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CANDIDATES FOR PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRES. 4TH ADM.

James Madison, Va.
C. C. Pinckney, S. Ca.
Second Term.

For President. | From. | Vice-Pres. | From. | Politics.
Geo. Clinton, N. Y.
Rufus King, N. Y.

Democrat.
Federal.

Elbridge Gerry, Mass. Democrat.

James Madison, Va.
De Witt Clinton, N. Y. J. Ingersoll, Pa. Federal.
ELECTORAL Vote FOR PRES. AND VICE-PRES. 4TH ADM.

Seventeen States voting. Whole number of electors, 175. In 1804 an amendment to the Constitution was adopted, which provided that in voting for President and Vice-President each candidate should be voted for separately by the electors.

For President, 1st Term.

James Madison

For Vice-President.

122

Geo. Clinton

113

47

Rufus King.

C. C. Pinckney · 47 James Madison was declared elected President, and Geo. Clinton Vice-President.

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For President, 2d Term.

For Vice-President.

Eighteen States voting.-Louisiana admitted during preWhole number of electors, 217.

vious term.

James Madison

128

Elbridge Gerry

131

DeWitt Clinton

49 J. Ingersoll.

86 James Madison was declared elected President, and Elbridge Gerry Vice-President.

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Important Events of the 4th Administration.

1809 March 4. James Madison inaugurated President. 1810 American Board of Christian and Foreign Missions organized.

1811 Nov. 7. General Harrison wins at Tippecanoe the most desperate battle ever fought with the Indians. 1812 April 8. Louisiana admitted as a State. First house in Rochester, N. Y., erected. Second War with England.—Cause—The impressment of American seamen by the British, and the blockade of her enemies' ports. Congress authorized the President to call for 25,000 enlisted men, 50,000 volunteers, and 100,000 militia, with Henry Dearborn as Commander-in-Chief. See Contents for list of Land and Naval Battles of the War of 1812.

1813 March 4. James Madison began a second Presidential term, with Elbridge Gerry as Vice-Pres. June 1. Capt. Lawrence, of the U. S. frigate Chesapeake, fought the British frigate Shannon, 30 miles from Boston, and in dying said, “ Don't give up the ship."

66

Sept. 10. Perry's victory on Lake Erie.

1814 August 24. City of Washington taken by the British, and public buildings burned.

Capt. Porter of U. S. frigate Essex, when captured by the British frigate Phoebe, after a desperate battle and losing 154 men, in his report to the

Secretary of the Navy said, "We have been unfortunate but not disgraced."

Dec. 15. Hartford Convention in opposition to the war, threaten secession of the New England States. Dec. 24. Hull, for the surrender of Detroit, was

tried for cowardice and treason, found guilty, and sentenced to be shot. Pardoned by the President. Dec. 24. Peace declared by Treaty at Ghent.

1815 Jan. 8. Battle of New Orleans, 40 days after peace was declared. Gen. Jackson lost 13 killed and wounded; the British 1700.

Jan. 15. A British squadron capture the U. S.

frigate President.

March. Congress declares war against Algiers. 1816 Apr. 10. U. S. Bank re-chartered for twenty years, with a capital of $35,000,000.

Dec. 11. Indiana admitted as a State. CABINET OFFICERS, 4TH ADMINISTRATION-1809-1817. Secretaries of State. Robt. Smith, Md.; Jas. Monroe, Va. Secretaries of the Treasury. Albert Gallatin, Pa.; George W. Campbell, Tenn.; Alex. J. Dallas, Pa.

Secretaries of War. William Eustis, Mass.; John Armstrong, N. Y.; James Monroe, Va.; Wm. H. Crawford, Ga.

Secretaries of the Navy. Paul Hamilton, S. C.; William Jones, Pa.; Benjamin W. Crowninshield, Mass.

Postmasters-General. Gideon Granger, Conn.; Return J. Meigs, Jr., Ohio.

Attorneys-General. Cæsar A. Rodney, Del.; William Pinckney, Md.; Richard Rush, Pa.

