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Sixth. That the Secretary of the Navy take possession of all ublic property, belonging to the Navy Department, within said geographical limits, and put in operation all acts of Congress in relation to naval affairs having application to the said State. Seventh. That the Secretary of the Interior ut in force the laws relating to the Interior łoś. applicable to the geographical limits aforesaid.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my ||
hand and caused the great seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington, this twentyninth day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and [L. S.] sixty-five, and of the Independence of the United States the eighty-ninth. ANDREW Johnson. By the President: WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State. 1865, June 13—A like proclamation was issued, appointing WILLIAM L. SHARKEY, Provisional Governor of Mississippi. 1865, June 17—JAMES Johnson appointed Pro- visional Governor of Georgia. 1865, June 17—ANDREW J. HAMILTON appointed Provisional Governor of Texas. 1865, June 21—LEwis E. PARSONs appointed Provisional Governor of Alabama. 1865, June 30–BENJAMIN F. PERRY appointed Provisional Governor of South Caro
lina. 1865, July 13—WILLIAM MARVIN appointed Provisional Governor of Florida.
Orders Respecting Freedmen.
Whereas, By an act of Congress, approved March 3, 1865, there was established in the War Department a Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, and to which, in accordance with the said act of Congress, is committed the supervision and management of all abandoned lands, and the control of all subjects relating to refugees and freedmen from rebel States, or from any district of country within the terri. tory embraced in the operations of the army, under such rules and regulations as may be prescribed by the head of the bureau, and approved by the President; and whereas, it appears that the management of abandoned lands, and subjects relating to refugees and freedmen, as aforesaid, have been, and still are, by orders based on military exigencies, or legislation based on previous statutes, partly in the hands of military officers disconnected with said bureau, and partly in charge of officers of the Treasury Department; it is therefore Ordered, That all officers of the Treasury Department, all military officers and others in the service of the United States, turn over to the authorized officers of said bureau all abandoned lands and property contemplated in said act of Congress, approved March third, eighteen hundred and sixty-five, establishing the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, that may now be under or within their control. They will also turn over to such officers all funds collected by tax or
otherwise for the benefit of refugees or freedmen, or accruing from abandoned lands or property set apart for their use, and will transfer to them all official records connected with the adminis. tration of affairs which pertain to said Bureau. ANDREw Johnson. By order of the Secretary of War: E. D. TownsenD, Ass’t Adj't General. CIRCULAR No. 15. WAR DEPARTMENT, BUREAU REFUGEES, FREEDMEN, AND ABANDONED LANDS, WASHINGTON, D. C., September 12, 1865. I. Circular No. 13, of July 28, 1865, from this bureau, and all portions of circulars from this bureau conflicting with the provisions of this circular, are hereby rescinded. II. This bureau has charge of such “tracts of land within the insurrectionary States as shall have been abandoned, or to which the United States shall have acquired title by confiscation or sale, or otherwise,” and no such lands now in its possession shall be surrendered to any claimant except as hereinafter provided. III. Abandoned lands are defined in section 2 of the act of Congress approved July 2, 1864, as lands, “the lawful owner whereof shall be voluntarily absent therefrom, and engaged either in arms or otherwise in aiding or encouraging the rebellion.” IV. Land will not be regarded as confiscated until it has been condemned and sold by decree of the United States court for the district in which the property may be found, and the title thereto thus vested in the United States. V. Upon its appearing satisfactorily to any assistant commissioner that any property under his control is not abandoned as above defined, and that the United States has acquired no title to it by confiscation, sale or otherwise, he will formally surrender it to the authorized claimant or claimants, promptly reporting his action to the Commissioner. VI. Assistant commissioners will prepare accurate descriptions of all confiscated and abandoned lands under their control, keeping a record thereof themselves, and forwarding monthly to the Commissioner copies of these descriptions in the manner prescribed in circular No. 10, of July 11, 1865, from this bureau. They will set apart so much of said lands as is necessary for the immediate use of loyal refugees and freedmen, being careful to select for this purpose those lands, which most clearly fall under the control of this bureau, which selection must be submitted to the Commissioner for his approval. he specific division of lands so set apart into lots, and the rental or sale thereof, according to section 4 of the law establishing the bureau, will be completed as soon as practicable, and reported to the Commissioner. VII. Abandoned lands held by this bureau may be restored to owners pardoned by the President, by the assistant commissioners, to whom applications for such restoration should be for warded, so far as practicable, through the super; intendents of the districts in which the lands aré situated.
ORDERS AND PROCLAMATIONS.
Each application must be accompanied by— 1st. }. of special pardon by the Presilent, or a copy of the oath of amnesty precribed in the President's proclamation of May 29, 1865, when the applicant is not included in .ny of the classes therein excepted from the oenefits of said oath.
