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General Grant's Order for the Protection of Cit-
Department, district, and post commanders in the States lately in rebellion are hereby directed to arrest all persons who have or may hereafter be charged with the commission of es and offences against officers, agents, citizens, and inhabitants of the United States, irrespective of color, in cases where the civil authorities have failed, neglected, or are unable to arrest and bring such parties to trial, and to detain them in military confinement until such time as a proper judicial tribunal may be ready and willing to try them.” A strict and prompt enforcement of this order is required. By command of Lieutenant General Grant: E. D. Townsend, Assistant Adjutant General.
Unconditional Union Convention of Maryland,
the citizen must be left to the States alone, and under such
under the Constitution in so far as it does not by its organic
Resolved, That the registered loyal voters of Maryland will listen to no propositions to repeal or modify the registry law, which was enacted in conformity with the provisions of the constitution, and must remain in full force until such time as the registered voters of the State shall decree that the organic law shall be changed. 2. That the loyal people of the State are “the legitimate guardians depositaries of its power,” and that the disloyal “have no just right to complain of the hardships of a law which they have themselves deliberately provoked.” 3. That it is the opinion of this convention, that if disloyal persons should be registered, it will be the duty of judges of election to administer the oath prescribed by the constitution to all whose loyalty may be challenged, and, in the language of the constitution, to “carefully exclude from voting” all that are disqualified. 4. That we cordially endorse the reconstruction policy of Congress, which excludes the leaders of the rebellion from all offices of profit or trust under the National Government, and places the basis of representation on the only just and honest principle, and that a white man in Virginia or South Carolina should have just as much representative power, and no more, than a white man in Pennsylvania or Ohio. 5. That the question of negro suffrage is not an issue in the State of Maryland, but is raised by the enemies of the Union party for the purpose of dividing and distracting it, and by this means to ultimately enable rebels to vote. 6. That we are pledged to the maintenance of the present constitution of Maryland, which expressly and emphatically prohibits both rebel suffrage and negro suffrage, and we are equally determined to uphold the registry law, which disfranchises rebels and excludes negroes from voting, and have no desire or intention of rescinding or abolishing either the constitution or the registry law. 7. That we warn the Union men of Maryland “that no Union man, high or low, should court the favor of traitors, as they can never win it—from the first they have held him as their enemy, and to the last they will be his; and that they should eschew petty rivalries, frivolous jealousies, and self-seeking cabals; so shall they save theniselves fall. ing one by one, an unpitied sacrifice, in a contemptible struggle.” The vote upon the adoption of each resolution was unanimous, with the exception of the sixth resolution, upon which a division was called, and the result showed 54 yeas to 14 nays. The resolutions were then read as a whole, and adopted unanimously as the utterance of the Convention.
Convention of Southern Unionists. To THE LOYAL UNIONISTS OF THE SOUTH: The great issue is upon us! The majority in Congress, and its supporters, firmly declare that “the rights of the citizen enumerated in the Constitution, and established by the supreme law, must be maintained inviolate.” Bebels and rebel sympathizers assert that “the rights of
law make impartial protection full and complete. Under the doctrine of “State sovereignty,” with rebels in the foreground, controlling Southern legislatures, and embittered by disappointment in their schemes to destroy the Union, there will be no safety for the loyal element of the South. Our reliance for protection is now on Congress, and the great Union party that has stood and is standing by our nationality, by the constitutional rights of the citizen, and by the beneficent principles of the government. For the purpose of bringing the loyal Unionists of the South into conjunctive action with the true friends of republican government in the North, we invite you to send delegates in goodly numbers from all the Southern States, including Missouri, Kentucky, West Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware, to meet at Independence Hall, in the city of Philadelphia, on the first Monday of September next. It is proposed that we should meet at that time to recommend measures for the establishment of such government in the South as accords with and protects the rights of all citizens. We trust this gall will be responded to by numerous delegations of such as represent the true loyalty of the South. That kind of government which gives full protection to all rights of the citizen, such as our fathers intended, we claim as our birthright. Either the lovers of constitutional liberty must rule the nation or rebels and their sympathizers be permitted to misrule it. Shall loyalty or disloyalty have the keeping of the destinies of the nation? Let the responses to this call which is now in circulation for signatures, and is being numerously signed, answer. Notice is given that gentlemen at a distance can have their names attached to it by sending a request by letter directed to D. W. Bingham, Esq., of Washington, D.C. . Tennessee.............. ..W. B. Stokes, Jos. S. Fowler, JAMES GETTYS. .A. J. HAMILTON, GEO. W. PASCHAL, * LORENzo SHERW00D, - C. B. SABIN. Georgia.................. G. W. As HBURN, - HENRY G. Cole, Missouri .................J. W. McCLURG, John R. KELS0, J. F. BENJAMIN, GEO. W. ANDERSON. Virginia................ John B. TroTH, J. M. STEwART, W.M. N. BERKLEY, ALLEN C. HARMON, “LEwis McKENZIE, J. W. HUNNICUTT, John C. UNDERWOOD, BURNHAM WARDWELL, - ALEx. M. DAVIS. North Carolina........ByRoN LAFLIN, DANIEL R. GooDLOE. Alabama.............. ...GEORGE Reese, D. H. BINGHAM, M. R. SAFFold, J. H. LARCOMBE,
WASHINGTON, July 4, 1866.
