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EXHIBIT C (From June 1965 issue of Trap and Field]


The Gun Exchange

THREE ALL-ELECTRIC Gutomatis Western traps with

agorine, $1,000 each. Write 1120 N 16th St Niles, Mich.



NEW TRAP GUNS for sale Hodel 12 Hydro Coil 5257 50, wood stock, 5242.30Monte Carlo, 5252.50, pigeon arodo. 5382.50, Monte Carlo, $394.15 Rom. ington 870TC, 5224 95 Monte Corle, $234 95: 87078 $164.9%; Monte Carle, $174.95. Browning O/U. 5400 Broodway, $410. Winchester 101, $298 Monte Corte, $308 9. Charles Daly Superior O/U. reguler stock of Monte Carlo, $305, with wide rib, $340, Ithaca #sdbi. used, $650. Bogert Gun Store, Sos. dusky. 0.

BUY, SELL OR TRADE trop peas, Acadian Arms, los 1855 OCS, Lotayotte, la. TRADE PERFECT Linhof Spor Tochaiko for Winchester 21 trapgun.

Outfit consists of ne(90°) Zalas Biegen, 100m Zeiss Planar, 180mm Zeiss Sonsar, Liahof attache cere, filter, 2 hlm backs, fi holders etc. Complete cont 1959, $1,1.30. Winchester must be perfect with 28" or 30 bois. Richard Mckinny, 235 S. Arlington, Springfield, O BROWNING PIGEON GLADE trap, 30" bols. FIN. Once cond 18" poll, Serial #71031, 3363 wan tode for Ithace 4 or better Walter S. Brooks, 619 Wyoming Ave, Billings, Mont, P 245-7519 ITHACA 46 SGL, VR, 37" Orre foll dhoke, serial 290075, nie walnut stock Will sell or swap for ove/cader. Sotisfaction guaranteed. P. M. Gron, 485 Borrent Dr., El Poro, Tex ITMACA 46 DSL, SST, AE, VR, 37 PM trap, excel, #453721. Ithace 46 se trap. 403084, Speer to lacre, easel. LC. Smith Olympic prode, 37 full, excel

oncept stock oltered. Sell or trade A E. Verein, 217 W. First, McCook, Neb.

"P" 15 FOR PATTERNING-X-Port Shotgun Pattern Gouge it too! Short ronge, improves shooting, corino. leeding, $2.50 prepaid. The Pattern Cliek, 1245 Nieth 51., Econe, Mich. NEW UNALTERED Monte Carlo stock and matching forand for Model 17 Winchester, 12 po.. very nice wood, $40. Ted Porter, 100 S. 2nd, Berto, Col. Pha 259 4171


ISSUES OF SPOITSMEN'S REVIEW magarise 1903. 1939 Reply to box 444, TEA FIELD Magasine, 1100 Waterway Blvd., Indianapolis, Ind. 48207 PARKER TRAP GUN IA NBA perf. cond. Som Blocs. field, 782 S. Mopleten Dr. Los Angeles, Col. 40074

FULL AUTOMATIC Remington trap with release ready to operate. Te, Clyne pulls 2 old-style Remington traps korers choirs by Clyne 4 Westinghouse trap floods and spett. Write or call Chamber of Commerce, Estoup, Executive Manager Sex., Delphos, O. ONE 30-06 SWISS manufacture bolt-action rifle with telescope $325 Ono 6.554 model 1950 original Manticher Schoenever carbine, 5725. Both perfect cond.. have never been wied Write owner,

Valpay. 38 Cambridge, Pleasant Ridge, Mich.

CATALOGS OF EARLIER American double berrel shet.

Boker, A H. Fox, lederer Arms, Parke, Rae ington, L. C. Seith. Description and price fint letter pleose. PD Corson, Wellsburg, W Va. WINCHESTER MODEL 21, 12 pa., 37 bble with a without Ve

ony boring os longos orig. xco! cond ond reasonable. Louis Scheidt, 2001 w Mosket lane, Dayton, O 45424 WANT GOOD 12 GA Model 12 Winchesterfield, 76 IC. RC Walls, 11350 Linard St. El Monte, Col.

