Imágenes de páginas
PDF

tribution of arms, and the resumption of peaceable pursuits by the officers and men hitherto composing such armies. Not being fully empowered by our respective principals to' fulfil these terms, we individually and officially pledge ourselves to promptly obtain an answer thereto, and to carry out the above programme.

W T. Sherman, Maj. Gen., Commanding Army U. S. in N. 0. J. E. Johnston, General,.Commanding C. S. A. in N. C.

The following official dispatch to the Associated Press gives the particulars of its disapproval, and the supposed reasons therefor:

Washington, April 22.—Yesterday evening a bearer of despatches arrived from General Sherman. An agreement for a suspension of hostilities, and a memorandum of what is called a basis for peace, had been entered into on the 18th inst., by General Sherman with the rebel General Johnston, the rebel General Breckinridge being present at the conference.

A. Cabinet meeting was held at 8 5clock in the evening, at which the action of General Sherman was disapproved by the President, the Secretary of War, by General Grant, and by every member of the Cabinet.

General Sherman was ordered to resume hostilities immediately, and he was directed that the instructions given by the late President, in the following telegram, which was penned by Mr. Lincoln himself, at the Capitol, on the night of the 3d of March, were approved by President Andrew Johnson, and were reiterated to govern the action of military commanders.

On the night of the 3d of March, while President Lincoln and his Cabinet were at the Capitol, a telegram from General Grant was brought to the'Secretary of War, informing him that General Lee had requested an interview or conference to make an arrangement for terms of peace. The letter of General Lee was published in a message of Davis to the rebel Congress.

General Grant's telegram was submitted to Mr. Lincoln, who, after ponflering a few minutes, took up his pen and wrote with his own hand the following reply, which he submitted to the Secretary of State and Secretary of War. It was then dated, addressed, and signed by the Secretary of War, and telegraphed to General Grant:

Washington, March 3,1866, 12 P. M.—Lieutenant General Grant: The President directs me to say to you that he wishes you to have no conference with General Lee, unless it be for the capitulation of General Lee's army, or on some minor and purely military matter. He instructs me to say that you are not to decide, discuss, or confer upon any political question. Such questions the President holds in his own hands, and will submit them to no military conferences or conventions. Meantime, you are to press to the utmost your military advantages.

Edwin M. Stanton,

Secretary of War.

After the Cabinet meeting last night, General Grant started for North Carolina to direct operations against Johnston's army.

Edwin M. Stanton,

Secretary of War.

It is reported that this proceeding of Genet Sherman was disapproved for the followin among other, reasons:

1. It was an exercise of authority not rest in General Sherman, and on its face shows th both he and Johnston knew that General She man had no authority to enter into any sut arrangement.

2. It was a practical acknowledgment of { rebel government.

3. It undertook to re-establish the rebel Sti governments that had been overthrown at til sacrifice of many thousand loyal lives and in mense treasure, and placed the arms and mm tions of war in the hands of the rebels at the respective capitals, which might be used as sou as the armies of the United States were dii banded, and used to conquer and subdue ti loyal States.

4. By the restoration of rebel authority i their respective States they would be enable to re-establish slavery.

5. It might furnish a ground of responsibibt by the Federal Government to pay the rebe debt, and certainly subjects the loyal citizens) rebel States to debt contracted by rebels in th State.

6. It would put in dispute the existence o loyal State governments, and the new Stated West Virginia, which had been recognized b; every department of the United States Gown ment.

7. It practically abolished the confiscate laws, and relieved the rebels, of every degree who had slaughtered our people, from, all piis and penalties for their crimes.

8. It gave terms that had been deliberately repeatedly, and solemnly rejected by Presides Lincoln, and better terms than the rebels lai ever asked in their most prosperous condition!

9. It formed no basis of true and lasting peace, but relieved the rebels from the presentt of our victories, and left them in condition it renew their efforts to overthrow the United States Government and subdue the loyal State whenever their strength was recruited and an; opportunity should offer.

General Grant's Orders. [General Orders, No. 3.]

War Department, Adlutant General's Office, Washington, January 12, 18i To Protect Persons Against Improper civil

Suits And Penalties In Late Rereliiob

States.

Military division and department commanders whose commands embrace or are composed of any of the late rebellious States, and who have not already done so, will a^ once issue and enforce orders protecting from prosecution or suits in the State, or municipal courts of such State, all officers and soldiers of the armies of the United States, and all persons thereto attached, or in anywise thereto belonging, subject to military authority, charged with offences for acts done in their military capacity, or pursuant to orders from proper military authority; and to protect from suit or prosecution all loyal citizens, or persons charged with offences done against the rebel forces, directly or indirectly, •during the existence of the rebellion; and all persons, their agents and employes, charged with tbo occupancy of abandoned lauds or plantations, or the possession or custody of any kind of property whatever, who occupied, used, pos-essed, or controlled the same pursuant to the order of the President, or any of the civil or military departments of the Government, and to protect them from any penalties or damages that may have been or may be pronounced or adjudged in said courts in any of such cases; and also protecting colored persons from prosecutions in any of said States charged with offences for which white persons are not prosecuted or punished in the same manner and degree. By command of Lieutenant General Grant: E. D. To\v:*sexd, Assistant Adjutant General.

