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ed, as directed by the 52d section of the act of 2d March, 1799.(1) [See infra.]

On the proper goods and effects of whatever nature, of Indians passing or repassing the boundary line of the United States, unless the same be goods in bales or other large packages unusual among Indians.(2)

On teas of all kinds imported from China or other places east of the Cape of Good Hope, and in vessels of the United States, coffee, cocoa, almonds, currants, prunes, figs, raisins in jars and boxes, all other raisins, black pepper, ginger, mace, nutmegs, cinnamon, cassia, cloves, pimento, camphor, crude saltpetre, flax unmanufactured, quicksilver, opium, quills unprepared, tin in plates and sheets, unmanufactured marble, argol, gum arabic, gum senegal, epaulettes of gold and silver, lac dye, madder, madder root, nuts and berries used in dying, saffron, turmeric, woad or pastel ; aloes, ambergris, Burgundy pitch, bark, Peruvian, cochineal, capers, chamomile flowers, coriander seed, cantharides, castanas, catsup, chalk, coculus indi. cus, coral, dates, filberts, filtering stones, frankincense, grapes, ganıboge, hemlock, henbane, horn plates for lanterns, ox horns, other horns and tips, India rubber, ipecacuanha, ivory, manufactured and unmanufactured, juni. per berries, musk, nuts of all kinds, olives, oil of juniper, paintings and drawings, rattans unmanufactured, reeds unmanufactured, rhubarb, rotten stone, tamarinds, tortoise shell, tin foil, shellac, sponges, sago, lemons, limes, pine apples, cocoa nuts and shells, iris or orris root, arrow root, bole ammoniac, colombo root, annotto, annise-seed, oil of annise-seed, oil of cloves, cummin seed, sarsaparilla, balsam tolu, assafætida, ava root, alcornoque, canella alba, cascarilla, haerlem oil, hartshorn, manna, senna, tapioca, vanilla beans, oil of almonds, nux vomica, amber, platina, busts of marble, metal or plaster, casts of bronze or plaster, strings of musical instruments, flints, kelp, kermes, pins, needles, mother of pearl, hair unmanufactured; hair pencils, Brazil paste, tartar crude, vegetables such as are used principally in dyeing and composing dyes, weld, and all articles used principally for dye. ing, coming under the duty of twelve and a half per centum, except bichro. mate of potash, prussiate of potash, chromate of potash, and nitrate of lead, aquafortis, and tartaric acids; all other dyeing drugs, and materials for composing dyes, all other medicinal drugs, and all articles not enumerated in this act nor the existing laws, and which are now liable to an ad valorem duty of fifteen per centum, except tartar emetic and Rochelle salts, sulphate of quinine, calomel and corrosive sublimate, sulphate of magnesia, glauber salts: Provided, That nothing in this act contained shall be so construed as to reduce the duties upon alum, copperas, manganese, muriatic or sulphuric acids, refined saltpetre, blue vitriol, carbonate of soda, red lead, white lead or li. tharge, sugar of lead or combs.(3)

In addition to the articles now exempt by the act of the fourteenth July, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two, and the existing laws, from the payment of duties, the following articles imported from and after the thirty-first day of December, one thousand eight hundred and thirtythree, and until the thirtieth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and forty-two, shall also (be) admitted to entry, free from duty, to wit: bleached and unbleached linens, table linen, 'linen napkins, and linen cambrics, and worsted stuff goods, shawls, and other manufactures of silk and worsted, manufactures of silk, or of which silk shall be the component material of chief value, coming from this side of the Cape of Good Hope, except sewing silk.(4)

(1) Act 4th March, 1808.
(2) Act 2d March, 1799, sec. 105.

(3) Act 14th July, 1832, sec 3.
(4) Act 2d March, 1833, sec. 4.

SECTION IV.