CLOSEOUT SALE: 4,000 shottrips, 1280., bely $5.50 prepoid. Alle Products, Bex 72. Valparaiso, Ind. BROWNING O/U 12 se custom engraving, gold Inlay on hi guard, 2 res boli, 37" Broadway trap, Morgan pod lily*1442 Browning trunk carrying 1 and 28 M/F special wood, special chockaring core, gun in mint cond., release trigger under bb!. live pigeon combination Certified check or bank draft, $650

Will ship

express prepaid, inspection Drivilege. William P. Croxton, PO Box 519, Petaluma, Cal


WILL MORRISON R recommends the Smoky Moun
in aree Attend the Ternessee State Trepshoot la
Knocrille. June 10.11.12
ALL ELKS INTERESTED in forming teams for the Grand
American contact Homer Alka, 914 Walberry, will
Carmel, III.

THE PERFECT TRAPSHOOTER'S shirt made of spring lomb's wool and long staple Egyptisa cotton, long sleeve and Convertible coller that rips open and closed to turn over into oturtle noch Guaranteed completely washable Colors are wine, black and red. Shipped prepald, $7.95 Satisfaction guaranteed Tom Mofield, RR 4. Carbondale, III. NATIONAL AND WINCHESTER shot $22.40 per 100 pounds Freight collect rend postal MOGY order specify method of shipment. Gopher Shooter Supply Foribaul, Minn,

Bill Luking Is Tops
In Oaktown Handicap



BROWNING O/U standard trop. 30° FEM, like new,

after ctions, 14%1, $250. Money order only, express collect B. L. Smith, 521 E Hudron, Wellsville, Mo. ITHACA 371 tragua, no 30full for $165 prepaid Fancy wood. all orig. listed for $275 Charles Mockenbury, Eost Moln St., Flexington, NJ 08822 NEW PRODUCT-MARTIN'S Shell Tote corries 4 boxes of hap loody comportement to carry shooting gloises ond miscellaneous items, plus compartments to carry 150 empty hulle Constructed of leather bosted olurinn and onnodized aluminum handle order only, $3.95 plus 75 handling chorg.. Martin's Shosting Supplies, 317-34th St. SE, Cedar Rapida, la Sot stoction guaranteed. THREE WESTERN White Flyer traps, Model V1517A with 2 Clyne pulls complete. $400 FOB Feerian W. Lilley, 472 Annodole Ave., Moundsville, W. Vo. MODEL 21 WINCHESTER, 12 go. Field grade, #1624; 30MF, DT and extractors Trop stock and beaver. toil forend Mechanically perfect, blying worn $300 W. C. Moll. 7614 Capaldi Dr., Marien, O. BROWNING O/U old-style trap stock, 32" IMAP, nel Broedway, good, $79. komington Model 31. 30 full, Rew style trigger, excel. 5200 C trop loads, $39.50 per core Associated Distributors, 3376 N. Control, Chicago, Ill. ITHACA #36, serial #404121, Orre choke, Simmons Monte Cario, osno, 1773. Pigeon Browning Brood. way, JY AF. 3 months old, fitted Browning cose. $475 Fred Glasstard, c/o Town & Country Ford, South Moves, Mich

Ed Kuhlenschmidt and Bill Woods were winners of Classes A and B with 98, and Noble Hanger led C with 92 in the Apr. 4 singles contest at the Oaktown (Ind.) GC

Bill Luking paced the handicap event with 92 from 23 yards, and runnerup Wayne Wright hit 91 from the 21-yard line Luking's 43 was tops in the doubles. 100 100

100 100 16 Md

14 Md Nathos Barrett 90 Roy Roittmayer Stewart Bowman 83 Chorles Schenk 0 $ Lee Dovldion

75 Fred w

Shoko Ear! Deon 79 Fred Thompron

80 Henry Decker 90 C. Whitehead

76 Elwod Evans

92 Cart Williams Noble Manger . 82

Willems 95 90
Paul Hendrixion 66 75 Paul Williams

Higgins 84 85 B?!! Woods

90 71

71 Wayne Wright E. Kullenschmidt og 89 David Chopaan Virgil on how 85

87 V

Crons Bill luking 96

92 Donald R.

Dean Jok Moticoat จง & Billy Morn Gerald Pylo 91 07 John Onbora Raymond Pugh 90 79

25 Pairs of Doubles Rex King

38 Wayne Wright Ed Kuhlenschmidt 43 David Chapen luking

43 Donald Dean Gerold Pyle

40 Bity Hal Williams


86 Hot

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Ratos: 10c per word par Insertion. Minimum advertisemont 10 words. Full payment must accompany ad copy in advance 30 days before day of issue

in which you intond od to be published.