Suppression Of Disloyal >*ewspapees.

Headquahteks Armies Of Uxited States,
Washington, Feb. 17, 1866.

You will please send to these headquarters as soon as practicable, and from time to time thereafter, such copies of newspapers published in your department as contain sentiments of disloyalty and hostility to the Government in any of its branches, and state whether such paper is habitual in its utterance of such sentiments. The persistent publication of articles calculated to keep up a hostility of feeling between the people of different sections of the country cannot be tolerated. This information is called for witrr a view to their suppression, which will be done from these headquarters only.

By order of Lieutenant General Grant:
T. S. Bowers,
Assistant Adjutant General.

Democratic Convention of Penn., March 5,1866.

Resolved, That the thanks of the Democracy of Pennsylvania bo tendered to the Hon. Charles R. Buckalew and Lion. Edgar Cowan, for their patriotic support of the President's restoration policy: and that such thanks are due to all the democratic members of Congress for their advocacy of the restoration policy of President Johnson.

Union Convention of Pennsylvania-March 7.

The Democracy of Pennsylvania, in Convention met, recognizing a crisis in the affairs of the Republic, and esteeming the immediate restoration of the Union paramount to all other issues, do resolve:

1. That the States, whereof the people were lately in rebellion, are integral parts of the Union and are entitled to representation in Congress by men duly elected who hear true faith to the Constitution and laws, and in order to vindicate the maxim that taxation without representation is tyranny. ,?uch representatives should be forthwith admitted.

2. That the faith of the Republic is pledgod to the payment of the national debt, and Congress should pass all laws necessary for that purpose.

3. That we owo obedience to the Constitution of the United States, (including the amendment prohibiting slavery), and under its provisions will accord to those emancipated all their rights of person and property.

4. That each State has the exclusive right to regulate the qualifications of its own electors.

5. That the white race alone is entitled to the control of the Government of the Republic, and wo aro unwilling to grant the negioes the right to vote.

6. That the bold enunciation of the principles of tho Constitution and the policy of restoration contained in tho recent annual meseage and Freedmen's Bureau veto messago of President Johnson entitle him to the confidence and support of all who respect the Constitution and love their country.

. 7. That the nation owes to the brave men of our armies and navy a debt of lasting gratitude for their heroic services in defence of the Constitution and the Union; and that while we cherish with a tender affection the memories of the fallen, we pledge to their widows and orphans tho nation's care and protection.

8. That we urge upon Congress the duty of equalizing the bounties of our soldiers and sailors.

The following was also adopted:

2. That the most imperative duty of the preseut is to gwther the legitimate fruits of the war, in order that our Constitution may come out of tho rebellion purified, our institutions strengthened, and our national life prolonged.

■i. That failure in these grave duties would be scarcely less criminal than would have been an acquiescence in secession and in the treasonable machinations of the conspirators, and would be an insult to every soldier who took up arms to save the country.

4. That tilled with admiration at the patriotic devotion and fearless courage with which Andrew Johnson resisted and denounced tho efforts of the rebels to overthrow the National Government, Pennsylvania rejoiced to express her cu tire confidence in his character and principles, and appreciation of his noble conduct, by bestowing her suffrage upon him for the Second position in honor and dignity in the country. His bold and outspoken denunciation of the crime of treason, his firm demands for the punishment of the guilty offenders, and his expressions of thorough sympathy with the friends of the Union, secured for him the warmest attachment of her people, who, remembering his great services and sacrifices, while traitors aud their sympathizers alike denounced his patriotic action, appeal to him to stand firmly by the side, and to repose upon the s^port, of the loyal masses, whose votes formed tho foundation of his promotion, and who pledge to him their unswerving support in all measures by which treason shall be stigmatized, loyalty recognized, and tho freedom, stability, and unity of the National Union restored. .

5. That the work of restoring the late insurrectionary States to their proper relations to tho Union necessarily devolves upon the law-making power, and that until such action shall bo taken no State lately in insurrection is entitled to representation in either branch of Congress; that, as preliminary to%uch action, it is the right of Congross to investigate for itself the condition of the legislation of those States, to inquire respecting their loyalty, mid to proscribe the terms of restoration, and that to deny this necessary constitutional power is to deny and imperil one of tho dearest rights belonging to our representative form of government, aud that we cordially approve of the action of the Union representatives in Congress from Pennsylvania otf this subject.

