, Richmond. . F. J. Smith, Richmond. , Franklin Sterns, Henrico. John Lyon, Petersburg. Thomas B. Fisher, Fauquier. Wm. M. Harrison, Charles City. Cyrus Hall, Ritchie. 'Thos. W. Garnett, King and Queen. . James A. Scott, Richmond. I concur in the preceding recommendation. J. A. CAMPBELL. Approved for publication in the Whig and in handbill form. G. WEITZEL, - - Major General Commanding. RICHMOND, VA., April 11, 1865. April 12–Said authority revoked in this tele§. from President Lincoln to Major General eitzel, being the last telegram ever transmitted by the former : - . OFFICE. U. S.
- WAR DEPARTMENT,
- WASHINGTON, D.C., April 12, 1865. Major General WEITZEL, Richmond, Va.; . I have just seen Judge Campbell's letter to
you of the 7th. He assumes, as *}. to me, that I have called the insurgent Legislature of
MANUAL, , , , , , ,
Virginia together, as the rightful Legislature of the State, to settle all differences with the United States. I have done no such thing. I spoke of them not as a legislature, but as “the gentlemen who have acted as the Legislature of Virginia in support of the rebellion.” I did this on purpose to exclude the assumption that I was recognizing them as a rightful body. I dealt with them as men having power de facto to do a specific thing, to wit, “to withdraw the Virginia troops and other support from resistance to the General Government,” for which, in the paper handed to Judge Campbell, I promised a specific equivalent, to wit, a remission to the people of the State, except in certain cases, the confiscation of their property. I meant this and no more. Inasmuch, however, as Judge Campbell misconstrues this, and is still pressing for an
armistice, contrary to the explicit statement of
the paper I gave him; and particularly as Gen. Grant has since captured the Virginia troops, so that giving a consideration for their withdrawal is no longer applicable, let my letter to you and the paper to Judge Campbell both be withdrawn or countermanded, and he be notified of it. Do not now allow them to assemble; but if any have come, allow them safe return to their homes. A. LINCOLN.
May 9–President Johnson issued an executive order recognizing the Pierpoint Administration as that of Virginia. (See President Johnson's Orders, p. 8.) June 19—Legislature met. June 20–Bill passed prescribing means by which persons who have i. disfranchised by the third article of the constitution may be restored to the rights of voters. [It provides, substantially, that persons, otherwise qualified as voters, who take the amnesty oath and an oath to uphold the executive government of Virginia, shall be qualified as voters.] June 21—Bill passed submitting to a vote of the people whether the legislature to be chosen at the next election should have power to alter or amend the third article of the constitution, which is in these words: “No person shall vote or hold office under this constitution who has held office under the so-called Confederate government, or under any rebellious State government, or who has been a member of the so-called Confederate Congress, or a member of any State Legislature in rebellion against the authority of the United States, excepting therefrom the county officers.” June 23—Legislature adjourned. October 12–Election held for Representatives in Congress. The vote on empowering the Legislature to alter the third article almost unanimously affirmative. December 4—Legislature assembled. A bill passed, providing that all qualified voters heretofore j with “the rebellion,” and not excluded from the amnesty proclamation by President Johnson (with the exception of those embraced in the “$20,000 clause,”) can appear before a notary public, or other persons au: thorized to administer oaths, under the restored Government, and recover the right of suf. frage, by taking the amnesty oath of the 29th of May, 1865, an oath to support the restored Gov
sentiments from the outbreak of the rebellion until the present time; and 2. Every white man, a citizen of the United States and a citizen of the county wherein he may offer his vote six months next preceding the day of election, having arrived at the age of twenty-one years since March 4, 1865: Provided, That he has not been engaged in armed rebellion against the authority of the United States voluntarily; and 3. Every, white man of lawful age coming from another State, and being a citizen of the United States, on proof of loyalty to the United States, and being a citizen of the county wherein he may offer his vote six months next preceding the dy of election; and 4. Every white man, a citizen of the United States and a citizen of this State, who has served as a soldier in the army of the United States, and has been or may be hereafter honorably discharged therefrom ; and 5. Every white man of lawful age, a citizen of the United States and a citizen of the county wherein he may offer his vote six months next
preceding the day of election, who was conscripted by force into the so-called confederate army, and was known to be a Union man, on
roof of loyalty to the United States, estab#. by the testimony of two voters under the previous clauses of this section; and 6. Every white man who voted in this State at the presidential election in November, 1864, or voted on the 22d of February, 1865, or voted on the 4th of March, 1865, in this State, and all others who had taken the “oath of allegiance” to the United States, and may be known by the judges of election to have been true friends to the Government of the United States, and would have voted in said previously mentioned elections if the same .." been holden within their reach, shall be entitled to the privileges of the elective franchise. SEC. 2. That all persons who are or shall have been civil or diplomatic officers or agents of the so-called Confederate States of America, or who
