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PRINCIPAL NAVAL BATTLES OF THE WAR OF 1812.
1812-Aug. 13, Off Newfoundland..
Off coast of Maine.
Harbor of Valparaiso
.Frig. Constitution, Stewart*.
.14 vessels 86 guns, McDonough*...17 vessels 95 guns, Downie. .Fort Boyer, Maj. Lawrence*
.66 gun boats, Jones........ Frig. President, Decatur..
..4 ships 90 guns, Col. Nichola
JAMES MONROE, Fifth President of the United States, was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia, in 1758. Comparatively little is known of his ancestors. His father's name was Spence, and the maiden name of his mother was Elizabeth Jones.
He received his education at the College of William and Mary, and immediately after leaving College, identified himself with the Colonists in their struggle for freedom. He took an active part in some of the earlier actions of the war, and was severely wounded at the battle of Trenton.
His services were properly recognized, and he was promoted to a Captaincy.
He acquitted himself with distinguished honor as a Staff
officer of Lord Sterling, and in 1780 served as a military commissioner under Governor Jefferson.
He was chosen a member of the Legislature of Virginia. in 1782, and, in 1783, became a member of Congress. His eminent abilities were at once recognized; and his sound views upon the various questions discussed in Congress, exerted a potent influence upon that body in its measures for the promotion of State and National interests.
In 1786, he married Miss Kortright, a lady of great personal merit, upon whom John Quincy Adams pronounced a very high eulogy. He held the office of Senator for about five years, and was twice elected as Governor of Virginia. In 1803, he was appointed to aid Robert R. Livingston, the resident Minister at France, in negotiations for the purchase of Louisiana, and afterward served as Minister to England.
He was also Secretary of State during the administration of Madison in 1811. His efficient services in the difficult and responsible positions he had occupied, and his advocacy of a popular national policy, directed attention to him as a candidate for the Presidency, and, in 1819, he was elected to the office by a large electoral vote. After his election, he made a tour of visitation through the Eastern States; and the favor with which he was everywhere received and the happy effects of his visit upon all parties, suggest that a closer intimacy between our people and their rulers would be of immense advantage to the nation. So satisfactory was his administration that, at its close, he was re-elected, and served another term with equal honor and success. During his administrations, the South American republics were recognized
by Congress as sovereign nations and the President, in his message, declared the famous Monroe Doctrine, that the Continents of America were not to be considered as subjects of European power.
His death occurred in New York, on the Fourth of July, 1831. In 1858, his remains were removed to Hollywood Cemetery, Virginia.
D. D. TOMPKINS, Vice-President, was born at Scarsdale, N. Y., June 21, 1774. Died on Staten Island, June 11, 1825 CANDIDATES For President AND VICE-PRES., 5TH ADM. For President. | From | Vice-Pres. | From. | Politics. James Monroe, Va. D. D. Tompkins, N. Y. Democrat. Rufus King, N. Y. J. E. Howard, Md.
James Monroe, Va.
Nineteen States voting.-Indiana having been admitted during the previous term. Whole number of electors, 217.
For President, 1st Term
Rufus King Twenty-four States voting. Miss., Ill., Ala., Me., and Mo., were admitted during previous term. Whole number of electors, 232.
For President, 2d Term
John Q. Adams
D. D. Tompkins, N. Y. Democrat.
D. D. Tompkins.
J. E. Howard
D. D. Tompkins.
Important Events of the 5th Administration.
1817 March 4. James Monroe inaugurated President, at Congress Hall, Washington, the Capitol having been burnt by the British.
July 4. Ground broken for the Erie Canal. Com
pleted in 1825.
Dec. 10. Mississippi admitted into the Union.
1818 March. Gen. Jackson defeats the Seminoles in Fla. The U. S. flag, 13 stripes and one star for each State, in a blue field, adopted by law.
Illinois admitted into the Union.
Dec. 3. 1819 Dec. 14.
Alabama admitted into the Union.
The Savannah, first steamer, crosses the Ocean. 1820 March 15. Maine admitted into the Union. James Monroe re-elected President.
Stephen Decutor, of the U. S. Navy, killed in a duel with Com. Barron.
Oct. Florida ceded by Spain to the United States. 1821 Aug. 10. Missouri admitted as a State.
1822 The independence of South America acknowledged by U. S.
Boston, Mass., incorporated a city.
1823 Commodore Porter suppresses piracies in the West
President Monroe advocates the non-intervention of foreign powers upon the American continent, popularly known as the Monroe doctrine.
1824 Aug. Gen. Lafayette re-visits the United States.