Votes in the U. S. House of Representatives on the Various Tariffs.
* Statement of the Public Debt of the United States on the 1st of June, 1866. .
Debt bearing Coin Interest - $1,195,825,191 80
Debt bearing Currency Interest ---- 1,147,222,226 28
Matured Debt not presented for paymen 4,900,429 64
* —— 452,031,603 04
Total Debt “....... 2,799,979,450 76 Amount in Treasury, Coin 50,679,957 72 -- 44 Currency. . . 79,011,125 52
-- 129,691,083 24
Amount of Debt, less Cash in Treasury............... • * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ............ $2,670,288,367 52
* July 12–In SENATE, postponed till December next—yeas 23, nays 17, as follow: YEAs—Messrs. Brown, Davis, Doolittle, Foster, Grimes, Guthrie, Harris, IJenderson, Hendricks, Johnson, Kirkwood, Lane, Morgan, Nesmith, Norton, Pomeroy, Riddle, Sauls bury, Sumner, Trumbull, Willey, Williams, Wilson—23. . NAYS—Messrs. Anthony, Chandler, Clark, Conness, Cowan, Cragin, Edmunds, Fessenden, Howard, Howe, Poland, Ramsey, Sherman, Sprague, Stewart, Van Winkle, Wade–17. t
ALABAMA, reconstruction facts, 12, 21–34; claimants in Congress, 107,108; resolutions of legislature, 22; laws on freedmen, 33, 34 Aweso of CoNSTITUTION, President Johnson's message, and Secretary Seward's report upon,83, 84; votes adopting, 102; preliminary votes and propositions, 103–106. AMNEsty, President Johnson's proclamation of, 9; Mr. Seward’s circular, 10. AN conA, SYDENHAM E., resolution on Fenians, 113. ANTI-slavery AMENDMENT, announcement of ratification of, 6; action of insurrectionary States. 19–24; President Johnson's telegrams respecting, 22, 23, 25. Arrors To office, President Johnson's order respectIng, 17. |ARRAN'sAs, President Johnson's telegram to Gov. Murphy, 28; claimants in Congress, 107, 108. ARREst of DAvis, CLAY, &c., order for, 7; release of Clay, zzote, 8; resolution on trial of Davis, 113. Assassins of ABRAHAM LINCOLN, President Johnson's orders for trial and punishment of 7. BINGHAM, John A., reports on immunities of citizens, 105; concerning Tennessee, 105; amendment to resolution on President’s policy, 111. BLook ADE, proclamation concerning, 7, 9, 13. BouTweli, GEORGE S., resolution respecting trial of Jefferson Davis, 113. BRooks, JAMEs, Representative in thirty-ninth Congress, 108; unseated, note, 108. BRowNLow, WILLIAM G., President Johnson's telegram to,
CABINET of President Johnson, 107. CAMPBELL, John A., parole of, 14. CANBY, E. R. S., telegram forbidding meeting of rebel legislatures, 19. | CENsus TABLEs, on Representation, population, &c., 125. CITIZENship of UNITED STATES, proposed Constitutional -: amendment respecting, 102; legislation upon, 78; President Johnson's views, 74. CrviL RIGHTs, proposed amendment to secure, 102–106. Civil RIGHTs BILL, President Johnson's veto of, and votes on passing and re-passing, 74–80. CLARK, CHARLEs, parole of, 14; attempt to call rebel legislature and General Canby’s order forbidding, 19. CLAY, CLEMENT C., reward for arrest, 8; parole of, note, 8. Codes, FREEDMEN's, orders, and legislation, 12, 13, 29–44. CoLoRADo, bill for admission of, veto and votes, 81–83. CoLoRED PEOPLE, of District of Columbia, President Johnson's address to, 63; conventions and action of, in insurrectionary