Of duties on goods imported in foreign vessels.

ed

Duties on goods in foreign vessels 1686 Secretary of the treasury to re-
President to suspend discriminat-

turn certain duties on Prussian ing duties on vessels and produce

vessels

1694 of nations making no discrimi Duty on goods in French vessels 1695 nation on vessels and produce of No discriminating duty on French the U. S.-when

1687 productions imported in French Discriminating duties on the ton

bottoms, for re-exportation 1696 nage of vessels belonging to cer Provision relative to a separate artain designated nations, suspend

ticle of treaty with France 1697

1688 No discriminating duty on the vesDiscriminating duties on goods,

sels of Columbia and their carthe produce or manufacture of goes being the produce of that certain designated nations, im- . republic

1698 ported in vessels of such nations, Duration of the preceding article 1699 suspended

1689 Secretary of the treasury author. Duration of the suspension 1690 ized to return certain duties lePresident to suspend discriminat

vied on vessels of Columbia and ing duties on vessels and goods,

their cargoes

1700 whencesoever imported, in re Like duty on French vessels and spect to nations adopting a like

cargoes from Martinique and rule in respect to the U. $. 1691 Guadaloupe, as on American Like duties on vessels and cargoes

vessels and cargoes

1701 of Prussia, as on vessels of the President may suspend operaU. S. and their cargoes

1692 tion of foregoing article-when. Duration of the suspension 1693 Duty on Belgian vessels and car.

1702

goes

Art. 1686. An addition of ten per centum shall be made to the several rates of duties imposed on goods, on the importation of which, in American or foreign vessels, a specific discrimination has not been made, imported in foreign vessels not entitled by treaty, or by act of congress, to be admitted on payment of like duties paid on goods imported in vessels of the United States.(1)

1687. Upon satisfactory evidence being given to the president of the United States, by the government of any foreign nation, that no discriminating duties of tonnage or impost are imposed within the ports of such nation, upon vessels wholly belonging to citizens of the United States, or upon mer. chandise the produce or manufacture thereof, imported in such vessels, he may declare, by proclamation, the foreign discriminating duties of tonnage and impost, within the United states, to be suspended, as to the vessels of such nation, and the merchandise of its produce or manufacture imported in such vessels : such suspension to take effect from the time of the notification to the president, (of the abolition of discriminating duties by such foreign nation,) and to continue so long as such vessels and such merchandise laden thereon, shall be exempted from such duties, and no longer.(2)

1688. The discriminating duties on the tonnage of foreign vessels entering the United States, are not in force in relation to the vessels of Great Britain ;(3) of Spain, with Spanish productions only, coming directly from ports of Spain

(1) Act 27th April, 1816, sec. 3. Act (2) Act 7th Jan. 1824, sec. 4. 20th April, 1818, sec, 2. Another act of (3) Convention with Great Britain, same date, sec. 2. Act 3d March, 1819, 1815. President's proclamation, 5th Ocsec. 2. Act 22d May, 1824, sec. 2. Act tober, 1830. 14th July, 1832, sec. 10.

or her colonies, into the ports of Pensacola and St. Augustine, in the Floridas, until the 22d May, 1833 ;(1) of vessels of the Netherlands; of the dukedom of Oldenburg; of the kingdom of Sardinia ; of the empire of Russia ;(2) of the kingdom of Prussia,(3) of the kingdoms of Sweden and Norway, and of the island of St. Bartholomew ;(4) of the imperial Hanseatic cities of Hamburg, Lubec, and Bremen ;(5) of Brazil ;(6) of Central America ;(7) of Austria ;(8) of the kingdom of Hanover;(9) of the dominions of the Pope ;(10) and of the kingdom of Denmark.(11)

From - and after the first day of April next, the same and no higher tonnage duties and custom-house charges of any kind shall be levied and collected on any British colonial raft, flat, boat, or vessel, entering other. wise than by sea at any port of the United States on the rivers and lakes on our northern and northeastern and northwestern frontiers, than may be levied and collected on any raft, flat, boat, or vessel, entering otherwise than by sea at any of the ports of the British possessions on our northern, north. eastern and north-western frontiers; and from and after the first day of April next, no higher discriminating duty shall be levied or collected on mer chandise imported into the United States in the ports aforesaid, and otherwise than by sea, than may be levied and collected on merchandise when import. ed in like manner otherwise than by sea, into the British possessions on our northern, north-eastern and north-western frontiers from the United States.(12)