2d. Proof of title.
Officers of the bureau through whom the apslication passes will indorse thereon such facts is may assist the assistant commissioner in his decision, stating especially the use made by the 5ureau of the land. VIII. No land under cultivation by loyal refugees or freedmen will be restored under this Circular, until the crops now growing shall be secured for the benefit of the cultivators, unless full and just compensation be made for their labor and its products, and for their expendi
lures. O. O. HowARD, - Major General, Commissioner. Approved: ANDREw JoHNsoN,
President of the United States.
Persons Pardoned, of their Property. ExECUTIVE OFFICE, August 16, 1865. Respectfully returned to the Commissioner of Bureau Refugees, Freedmen, &c., The records of this office show that B. B. Leake was speocially pardoned by the President on the 27th : ultimo, and was thereby restored to all his rights of property, except as to slaves. NotwithstandJing this, it is understood that the possession of his property is withheld from him. I have, therefore, to direct that General Fisk, assistant commissioner at Nashville, Tennessee, be instructed by the Chief Commissioner of Bureau ... of Freedmen, &c., to relinquish possession of the property of Mr. Leake, held by him as assistant a commissioner, &c., and that the same be immediately restored to the said Leake. The same action will be had in all similar cases.” ANDREW Joh NSON, President United States.
For the Return to
: To O. O. How ARD, - Maj. General, Com'r Freedmen's Affairs.
Respecting Commercial Intercourse, and the
ninth of April, one thousand eight hundred
and sixty-five, all restrictions upon internal,
s s: h a so * . * Extract from letter of General Howard, April 23, 1866, in reply to resolution of the lIouse of lèepresentatives of March 5, 1866: ! “In complying with these definite instructions, the bureau has been compelled to part with the greater portion of the property once under its control. Except in the very few cases where property has been actually sold under the & act of July 17, 1862, an:l in that portion of South Carolina and Georgia embraced in the provisions of General Sherman's Field Order No. 15, its tenure of property has been too uncertain to justi.y allotments to freedmen. o Acres. Property seized under act of Jul 1862, and re
stored by this bureau. 15,452 * Abandoned property allo s stored by this bureau..... 14,652 * Abandoned property not allotted to freedmen restored by this bureau.................................... 400,000 Total..................................------------------- . 430,104”
domestic, and commercial intercourse, with certain exceptions therein specified and set forth, were removed “in such parts of the States of Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, and so much of Louisiana as lies east of * Mississippi river, as shall be embraced within the lines of national military occupation; * *” And whereas by my proclamation of the twenty-second of May, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-five, for reasons therein given, it was declared that certain ports of the United States which had been previously closed against foreign commerce, should, with certain specified exceptions be reopened to such commerce, on and after the first day of July next, subject to the laws of the United States, and in pursuance of such regulations as might be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury; And whereas I am satisfactorily informed, that dangerous combinations against the laws of the United States no longer exist within the State of Tennessee; that the insurrection heretofore existing within said State has been suppressed; that within the boundaries thereof the authority of the United States is undisputed; and that such officers of the United States as have been duly commissioned are in the undisturbed exercise of their official functions: Now, therefore, be it known that I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, do hereby declare that all restrictions upon internal, domestic, and coastwise intercourse and trade, and upon the removal of products of States heretofore declared in insurrection, reserving and excepting only those relating to contraband of war, as hereinaster recited, and also those which relate to the reservation of the rights of the United States to property purchased in the territory of an enemy, heretofore imposed in the territory of the United States east of the Mississippi river, are annulled, and I do hereby direct that they be forth with removed; and that on and after the first day of July next all restriction upon foreign commerce . said ports, with the exception and reservation aforesaid, be likewise removed; and that the commerce of such States shall be conducted under the supervision of the regularly appointed officers of the customs provided by law; and such officers of the customs shall receive any captured and abandoned property that may be turned over to them, under the law, by the military or naval forces of the United States, and dispose of such property as shall be directed by the Secretary of the Treasury. The following articles contraband of war are excepted from the effect of this proclamation: arms, ammunition, all articles from which ammunition is made, and gray uniforms and cloth. And I hereby also proclaim and declare that the insurrection, so far as it relates to, and within the State of Tennessee, and the inhabitants of the said State of Tennessee as re-organized and constituted under their recently adopted constitution and re organization, and accepted by them, is suppressed, and therefore, also, that all the disabilities and disqualifications attaching to said State and the inhabitants thereof
consequent upon any proclamations, issued by virtue of the fifth section of the act entitled “An act further to provide for the collection of duties on imports and for other purposes,” *:::: the thirteenth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one, are removed. But nothing herein contained shall be considered or construed as in any wise changing or impairing any of the penalties and forfeitures for treason heretofore incurred under the laws of the United States, or any of the provisions, restrictions, or disabilities set forth in my proclamation, bearing date the twenty-ninth day of May, one thousand eight hundred and sixtyfive, or as impairing existing regulations for the suspension of the habeas corpus, and the exercise of military law in cases where it shall be necessary for the general public safety and welfare during the existing insurrection; nor shall this roclamation affect, or in any way impair, any i. heretofore Fo by Congress, and duly approved by the President, or any proclamations or orders, issued by him, during the aforesaid insurrection, abolishing slavery, or in any way affecting the relations of slavery, whether of persons or of property; but on the contrary, all such laws and proclamations heretofore made or issued are expressly saved, and declared to be in full force and virtue. In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington, this thirteenth day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and [SEAL.] sixty-five, and of the independence of the United States of America the eightyninth. ANDREW Johnson. By the President: WILLIAM. H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.