States, 18, 20, 21–24. CoLoRED Soldiers, President Johnson's addresses to, 49–52. CoLoRED SUFFRAGE, President Johnson's telegram to Prov. Gov. Sharkey on, 19, 20; President Lincoln's letter to Governor Hahn on, note, 20; President Johnson's allusions to, 24, 49, 52–55; proposed in District of Columbia, 114–116; in the Territories, 116; proposed in Connecticut and vote, 120. CoMMERCIAL INTERcourse, President Johnson's orders respecting, 7, 9, 13. Congress, resolution on duty of, to guarantee a republican form of government, 1.12; President Johnson's telegram to Provisional Governor Perry on organization of 39th, 24; members of 39th, 107, 108. CoNNECTICUT, election of 1865 on colored suffrage, and election of 1866, 120. CoNSTITUTION of THE UNITED STATES, copy of, 1–6; Mr. Seward’s certificate of ratification of anti-slavery amendment, 6; President Johnson’s message on proposed amendment to, 83; votes on propositions of amendment, 102–106. CoNVENTION, proposed National Union, 118; resolution of Democratic National, 118; of Pennsylvania Union and Democrat, 123; Union National, 117; Maryland Union, 124; Southern Unionist, 124. Cooper, EDMUND, telegram respecting peace proclamation, 17; claimant of seat in Congress, 108. DAVIS, JEFFERSON, President Johnson’s order for arrest of, 7; resolution for trial of 113. DEFREEs, Joseph H., resolution on elective franchise, 110. DEMooRATIC NATIONAL PLATFORM of 1864, 118; Address of Democratic Congressmen, 119, 120; platform of Penna., 123. DENNIsoN, WILLIAM, Postmaster General, 107. DIRECT TAXEs, proposed constitutional amendment on, 104. IISTRICT of Columbia, President Johnson on proposed suffrage in, 52; bill on suffrage, 114–116. DoDGE, WILLIAM E., qualified as representative, note, 108. Douglass, FREDERick, interview with President Johnson,
Bonuses, GEORGE F., qualified as Senator, note, 107.
ELECTIONs of 1866, returns of 120. ELECTIVE FRANCHISE in the States, resolution concerning, 110; in Territories, to be no discrimination on account of color, 116; President Johnson’s allusion to, 19, 20, 24, 49, 52–55; President Lincoln, note, 24. FENIANs, President Johnson's proclamation respecting, 17, 18; Attorney General Speed's order for arrest of, note, 18; resolution on, 113, 114. FLORIDA, provisional governor appointed, 12; General Gillmore's order annulling the call of acting Gov. Allison for meeting of rebel legislature, 24; reconstruction, steps in, 24, 25; Freedmen's code, 38–41; claimants in Congress, 107, 108. Foot, SoLoMox, Senator, death of, 107. FoENEy, John W., Secretary of the Senate, 107; allusion of President Johnson to, 61. FREEDMEN, orders respecting, 12, 13; laws concerning, 29–44. FREEDMEN's BUREAU, President Johnson's veto of bill for, and votes on passing and repassing, 68–74; number of rations issued by, to April 1, 1866, note, 69. GEORGIA, General Gillmore's order annulling Gov. Brown's call for a meeting of the rebel legislature, 20; reconstruction, steps in, 20, 21; laws on freedmen, 32, 33; claimants in Congress, 107, 108. GRANT, Ulysses S., General, report on condition of insurrectionary States, 67, .68; surrender of Lee to, 120, 121; orders of, to protect loyal persons and suppress disloyal newspapers, 122, 123, 124.