1689. The discriminating duties on goods imported in foreign vessels are not in force, so far as respects Spanish productions, in Spanish vessels, direct from the ports of Spain or her colonies, entering the ports of Pensacola and St. Augustine, until the 22d day of May, 1833 ;(13) and so far as respects the produce and manufactures of the territories in Europe of Great Britain, and the cargoes of British vessels from the colonial possessions of Great Britain in the West Indies, on the continent of South America, the Bahama islands, the Caicos, and the Bermuda, or Somer islands ;(14) and so far as respects the produce and manufactures of the territories in Europe of the Netherlands, the kingdom of Sardinia, and the empire of Russia,(15) the kingdom of Hanover,(16) the dominions of the Pope ;(17) and so far as re. spects goods, from whatever place they may come, in vessels of Sweden, Norway, and the island of St. Bartholomew ;(18) of the kingdom of Denmark;(11) of the republic of Central America ;(19) of the Hanseatic republics of Lubec, Bremen, and Hamburg :(20) of the empire of Brazil ;(21) of Austria,(22) and of the dukedom of Oldenburg.(23) So far as respects the produce or manufactures of Portugal proper, including Madeira, Porto Santo,

(1) Treaty with Spain, 1819. Act 30th (13) Treaty with Spain, 1819. Act March, 1822, chap. 129, sec. 3.

30th March, 1822, chap. 119. (2) Act 7th Jan. 1824, chap. 142, p. (14) Convention, 1815. Act 29th May, 243. President's proclamation, 18th Sep. 1830, ch. 188, p. 286. President's protember, 1830, chap. 230. Act 24th May, clamation, 5th October, 1830. 1828, chap. 169, p. 265.

(15) Act 7th January, 1824.-Act 24th (3) Treaty of 1st May, 1828. Act 7th May, 1828. Jan. 1824. Act 24th May, 1828.

(16) President's proclamation of 1st (4) Act 7th Jan. 1824. Treaty of 1827. July, 1828. (5) Ibid. Treaty of 1897.

(17) Ibid. 7th June, 1827. (6) Treaty of 1828.

(18) Treaty of 1827. (7) Treaty of 1825,

(19) Treaty of 1825. (8) Proclamation of the President, 3d (20) Treaty of 1827. June, 1829.

(21) Treaty of 1828. (9) Proclamation of 1st July, 1828. (22) President's proclamation, 3d June, (10) Proclamation of 7th June, 1827. 1829, chap. 228. (11) Treaty of 1826.

(23) Act 24th May, 1828. President's (12) Act 2d March, 1831, sec. 2. proclamation, 1830.

and the Azores, when imported in vessels wholly and truly belonging to the subjects of said places(1)*

1690. The suspension of the discriminating duties in the two last preced. ing articles prescribed, so far as it effects the Netherlands, Sardinia and Russia, respectively, shall continue on condition that, and so long as, the vessels of the United States, truly and wholly belonging to the citizens thereof, and all goods of the produce and manufacture of the United States laden therein, and imported into the ports of such nations in Europe, respectively, shall be exempted from all discriminating duty of impost or tonnage, direct or indirect, other or higher than is levied upon the vessels and merchandise therein imported, belonging to the subjects or citizens of such nations, respectively. But, if in any of the territories in Europe of either of such nations, any such discriminating duty shall, at any time, be imposed or levied on vessels wholly belonging to citizens of the United States, or on such merchan. dise imported in them, then, and from that time, such suspension shall cease as respects the vessels and merchandise in them imported into the United States, of the nation imposing or levying such discriminating duty; and all the provisions of the acts imposing discriminating foreign tonnage and im port duties in the United States shall be in full force with regard to such nation.(2)

1691. Upon satisfactory evidence being given to the president of the United States, by the government of any foreign nation, that no discriminating duties of tonnage or impost are imposed or levied in the ports of such nation upon vessels wholly belonging to citizens of the United States, or upon the pro. duce, manufactures, or merchandise imported in the same from the United States, or from any foreign country, he may declare, by proclamation, that the foreign discriminating duties of tonnage and impost, within the United States, are and shall be suspended and discontinued, so far as respects the vessels of such foreign nation, and the produce, manufactures, or merchan. dise imported into the United States in the same, from such foreign nation, or from any other foreign country : such suspension to take effect from the time of such notification being given to the president of the United States, and to continue so long as such reciprocal exemption of vessels belonging to citi. zens of the United States, and their cargoes, shall be continued, and no longer.(3)