BE SAFE WITH PLASTIC WADS. Bushings to reduce
ted Dot to 18, 19, 20, 21 ore fil MEC #2, 23-gr.
For Other dio. boleNo alteration of bar
necessary. Set of 4, $7.00, prompt delivery. William
Vincent dr., toute #2, Hilladele, Mich.
REMINGTON SHOT $26.00/100# FOB Romington
and Alcon components

MEC and Pacific mochines. Hercules, Du Pont and Alcon powder, 10.x, te triai oor and Straightshooter accessories, Northeast Outfitters, Route 5A West Nyack, N.Y. RELOADING COMPONENTS—Hercules powders, Alcon, C-1 and listic wodi, Mollywood reloaden Whole sale and retail. Gordon Emmel, RR #1, Thorald, Ont.

the roinbow Coins & rights. Finest quality, enly
$26.73. Also some fine knit vests in all colors, $20
PAUL GRAF, 516 Moln St., Hamilton, O. Phone: 995.

GUNSTOCKS DE LUXE Stocks and forends of matched
walnut, cherry or bled-eye mople, mode to your
specifications to any good model pun, any make.
C w lowlo, 6705 44th Ave., Hyattyville, Md.
HERB ORRE specializing in shotguns. Taller the pun
to fit the shooter Horb Orre tomous cheke. Box 58,
Phillipsburg, O. Ph, AC 513, 884.2981
CUSTOM BARREL reboring for trap guns. will boy
Model 32 Remington and Model 12 trop or field guns,
W. E. Solleft, 1337 W. El Segundo Blvd., Gordono,

SUD DECOT, 17 years the shooter' optician, Custom
mode shooting glasses: Cleor Sites, Docot pouples and
My Wyd roles. No coated lenses available. Write
ter catalog. 3323 E, Campbell Ave., Phoenix, Arla.
WINCHESTER TRAP LOADS, all make traps,
torgets, shooting lockets. leother nutten legguh
cases 545 Ray-Ban shooting glasses, $18.95 to
$21.95 Hydro-Coll stocks, $80. Bogert', Gun Store,
Sonduiky, o

WINCHESTER MODEL 12 trap. Ithoco #4E sol. Brown.
ing used very line, Wilte John Henderson, Norborne,
Mo. Ph: Carrollton, 11 2-3287
RELOADERS SUPPLIES: Texan Model M-11, $119.95
prepaid. with 8-D!. rimp and automatic primer teed,
$149.95 prepold. Special prices on Model A 12
looder, $29.95 prepaid. Model 0, $44.95 prepaid.
W. carry all models of Tergs looders and all parts
etc. Jobbers for Federal components and sells. Alcan
components and thells, Red Dot and MI Skor powder
Browning, Ithaca, Winchester, Romington guns. Large
stock trade. We have almost any item o shooter
needs Stomped envelope for list. Wamme Gun
Shop. 550 Sonduiky St., Bellotontalne, O
PLASTIC AND PAPER thatshell former. Foras other
type sofely and turely. Four of a tine, ACME, Box
475, Appleton, Wis
GUNSTOCKS AND FORENDS, fine custom hand mado.
Foecy American walnut, Circonstan, Ryrtlewood,
figured maple. For sale custom rostocked new win.
chester Model 12 trap guns, R). Anton, 1016 Riehl
St., Waterloo, la. Dlal 319-233-3488.

