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No. 14. Form of certificate for
arriving coastwise, &e.
port, in importing vessel 777 No. 37. Form of permit for un-
importer, when goods are
45. Form of bond where entry
27. Form of verification by
47. Form of oath of apprai-
chandise at foreign port 783 51. Form of certificate of ex-
livery of merchandise at
wise, &c. to another dis-
57. Form of certificate for
LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES.
OF THE ORIGIN, EFFECT, AND SANCTION OF THE LAWS.
Constitution ordained by the people 1 Oath, when and how administered
- to members of state legisOath to support the constitution
latures and officers of the state — form of. No religious test for
to officers of the U.S. 7 office
ARTICLE 1. The people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to themseldes and their posterity, have ordained and established the constitution for the United States of America.(1)
2. All debts contracted and engagements entered into, before the adoption of the constitution, shall be as valid against the United States, under the constitution, as under the confederation.(2)
3. The constitution, and the laws, which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land : and the judges, in every state, shall be bound thereby, any thing in the constitution or laws of any state, to the contrary notwithstanding (3)*
(1) Preamble to the Con.-M-Culloch (2) Con. Art. 6. cl. 1. v. state of Maryland, 4 Wheat. 316. (3) Con. Art. 6. clause 2.-M'Culloch Martin v. Hunter's exs. 1 Wheat. 304, v. state of Maryland, 4 Wheat. 396. 324, 352.
* And to the supremacy of such laws, the state laws must yield, even though enacted in pursuance of powers acknowledged to remain in the states.-9 Wheat. 210.–Gibbons v. Ogden.
An act of congress, contrary to the constitution of the United States, is void and courts of justice are bound so to declare it, or to modify the law according to the constitution, if the case admit such modification.-Cohen v. Virginia, 6 Wheat. 381, 264. Hylton v. United States, 3 Dall. 171. Marbury v. Madison, 1 Cranch, 137. Martin v. Hunter's lessee, 1 Wheat. 304. Loughborough v. Blake, 5 Wheat. 317. United States v. Smith, 5 Wheat. 158. M'Culloch v. Maryland, 4 Wheat. 316. Note to Hayburn's case, 2 Dall. 410. Owings v. Norwood, 5 Cranch, 344. Mossman v. Higginson, 4 Dall. 11. Hodgson v. Bewerbank, 5 Cranch, 303. Vanhorne's lessee v. Dorrance, 2 Dall. 304.
And a state law, repugnant to or incompatible with the constitution of the United States, or of laws made in pursuance thereof, or of treaties, is void. - Houston v. Moore, 5 Wheat. 149.