have left judicial stations under the United States or the State of Tennessee to aid, in any way, the existing or recent rebellion against the authority of the United States, or who are or shall have been military or naval officers of the so-called Confederate States, above the rank of captain in the army or lieutenant in the navy; or who have left seats in the United States Conress or seats in the Legislature of the State of ennessee, to aid in j rebellion, or have resigned commissions in the army or navy of the United States, and afterward have voluntarily #. aid to said rebellion; or persons who have een engaged in treating otherwise than lawfully, as prisoners of war, persons feund in the United States service as officers, soldiers, seamen, or in any other capacities; or persons who have been or are absentees from the United States for the purpose of aiding the rebellion; or persons who held pretended offices under the government of States in insurrection against the United States; or persons who left their homes within the jurisdiction and protection of the United States, or fled before the approach of the national forces and passed beyond the Federal military lines into the so-called Confederate States, for the purpose of aiding the rebellion, shall be denied and refused the privilege of the elective franchise in this State for the term of fifteen years from and after the passage of this act. SEC. 3. That all other persons, except those mentioned in section one of this act, are hereby and henceforth excluded and denied the exercise of the privilege of the elective franchise in this State for the term of five years from and after the passage of this act. SEc. 4. That all persons embraced in section three of this act, after the expiration of said five years, may be readmitted to the privilege of the elective franchise by petition to the circuit or chancery court, on proof of loyalty to the United States, in open court, upon the testimony of two or more loyal citizens of the United States. July 15–President Johnsonsent this telegram:
WASHINGTon, D.C.—3.50 P. M., . July 16, 1865. To Governor W. G. Brownlow : I hope, as I have no doubt you will see, that the laws passed by the last Legislature are faithfully executed, and that all illegal voters in the approaching election be kept from the polls, and that the election of members of Congress be conducted fairly. Whenever it becomes necessary for the execution of the law and the proteqtion of the ballot-box, you will call upon General Thomas for sufficient military force to sus-, tain the civil authority of the State. I have just read your address, which I most heartily endorse. ANDREW Johnson, President U. S. A. 1866, April 12—An amendment to the franchise act passed the House, 41 to 15. May 3—The Senate passed it, 13 to 6. Its principal provisions are: SEC 1. That every white male inhabitant of this State of the age of twenty-one years, a citizen of the United States and a resident of the county wherein he may offer his vote six months
next preceding the day of election, shall be entitled to the privilege of the elective franchise, subject to the following exceptions and disqualifigations, to wit: First. Said voter shall have never borne arms against the Government of the United States for the purpose of aiding the late rebellion, nor have voluntarily given aid, comfort, countenance, counsel, , or encouragement to any rebellion against the authority of the United States Government, nor aided, countenanced, or encouraged acts of hostility thereto. Second. That said voter shall have never sought, or voluntarily accepted, any office, civil or military, or attempted to exercise the functions of any office, civil or military, under the authority or pretended authority of the so-called Confederate States of America, or of any insurrectionary State whatever, hostile or opposed to the authority of the United States Government, with the intent and desire to aid said rebellion or insurrectionary authority. Third. That said voter shall have never voluntarily supported any pretended government, power, or authority hostile or inimical to the authority of the United States, by contributions in money or property, by persuasion or influence, or in any other way whatever: Provided, That the foregoing restrictions and disqualifications shall not apply to any white citizen who may have served in and been honorably discharged from the army or navy of the United States since the 1st day of January, 1862, nor to those who voted in the Presidential election in November, 1864, or voted in the election for “ratification or rejection” in February, 1865, or voted in the election held on the 4th day of March of the same year for Governor and members of the Legislature, nor to those who have been appointed to any civil or military office by Andrew Johnson, Military Governor, or William G. Brownlow, Governor of Tennessee, all of whom are . declared to be qualified voters upon their complying with the requirements of this act:
Provided, That this latter clause shall not apply.