15; resolution on, 1.12; bill respecting, 116. HALE, Robert S., amendment to jof Columbia suf. frage bill, 114. HARLAN, JAMEs, Secretary of the Interior, 107. HENDERSON, JAMES II. D., resolution on punishment of treason, 109 IIILL, RALPH, resolution on test oath, 110. HoLDEN, WILLIAM W., appointed provisional governor of North Carolina, 11; President Johnson's telegram to, respecting rebel debt, 19; defeated for Governor, 19. IIoMESTEAD Act, bill extending the, votes on, 116. HowARD, O. O., orders of, as Commissioner of Freedmen’s Affairs, 12, 13. INSURRECTIONARY STATEs, President’s proclamations concerning 7, 9, 11, 13–17; reconstruction steps in, 18–8; legislation respecting freedmen, 29–44; President Johnson's messages, concerning, 64–67; Lieutenant General Grant's report, 67, 63; President Johnson on representation of 57–66, 71, 72; votes in Congress upon, note,” 72; reports and propositions, 102–106; claimants from, * in Congress, and memoranda respecting, 107, 08. Johnson, ANDREw, Cabinet of 107: inauguration of, 44. Johnson, ANDREW, INTERVIEWS AND SPEECHES-To citizens of Indiana, 44–47; Nashville speech of June 9, 1864, note, 46, 47; to Virginia refugees, 47, 48; with George L. Stearns, 48,49; to colored soldiers, October 10, 1865, 49–51; with Senator Dixon, 51–52; with colored delegation respecting suffrage, and reply of, 52–55; with committee of the Virginia legislature, 56–58; speech of February 22, 1866, 58–63; speech to colored people of District of Columbia, 63. Johnsox, ANDREw, MESSAGES OF-Annual, 64–66; special, on the condition of the insurrectionary States, 66,67; veto of Freedmen's Bureau bill, 68–72; veto of civil rights bill, 74–78; veto of Colorado bill, 81, 82; on proposed constitutional amendment, 83. JohnsoN, ANDREW, ORDERs AND PRocLAMATIONS OF, 7–18; on commercial intercourse and blockade, 7, 9, 13; for trial and punishment of Abraham Lincoln’s assassins, 7; for arrest of Jefferson Davis, Clement C. Clay, and others, 7 ; for release of latter, note, 8; recognizing Pierpoint’s administration in Virginia, 8; respecting rebel cruisers receiving hospitality in foreign polts, 9; of amnesty, 9, 10; appointing provisional governors in North Carolina, Mississippi, Georgia, Texas, Alabama, South Carolina, Florida, 11, 12; respecting freedmen, 12, 13; for return of property to pardoned persons, 13; respecting the State of Tennessee, 13, 14; Passports for paroled prisoners, 14; paroling certain State prisoners, 14; withdrawing martial law from Kentucky, 15; annulling the suspension of the habeas corpus, 15; announcing that the rebellion has ended, 15, 16; President Johnson's interpretation thereof, note, 17; in relation to appointments to office, 17: in relation to trials by military courts and comm ssions, 17; forbidding the invasion of Canada by the Fenians, 17, 18. Jon Nson, ANDEEw, Trliga AMs of, to Provisional Governor Holden on repudiating rebel debt of North Carolina,
19; to Provisional Governor Sharkey, on colored suf.