TRUE BORE CHOKING of all trap guns. Snap caps
for dry firing, all gouges, $3.95 per poir, 38 Spl,
for revolvert, $1.00 postpaid. Jobbers wanted.
Doyton Re-New Tool Co., 2808 E. 3rd St., Dayton, O.
CLAY TARGETSREGULATION dite, white or yolla
Any questity direct from factory Write for further
sformation ond price Mochling Target Manufac.
ering Co., 2881 McClain Rd. Lima, O. (1 milo
southwest of Interchange Rt. 75 and 65)

SHOOTERS: LJUTIC MONO wad, tost, officient helt
in time; \" Remington, Winchester $4.45M, %*
Federal, $9.75M Money order only. Dealers wanted.
Discount Blanion's Supply Stere (dealer, distributor).
Vernon, 67892

PERSONALIZE YOUR shotgun or rifle with cesto
mode initialed grip COD. For folder and prices, rend
3c pomp Gue Monegro Sales, Dept-T, 2030 W.
eBth $1., los Angeles, Cal. 90047

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Mr. King. You don't mean to imply that we are to be deprived of hearing Mrs. Foxworthy for a moment or two?

Mr. McCRACKEN. No, sir.

Mr. King. We don't very often have female citizens here interested in guns, and particularly in an official capacity, so I think it would be no more than fair, Mr. Battin, if Mrs. Foxworthy would have something to say

Mr. Batrin. I think it would be very helpful, Mr. Chairman.
Mrs. Foxworthy. Do you have a specific question?

Mr. King. No, but we would be happy to have your views on this subject matter if you have any.

Mrs. FoxwORTHY. When a woman is involved, you know you are letting yourself open to a lot.

Specifically, this bill would work a hardship on many shotgun shooters who send their guns to dealers for repair, who send them to gunstock makers to be stocked, or to be choked, to have a release trigger put on, this type of thing.

Now, not in the shipping to the dealer, but in the return to the person, this is under such regulation as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe, which is not spelled out, and of course we do not know what this means.

There would also be hardship in shipping guns between shooters. We have a full page every month, “The Gun Exchange,” where shooters sell shotguns, tournament shotguns, to one another, and this of course would mean that they could not send them to each other in even neighboring States.

Aside from the specifics, what I would like to say generally, and I have said it editorially in my magazine, as I do not think that a person's decision to be a criminal depends upon the availability of means or victims.

This is a basic choice a person makes, whether to commit a criminal act or not, and if a gun is not available to use, he will use some other means. If there is not a hardware store to rob, it will be a bank or something else.

You are not going to legislate the criminal out of the American scene or anyplace else by taking away guns. They will find some other way. It is a basic decision usually that a person makes, and I think this should be recognized, that a man can make choices about his own life, and that most criminals do make choices about what they do, and that they must accept the responsibility for their decisions and for their actions, and the punishment should not only be severe,

but certain and prompt.

Some statistics I believe that you heard yesterday show that in a major city there were 18,000 crimes of violence, and I cannot tell you right now over what period of time, but of 18,000, about 200 of them resulted in anybody serving a sentence or being convicted. That is what? A little over 1 percent conviction.

Sylvia Porter the other day said that Dun & Bradstreet says the business failures now of new businesses starting is 54 percent, so you see percentagewise it is much better to go into a life of crime than it is to start up a new business.

So I think this is one thing that everybody has to be concerned about, and that is that the offender does get justice, swift, and sure.

Thank you.

Mr. KING. Thank you, Mrs. Foxworthy.

(The following revisions of certain statistics presented by Miss Foxworthy have been received.)

As I recall my words, I said that in a certain city within 1 year there were over 18,000 crimes of violence. I think I went on to say that there were 200 convictions on these counts, making the statistical percentage of punishment a little greater than 1 percent.

The actual statistics are these. In 18,031 cases there were only 217 jury trials. Another 1,869 defendents pleaded guilty. So actually there were over 2,000 brought to court. I do not know how many were convicted, so I request that my statement be changed to read 2,000 brought to trial rather than 200 convictions and, further, that the percentage of likelihood of punishment be increased to 10 percent rather than 1 percent.

I am very sorry to cause you this trouble, but I would like to correct the record. I want to assure you that I had no intention of making a misstatement. I was remembering that just 217 of these defendants had felt the full weight of the law, since the 1,869 who pleaded guilty undoubtedly received a lighter sentence than if they had been found guilty by a jury.

Although I regret the error very much, I do not think that it decreases the validity of my eventual point, which was that statisticially there is less risk today in beginning a life of crime than in starting a legitimate business.

Again, let me thank you for the opportunity to appear before the committee.

