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Rome.” Her Majesty, having been attracted to sional poem, or the social sketch in a magazine, some of the sketches which appeared in the Illus- found in him an able commentator. And he was trated News during the Crimean war, employed always conscientious. If he gives us a sketch of him to paint for her the principal events of her French society, the whole tone is French ; if he is reign, and he consequently produced, under these treating an incident in the time of the Cavaliers, he distinguished auspices, “The Queen Presenting pays scrupulous attention to the minutest details ; if Crimean Medals to the Troops at the Horse he delineates modern life among ourselves, we seem Guards,” “The Marriage of the Prince of Wales to breathe the social atmosphere of our own times. at Windsor," and other works of the series, which In all his pictures or sketches he displays truth in are well known to all. His art, it will be seen, apprehension and conscientiousness in execution, for was manifold, and manifested itself in various which in many other favourite artists of the day we directions; but it is as an illustrator of books that have to look in vain. Take, for example, the pic. his name is most frequently mentioned. In this ture before us--a real scene of every-day life. Any capacity he was highly esteemed and largely em- one who has read the story will at once see that the ployed. In vigour, in fidelity to his subject, and characters of the two persons before him have been in the tone of the composition, he was equally accurately seized and clearly represented. She happy. He did really illustrate his author ; often, would not listen to her husband; she knew her indeed, with his pencil supplying characteristic power to wound, and did not scruple to use it. touches which supplemented the author's meaning "Josh's loving heart was at her feet, and she and made clear what had been obscure. He thus stamped on it with all her might.” In her we are performed important service as an interpreter. A clearly presented to one of those women who derive reference to the beautiful volume of his "Remains," comfort from the belief they are martyrs ; in him, which, thanks to the courtesy of several pub- one of those men whose hearts ache whenever they lishers, the Messrs. Cassell and Co. have just been venture upon a mild attempt at reproving. See, enabled to issue, clearly shows this. The work is too, the details of the picture-nothing is scamped an epitome of the artist's labours as a book-illus- or overlooked. We know we are at the “ White trator. It contains specimens of his manner in Greyhound” in the presence of its master and every direction. Several tales by living writers, mistress. The admirers of Mr. Thomas have in some classic poems, established fictions, the occa- this volume a worthy souvenir of his genius.

BEAUTIFUL-LEAVED PLANTS.* A Few years ago somebody bethought him that cent introduction from the fields and gardens of if we could not have flowers in our gardens all the India, China, and Japan ; and in very few cases year round, we might at any rate have that which has it been found impossible to grow them in the constitutes the main charm of flowers-beauty of open air, our climate indeed proving unexpectedly colour and variety of form. With the introduction favourable to their successful propagation. The of Beautiful-leaved Plants be

three or four pages of text gan a distinct phase in the

appended to each plate will history of horticulture, and

be found ample for all purthey are now considered al

poses of description and idenmost indispensable in every

tification; while for those well-ordered garden and con

who are wishful to cultivate servatory; not to the exclu

specimens of these plants, Mr. sion of, but supplementary

Hibberd provides sufficient to, the old-fashioned gera

instruction in terse and comnium and the graceful fuchsia.

paratively untechnical lanMr. Hibberd has figured and described all the new plants

guage ; the result of the com

bined work of author and of this description not hith

artist being a really delightful erto noticed in any other

book. work. The volume is sup

The Calathea Veitchiana plementary to that published

has a noble leaf, sumptuously in the same series a few years

coloured, green and purple ago. Since then, the cultiva

predominating ; it is, how. tion of Ornamental-foliaged

ever, a rare plant, and only and Beautiful-leaved Plants

met with occasionally. Others has been so successfully stu.

figured in the volume, or died that we have now nearly

some of them, are to be found two hundred additional plants

in a large number of modern and shrubs from which we

green-houses; they are reared may select; so that, whatever

as easily as flowers, and may the season, there need be no

be kept in leaf all the year lack of bright colours and

round, so that at those times graceful forms. In the volume

when conservatories would before us each new plant is

otherwise be bare and unshown complete in miniature

sightly for want of flowers, -as in the example hereintro

a gay and cheerful appear. duced and also by a leaf or

ance may be kept up; every leaves in their natural colours

variety of colour may be proand dimensions. Those who


cured, and even in the depths are unacquainted with the

of winter the place may

be character and peculiarities of these plants will be made to look like a series of rich bouquets. "Mr. surprised to discern what a wealth of tint and out- Hibberd is careful, not only to figure the new line is attainable. Many of these plants are of re- plants, but to supply all needful directions for their

cultivation ; and thus we have a book which is New and Rare Beautiful-Leaved Plants. By Shirley

equally an ornament to the drawing-room and an Hibberd, F.R.H.S. Royal 8vo. (Bell and Daldy.) assistant to the practical gardener.