Blockade Rescinded, June 23, 1865.
Whereas by the proclamation of the President of the fifteenth and twenty-seventh of April, eighteen hundred and sixty-one, a block.. of certain ports of the United States was set on foot; but whereas the reasons for that measure have ceased to exist: Now, therefore, be it known that I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, do hereby declare and proclaim the blockade aforesaid to be rescinded as to all the ports aforesaid, including that of Galveston and other ports west of the Mississippi river, which ports will be open to foreign commerce on the }. of July next, on the terms and conditions set forth in my proclamation of the twenty-second of May last. It is to be understood, however, that the §. ade thus rescinded was an international measure for the purpose of protecting the sovereign rights of the United States. The greater or less subversion of civil authority in the region to which it applied, and the impracticability of at once restoring that in due efficiency, may, for a season, make it advisable to employ the army and navy of the United States towards carrying the laws into effect, wherever such employment may be necessary. In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my
Whereas by my proclamations of the thirteenth and twenty-fourth of June, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-five, removing restrictions, in part, upon internal, domestic, and coastwise intercourse and trade with those States recently declared in insurrection, certain articles were excepted from the effect of said proclamations as contraband of war; and whereas the necessity for restricting trade in said articles has now, in a great ineasure, ceased: It is hereby ordered, that on and after the 1st day of September, 1865, all restrictions aforesaid be removed, so that the articles declared by the said proclamations to be contraband of war may be imported into and sold in said States, subject only to such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washington this twenty- | ninth day of August, in the year of our || Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-five, and of the Independence of the United States of America the ninetieth.
By the President:
WILLIAM. H. SEWARD, Secretary of State. .
Passports for Paroled Prisoners. DEPARTMENT of STATE, WASHINGTON, August 25, 1865. Paroled prisoners asking passports as citizens of the United States, and against whom no special charges may be pending, will be furnished with passports upon application therefor to the Department of State in the usual form. Such passports will, however, be issued upon the condition that the applicants do not return to the United States without leave of the President. Other persons implicated in the rebellion, who may wish to go abroad, will apply to the Department of State for passports, and the appli- | cations will be disposed of according to the merits of the several cases. By the President of the United States. WILLIAM H. SEWARD. Paroling certain State Prisoners. ExECUTIVE OFFICE, WASHINGTON, October 11, 1865. Whereas the following named persons, to wit: John A. Campbell, of Alabama; John H. Reagan, of Texas; Alexander H. Stephens, of Georgia; George A. Trenholm, of South Caro- ; lina; and Charles Clark, of Mississippi, lately
engaged in rebellion against the United States Government, who are now in close custody, have made their submission to the authority of the United States and applied to the President for pardon under his proclamation; and whereas, the authority of the Federal Government is sufficiently restored in the aforesaid States to admit of the enlargement of said persons from close custody, it is ordered that they be released on giving their respective F. to appear at such time and place as the President may designate, to answer any charge that he may direct to be preferred against them; and also that they will respectively abide until further orders in the places herein designated, and not depart thererom : John A. Campbell, in the State of Alabama; John H. Reagan, in the State of Texas; Alexander H. Stephens, in the State of Georgia; George A. Trenholm, in the State of South Carolina; and Charles Clark, in the State of Mississippi. And if the President should grant his pardon to any of said persons, such person's parole will be thereby discharged. ANDREW JoBNSON, - President. Martial Law Withdrawn from Kentucky, October 12, 1865. Whereas by a proclamation of the fifth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and sixtyfour, the President of the United States, when the civil war was flagrant, and when combinations were in progress in Kentucky for the purose of inciting insurgent raids into that State, directed that i. proclamation suspending the writ of habeas corpus should be made effectual in Kentucky, and that martial law should be established there and continue until said proclamation should be revoked or modified; And whereas since then the danger of insurgent raids into Kentucky has substantially passed aWay: R&. therefore, be it known that I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution, do hereby declare that the said proclamation of the fifth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-four, shall be, and is hereby, modified in so far that martial law shall be no longer in force in Kentucky from and after the date hereof. In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
And whereas the reasons for that suspension may be regarded as having ceased in some of the States and Territories:
Now, therefore, be it known that I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, do hareby proclaim and declare that the suspension aforesaid, and all other proclamations and orders o the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus in the States and Territories of the United States, are revoked and annulled excepting as to the States of Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, o Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, an Texas, the District of Columbia, and the Territories of New Mexico and Arizona.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington this first day of December, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-five, and of the ††, of the United States of America the ninetieth.