Mr. McCRACKEN. Mr. Chairman, may we have the reporter take the page 97 from the June 1965 issue of Trap & Field, as edited by Mrs. Foxworthy, and include that page with the exhibits attached to the original of my statement? (See p. 562.)

Mr. King. Without objection, that is ordered.
Mr. McCRACKEN. Thank you, sir.

Mr. Battin. I would like to say for the record that the delegation of authority that you are concerned about appears six times in the bill that is presently before the committee.

You made the point, I believe, Mr. McCracken, that you were concerned about the regulatory power that the Secretary of the Treasury might have, but, in looking at the bill, you will find that in six different places this delegation is given by the Congress to the Secretary in order to promulgate rules and regulations under the bill itself.

Mr. MCCRACKEN. Yes, sir, Congressman Battin. I made some reference, perhaps not as pointedly as the No. 6 location, in my statement.

Mr. King. Thank you again.
Mr. McCRACKEN. Thank you.
Mr. King. Mr. Cummings.



Mr. CUMMINGS. Mr. Chairman and members of the committee, I share the previous witness' wish to conclude my testimony as rapidly as possible, because I fully appreciate your own pressure on time.

I have just been in the Senate hearing before the Dodd committee on this same general subject, and with your permission, Mr. Chairman, I will merely précis my testimony there and then submit it for the record.

Mr. King. Very well, Mr. Cummings. It will be inserted in the record.

(Statement referred to follows:)



My name is Samuel Cummings. I am the president of International Armament Corp. I am here in response to your kind invitation, Mr. Chairman, to comment on S. 1592.

I want to come right to the point because I know your time is limited. But, first, let us say, as a firm that makes its living buying and selling guns throughout the world, we are grateful for the intensive effort that you and the staff are giving to the serious problem of the relation between crime and the accessibility of firearms. The evidence produced by your several years of hard work points clearly to the need for improving gun control laws, and we want to help if we can.

We also feel strongly that there has been a lot of confusion on the subject of imports which we would like to point out, both in our own self-interest and in the interest of the integrity of a serious and constructive crime control bill.

The embargoes on imports proposed in section 3(e) of the bill would be bad law for three reasons: first, they are unnecessary and ineffective to the purposes of this bill; second, they are discriminatory in violation of American traditions of minimal and fair Federal regulation of commerce and the consumer's right to decide how he spends his own money; and third, the section, deliberately or otherwise, exploits gun industry politics in a way which is likely to impair passage of an otherwise constructive bill, which is apparently being hammered out of S. 1592.

The testimony we have seen before this committee and, above all, before the House Ways and Means Committee, has left complete confusion as to the composition of the allegedly objectionable imports. Both the Attorney General and the Commissioner of Internal Revenue presented the committee with a now-you-see-it, now-you-don't presentation of the object of the proposed embargo, both of them carefully avoiding disclosure of any breakdown between the categories of weapons to which section 3(e) apply and those to which it would not. They imply that the target is a million firearms imported annually.

Let's look a little closer. There are four distinct categories of imports which make up the 573,474 firearms of all types, calibers, and price ranges which were imported in 1964, according to Bureau of the Census statistics. This is about half of the 1-million figure annually so frequently mentioned by proponents of this bill.

First, there is a growing trade in high-cost foreign shotguns, rifles, and handguns which are manufactured abroad with an eye on the large U.S. market for sporting firearms. Illustrative is the recent competition from Japan in expensive over-and-under shotguns which are made to the order of Winchester, the Olin-Mathieson firearms subsidiary. The proponents of the bill repeatedly proclaim that they do not intended to interfere in the source of supply of such quality items but never exactly define where they would draw the line.

Second, there are the low-cost, newly made .22-caliber foreign nonmilitary firearms, heavily sold through the mails. Handguns of this type are cited by some law enforcement officers as a major aggravation of their local crime problem. But caliber .22 handguns and rifles are made in this country at a very low cost. We accept the evidence that mail-order sales of foreign, newly made .22-caliber handguns which are not military surplus have featured prominently in firearm crimes in certain of the large cities. The National Rifle Association condemns the quality of these imports by implication in refusing to advertise them in their magazine, the American Rifleman. We join with many others in wishing that there were a legitimate method of keeping these $10 items out of the hands of juveniles and criminals. It would appear that the proposed mail-order restrictions go a long way to meeting the problem.