NATIONAL EXPENSES AND DEBT, 4TH ADMIN.

Year.

1809.

1810.

1811.

Expenses.

$13,867,226

13,319,986

13,601,808

NATIONAL EXPENSES, &c.—Continued.

Expenses.

Debt.

$22,279,121

$45,209,737

39,190,520

55,962,827

38,028,230

81,487,846

39,582,493

99,833,660

48,244,495

127,334,938

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS, FOURTH ADM.

Year

1812.

1813.

1814.

1815.

1816.

Year.

1809.

1810.

1811.

1812.

1813.

1814.

1815.

1816.

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Debt.

$57,023,192

53,178,217

48,005,587

Exports.

$52,203,333

66,657,970

61,316,883

38,527,236

27,855,927

6,927,441

52,557,753

81,920,452

PRINCIPAL LAND BATTLES OF THE WAR OF 1812.

-MEN ENGAGED

BATTLES.

DATES.

AMERICAN.

BRITISH.

1812-Aug. 5, Brownstown, Canada Van Horn ..... Tecumseh

.Miller*

........

Aug. 9, Maguauga
Aug. 15, Detroit
Oct. 13, Queenstown
Oct. 21, Ogdensburg
1813-Jan. 22, Frenchtown

.... .Tecumseh
.Brock*
..Van Rensselaer Brock*
.Forsyth
Winchester ... Proctor*
.Pike*
..Sheaffe..
.Proctor........
Vincent .......
.Tecumseh⭑
.Prevost
. Vincent*

..Clay*

.Proctor.
.Proctor.
. Morrison
.Hancock*
.Ross⭑

.Riall

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........Hull

.......

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COMMANDERS

....

Beaseley
Brown*

.Brown'
Brown*

...

Winder

Croghan
.Harrison

Boyd*
Wilkinson

...

..

.....

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Apr. 27, York (Toronto).
May 5, Fort Meigs

......

.Drummond

May 27, Fort George, Canada. Dearborn*
May 27, Fort Mimms.
May 29, Sackett's Harbor..
June 8, Stoney Creek..
Aug. 2, Fort Stephenson
Oct. 5, Thames, Canada
Nov. 11, Chrysler's Field
-1814-Mar. 30, La Coell Mill
Apr. 25, Washington.
July 5, Chippewa
July 25, Lundy's Lane
Aug. 15, Fort Erie (assault)...Gaines*
Aug. 24, Bladensburg.. . Winder
Sep. 11, Plattsburg..
.Macomb
Sep. 12, North Point
.Stricker
Sep. 13, Ft. McHenry, Balti'oreArmistead* ...Cochrane
Sep. 15, Ft. Bowyer,
Nicholls
Sep. 17, Fort Erie (sortie) ....Brown
.Drummond.
Dec. 19, Fort Niagara
. Leonard
.Br. & Indians*
Dec. 23, 9 miles from N. O. .Jackson
.Keane
1815-Jan. 8, New Orleans
.Jackson* . Pakenham
The * denotes the successful army; k., killed; w., wounded; p., prisoners; m., missing; s., surrendered.

.Drummond.
.Ross*

Prevost
Brooke*

Lawrence*

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AMERICAN.

200

600

2,500

1,200
1,200

800

........

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LOSS.

200 k. & w.

150 k. & w.

Capital and buildings burned.

68 k. 267 w. & p.

3,000

2,000

3,000

120

Surrender.

99 k. 900 w.

20 k. & w.
260 k. & 8.

300 k. w. & m.
800 k. w. & p.
72 k. & w.

2,500

350
3,000
6,000

300 k.

100 k. & w.
100 k. w. & p.
1 k. & 7 w.

50 k. & w.

84 k.
Surrendered.

BRITISH.

600

900

8 k. & w.

300 k. & w.
350 k. & p.
240 k. w. & p.
71 k. w. & p.

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LOSS.

100 k. w. & p.

3,500

1,200 Slight.
2,500

12,000

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