ADAMS’S SACRED ALLEGORIES. * Few religious tales have taken such a hold upon or as affording us a field of contemplation altotheir readers as the Allegories of the late Rev. gether removed from the present world. The William Adams; by many they are regarded as former view has been principally adopted in The the best that have appeared since the days of John Shadow of the Cross,' the latter in "The Distant Bunyan. They are written with great honesty ' of purpose, and such is their nature that we wish These, however, were not so successful as the them to be true, and would fain believe them last two : perhaps because their religious teaching

Of the four contained in this volume the was more pronounced. The last of the series, best is “The Old Man's Home.” The scene is published shortly before the author's death, is that laid in the Isle of Wight, near Bonchurch. A from which our illustration is taken, “The King's harmless lunatic has escaped from the asylum, and Messengers.” A rich merchant at his death left narrates his past life and future prospects in such immense treasures to his four sons, of which the guise that we are led to suppose them true of this eldest, whose portrait is here given, had the diviworld, when in reality he is speaking of the next. sion. He divided it in such a manner that his

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PHILARGYR RECKONING HIS RICHES. His wife and family had gone “home” many brothers, although receiving largely, never quite 1 years before, and he was still on the road. Some understood the principle upon which it was divided.

keepers coming up, hurry the old man off to the He went on heaping up riches. The second asylum, where the narrator visits him, and learns brother thought to make himself a name by buildmore of the wondrous journey--but not from the ing a tower. The third tried to obtain applause old man's lips ; they were sealed : he had gone by his ostentatious almsgiving. The fourth reto his home. As we have said, the scenery is tired to an obscure part of the city, where he every natural :—there is no doubt that much of the old day appeared to become poorer— but only seemed man's character was drawn from nature also, to become so. His riches had been sent away by perhaps during some of Mr. Adams's visits to various Messengers of the great King—the lame, Hanwell.

the blind, and the halt. He had laid up a store of The first in order of publication was “The freasure where no moth could corrupt, and where Shadow of the Cross;” the second, “The Distant no thieves could steal. Hills.” In his preface the author says: “Two dis- The author reposes under the Shadow of the tinct views may be taken of our position in the Cross in the old churchyard of Bonchurch, a place Church upon earth. We may either regard it as which will sooner or later be swallowed up by the enabling us, by the light that shines upon it from sea ; and few persons go to that part of the island above, to pass in safety through the trials of life ; without paying a visit to the spot--a spot beautiful

in itself, hallowed by the author's grave, and still Sacred Allegories. By the Rev. William Adams, M.A. New Edition, with Illustrations from original Designs by

more hallowed by its reminiscences of “ The Old Cope, Horsley, Pa!mer, Birket Foster, and Geo. Hicks.

Man's Home.” 4to. (Rivingtons.)


WHEN Dean Swift, with whom such a fact would have special significance, wrote the verses

the connection between creatures too small to be visible and the most highly organized beings; and between these, again, and the dominating forces of the universe, form the theme of his work. M. Pouchet may be described as the interpreter of the latest results in natural history, botany, geology, and astronomy. He describes his work as not a learned treatise, but a simple elementary study, conceived with the idea of inducing the reader to seek elsewhere a more profound knowledge of the subject. But to a large number of readers the

So naturalists observe a flea

Has smaller fleas that on him prey,
And these have smaller still to bite 'em,
And so proceed ad infinitum,-

he recorded what daily observation and the discoveries of modern science amply verify. M. Pouchet, the latest exponent of this universal law, traverses the whole realm of nature, and, in illustration, unrolls before us its varied wonders.




shows us the laws of that family of globes of which
the sun is the centre and vivifying power; and re-
veals what, till the discovery of that marvellous
agent, the microscope, had been hidden from ob-
servation. The same processes, the same results,
belong to all.
The transmutation to which every-
thing-the infinitely great and the infinitely little--
is liable; the interdependence of thing upon thing;

The Universe; or, The Infinitely Great and the In. finitely Little. By F. A. Pouchet, M.D. (Blackie and Son.)


contents of this volume will, we suspect, be at once new and startling. The plan of the work is simple. He begins with a description of the invisible world, and gradually proceeds to that of the most imposing phenomena of the universe. The Animal Kingdom, the Vegetable Kingdom, Geology, and the Sidereal Universe, form the great main divisions, and these are subdivided into books and chapters, proportioned to the The first books, revealing the marvels disclosed interest and importance of the several subjects. by the microscope, describe the smallest class of