Third, there is a very small trade in imported high-caliber military surplus, such as bazookas, antitank guns, and mortars, without live ammunition. The market is largely the suburban residence which occasionally sports a cannon on the lawn for conversation and decoration. The amount of this trade is negligible, but several isolated episodes with these destructive devices has provided proponents of this legislation with a shocker. Our company and others would be most grateful to Congress, or the State Department which presently regulates surplus imports, for preventing the importation of these crew-served weapons which have no commercial significance and present a public relations problem.

Fourth, there are the military surplus small arms about 80–85 percent centerfire rifles, which have been opposed for 10 years by the domestic manufacturers, as foreign competition. These firearms have opened up a legitimate new market for a good, low-cost sporting and target-shooting weapon, frequently a collection item, and generally at prices ranging from $25 to $40 in recent years.

The main controversy presented by section 3(e) and its main impact relates to this fourth category; small arms military surplus imports. They have no more to do with the crime problem than the new and secondhand domestic center-fire rifles, which are very rarely used in crime because they are too big to conceal, too loud, and too long range. It has been amply demonstrated by the American consumer that there is a legitimate market composed of about 2 million purchases of imported military rifles over a decade. These law-abiding gun hobbyists and sportsmen, and no one claims they are criminals, have long since resolved the question of whether or not these rifles are "particularly suitable for lawful sporting purposes"—the justification for embargo implied by the proposed bill.

There is no inherent difference between bolt-action center-fire rifles, whether made for sporting purposes or for military purposes, whether made in the United States or made abroad, whether new or used. The price ranges overlap to a surprising degree. Any used rifle naturally sells at a discount, but, in the general range of $35 to $150, you will find secondhand military rifles, secondhand U.S. sporting rifles, and lower priced new sporting rifles. To show the similarity, I offer as exhibits before this committee photographs of a Winchester 70 series new sporting rifle which retails at $139, a deluxe sporter remanufactured from a World War II military Mauser retailing at $79, an imported German Mauser military rifle "as is" which retails at $30, and a U.S. Springfield 1903 surplus rifle which retails commercially at $40, and has been sold in large volume to members through the National Rifle Association at $15 in recent years by the U.S. Government. Section 3(e) of this bill would apparently make both these Mausers illegal for distribution in the United States, but not so the Winchester or the Springfield sold through the National Rifie Association by the U.S. Government. It is submitted that there are no crime statistics and no evidence from this subcommittee's hearing, this year or last, to establish that any of these weapons are a likely choice for a man contemplating a crime. Crime statistics, such as the ones mentioned by the U.S. attorney for the District of Columbia, as published in the Washington Post on January 10, 1965, place center-fire rifles at the bottom of the list of weapon types used in crimes. The very statistics published in the “Uniform Crime Reports for 1963" indicate that only 10 percent of homicides are attributed to rifles of all types. Based on press reports it is obvious that a large part of these are nonmilitary caliber .22 rifles of U.S. manufacture. Therefore, section 3(e) is patently discriminatory insofar as there is no evidence of any significant difference between military and sporting center-fire rifles, domestic and foreign, from a crime standpoint.

There have been loose charges that imported military rifles are "junk"; this charge is pertinent to the pending legislation because, if true, it could be said that they are unsuitable for sporting purposes. The fact is that our company alone has sold over a million of such rifles in the United States over a decade. perhaps half of all sales. Most of these sales in the last 3 years have been at prices ranging from $25 to $40. This many Americans would not be likely to spend this much money on junk. The fact is that men who know guns recognize that these weapons have been manufactured to specifications far more stringent than most of the sporting firearms on the market today. Recently, H. P. White, America's leading independent firearms testing laboratory which serves the entire industry, performed an exhaustive series of tests covering a total of 16 different types of military and 6 different types of U.S. commercial rifles of current production. All rifles passed these destructive tests in a satisfactory manner without qualifications. The experience of our insurers against product liability has been excellent, and we enjoy insurance rates on foreign military rifles comparable or lower than the rates for new sporting firearms. The National Rifle Association's authoritative magazine, the American Rifleman, takes advertising only of firearms which meet standards of safety and performance ascertained in their

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