to any commission issued which may have been held. SEC. 2. That the Governor of the State shall, within sixty days after the passage of this act, o. commissioner of registration for each and every county in the State, who shall, without delay, enter upon the discharge of his duties, and who shall have full power to administer the necessary oaths provided by this act. May 19–A bill was passed to disqualify certain persons from holding office, civil or military. It excludes those persons who held civil or
upon any election
diplomatic offices, or were agents of the so-called
Confederate States, or who left judicial stations under the United States, or the State of Tennessee, to aid the rebellion, or who were military or naval officers of the so-called Confederate States, above the rank of captain in the army, or lieutenant in the navy, or who left seats in the United States Congress, or seats in the Legislature of the State of Tennessee, to aid the rebellion, or who resigned commissions in the army or navy of the United States and afterward gave voluntary aid to the rebellion, or who absented themselves from the State of Tennessee to give
insurrection against the United States with intent to aid the rebellion, or who ever held office in the State of Tennessee of legislative, judicial, or executive character, under an oath to support the constitution of the State of Tennessee, and who violated said oath, and gave voluntary aid or countenance to the rebellion, that each and all be excluded from all offices, State, county, or municipal. It also provides that any qualified voter shall not be excluded from office by the provisions of this bill, as amended. May —The Senate rejected a suffrage bill, 16 to 5, which proposed to allow all blacks and whites of legal age to vote, and exclude all, after 1875, who cannot read.
May 28—The Legislature adjourned until November 28.
1865, June 17—Andrew J. Hamilton appointed Provisional Governor.
1866, March —Convention met.
April 2—Convention adjourned. The Constitution to be voted on, June 5. It abolishes slavery, and annuls the Secession Ordinance. The war debt has been repudiated. Five years residence required for eligibflity to the Legislature. White population is the basis of representation for State purposes. An ordinancé passed exempting all persons who, under authority of civil or military power, had inflicted injury upon persons during the war, from accountability therefor.
ARKANSAS. 1865, October 30–President Johnson sent this telegram to Governor, Isaac Murphy, elected §.m. under the free State organization formerly made. ExECUTIVE OFFICE, WASHINGTON, D.C., October 30, 1865. To Gov. MURPHY, Little Rock, Arkansas: There will be no interference with your present organization of State government. I have learned from E. W. Gantt, Esq., and other sources, that all is working well, and you will proceed and resume the former relations with the Federal Government, and all the aid in the power of the Government will be given in restoring the State to its former relations. ANDREw JoHNSON, Pres’t of the U. S. LOUISIANA, There was no interference with the State organization formerly made. 1865, November —J. M. Wells was elected Governor, and Albert Voorhis, Lieut. Governor. November 23–Legislature met in extra session again, under proclamation of the Governor. December 22—Legislature adjourned. 1866, March —J.T. Monroe elected mayor of New Orleans, and James O. Nixon an alderman. March 19–General Canby issued an order suspending them from the exercise of any of the functions of these offices until the pleasure of the President be made known—as they come within the excepted class of the President's proc
such aid, or who held offices under the States in
lamation. They were subsequently pardoned, on application, and took the offices. :