organisms-the Infinitely Little; and the actions, habits, and productions of these invisible creatures are fully explained. Then follows an account of insects, of birds, and animals, in which the latest facts are interwoven with curious anecdotes. "The Vegetable Kingdom" is an elaborate survey of the anatomy, physiology, germination, and migration of plants. Under the head of " Geology," we have a popular résumé of that science, with especial reference to the wonders of the earth, its volcanoes, earthquakes, strange fossils, glaciers, deserts, &c.; and, finally, we have two books devoted respectively to the "Sidereal World" and the "Solar World," in which we find embodied the most recent researches of our astronomers. A curious chapter on "Popular Errors," in which the monsters and superstitions of pre-scientific times are disposed of, terminates this entertaining volume. M. Pouchet, who possesses the art of placing before his reader the most obscure facts in attractive guise, is at home in all these sciences. He is never vague, but writes with a distinctiveness, a clearness, and a picturesque vigour, which, we must add, have been ably preserved by the translator. Nor do the literary merits of the volume exceed the artistic. The 343 wood-cut illustrations, as works of art and as pictorial representations of the objects described, are equally meritorious. In their production time and care seem to have been lavished. A large number of them could not be excelled by steel plates, so softly, delicately, and transparently have they been worked. Our specimen represents a sponge which forms a colossal vase, to which the name of "Neptune's Cup" (Raphidophora Patera) has been given. It is erected solely by myriads of polypi; and although no organ is to be detected, it is classed by naturalists among undoubted animals, and even figures with members of the animal kingdom. In this cut the artist has adapted himself to the end in view. In style and treatment, and in the manner in which it has been produced, "The Universe" deserves high praise. It will create in the young, and foster and extend in readers of ripe age, a taste for natural science; and as a presentation book, the Season has not produced a more splendid volume.

HERE is another volume from the French press, similar in character to others already noticed. M. Simonin has invaded the domain of the geologist, the mineralogist, and the metallurgist, and reveals to us its wonders just as the authors of "The Universe" and "The World of the Sea" reveal to us the marvellous facts which respectively came within their scope. The work does not profess to be profound, not even to be purely scientific, but it does profess to be, above all things, interesting, and we think M. Simonin has not failed in his object. If "Les Pierres" will not be of much service to the professional geologist and mineralogist, it will fully satisfy the needs of that large class which desires to inform itself of the properties, history, and location of the most important species of the mineral kingdom. The book is divided into two parts, the first treating of stones, separated into groups, and the second giving a history and description of certain stones. Under the one heading we have, after an introductory sketch of the subject generally, an account of the origin of the earth, its subsequent condition till

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Les Pierres, Esquisses Minéralogiques. Par L. Simonin. Paris: Hachette et Cie.)

The Great Schools of England. By Howard Staunton. (Strahan.)-Mr. Staunton has produced a work which will be warmly welcomed by these classes of persons-by the "old boys" of the several great schools of England, by parents about to select one of these schools for their sons, and by all educationalists throughout the world who wish to make themselves acquainted with institutions, and a system of education which has no parallel out of this kingdom. The great schools are ten-Eton, Winchester, St. Paul's, Merchant Taylor's, Charterhouse, Harrow, Rugby, Shrewsbury, and Christ's Hospital, and of these Mr. Staunton gives a full and lucid account. He divides his subject into three parts. In the first place he gives an historical survey of the school from its foundation to the present day, noting succinctly the changes it has undergone and the improvements recommended; he then devotes a chapter to statistical and miscellaneous information, such as the constitution of the school, the governing body, the scholars, the masters, the course of studies, the customs and practices of the place; and, finally, he supplies a list of the alumni who have achieved eminence in the world as statesmen, warriors, men of letters, churchmen, lawyers, or otherwise. This last division will be of interest to others, besides those who have been connected with the schools. The percentage of distinguished men in all departments who have been educated at one or other of these celebrated endowed schools, is surprising. In Mr. Staunton's pages we alight upon famous names whom we never imagined had the advantage of being educated at these schools, and the author, by supplying biographical notes, enhances the value of his work. The original scheme of the volume comprehended only the ten Great Endowed Schools of England. In compliance, however, with numerous requests, Mr. Staunton has appended a brief account of the four chief modern Proprietary Schools Cheltenham, Marlborough, Russell, and Wellington, which have almost attained the dignity enjoyed by the ten. An account of Dulwich College-rapidly becoming one of our most important educational establishments and brief notices of the endowed Grammar Schools of England and Wales, complete the volume.

99 66


the appearance of life on its surface, and the changes it has experienced during geological ages down to the present day. Then follows a description of the coal and iron mines of France; and, next, concluding the first part, a slight sketch of "Les Pierres du Globe," arranged under the heads of "Carbon," "Metallic Substances, Building Stones,' "Precious Stones," Earths and Salts," Petroleum and Subterranean Waters." The second part treats of mines and mining industry, and, like the preceding, comprises four chapters-"The Gold and Silver Deposits of America," "The Marble Quarries of Italy," "The Iron Mines of Elba," and "The Coal Mines of Central France." As will be seen, M. Simonin occupies a wide area, and in travelling over the ground he gives a clear and intelligible account of what is passed on the route. He wisely selects those points which are capable of amusing as well as instructing those who follow him, and thus secures for himself attention from first to last. Much assistance in the understanding of the work

furnished by the illustrations. Of these, 21 are chromo-lithographs or coloured plates, and 91 woodcuts. All of them are creditable specimens of art, and however defective, in the eye of the man

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shadows is a noonday sun. The scenery, and the circumstances of such an incident, are, we believe, accurately represented, and the illustration affords not only a specimen of the well-drawn and carefully-executed cuts which profusely adorn the


volume, but serves to bring before the reader with much distinctness a strange mode of human industry induced by man's love of luxury and of beauty. The chapter from which we take the cut is one of the best-written, and will be one of the most generally popular in the volume.

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