By the President:
Announcing that the Rebellion has ended, April 2, 1866 Whereas, by proclamations of the fifteenth and nineteenth of April, one thousand eight hundre and sixty-one, the President of the United States, in virtue of the power vested in him by the Constitution and the laws, declared that the laws of the United States were opposed, and the execution thereof obstructed in the States of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas, by combinations too powerful to be suppressed by the ordinary course of judicial proceedings, or by the powers vested in the marshals by law; And whereas, by another proclamation made on the sixteenth day of August, in the sam year, in pursuance of an act of Congress approve July thirteenth, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one, the inhabitants of the States of Georgia, South Carolina, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Florida (except the inhabitants of that part of the State of Virginia lying west of the Alleghany mountains, and to such other parts of that State and the other States before named, as .# maintain a loyal adhesion to the Union and the Constitution, or might be from time to time occupied and controlled by forces of the United States engaged in the dispersion of insurgents) were declared to be in a state of insurrection against the United States; And whereas, by another proclamation of the first day of July, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, issued in pursuance of an act of Congress approved June 7, in the same year, the insurrection was declared to be still existing in the States aforesaid, with the exception of certain specified counties in the State of Virginia; And whereaft, by another proclamation made on the second say of April, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, in pursuance of the act of Congress of July 13, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-one, the exceptions named in the States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or rosecuted against one of the United States . izens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State. ART, 12. The Electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distingt ballots the person voted for as Vice; President, and they oil make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat othe government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate;—The President of the Senate shall, in presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted;— The person having the greatest number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this Å.". shall consist of a member or members from two thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President. The person having the greatest number of votes as V. shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors ap}...". and if no person have a majority, then rom the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no po constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States.
“A resolution submitting to the Legislatu of the several States a proposition to amendt Constitution of the United States. “Resolved by the Senate and House of Rep sentatives of the United States of America i Congress assembled, (two-thirds of both Hou concurring.) That the following article be pr posed to the Legislatures of the several States# an amendment to the Constitution of the Unità States, which, when ratified by three fourt of said Legislatures, shall be valid, to all inter and purposes, as a part of the said Constitutio namely: ARTICLE XIII. “SEC. 1. Neither slavery nor involunta! servitude, , except as a punishment for crimä whereof the party shall have been duly co, victed, shall exist within the United States, 3 any place subject to their jurisdiction. “SEC. 2. Congress shall have power to enfort this article by appropriate legislation.” And whereas it appears from official doc. ments on file in this Department that th amendment to the Constitution of the Unit States, proposed as aforesaid, has been ratific by the Legislatures of the States of Illinois Rhode Island, Michigan, Maryland, New York West Virginia, Maine, Kansas, Massachuseto Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, Missouri, Nevada, Indiana, Louisiana, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Wes. mont, Tennessee, Arkansas, Connecticut, New Hampshire, South Carolina, Alabama, North Carolina, and Georgia—in all, twenty-seven States; And whereas the whole number of States in the United States is thirty-six, and whereas the before specially-named States, whose Legislatur have ratified the said proposed amendment, con: stitute three-fourths of the whole number of States in the United States: Now, therefore, be it known that I, William] H. Seward, Secretary of State of the United States, by virtue and in pursuance of the second section of the act of Congress approved th: twentieth of April, eighteen hundred and eighteen, entitled “An act to provide for th: ublication of the laws of the United States and or other purposes,” do hereby certify that the amendment aforesaid has become valid, to all intents and purposes, as a part of the Constitution of the United States. In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the Department of | State to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington this eighteenth day of December, in the year of our Lord [SEAL) one thousand eight hundred and o five, and of the Independence of the United States of America the ninetieth. WILLIAM H. SEwARD, Secretary of State.
[New Jersey, Oregon, California and Iowa ratified subsequently to the date of this certifi cate, as did Florida in the same form as South Carolina and Alabama.]