6. That no man who has voluntarily engaged in the late rebellion, or has held office under the rebel organization, should be allowed to sit in the Congress of the Union, and that the law known as the test oath should not be repealed, but should bo enforced against all claimants for seats in Congress.

7. That the national faith is sacredly pledged to tho payment of the national debt incurred in the war to save the country and to suppress rebellion, and that tho people will not suffer this faith to be violated or impaired; but all debts incurred to support the rebellion were unlawful, void, and of no obligation, and shall never be assumed by tho United States, nor shall any State be permitted to pay any evidences of so vile and wicked engagements.

15. That in this crisis of public affairs, full of grateful recollections of his marvellous and memorable services on the field of battle, we turn to the example of unfaltering and uncompromising loyalty of Lieutenant General Grant with a confidence not loss significant and unshaken, because at no period of our great struggle has his proud name been associated with a doubtful patriotism, or used for sinister purposes by the enemies of our common country.

17. That the Hon. Edgar Cowan, Senator from Pennsylvania, by his course in the Sonate of the United States, has disappointed the hopes and forfeited the confidence of those to whom he owes his place, and that he is hereby most earnestly requested to resign.

Tho following resolution was offered as a substitute for the fourth resolution, but after some discussion was withdrawn:

That, relying on the well-tried loyalty and devotion of Andrew Johnson to the cause of the Union in the dark days of treason and rebellion, and remembering his patriotic conduct, services, and sufferings, which in times past eudeared his name to the Union party; and now reposing full confidence in his ability, integrity, and patriotism, we express the hope and confidence that the policy of his Administration will be so shaped aud conducted as to save tho nation from the p*enils which still surround it.

The fourth resolution was then adopted—yea5■ 109, nays 21.

General Grant's Order for the Protection of Citizens.

Hkadqcarters Of The Army,
Adjutant General's Office,

Washington, July 6, 1866.
[General Orders, No. 44.]

Department, district, and post commanders in the States lately in rebellion are hereby directed to arrest all persons who have k*tap or may hereafter be charged with the commission of cmues and offences, against officers, agents, citizens, and inhabitants of ihe United States, irrespective of color, in cases where the civil authorities have failed, neglected, or are unable to .arrest and bring such parties to trial, and to detain them in military confinement until such time as a proper judicial tribunal may be ready and willing to try them.A strict and prompt enforcement of this order is required. By command of Lieutenant General Grant: •

E. D. Townsend, Assistant Adjutant General.

Unconditional Union Convention of Maryland, Jnne 6, 1866.

Resolved, That the registered loyal voters of Maryland will listen to no propositions to repeal or modify the registry law, which was enacted in conformity with the provisions of the constitution, and must remain in full force until such time as the registered voters of the State shall decree that the organic law shall be changed.

2. That the loyal people of the State are "the legitimate guardians and depositaries of its power," and that the disloyal " have no just right to complain of the hardships of a law which they have themselves djaliborately provoked."

3. That it is the opinion of this convention, that if disloyal persons should be registered, it will be the duty of judges of election to administer the oath prescribed by the constitution to all whose loyalty maybe challenged, and, in the language of the constitution, to "carefully exclude from voting''' all that are disqualified.

4. That we cordially endorse the reconstruction policy of Congress, which excludes the leaders of the rebellion from all offices of profit or trust under the National Goveriyuent, and places the basis of representation on the only just and honest principle, and that a white man in Virginia or South Carolina should have just as much representative power, and no more, than a white man in Pennsylvania or Ohio.

5. That the question of negro suffrage is not an issue in the State of Maryland, but is rai*.d by the enemies of the Union pnrty for the purpose of dividing and distracting it, and by this means to ultimately enable rebels to vote.

6. That we are pledged to the maintenance of the present constitution of Maryland, which expressly and emphatically prohibits both rebel suffrage and negro suffrage, and we are equally determined to uphold the registry law, which disfranchises rebels and excludes negroes from voting, and have no desire or intention of rescinding or abolishing either the constitution or the registry law.

7. That we warn the Union men of Maryland "that no Union man, high or low, should court the favor of traitors, as they can never win it—from the first they have held him aa their enemy, and to the last they will be his; and that they should eschew petty rivalries, frivolous jealousies, and self-seeking cabals; so shall they save themselves falling one by one, an unpitied sacrifice, in a contemptible struggle."

The vote upon the adoption of each resolution was unanimous, with the exception of the sixth resolution, upon which a division was called, and the result showed 54 yeas to 14 nays.

The resolutions were then road as a whole, and adopted unanimously as the utterance of the Convention.

Convention of Southern Unionists.

To The Loyal Unionists Of The8 South:

The great issue is upon usl The majority in Congress, and its supporters, firmly declare that '' the rights of the citizen enumerated in the Constitution, and established by the supreme law, must be maintained inviolate."