IIABEAs CompUs, annulling suspension of, in certain States, w
frage in Mississippi, 19, 20; to Provisional Governor Johnson oa repudiating rebel debt of Georgia, 20, 21; to Provisional Governor Perry of South Carolina on ratifying anti-slavery amendment, 22, on annulling ordinance of secession, 23, on Representatives elected to Congress presenting their credentials, 24; to Provisional Governor Marvin of Florida, 25; to Governor Brownlow of Tennessee on sustaining and enforcing the election laws of that State, 27; to Governor Murphy of Arkansas, 28. Johnson, ANDREW, thanks of House to, 113; sundry resolutions respecting, 111, 112. Johnson, JAMEs, appointed provisional governor of Georgia, 12, telegrams from and to, 20, 21. Johnstox, Joseph E., agreement with General Sherman, 121, 122. Joint REconstruction CoMMITTEE, majority and minority reports of 84–101; various propositions of, and votes upon, 102–106. KELLEY, WILLIAM D., bill to regulate suffrage in District of Columbia, 114. KENTUcky, withdrawal of martial law, 15. KIRKwood, SAMUEL J., qualified as Senator, note, 107. LEE, R. E., surrender to General Grant, 120, 121. LINcoLN, ABRAH AM, orders for trial and punishment of assassins of 7; letter of, to Governor Hahn on colored suf. frage, note, 20; telegram to General Weitzel sorbidding the meeting of the rebel legislature of Virginia, 26. LIST OF CONGRESSMEN AND CLAIMANTs, 107, 108. LoNGYEAR, John W., resolutions on public affairs, 111–113. LouisiaNA, J. M. Wells elected Governor, 28; James T. Monroe mayor of New Orleans, and pardon of 28, 29; legislation on freedmen, 43, 44; claimants in Congress, 107, win, W.M., appointed provisional governor of Florida, 12; ...}} seat in Senate, 107. MARYLAND, Unconditional Union platform, 124. McCULLoch, Hugh, Secretary of Treasury, 107. McPhERson, Edward, Clerk of House, 108; telegrams of Provisional Governor Perry, as to action of 24. MESSAGES OF PRESIDENT Jon NSON, annual, 64–66; on condition of insurrectionary States, 66; vetoes of Freedmen’s Bureau, Civil Rights, and Colorado bills, 64–82; on proposed constitutional amendment, 82. MILITARY Courts, effect of peace proclamation upon, note, 17; order in relation to trials by, 17. MIssissippi, rebel legislature forbidden to assemble, 19; reconstruction steps in, 19, 20; President Johnson’s telegram to Provisional Governor Sharkey on colored suffrage, 19, 20; convention of colored people of 20; laws on freedmen, 29–32; claimants in Congress, 107, 108. Morrill, Lot M. amendments to District of Columbia suf. frage bill, 115. NEBRASKA. election of 1866, 120. NEw IIAMPSEIRE, election of 1866, 120. NEw JERSEY, Senator from, unseated, note, 107. North CARoi.INA, provisional governor appointed, 11; steps taken in reconstruction, 18, 19: claimants for seats in Senate and House, 107,108; convention of colored people of 18: laws concerning freedmen, 29. Officz, President Johnson's order respecting appointments , 17. ORDERs, MILITARY, of General Sickles, setting aside Freedmen's code for South Carolina, 36–38; of General Terry in Virginia, 41–42; President Johnson declined to interfere, 42; of General Grant to protect loyal persons and suppress disloyal newspapers, 122, 123, 124. OREGON, election of 1866, 120. PARDoNED REBELs, order for return of property to, 13. PARole|D PRISONERs, passports ordered for, 14, 15. PARsons, LEWIs E., appointed provisional governor of Alabama, 12; claimant of seat as Senator, 107. PENNSYLVANIA, resolutions of Union and Democratic conventions, 123. PERRY, BENJAMIN F., appointed provisional governor of South Carolina, 12; telegrams on sundry topics, 22, 23, 24; claimant of seat as Senator, 107. PHILLIPs, WENDELL, allusion of President Johnson to, 61 PLATFoRMs of 1864, Union and Democratig, 117, 118. ProvisioxAL Gover:NORS appointed, 11, 12. PUBLIC DEBT, resolution respecting inviolability of 109; proposed constitutional amendment respecting, 102, 103; amount of, 126. PUBLIC LANDs, legislation on, 116. RANDALI, SAMUEL J., resolution on public debt, 109. REBEL CRUISE.2s, proclamation concerning, 9. REBELLION SUPPREssed, proclamation announcing the, 15, 16. REBELS PARDoNED, order for return of property to, 13. REBEL DEBT, proposition to repudiate, 102, 106; resolution concerning, 109; action of legislatures of insurrectionary states on rebel State debt, 19, 21, 23, 24.28. RECONSTRUCTION CoMMITTEE, majority and minority reports o, 84-101; votes upon propositions of, 102–106.
REPRESENTATION, proposed constitutional amendment to 102–105; gensus tables on, 125 +
REPRESENTATION of INSURRECTIONARY STATEs, President Job: son's allusions to, 57–66, 71, 72, 82; concurrent resolo tion upon, note, 72; majority and minority reports up 84-101; bills and propositions relating to, 102–1. resolution concerning, 109.
Horowo IN THIRTY-NINTH CoNGREss AND CLAIMAN:s
* * * ~ *
RESOLUTIONS ON PoliticAL SUBJECTs, 109–114.