1692. No other or higher rates of duties shall be imposed or collected on vessels of Prussia, or of her dominions, from whencesoever coming, nor on their cargoes, howsoever composed, than are, or may be, payable on vessels of the United States, and their cargoes.(4)

1693. The secretary of the treasury shall return all duties which have been assessed since the 15th day of April, 1826, on Prussian vessels, and their cargoes, beyond the amount which would have been payable on vessels of the United States and their cargoes; and the same allowances of draw. backs shall be made on merchandise exported in Prussian vessels as would be made on similar exportations in vessels of the United States.(5)

1694. The two last preceding articles shall continue in force, during the time that the equality for which they provide shall in all respects be recipro

(1) Act 4th July, 1836.
(2) Act 7th January, 1824.
(3) Act 24th May, 1828.

(4) Ibid. Treaty 1st May, 1828.
(5) Act 24th May, 1828.

* For further provisions relative to tonnage duties on foreign vessels, and for duties on imports on foreign vessels, see the treaties with the several nations in Book V. p. 204.

cated in the ports of Prussia and her dominions : and if, at any time hereafter, such equality should not be reciprocated in the ports of Prussia and her dominions, the president may issue his proclamation, declaring that fact, and thereupon the provisions of such articles shall cease and determine.(1)

1695. From the 30th day of September, 1824, (in case of the continuance of the convention with France of 1822,) the extra duties of three dollars and fifty cents, per ton, on merchandise, the growth, produce, or manufacture of France, imposed by the second section, act March 3d, 1823, shall be diminished by one fourth of their whole amount; and afterwards by one fourth of such amount from year to year, so long as neither of the parties to said convention shall have declared the intention of renouncing it in the manner therein provided, and until the whole of such extra duty shall have been done away.(2)

1696. No discriminating duty shall be levied upon the productions of the soil or industry of France, imported in French bottoms, into the ports of the United States, for transit or re-exportation.(2)

1697. If the second separate article of the said convention, concluded on the twenty-fourth of June last, should be ratified by both the contracting parties thereto, and the ratification thereof should be exchanged, on or before the twenty-third day of June next, then, from and after the expiration of two months, subsequent to the said exchange of ratifications, and during the continuance in force of the said separate article, the extra duties specified in the second section of this act (1823) shall be levied only upon the excess of value of the merchandise imported into the United States in any French vessel, over the value of the merchandise exported from the United States in the same vessel, upon the same voyage ; so that, if the value of the articles ex. ported shall equal or exceed that of the articles imported in the same vessel, (not including articles imported for transit or re-exportation,) no such extra duties shall be levied, and if the articles exported are less in value than those imported, the extrá duties shall be levied only upon the amount of difference of their value.(2)

1698. No other or higher rate of duties shall be imposed or collected on vessels of the republic of Colombia and their cargoes, consisting of articles of the growth, produce, or manufacture of said republic, than are, or may be, payable on vessels of the United States, with cargoes composed as aforesaid.(3)

1699. Article 1698 shall continue and be in force during the time that the equality for which it provides, shall, in all respects, be reciprocated in the ports of the republic of Colombia ; and if, at any time hereafter, the said equality shall not be reciprocated in the ports of the said republic, the presi. dent may, and he is hereby authorized to issue his proclamation, declaring that fact, whereupon such article shall cease and determine.(3)

1700. The secretary of the treasury is hereby authorized to return all duties which may have been assessed since the twenty-ninth January, eighteen hundred and twenty-six, on vessels of the republic of Colombia, and their cargoes, composed of articles of the growth, produce, or manufacture of the said republic, beyond the amount which would have been payable on vessels of the United States and cargoes, composed as aforesaid, imported therein ; and the same allowances of drawback on exportations, in vessels of the re

(1) Act 24th May, 1898. (2) Act 3d March, 1823.

(3) Act 200h April, 1826.

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