Rebels and rebel sympathizers assert that "the rights of

the citizen must bo left to the States alone, and under such regulations as the respective States choose voluntarily to prescribe."

We have seen this doctrine of State sovereignty carried out in its practical results until all authority in Congre0s was denied, the Union temporarily destroyed, the constitutional rights of the citizen of the South nearly annihilated, and the land desolated by civil war.

The time has come when the restructure of Southern State government must be laid on constitutional principles, or the despotism, grown up under an atrocious leadership, be permitted to remain. We know of no other plan than that Congress, unjier its constitutional powers, shall now exercise its authority to establish the principle whereby protection is made coextensive with citizenship.

We maintain that no State, either by its organic law or legislation can make transgression on the rights of the citizen legitimate. We demand and ask you to concur in demanding protection to every citizen of the great Repubiic on the basis of equality before the law;.and further, that no State government should be recognized as legitimate under the Constitution in so far as it does not by its organic law make impartial protection full and complete.

Under the doctrine of " State sovereignty," with rebels iu the foreground, controlling Southern legislatures, and embittered by disappointment in their schemes to destroy the Union, there will be no safety for-the loyal element-of the South. Our reliance for protection i# now on Congress, and the great Union party that has.stood and is standing by our nationality, by the constitutional rights of the citizen, and by the beneficent principles of the-goverunieut.

For the purpose of bringing the loyal Unionists of the South into conjunctive action with the true friends of republican government in the North, we invite you to send delegates in goodly numbers from all the Southern States, including Missouri, Kentucky, West Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware, to meet at Independence Hall, in the city of Philadelphia, on the first Monday of September next. It is proposed that we should meet at that time to recommend measures for the establishment of such government in the South as accords with and protects the rights of all citizens. We trust this c^ill will be responded to by numerous delegations of such as represent tho true loyalty of the South. That kind of government which gives full protection to all rights of'the citizen, such as our fathers intended, we claim as our birthright. Either the lovers of constitutional liberty must rule the nation or rebels and their sympathizers be permitted to misrule it. Shall loyalty or disloyalty have the keeping of the destinies of the nation? Let the responses to this call which is uow in circulation for signatures, and is being numerously signed, answer. Notice is given that gentlemen at. a distance can have their names attached to it by sending a request by letter directed to D. W. Bingham, Esq., of Washington, I>. C.

Tennessee W. B.stokes,

Jos. S. Fowler,
James Gettyb.

Texas A. J. Hamilton,

Gec. W. Paschal,
Lorenzo Sherwood,

C. B. Sabis.
Georgia G. W. Ashbubn,

Hexrt G. Cole.

Missouri J. W. Mcclurg,

John R. Kelso,
J. F. Benaamin,
Gec. W. Anderson.

Virginia John B. Troth,

J. M. Stewart,
Wm. N. Berkley,
Allen C. Harmon,
'lewis Mckenzie,
J. W. Iiunnicutt,

JonN C. U.VDERWOOD,
BURNHAM WARDW1LL,

Alex. M. Davis.
North Carolina Byron Laflin,

Daniel R. Goodloi.
Alabama .gecrge Reese,

D. H. Bingham,
M. R. Saffold,
J. II. Larcombx,

Washington, July 4,1866.

[merged small][graphic][ocr errors][table][ocr errors][ocr errors]

t

Votes in the U. S- House of Representatives on the Various Tariffs.

[graphic]
[table]

Statement of the Public Debt of the United States on the 1st of June, 1866.

Debt bearing Coin Interest $1,195,825,191 80

Debt bearing Currency Interest 1,147,222,226 28

Matured Debt not presented for payment 4,900,429 64

Debt bearing no Interest.—U. S. Notes $402,128,318 00

Fractional Currency 27,334,965 04

Gold Certificates of Deposit 22,568,320 00

„ 452.031,603 04

Total Debt 2,799,979,450 76

Amount in Treasury, Coin 60,679,957 72

""Currency 79,011,125 52

129,691,083 24

Amount of Debt, less Casb in Treasury./ .-. $2,670,288,367 62

* July 12—In Senate, postponed till December next—yeas 23, nays 17, as follow:

Teas—Messrs. Brown, Davis, Dooliltle, Foster, Grimes, Guthrie, Harris, Henderson, Hendricks, Johnson, Kirkwood,
Lane, Morgan, Nesmilh, Norton, Pomeroy, Riddle, Sauls bury, Sumner, Trumbull, Willey, Williams, Wilson—23.

Nats—Messrs. Antbouy, Chandler, Clark. Conness, Cowan, Cragin, Edmunds, Fessenden, Howard, Howo, Poland, Kam-
Bey, Sherman, Sprague, Stewart, Van Winkle, Wado—17.

« AnteriorContinuar »