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Important Events, 16th Administration.

1877 Jan. 4. Death of Cornelius Vanderbilt, the Railroad

King-aged 82.

Jan. 26. The Electoral Commission bill passes the
House by a vote of 191 to 86.

March 2. The Electoral Commission Count completed
after a two months' session, and the election of Hayes
and Wheeler formally declared.

March 4-Sunday. R. B. Hayes, the 19th President, took the oath, and was publicly inaugurated Monday, the 5th. July 21. The great railroad strike and riot throughout the United States.

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Aug. 30. Gen. Miles, with a loss of 26 killed and 47 wounded, kills 17 and wounds 40 Nez Perces Indians, at Bear Paw Mountain.

Dec. 28. Gloucester Fishing Fleet lose 37 lives and several vessels.

1878 Feb. 13. Judgment entered in New York against Wm.

M. Tweed

July

Nov. 6.

vault.

$10,851,196.

April 12. Wm. M. Tweed dies in Ludlow Street Jail.

July 12. Wm. Cullen Bryant dies at his residence, New
York. Age, 84.

Yellow Fever rages at Vicksburg, Memphis, etc.
The body of A. T. Stewart stolen from family

Gold at par for the first time since 1862.

Dec. 18. 1879 Jan. 1. Specie payment resumed by act of Congress. Gold at par, and no run upon the Treasury or banks. March 1. President Hayes vetoed the Anti-Chinese Bill. Veto sustained in the House by 95 to 109 for the bill. March 18. 46th Congress met in extra session; Samuel J. Randall, Democrat, chosen Speaker of the House by

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144 votes, to 125 for J. A. Garfield, Republican; 13 for H. B. Wright, National Greenback, and 1 for W. D. Kelley.

April 26. President Hayes issued a proclamation warning settlers not of the Indian race from the Indian Territory.

July 1. Yellow Fever at Memphis-Southern ports quarantined.

July 21. United States Government orders 1,500 tents and rations for 10,000 people to Memphis, in aid of sufferers from yellow fever.

July 9. James Gordon Bennett, of the New York Herald, sends the steam yacht Jeannette to discover the NorthWest Passage.

Sept. 20. Gen. Grant reaches San Francisco homewardbound on his two years and a half tour around the world. Nov. 15. The French (7th) Trans-Atlantic Cable landed at North Eastham, Mass. (Cape Cod), from Brest, France.

1880 June 8. The Republican National Convention, at Chicago,

on the 36th ballot, nominated J. A. Garfield for President, and C. A. Arthur, of New York, for Vice-President.

June 11. Steamers Stonington and Narragansett collided in Long Island Sound-the latter burned and sunk; 48 lives lost.

June 23. The Democratic National Convention, at Cincinnati, nominated W. S. Hancock for President, and Wm. H. English for Vice-President.

July 19. Steamer Dessoug arrives in N. Y. Harbor with Cleopatra's Needle, for Central Park; 69 ft. 6 in. high and 196 tons weight. Presented by the Khedive of Egypt to N. Y. City.

CABINET OFFICERS, 16TH ADMINISTRATION-1877-1881.

WILLIAM M. EVARTS, of New York, Secretary of State.
JOHN SHERMAN, of Ohio, Secretary of the Treasury.
GEORGE W. MCCRARY, of Iowa, Secretary of War.
RICHARD W. THOMPSON, of Indiana, Sec. of the Navy.
Carl Schurz, of Missouri, Secretary of the Interior.
DAVID M. KEY, of Tennessee,
HORACE MAYNARD,

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Postmaster-General.

66

CHARLES DEVENS, of Massachusetts, Attorney-General.

Year.

1877..

1878.

1879..

1880.

NATIONAL EXPENSES AND DEBT, 16TH ADMINISTRATION.

Debt. $2,205,301,392.10

2,256,205,892.53

2,245,495,072.04

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Year.

1877.

1878.

1879.

1880.

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IMPORTS AND EXPORTS, 16TH ADMINISTRATION.

Imports.

Exports.

$451,323,126

$676,115,592

437,051,532 722,811,815

445,777,775 717,093,777

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Expenses.
$565,299,898.91

590,641,271.70

966,393,692.69

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PRESIDENT JACKSON'S PROCLAMATION

ISSUED IN 1832, WHEN SOUTH CAROLINA UNDERTOOK TO ANNUL THE FEDERAL REVENUE LAW.

WHEREAS a convention, assembled in the State of South Carolina, have passed an ordinance, by which they declare "that the several acts and parts of acts of the Congress of the United States, purporting to be laws for the imposing of duties and imposts on the importation of foreign commodities, and now having actual operation and effect within the United States, and more especially 'two acts for the same purposes, passed on the 29th of May, 1828, and on the 14th of July, 1832,' are unauthorized by the Constitution of the United States, and violate the true meaning and intent thereof, and are null and void, and no law," nor binding or the citizens of that State or its officers; and by the said ordinance it is further declared to be unlawful for any of the constituted authori ties of the State, or of the United States, to enforce

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