RHODE ISLAND, election of 1866, 120.
SCHENCK, ROBERT C., propositions on representation. 104, 105; on Fenian resolution, 114; on suffrage in Distric; of Columbia, 115.
so IN THIRTY-NINTH CONGRESS, AND CLAIMANTs, 107;
SEWARD, WILLIAM H., Secretary of State, 107; certificate of ratification of anti-slavery amendment, 6; telegrams to provisional governors, 21, 23, 24, 25; “report on transmission of proposed constitutional amendment, SHARKEY, WILLIAM L., provisional governor of Mississippi 12; action as, 19, 20; President Johnson's telegram on colored suffrage, 19, 20; claimant as Senator, 107. SHERMAN, WILLIAM T., agreement with General Joseph E. Johnston, 121, 122. SICKLES, DANIEL E., order of, setting aside South Carolina's code, 36–38 South CAROLINA, provisional governor appointed, 12; reconstruction, steps in, 22–24; General Gillmore's order annulling Governor Magrath's call for legislature, 22; President Johnson's and Secretary Seward’s telegrams, 22, 23, 24; failure to repudiate rebel debt, note, 24; form of ratifying anti-slavery amendment, 23; laws on freedmen, and order of General Sickles relating thereto, 34–37; claimants in Congress, 107, 108. SPEED, JAMEs, Attorney General, 107; order for arrest of Fenians, mote, 18. StANToN, EDw1N M., Secretary of War, 107. STEARNS, GEORGE L., President Johnson's interview with,
STEPHENS, ALEXANDER. H., parole of 14; claimant in Congress, 107. STEVENS, THADDEUs, allusion of President Johnson to, 61 ; resolution on representation, note, 72; propositions from Reconstruction Committee, 103–105; resolution on test oath for lawyers, 111; motion not to recognize the North Carolina State government, 113. Stockton, John P., Senator, 107; unseated, note, 107. SUFFRAGE in District of Columbia, 114–116; in territories, 116, 117; vote in Connecticut, 120; President Lincoln upon, note, 20; President Johnson, 19, 20, 24, 49.52–55. SUMNER, CHARLEs, allusion of President Johnson to, 61. TABER, STEPHEN, amendment to homestead act, 116 TABULAR STATEMENTs, on representation, tariff, debt, 125,
TARIFF, votes on all, since 1816, 126. TENNESSEE, President Johnson's proclamation respecting suppression of insurrection in, 13; franchise acts in, 27, 23, and President Johnson's telegram concerning, 27: legislation on freedmen, 42, 43; joint resolution concerning, 105. . TERRITORIES, elective franchise in, 116. TERRY, General, order setting aside vagrant act of Virginia, 41, 42; sustained by President Johnson, 42. TEST OMTH, action of North Carolina requesting repeal of 19; of Mississippi, 20; vote in IIolase on, 110, 111. TEXAS, provisional governor appointed, 12; action of convention, 28 ; legislation on freedmen, 43. THoRNTon, ANTHoxy, resolution on elective franchise, 110. TREASON, PUNISHMENT of, resolution respecting, 109. TREN:101.M., Goostgo A., parole of, 14. VIRGINIA, order to re-establish authority of United States in, 8, 9; call for meeting of rebel jegislature, 25; Mr. Lincoln's telegram forbidding it, 25; legislation, &c., in, 26, 27; freedmen's code, and General Terry's order setting aside vagrant act, 41, 42; claimants in Congress, 107, 108
Voorhees, DANIEL W., Representative in Thirty-Ninth Congress, 108; unseated, note, 108; resolution endorsing President Johnson's policy, 11. WARREN, Gouver NEUR R., General, telegram of General Cu; by to, prohibiting the meeting of the rebel legislature of Mississippi, 19. W AshruRN, IIENRY D., qualified as Representative, note, 108. , W.LLEs, Gippo N, Secretary of the Navy, 107. West Virgixi \, bill, votes on, 116; election of 1860, 120, WILLEY, WAITMAN T, amendment to District of Columbia bill. 115, 116. WILLIAMs, Trioxi As, resolution on withdrawal of military force, 111 Wilson, JAMEs F., proposition relative to rebel debt, 106, resolution on representation, 109, 110; amondtaent to District of Columbia bill, 114.